hire purchase and installment system full explaination

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Hire Purchase
REVIEWED BY WILL KENTON
Updated Jul 13, 2018
What is a Hire Purchase
Hire purchase is an arrangement for buying expensive consumer goods
on credit, where the buyer makes an initial down payment, with the balance
being paid in installments plus interest. It is similar to an installment plan, except
unlike installment plans, where the buyer gets the ownership rights as soon as
the contract is signed with the seller, the ownership of the merchandise is not
officially transferred to the buyer until all the payments have been made.
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Hire Purchase
BREAKING DOWN Hire Purchase
Hire purchase agreements are similar to rent-to-own transactions which give the
lessee the option to buy at any time during the agreement, such as rent-to-own
cars. Like rent-to-own, hire purchase does benefit consumers with poor credit, by
spreading the cost of expensive items that they would otherwise not be able to
afford, over an extended time period.
Because ownership is not transferred until the end of the agreement, hire
purchase plans offers more protection to the vendor than other sales or leasing
methods for unsecured items, since the items can be repossessed more easily
should the buyer be unable to keep up with the repayments.
The Pros and Cons of Hire Purchase to Businesses
Businesses where expensive machinery is required, such as construction,
manufacturing, plant hire, printing, road freight, transport, engineering and
professional services commonly use hire purchase agreements — as well as
startups that have little collateral to establish lines of credit. Like leasing, hire
purchase allows companies with insufficient working capital to deploy assets. It
can also be more tax efficient than standard loans because the payments are
booked as expenses — though any savings will be offset by any tax benefits
from depreciation.
As a form of off-balance sheet financing, a hire purchase can flatter a
company's return on capital employed (ROCE) and return on assets (ROA). This
is because they do not need to use as much debt to pay for assets.
However, hire purchase agreements may prove more expensive in the long run
than making a full payment on an asset purchase, due to the much higher
interest costs and administrative complexity, even if the business then has to pay
depreciation costs.
The Downside of Hire Purchase Agreements
Hire purchase and installment system may tempt buyers to buy extravagant
goods which are beyond their means. And they may also end up paying an
extortionate interest rate, which does not have to be explicitly stated. Rent-toown arrangements are exempt from the Truth in Lending Act, because they are
seen as rental agreements instead of an extension of credit. Because only
people with low means use hire purchase, default rates tend to be higher.
Hire purchase buyers can return the goods, rendering the original agreement
void as long as they have made the required minimum payment. However,
purchases suffer a huge loss on returned or repossessed goods, because they
lose the amount they have paid towards the purchase up to that point — unlike
installment plans, such as a car loan.
Difference Between Hire Purchase And Installment System
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1.
Nature
Hire
Purchase
System: It
is
Installment
System: It
is
a
an
Of
hiring
goods
agreement
Contract
agreement.
of
sale.
2.
Ownership
Hire Purchase System: Ownership of goods is transferred after the payment of final
installment.
Installment System: Ownership of the goods passes to the buyer just signing the
agreement.
3.
Right
Hire Purchase System: The buyer can not sell, destroy or transfer the goods.
Installment System: The buyer can sell, destroy or mortgage or transfer as his/her wish.
4.
Risk
Hire Purchase System: All the risks are borne by the vendor before the payment of final
installment.
Installment System: All the risks are to be borne by the buyer from the date of
agreement.
5.
Right
Of
Return
Hire Purchase System: The buyer can return the goods before making the final
installment.
Installment System: The buyer can not return the goods to the seller.
6.
Repair
And
Maintenance
Hire Purchase System: The liability of repair and maintenance lies with the seller
provided
that
the
buyer
takes
the
utmost
good
care.
Installment System: The buyer is responsible for repair and maintenance.
7.
Forfeiture
Of
Installment
Paid
Hire Purchase System: In case of default in payment of installment, paid installment
will
be
forfeited
and
treated
as
hire
charges.
Installment System: The act of forfeiture can not be activated.
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