IELTS speaking ppt

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Instruction: Self study & test(自学和自测)
• Please preview the vocabularies and sentence structures before the class and
make sure you understand their meanings.(请同学课前预习词汇和句型,确保清
楚每个词汇,搭配和句型的意思)
• Finish the exercise before the class and check the answers by yourself, it will
help you understand the usage of the words and collocations. (请同学自学完词
汇和句型之后完成练习并自行校对答案,这对你理解它们的用法很有帮助哦!)
• Use the vocabularies and sentence structure as many as possible in your
answer when practicing the topic questions in the class so that the teacher will
help you check if you use them in a proper way or not. (在课堂上进行话题练习
的时候,尽可能多的使用这些单词,短语,搭配和句型,老师会帮助你正确使用。)
VOCABULARY
EMAILS & LETTERS
Vocabulary for
emails and letters
1. formal letter 正式的
2. informal letter 非正式的
3. the subject of the email
邮件的主题
4. sender 寄件人
5. recipient 接受者
6. junk mail / spam emails
垃圾邮件
7. an email attachment
电子邮件附件
Vocabulary for
emails and letters
1.memorable
/unforgettable 难忘的
2. succinct 简洁的
3. illegible handwriting
难以辨认的笔迹
4. well-written 写得好的
5. a chatty letter
一封闲聊的信
6. intrusive 打扰的
7. heartfelt 衷心的
Exercise 1
recipients
informal letter
heartfelt
chatty letter
succinct
memorable
intrusive
formal letter
well-written
sender
There are differences between an informal letter and a formal letter. A _____ or a business
letter is a letter from one company to another, or between such organizations and their
customers, clients and other external parties. Compared to an ______ , a formal letter has a
format that should be followed and it should be _____ because its ______are mostly
professionals. Moreover, it should be _____ and direct to the point. Informal letters, on the
other hand, are letters exchanged by group of friends and family members. The ______ can say
anything that crosses his mind and he can even make it _____ so that the receiver will reckon it
_____. You see, a personal letter is a _____ and it can also be ______, but for the readers' sake-it shouldn’t be written illegibly. Now, we already know the differences between a personal
letter and a business letter, so next time you write a letter, check it first if it should be formal or
informal.
frequently
fairly regularly
every so often
Here is some
vocabulary to
talk about how
often you do
something…
once in a while
hardly ever
For example:
How often do
you received
letters?
Exercise 2
Match the words with the same meanings
frequently
moderately frequent
fairly regularly
Very rarely
every so often
Sometimes but not often
once in a while
hardly ever
Regularly or habitually
From time to time,occasionally
Look at the following model answer and note how
adverbs of frequency have been used…
1. How often do you send emails?
• Nowadays, I only send emails every so often. I used
to send them fairly regularly; however, now I tend
to only send them once in a while.
Using these adverbs of frequency, answer this question…
hardly ever
fairly regularly
every so often
3. How often do you receive letters?
every so often
I receive letters _______________. I used to get them
fairly regularly
_______________; however, nowadays I
hardly
ever
_______________ receive them in comparison.
SENTENCE STRUCTURE
EMAILS & LETTERS
HOW TO SCORE HIGHLY IN LEXICAL RESOURCE
IELTS 6.0+
IELTS 5.0
• I don't know when it was.
• It was about two years ago.
• It was in March this year.
Very limited vocabulary
No collocations
Using vocabulary more flexibly
Collocations e.g. to remember rightly
•
I can't remember rightly when it was exactly.
•
I'm not entirely sure when it was exactly.
•
It was roughly two years ago.
•
I'm guessing it was around two years ago.
•
I've no idea when I got it, several months ago I guess.
•
It would have been around March time.
Exercise 3
Use some of sentence structures above to answer the
questions. The dates can be changed.
• When did you create your first email address?
• When was the last time you sent an email to a company?
• When did emails become popular in China?
It was written
by (writer)…
It was written in
an informal style…
(非正式风格)
It was written by
hand…
(手写)
USING THE PASSIVE IN YOUR ANSWERS
It was printed on
fancy notepaper…
(花式信纸)
It was delivered on my
birthday…
Exercise 4
Arrange the words below to make passive voice
sentences.
