bone-tumors

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BONE TUMORS
By
Dr. Ahmed Hosny
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Clues by Appearance of Lesion
Clues by Location of Lesion
Clues by Density of Lesion
Other Clues
Clues by Appearance of
Lesion
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Patterns of Bone Destruction
Periosteal Reactions
Tumor Matrix
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Clues by Appearance of
Lesion
• Patterns of Bone Destruction
– Geographic
– Moth-eaten
– Permeative
Geographic Bone
Destruction
• Destructive lesion with sharply
defined border
• Implies a less-aggressive, more slowgrowing, benign process
• Narrow transition zone
Patterns of Bone Destruction
– Geographic
– Moth-eaten
– Permeative
Non-ossifying fibroma
Geographic Bone
Destruction
Examples:
• Non-ossifying fibroma
• Chondromyxoid fibroma
• Eosinophilic granuloma
Moth-eaten Bone Destruction
• Areas of destruction with ragged
borders
• Implies more rapid growth
• Probably a malignancy
Patterns of Bone Destruction
– Geographic
– Moth-eaten
– Permeative
Multiple Myeloma
Moth-eaten Bone Destruction
Examples:
• Myeloma
• Metastases
• Lymphoma
• Ewing’s sarcoma
Permeative Bone Destruction
• Ill-defined lesion with multiple
“worm-holes”
• Spreads through marrow space
• Wide transition zone
• Implies an aggressive malignancy
• Round-cell lesions
Patterns of Bone Destruction
– Geographic
– Moth-eaten
– Permeative
Leukemia
Permeative Bone Destruction
Examples:
• Lymphoma, leukemia
• Ewing’s Sarcoma
• Myeloma
• Osteomyelitis
• Neuroblastoma
Patterns of Bone Destruction
Geographic
Less malignant
Moth-eaten
Permeative
More malignant
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• More aggressive or malignant
– Lamellated or onion peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• Aggressive/malignant
– onion-peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Non-ossifying fibroma
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• Aggressive/malignant
– onion-peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Chronic osteomyelitis
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• Aggressive/malignant
– onion-peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Ewing sarcoma
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• Aggressive/malignant
– onion-peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Osteo-sarcoma
Periosteal Reactions
• Benign
– None
– Solid
• Aggressive/malignant
– onion-peel
– Sunburst
– Codman’s triangle
Osteo-sarcoma
Periosteal Reactions
Solid
Sunburst
Less malignant
onion-peel
More malignant
Codman’s
triangle
Tumor Matrix
• Osteoblastic
– Fluffy, cotton-like or cloud-like
densities
– Osteosarcoma
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Cartilaginous
– Comma-shaped, punctate, annular, popcorn-like
– Enchondroma, chondrosarcoma, chondromyxoid fibroma
Tumor Matrix
• Osteoblastic
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Cartilaginous
Tumor Matrix
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Osteoblastic
– Fluffy, cotton-like or cloud-like densities
as Osteosarcoma
• Cartilaginous
– Comma-shaped, punctate, annular,
popcorn-like
as Enchondroma, chondrosarcoma,
chondromyxoid fibroma
Tumor Matrix
• Osteoblastic
• Cartilaginous
Chondrosarcoma
Expansile Lesions of Bone
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Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Renal cell carcinoma
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Expansile Lesions of Bone
Multiple myeloma
Mets
Brown tumor
Enchondroma
Aneurysmal bone
cyst
Fibrous dysplasia
Clues by Location of Lesion
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In the Transverse Plane
In the Longitudinal Plane
Characteristic Locations by tumors
Characteristic Tumors by Body Site
– Pelvic Lesions
– Expansile Rib Lesions
– Lesions of the Spine
In the Transverse Plane
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In the longitudinal Plane
• Epiphyseal
GCT, chondroblastoma
• Metaphyseal
Osteomyelitis, osteo-and chondrosarcoma
• Diaphyseal
Round cell lesions, ABC, enchondroma
Characteristic Locations
• Simple bone
cyst
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Proximal humerus
Chondroblastoma
Epiphyses
Giant Cell tumor
Epiphyses
Adamantinoma
Tibia
Chordoma
Sacrum, clivus
Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Characteristic Locations
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Simple bone cyst
Proximal humerus
• Chondroblastoma
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Epiphyses
Giant Cell tumor
Epiphyses
Adamantinoma
Tibia
Chordoma
Sacrum, clivus
Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Characteristic Locations
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Simple bone cyst
Proximal humerus
Chondroblastoma
Epiphyses
• Giant Cell tumor
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Epiphyses
Adamantinoma
Tibia
Chordoma
Sacrum, clivus
Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Characteristic Locations
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Simple bone cyst
Proximal humerus
Chondroblastoma
Epiphyses
Giant Cell tumor
Epiphyses
• Adamantinoma
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Tibia
Chordoma
Sacrum, clivus
Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Characteristic Locations
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Simple bone cyst
Proximal humerus
Chondroblastoma
Epiphyses
Giant Cell tumor
Epiphyses
Adamantinoma
Tibia
• Chordoma
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Sacrum, clivus
Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Characteristic Locations
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Simple bone cyst
Proximal humerus
Chondroblastoma
Epiphyses
Giant Cell tumor
Epiphyses
Adamantinoma
Tibia
Chordoma
Sacrum, clivus
• Osteoblastoma
Spine, posterior
Clues by Density of
Lesion
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Sclerotic Cortical Lesions
Lytic Lesions in Children
Lytic Lesions in Adults
Blastic Lesions in Children
Blastic Lesions in Adults
Sclerotic Cortical Lesions
• Osteoid
osteoma
• Brodie’s abscess
Sclerotic Cortical Lesions
• Osteoid osteoma
• Brodie’s
abscess
Lytic Lesions in Children
• Eosinophilic
granuloma
• Leukemia
Lytic Lesions in Children
• Eosinophilic granuloma
• Leukemia
Lytic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic lesions
– Lung
– Renal
– Thyroid
• Multiple myeloma
• Primary bone tumor
Metastatic thyroid carcinoma
Lytic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic lesions
– Lung
– Renal
– Thyroid
• Multiple myeloma
• Primary bone tumor
Lytic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic lesions
– Lung
– Renal
– Thyroid
• Multiple myeloma
• Primary bone
tumor
Chondrosarcoma
Blastic Lesions in Children
• Lymphoma
Blastic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic
disease
• Breast –
female
• Prostate –
male
• Lymphoma
• Paget’s disease
• Fluorosis
Prostatic Ca.
Blastic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic disease
• Breast –female
• Prostate –male
• Lymphoma
• Paget’s disease
• Fluorosis
Blastic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic disease
• Breast –female
• Prostate –male
• Lymphoma
• Paget’s disease
• Fluorosis
Blastic Lesions in Adults
• Metastatic disease
• Breast –female
• Prostate –male
• Lymphoma
• Paget’s disease
• Fluorosis
Other Clues
• Soft Tissue Extension
• Benign vs. Malignant
Soft Tissue Extension
• Usually implies malignancy
• More likely to form discrete soft tissue
mass
• Benign conditions with soft tissue
extension
• Osteomyelitis
– Usually infiltration of fat
Soft Tissue Extension
lymphoma
Benign vs. Malignant
Thank You
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