Chapter 3 Notes

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Chapter 3 Matter and Change
Vocabulary
Matter:
Element:
Nucleus:
Proton:
Neutron:
Electron:
Atomic Number:
Mass Number:
Isotope:
Ion:
Compound:
Chemical bond:
Covalent bond:
Molecule:
Ionic bond:
Metallic bond:
Chemical reaction:
Solution:
Acid:
Base:
Crystalline Structure:
Glass:
Evaporation:
Plasma:
Condensation:
Sublimation:
Due: _________________________
Chapter 3 Matter and Change
Place the following under the correct category
consists of protons, neutrons, and electrons
determines the atomic number
has exactly the same number of protons and electrons
has little mass
has mass
has negative charge
has no charge
has positive charge
helps determine the mass number
is found in an energy level around the nucleus
is made up of protons and neutrons
Electrons
Protons
Neutrons
Nucleus
Atoms
the 3 most common elements in Earth’s crust
the most abundant element in the universe
the element that makes up 5.0% of Earth’s crust
4 elements that are common both in the universe and in the earth’s
crust
Chapter 3
2
Chapter 3 Matter and Change
Solids
Definition
• Solids are _________________
________________________
• Solids have definite _________
and _________.
Particles in solids
• Can be _______ _______, or
__________
• Are arranged
______________
__________
Crystalline Solids
• Particles are arranged _____
________________________.
• _________________________
________________________
________
• Most solid substances on
Earth are_______________
_________.
Glasses
• Have no regular internal
patterns
• Are made up of _________
_______________ arranged
__________
• Form when _______________
________________________
________________________
_____________ into a regular
pattern
Describe the behavior of particles as a solid becomes a liquid
Organize information about gases by completing the graphic organizer below.
Chapter 3
3
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