• Form of Passive: Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle
• 1. emails/ sent/ countless/ daily/ are.
• 2. it/ handed/ to /by / was/ mother / me.
• 3. was/ legibly/ it/written.
• 4. put/ letter/ in / the/ envelope/ fancy/ was.
• 5. I/at/ unexpected/ received/ it / time.
Exercise 5
VOCABULARY TO DESCRIBE HOW YOU FEEL WHEN RECEIVING LETTERS/EMAILS
so much easier
absolutely delighted
moved
incredibly annoyed
devastated
extremely nervous
kind of disappointing
deeply saddened
rather strange
jumping for joy
1. When I received the letter telling me that my best friend’s grandmother had died, I was _____________
2. I received an email from the University of Oxford offering me a place and I was _____________
3. When my inbox is full of spam emails, I get _____________
4. When I received an email telling me that my interview was on 1 April I felt _____________
5. I don’t receive many letters nowadays, which is _____________
6. The letter informed me that my university application had been rejected. You can imagine how _____________ I was!
7. Writing letters by hand feels _____________ nowadays because I rarely do it.
8. Writing letters on a computer is _____________ than writing them by hand, as you can use automatic spell checker.
9. When I got cards on my birthday from all my old schoolfriends, I was _____________ by the fact they’d remembered.
10. When I received a letter telling me I had won the first prize of the competition, I was _____________
HOMEWORK
EMAILS & LETTERS
Exercise 1
recipients
informal letter
heartfelt
chatty letter
succinct
memorable
intrusive
formal letter
well-written
sender
There are differences between an informal letter and a formal letter. A
formal letter or a business letter is a letter from one company to another, or
between such organizations and their customers, clients and other external
parties. Compared to an informal letter , a formal letter has a format that
should be followed and it should be well-written because its recipients are
mostly professionals. Moreover, it should be succinct and direct to the point.
Informal letters, on the other hand, are letters exchanged by group of friends
and family members. The sender can say anything that crosses his mind, and
he can even make it heartfelt so that the receiver will reckon it memorable.
You see, a personal letter is a chatty letter and it can also be intrusive, but for
the readers' sake-- it shouldn’t be written illegibly. Now, we already know the
differences between a personal letter and a business letter, so the next time
you write a letter, check it first if it should be formal or informal.
Exercise 2
Match the words with the same meanings.
frequently
moderately frequent
fairly regularly
Very rarely
every so often
Sometimes but not often
once in a while
hardly ever
Regularly or
habitually
From time to time, occasionally
Exercise 4
Arrange the words below to make passive voice sentences.
• Form of Passive: Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle
• 1. emails/ sent/ countless/ daily/ are.
• Countless emails are sent daily.
• 2. it/ handed/ to /by / was/ mother / me.
• It was handed to me by my mother.
• 3. was/ legibly/ it/written.
• It was written legibly ./ it was legibly written.
• 4. put/ letter/ in / the/ envelope/ fancy/ was.
• The letter was put in a fancy envelope.
• 5. I/at/ unexpected/ received/ it / time.
• I received it at unexpected time.
Exercise 5
VOCABULARY TO DESCRIBE HOW YOU FEEL WHEN RECEIVING
LETTERS/EMAILS
so much easier
absolutely delighted
moved
incredibly annoyed
devastated
extremely nervous
kind of disappointing
deeply saddened
rather strange
jumping for joy
1. When I received the letter telling me that my best friend’s grandmother had died, I was deeply saddened.
2. I received an email from the University of Oxford offering me a place and I was absolutely delighted.
3. When my inbox is full of spam emails, I get incredibly annoyed.
4. When I received an email telling me that my interview was on 1 April I felt extremely nervous.
5. I don’t receive many letters nowadays, which is kind of disappointing.
6. The letter informed me that my university application had been rejected. You can imagine how devastated I was!
7. Writing letters by hand feels rather strange nowadays because I rarely do it.
8. Writing letters on a computer is so much easier than writing them by hand, as you can use autocorrect spelling.
9. When I got cards on my birthday from all my old schoolfriends, I was moved by the fact they’d remembered.
10. When I received a letter telling me I had won the first prize of the competition, I was jumping for joy.
English Partner
Hope you get a good score in the IELTS exam!
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