10 tips and 10 questions for proposal writing suad Joseph website – helpful? humanities – using common research proposal language maximal proposal – all pieces of project, all your ideas (for personal use) Targeted proposal – adapted from maximal proposal to specific proposal Music – translate into social sciences Money is shifting from federal to foundations – foundations are socially oriented -Avoid jargon from discipline, write clearly, accessibly -use language of agency or foundation First paragraph is most important, needs to be condensed and drive straight to the point 15mins vs. 1 hour -very clear about point of departure -1 key concept that drives problem statement, ties everything together -reader needs to know key concept in very beginning, and used consistently throughout the proposal. Do not change language General Tips -value added: -why is it important? -what makes it special -Social usefulness -foundations -what social good is it addressing? Make it clear -Be aware of what the founders mission is -mission statement -annual report -list of grants funded in previous year -program officers are evaluated on the projects they funded -“Will this person make me look good?” -Passion and dispassion -do something you care about -avg. road to tenure: 15yrs -dispassion – willing to change your mind about your project, flexibility -Evidence -how are you going to get your data? -Logically coherent --budget -know what you’re asking for -format -make sure it looks professional -rejection -expect rejection -ask program officer for feedback, revise and resubmit Presentation What = the research problem 1.The question you want to answer is your research problem -clearer the question, more convincing the project -objective should be specific, researchable, measurable, declarative and prioritized -what you expect to find should build on respected theory -point of departure needs to be utterly clear – point that will not drop out of the picture -what is the concept that is driving you? -summary of proposal (Like questions asked in Travel award proposal) Question Hypothesis Literature review Gaps/needs statement Theory Significance -capture attention of the reviewer -create urgency, we need to answer this now -drama – something that needs resolution -genuine question, genuine doubt, genuine curiosity -scholars crave uncertainty -understandable, logical, timely -needs to be connected to a recognized view of literature 2. How the research question has been answered before by others is your literature review. -Theory is argument to the answer of the question with logic , answer to question is that which will lead you to your theory -answer to questions clearly identifiable and recognizable -criteria by which you define terms you are using – measurability -relationship between sets of concepts, how its related, and its transformation from something else -your theory will explain these relationships -expect to go back and constantly revise -alternative hypothesis – maybe be worth looking into, willingness to show that there may be other data -defining your terms? Literature review – alternative hypothesis -literature review needs to be synthetic, related to your point of departure -demonstrate maturity as a scholar -should be one of strongest portions -sets it up by showing reviewers what is missing -be careful to criticize work that you do not offer better solutions to -emergency significance 3. Significance to the question 4. 5.Theory -The set of logically connected assumptions that are necessary to make your answer to the question plausible is your theory -clearly outline your theory, model, perspective, or conceptual framework -statement of hypothesis (projected answers to the questions) -Optional: statement of alternative hypothesis -articulating, formulizing, and rationalizing the question -why are you coming to this answer? 3 components to theory: 1. Concepts – has assumptions already built into it 2. Assumptions 3. Propositions – hypothesis, statements about relationships between concepts generated by the assumptions generated by the way we define those concepts VI. Methods- the steps you take to answer the question is your methodology -specify the research site -specify kinds of data/research information needed -methods -validation -Analysis of data -every term needs to be fined and operationalized -IRB – confidentiality, subject protection Addressed in methods sections: -“track record A” – preliminary research -“Track record B” - Qualifications that make you a better candidate Maximal CV Targeted CV Strategy – don’t choose someone that is well known who wont write you a strong letter Contacting a program officer – don’t do it prematurely! Contact only after you know what you’re doing Budget – amount needs to be reflected in the methodology Timetable Abstract – You need to find your research.