Sustainable Development Goals

PALUSTRE, Louielyn P.
BSA 1-01
August 23, 2018
Economic Development
Prof. Amir Auditor
17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 2015-2030
Goal 1
Goal 2
Goal 3
Goal 4
End poverty in all its forms everywhere
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning
opportunities for all
Goal 5
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Goal 6
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Goal 7
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Goal 8
Goal 9
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive
employment and decent work for all
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and
foster innovation
Goal 10
Reduce inequality within and among countries
Goal 11
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Goal 12
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Goal 13
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts*
Goal 14
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably
Goal 15
manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt
biodiversity loss
Goal 16
Goal 17
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access
to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for
sustainable development
1. Their widened and comprehensive scope 1. MDGs were drawn up by a group of experts
in the ‘basement of UN headquarters’ whereas
tackles all sectors.
SDGs have evolved after a long and extensive
2. Similar to the MDGs, eradicating extreme
poverty lies at the heart of the SDGs.
consultative process including 70 Open
Working Groups, Civil Society Organizations,
3. Many of the objectives of the MDGs and thematic consultations, country consultations,
SDGs were addressed in isolation of one participation of general public through face-toanother (maternal health, hunger, gender face meetings and online mechanisms and door
to door survey;
4. MDGs and SDGs are focused in mobilizing 2. While MDGs were focused with only 8
international community, leaders, politicians, goals, 21 targets and 63 indicators, SDGs
civil society and sectoral ministries, and include 17 goals with 169 targets. An expert
departments to focus on achieving these time- analyses by noble laureates at Copenhagen
bound and measurably goals.
5. Providing required funding to areas of
interest of each country remains a challenge.
consensus, suggest that if the UN concentrates
on 19 top targets, it can get $20 to $40 in social
benefits per dollar spent, while allocating it
evenly across all 169 targets would reduce the
figure to less than $10. Being smart about
spending could be better than doubling or
quadrupling the aid budget;(7)
3. MDGs had a focus on developing countries
with funding came from rich countries. All
countries, developed or developing, are
expected to work towards achieving SDGs;
4. The pillars of human development, human
rights and equity are deeply rooted in SDGs
and several targets seven explicitly refer to
people with disabilities, six to people in
vulnerable situations, and two to nondiscrimination.
mentioned in the MDGs; (iv) MDGs had 3
direct health goals, 4 targets and 15 indicators
with emphasis on child, maternal mortality and
communicable diseases. SDGs have one
comprehensive goal emphasizing well-being
and healthy living including NCDs;
5. MDGs had a time span of 25 years though
adopted in 2002 baseline data for the year 1990
was used and some of the baselines were
revised subsequently which shifted ‘the goal
post’. For the SDGs, the baseline is from 2015
estimates. It may be revised as more recent
data becomes available;
6. SDGs include a vision of building vibrant
and systematic partnerships with private sector
to achieve sustainable development. It builds
on, UN Compact which was launched in year
2000 and IMPACT 2030;
7. MDGs had no concrete role for the Civil
Society Organizations (CSOs), whereas SDGs
have paid attention to this right from the
engagement of civil society actors.
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Goals (MDGs) to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Addressing Unfinished
Agenda and Strengthening Sustainable Development and Partnership. Retrieved August
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Conrood, J. (2015, January 07). MDGs to SDGs: Top 10 Differences. Retrieved August 19, 2018,
Horoszowski, M. (2018, May 02). The Full List of the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development
Goals. Retrieved August 19, 2018, from
17 Sustainable Development Goals. (2018, April 10). Retrieved August 19, 2018, from