EXISTENTIALISM Existentialism refers to a set of ideas about human existence. The philosophy maintains that the individual has the sole responsibility for giving one's own life meaning and with living life passionately and sincerely, in spite of many obstacles and distractions including despair, angst, absurdity, choice, boredom, and death. Existentialism is the philosophy that places emphasis on individual existence, freedom and choice. Existentialism stresses the individuality of existence, and the problems that arise with said existence. The term itself suggests one major theme, the stress on concrete, individual existence, and on subjectivity, individual freedom and choice. In general, existentialism has been described as a set of ideas to categorise human existence, a philosophy that emphasises the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one's acts. Some of the core concepts embraced by the existential philosophy are: ● We exist in a hostile and indifferent universe. ● As a consequence, we find it difficult to connect meaningfully with others. ● We desire some kind of focus/meaning/purpose in life and attempt to discover what that is. ● We have the power of individual choice and freedom, yet we are confounded in our attempts to use this as we lack direction and meaning: “man is condemned to be free” [Sartre]. ● We have lost our relationship with God – we are out of touch with our spiritual core: “God is Dead” [Nietszche] ● The world seems chaotic and we spend much of our time trying to make it mean something. ● We spend our time randomly finding things to do that don’t really amount to much. ● Time becomes a relative concept.