Chapter1

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Massage Therapy Review:
Passing the NCETMB, NCETM, and MBLEx
Chapter 1
General Knowledge of Body Systems
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1-2
Pre-class Assignment
 Review Chapter
1 of your
Massage
Therapy Review
book
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1-3
Levels of Organization
 Cells
 Tissues
 Organs
 Organ Systems
 Organisms
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1-4
Metabolism
 Catabolism
 Anabolism
 Homeostasis
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1-5
Integumentary System
 Function
 Skin
– Dermis
– Epidermis
– Subcutaneous
 Keratin
 Fingernails
 Hair
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1-6
Skin Color
– Melanin
– Hemoglobin
– Carotene
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1-7
Glands of the Integumentary System
 Sebaceous Glands
 Ceruminous Glands
 Sudoriferous Glands
– Eccrine
– Apocrine
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1-8
The Skeletal System
 Function
 Bone Cells
– Osteocytes
– Osteoblasts
– Osteoclasts
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1-9
Bone Shapes
 Flat
 Long
 Short
 Irregular
 Sesamoid
 Compact Bone
 Cancellous Bone
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Know Your Bones!
1-10
 Mnemonic devices always help
– Carpals: Sally Left The Party To Take Cathy Home
– Vertebrae:
 Breakfast at
5 (Cervical)
 Lunch at 12 (Thoracic)
 Dinner at 5 (Lumbar)
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1-11
The Muscular System
 Function
 Sliding Filament
Theory
–
–
–
–
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Actin
Myosin
Motor Units
All-or-None Principle
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1-12
The Nervous System
 Function
 The Central Nervous System
– Brain
– Spinal Cord
– Meninges
• Dura Mater
• Arachnoid
• Pia Mater
– Cerebral Spinal Fluid
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1-13
The Brain
 Cerebrum
 Cerebellum
 Diencephalon
– Thalamus
– Hypothalamus
 Brain Stem
– Midbrain
– Pons
– Medulla Oblongata
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1-14
The Peripheral Nervous System
 Somatic Nervous System
– Skeletal Muscles and Contractions
 Autonomic Nervous System
– Sympathetic
– Parasympathetic
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1-15
Cranial Nerves
 I. Olfactory
 VIII. Vestibulocochlear
 II. Optic
 IX. Glossopharyngeal
 III. Oculomotor
 X.
 IV. Trochlear
 V. Trigeminal
Vagus
 XI. Accessory
 XII. Hypoglossal
 VI. Abducens
 VII. Facial
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Mnemonic Device for Cranial Nerves
 Oh – Olfactory
 Feel - Facial
 Oh - Optic
 Very - Vestibulocochlear
 Oh - Oculomotor
 Green - Glossopharyngeal
 To - Trochlear
 Veggies - Vagus
 Touch - Trigeminal
 Ah - Accessory
 And - Abducens
 Ha - Hypoglossal
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Special Senses
 Proprioception
 Muscle Spindles
 Golgi Tendons
 Stretch Reflex
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Pairs of Spinal Nerves
 Cervical Nerves – 8 pair
 Thoracic Nerves – 12 pair
 Lumbar Nerves – 5 pair
 Sacral Nerves – 5 pair
 Coccygeal – 1 pair
 Know your peripheral nerves and innervations
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1-19
The Endocrine System
 Function
 Pineal Gland
 Pituitary Gland
 Thyroid Gland
– Hypothyroidism
– Hyperthyroidism
 Parathyroid Glands
 Thymus
 Adrenal Glands
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1-20
The Cardiovascular System
 Function
 Heart
 Blood Vessels
– Arteries
– Arterioles
– Veins
– Venules
– Capillaries
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1-21
Circulation
 Pulmonary
 Systemic
 Diseases
– Arteriosclerosis
– Atherosclerosis
– Aneurysm
 Blood Pressure
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Pathologies of Blood Vessels
 Varicose Veins
 Hemorrhoids
 Phlebitis
 Thrombophlebitis
 Thrombus
 Embolus
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1-23
The Lymph System
 Function
 Tonsils
 Lymph Vessels
 Thymus
 Lymphatic Ducts
 Spleen
 Lymph Nodes
 Lymphocytes
– T-Lymphocytes
– B-Lymphocytes
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1-24
The Urinary System
 Function
 Kidneys
 Nephrons
 Ureters
 Urethra
 Bladder
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1-25
The Respiratory System
 Function
 Trachea
 Sinus/Nose/Mouth
 Lungs
 Pharynx
 Bronchial Tubes
 Epiglottis
 Bronchioles
 Larynx
 Alveoli
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Respiration
 Ventilation
 External Respiration
 Internal Respiration
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The Gastrointestinal System
 Function
 Teeth
 Tongue
 Salivary Glands
 Esophagus
 Stomach
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Gastrointestinal System, Cont’d
 Large Intestine
– Cecum
– Colon
– Ascending, Transverse, Descending, Sigmoid
– Rectum
 Pancreas
 Liver
 Gallbladder
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1-29
The Reproductive System
 Genitalia
 Gonads
– Ovaries
– Testes
 Gamete
 Male Reproductive System
 Female Reproductive System
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