Birth Defects

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BIRTH DEFECTS
PAGE 64-67
CRITICAL PERIOD
TERATOGENS
THALIDOMIDE
• 1957-1961--Europe
• Morning sickness treatment
• Leprosy treatment today (possible cancer
treatment)
COCAINE
TOBACCO
ALCOHOL
• Neurodevelopmental signs associated with FAS. •
• Hyperactivity •
• Distractibility
• • Short attention span
• • Poor judgment
• • Impulsivity
• • Poor social skills
• • Poor visual and auditory memory
• • Sensory problems (vision, audition, vestibular)
NUTRITION
OCCUPATIONAL HAZARDS
VIRAL INFECTION--ZIKA VIRUS
VIRUS
INFECTION
CONGENITAL RUBELLA SYNDROME
• 1991 unvaccinated Amish
• 1999 unvaccinated immigrants in
Arkansas
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