Drugs LO: Understand what drugs are. Understand that drugs are harmful if used inappropriately, incorrectly or excessively. What are drugs? Make a list of all the different drugs you can think of. What do they all have in common? What are drugs? A drug is…… …any substance which causes a change in the way the body, or part of the body, works. Coffee Tea Chocolate Coca-Cola Paracetamol Aspirin Cough syrup Throat sweets Antibiotics Cigarettes Alcoholic drinks All of these contain drugs. When is it OK to use drugs? Some drugs are harmless when consumed in moderation: Coffee, tea, cola and chocolate all contain CAFFEINE. This is a mild stimulant which can make us feel more awake. Always take the doctor’s advice about how much to take and how often to take it. Overdosing (taking more than the recommended dose) can make you ill. Alcohol: The Law - It’s illegal to give an alcoholic drink to a child under 5. - A person under 14 can't go into a bar or pub unless the pub has a 'children's certificate'. At 14 or 15 – You can go anywhere in a pub but can't drink alcohol. At 16 or 17 – You can buy (or be bought) beer or cider so long as it's bought to drink with a meal. With the exception of having a meal in a pub, it's against the law for anyone under 18 to buy alcohol in a pub, offlicence or supermarket. It's also illegal to buy alcohol in a pub for someone who's not 18. - - - Alcohol is a legal drug (in some countries), but…. It can have harmful effects on the body and mind if drunk to excess. As an adult you will decide for yourself IF and HOW MUCH you want to drink. Illegal Drugs Some drugs are illegal because they are particularly harmful to the body or because they are particularly ADDICTIVE. Drug Abuse When people take drugs which they don’t really need (i.e. not for medical reasons) this is substance abuse. People who do this often become ADDICTED to these drugs. ADDICTION: This is when drug-taking becomes a habit which is hard to break. Once a person becomes addicted to a drug it is very hard to stop taking it. They feel become dependent on it. Some commonly abused drugs: Alcohol Cigarettes Sedatives –sleeping pills. Painkillers –morphine Hallucinogens –Cannabis Stimulants –cocaine Why do people abuse drugs? - Peer pressure. To forget their problems How do drugs affect the body? Someone on drugs can have all sorts of mood swings from happy to angry, upset, sad, scared, excited, tired or paranoid. Drug-related Crime and Accidents Drugs often impair a person’s ability to think clearly and make reasonable decisions.