Homework-Lesson13-Environment

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Instruction: Self study & test(自学和自测)
• Please preview the vocabularies and sentence structures before the class and
make sure you understand their meanings.(请同学课前预习词汇和句型,确保清
楚每个词汇,搭配和句型的意思)
• Finish the exercise before the class and check the answers by yourself, it will
help you understand the usage of the words and collocations. (请同学自学完词
汇和句型之后完成练习并自行校对答案,这对你理解它们的用法很有帮助哦!)
• Use the vocabularies and sentence structure as many as possible in your
answer when practicing the topic questions in the class so that the teacher will
help you check if you use them in a proper way or not. (在课堂上进行话题练习
的时候,尽可能多的使用这些单词,短语,搭配和句型,老师会帮助你正确使用。)
1
Vocabulary
1. global warming
1.地球暖化
2. carbon dioxide
2.二氧化碳排放量
emissions
3. the atmosphere
4. the planet
5. environmentallyfriendly / green
6. a vegetarian
7. care deeply about
3.气氛
4.星球
5.环保
6.素食者
7.非常关心
8. air pollution
9. noise pollution
10. fossil fuels
11. hybrid cars
12. single-use plastics
13. carbon footprint
14. waste electricity
15. recycling
8.空气污染
9.噪音污染
10.化石燃料
11.混合动力汽车
12.一次性塑料
13.碳排放量
14.浪费电力
15.回收
Exercise 1
1.
2.
vegetarian
planet
noise
hybrid
energy
deforestation
deeply
carbon
footprints
Animal habitats (动物栖息地) are being destroyed because of ________.
Limiting the frequency of driving your car and unplugging your devices when not in use are
simple ways of reducing your _______.
3. It may sound ridiculous for some but being _______ actually helps combat climate change.
4. Not unplugging tv even if it’s not in use is such a waste of ________..
5. Because ________cars run on a combination of gas and electricity, they emit less pollution
than gas-only vehicles.
6. According to Forbes magazine the end of the ________ earth will come in 7.59 billion
years. Unfortunately, it may come sooner because of destructive natural phenomenon and
human activities.
7. Despite the intense campaign for environmental awareness, only a few people care
_______about the Earth.
8. Studies show that the occurrence of aggressive behavior, disturbance of sleep, constant
stress, fatigue and hypertension are the possible effects of ______pollution to humans.
Exercise 1
environmentally- green
friendly
recycle
global-warming
single-use
fossil fuels
emissions
9. Oil and gas are examples of _________.
10. Carbon dioxide ______from cars are polluting our environment.
11.We need to adopt a _______ lifestyle in the future.
12.The ice caps are melting and the seas are rising because of ______.
13.Many companies nowadays are trying to reduce the number of
_______plastics they use.
14.Governments need to encourage people to ________more instead of
throwing things away.
15.We need to use __________ forms of energy such as solar energy.
SKILL
In IELTS you need to use synonyms (同义词) because this
shows that you have a large vocabulary and you need a large
vocabulary to achieve a high band score in Lexical Resource.
For this topic and many others, the word ‘important’ is one
that you will probably want to use, but you could use these
instead…
Let’s go…
EXPANDING YOUR VOCABULARY
vital
essential
imperative
IMPORTANT
crucial
critical
necessary
2
Sentence
Structure
USEFUL SENTENCES/SENTENCE STARTERS FOR THIS TOPIC
Chinese people
are becoming
more
environmentall
y-aware (环保
意识).
Climate
change (气候
变化) is a
real issue.
We need to
protect
endangered
species (濒危
物种).
Many people
do not care
about
protecting the
planet though.
In my country
we have flash
floods (山洪暴
发) and
heatwaves (热
浪) regularly.
We need to
protect the
earth for future
generations (后
人).
We have a
serious issue
with pollution
levels (污染程
度) in some of our
major cities
There
are factories
that release toxic
waste (有毒废料)
into rivers and
oceans.
Basically (基本上),
the human race
could die out
(消亡) if we
don’t take
action (采取行动).
Many animals
could become
extinct (绝种) in
the future.
Deforestation
(森林砍伐) is
reducing the
number of trees
on the planet.
We need to
get back to
nature (回归大
自然).
Exercise 2
Identify if the sentences are solutions for environmental issues
or effects of environmental destruction.
1.
There are factories that release toxic waste (有毒废料) into rivers and oceans.
2.
We need to protect the earth for future generations.
3.
Chinese people are becoming more environmentally-aware (环保意识).
4.
Deforestation
5.
We need to get back to nature.
6.
We need to protect endangered species
7.
In my country we have flash floods (山洪暴发) and heatwaves (热浪) regularly.
8.
We have a serious issue with pollution levels (污染程度) in some of our major
cities.
(森林砍伐) is reducing the number of trees on the planet.
PART 3 – SKILL
In Part 3, you need to give detailed (详细) answers
and you need to think about fluency and coherence in
your answers.
Let’s take a look…
FLUENCY AND COHERENCE
Why are
fluency and coherence
important?
What are
fluency and coherence?
Fluency is the ability to
maintain a flow of language
without unnatural hesitation.
This band is 25% of your
overall grade, therefore,
you need to know phrases
that make your speaking
more fluent and coherent.
Coherence is the logical
organization, development and
connection of ideas
Let’s take a look…
PART 3 – FLUENCY AND COHERENCE
2. How can we protect the environment?
There are a number of ways we can protect the environment. Firstly, we need to
reduce the number of cars and motorized vehicles on the roads. Secondly, we
need to reduce the quantity of single-use plastics (一次性塑料) we use. For
example, we could use cardboard on food products instead of plastic. A further
thing we could do is to use electric or hybrid cars (混合动力汽车) instead of cars
that use fossil fuels (化石燃料).
