Police Officer Survival Chapter 3 study guide 1. Who is responsible for preventing stress from attacking your vitality and the vitality of staff? Police leader 2. …is a demand on us to change. Stress 3. …was the first major researcher on stress. Hans Seyle 4. The response to stress is a threefold process consisting of the direct effect of the stressor on the body, internal responses that stimulate tissue defense or help to destroy damaging substances and internal responses that cause tissue surrender by inhibiting unnecessary or excessive defense. 5. The prescription for health and happiness is to successfully adapt to ever-changing circumstances, and to remember that the penalties for failure to adjust to change are illness (Physical and mental) and unhappiness. 6. Stressors come from one of three sources Personal, environmental, and organizational 7. What are some examples of negative emotions that you should be able to recognize and deal with? Depression, fear, guilt, failure, and anger 8. Environmental stressors can be labeled as technological, economic, or political 9. Define hyper stress and hypo stress. Hypostress is too little stress, hyperstress is too much stress 10. Think about unfortunate changes as being temporary setbacks, singular events and not their fault. The decision-making turf of a police supervisor is filled with ambiguity and confusion, which can be stress inducing. 11. Eustress is a set of changes that propels us in the direction of optimism 12. Distress is a set of changes that propels us in the direction of pessimism 13. Pessimism is the belief bad changes will last a long time, will be reoccurring, and the person is at fault. 14. Anger is our first line of defense against external threats such as distress. 15. Time transforms bitterness into positively tinged memories and so makes much greater life satisfaction. 16. List and describe the six strategies for maintaining vitality? Supportive relationships- helping other people, staying away from other negative people Mental discipline- mind focusing exercises, reducing complexity and number of tasks you do, and comfort zone to make you feel safe. Helping others- being there for people, listening to other people, and being reasonable. The Three R’s- reading for fun, relaxing, and recreation as a release and as a revitalization. Altruistic egoism- looking out for yourself but in altogether different fram of reference than you might initially suspect Happiness- art of a happy life is not having more of what you want but getting better at enjoying what you have.