Think of your answer like a mini essay. Here
are some more phrases you can use…
Fluency and Coherence
Lexical Resource
Grammatical Range
To Start
First Argument
Second
Argument
To Finish Off
There are
various ways
that…
First and
foremost…
Secondly…
Finally…
There are
several ways
that…
Firstly…
A further
factor in this
is…
A final point
worth
mentioning is…
There are
numerous ways
that…
First of all…
Another key
argument is…
A final thing
worth
considering
is…
Exercise 3
Use the phrases/ discourse markers to
logically arrange the answers to the questions.
1.How can we stop global warming?
2.What are the effects of
environmental degradation?
humans can do to address that alarming issue
frightening impacts of mother earth
destruction that can be mentioned
we need to get back to nature .
calamities are getting worse and more
frequent. In my country, we have flash floods
and heatwave regularly.
governments should stringently implement
environmental laws because there
are factories that release toxic waste
into rivers and oceans.
is many animals could become extinct in the
future because their habitat are being
destroyed.
we should all go green. Simple steps such is even the human race could die out if we
as switching to eco-bags and conserving don’t take action.
water and energy can already make a huge
PART 3 – SKILL
In IELTS Part 3 there are many questions which ask you ‘Do
you think…’ There is a tendency (一个趋势 ) for IELTS
candidates to answer these questions with ‘I think…’ IELTS
examiners are listening for a range of vocabulary so it is
important to use other phrases.
Let’s go…
PHRASES INSTEAD OF ‘I THINK’
I firmly
believe that…
As far as I’m
concerned…
From my point
of view…
On the whole,
I feel that…
It seems to
me that…
I’m of the
opinion that…
Exercise 4
Replace the phrase I think and the word important in the
sentences below.
1.
I think spreading environmental awareness is important.
2.
I think it will be more plausible to combat global warming if we work together.
3.
Teaching environmental protection to children is important .
4.
I think the reason environmental degradation can’t be impeded is many
people don’t simply care about the planet.
5.
It is important to segregate our waste because it’s for public health.
6.
Recycling is an important green activity that every household should practice.
Homework
answers
Exercise 1
1.
2.
vegetarian
planet
noise
hybrid
energy
deforestation
deeply
carbon footprints
Animal habitats (动物栖息地) are being destroyed because of deforestation.
Limiting the frequency of driving your car and unplugging your devices when not in use are
simple ways of reducing your carbon footprints.
3. It may sound ridiculous for some but being vegetarian actually helps combat climate change.
4. Not unplugging tv even if it’s not in use is such a waste of energy..
5. Because hybrid cars run on a combination of gas and electricity, they emit less pollution than
gas-only vehicles.
6. According to Forbes magazine the end of the planet earth will come in 7.59 billion years.
Unfortunately, it may come sooner because of destructive natural phenomenon and human
activities.
7. Despite the intense campaign for environmental awareness, only a few people care deeply
about the Earth.
8. Studies show that the occurrence of aggressive behavior, disturbance of sleep, constant
stress, fatigue and hypertension are the possible effects of noise pollution to humans.
Exercise 1
environmentallyfriendly
green
recycle
global-warming
fossil fuels
single-use
emissions
9. Oil and gas are examples of fossil fuels.
10. Carbon dioxide emissions from cars are polluting our environment.
11.We need to adopt a green lifestyle in the future.
12.The ice caps are melting and the seas are rising because of global warming.
13.Many companies nowadays are trying to reduce the number of single-use plastics
they use.
14.Governments need to encourage people to recycle more instead of throwing things
away.
15.We need to use environmentally-friendly forms of energy such as solar energy.
Exercise 2
Identify if the sentences are solutions for environmental issues
or effects of environmental destruction.
1. We need to protect the earth for future generations. SOLUTION
2. Chinese people are becoming more environmentally-aware (环保意
识). SOLUTION
3. Deforestation
(森林砍伐) is reducing the number of trees on
the planet. EFFECT
4. We need to get back to nature. SOLUTION
5. We need to protect endangered species . SOLUTION
6. In my country we have flash floods (山洪暴发) and heatwaves (热
浪) regularly. EFFECT
7. We have a serious issue with pollution levels (污染程度) in some
of our major cities. EFFECT
Exercise 3
Using some of the sentences in slide 10 and your own idea,
answer the questions below in a logical order.
1.How can we stop global warming?
-There are various ways that humans can do to address that alarming issue.
First and foremost, we need to get back to nature . Secondly, governments should
stringently implement environmental laws because there are factories that release toxic
waste into rivers and oceans. Finally, we should all go green. Simple steps such as
switching to eco-bags and conserving water and energy can already make a huge
difference.
2.What are the effects of environmental degradation?
- There are several frightening impacts of mother earth destruction that can
be mentioned. Firstly, calamities are getting worse and more frequent. In my country,
we have flash floods and heatwave regularly. A further result is many animals could
become extinct in the future because their habitat are being destroyed. A final point
worth mentioning is even the human race could die out if we don’t take action.
Example answers
Exercise 4
Replace the phrase I think and the word important in the
sentences below.
1.
It seems to me that spreading environmental awareness is important.
2.
I firmly believe that it will be more plausible to combat global warming if we
work together.
3.
Teaching environmental protection to children is imperative.
4.
I’m of the opinion that the reason why environmental
degradation can’t be impeded is many people don’t simply care
about the planet.
5.
It is necessary
public health.
6.
Recycling is a crucial green
should practice.
to segregate our waste because
it’s for
activity that every household
Example answers
English Partner
Hope you get a good score in the IELTS exam!
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