روائع الترجمة براعة المترجم

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

‫ ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬:‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬
(‫)ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬
‫ ﺭﻭﻋﺔ ﻭﺳﺤﺮ‬... ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﺪﺍﱐ‬
Charming Sentimental Art
Ramadan in Cairo .. How does art taste in the ‫ ﻣﺬﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﻔـﻦ‬... ‫ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬
shade of history?
‫ﰲ ﺃﺣﻀﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬
Every year a charming guest pays us a very nice, ‫ ﻣـﺎ‬،‫ ﻃﻴﻔـﻪ ﲞﻔﱠـﺔ‬‫ﺿﻴﻒ ﺳﺎﺣﺮ ﳝﺮ‬
yet short-lived, visit. Just after that pleasant guest ‫ﺨ ﱢﻠﻔﹰــﺎ‬‫ ﻣ‬،‫ﺇﻥ ﺗﻨﺘﺒــﻪ ﳌــﺮﻭﺭﻩ ﻳﺘﺮﻛــﻚ‬
pays farewell, a feast comes.
.‫ﺍ ﺑﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ‬‫ﺍ ﻭﻭﻋﺪ‬‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻩ ﻋﻴﺪ‬
It is … Ramadan! A very sought-after guest with a
magic wand that amazingly transforms souls,
makes Mercy gates wide open for us and paves
our way to Forgiveness. It eventually gives us a
chance to avoid dwelling in Hell in the hereafter.
During Ramadan our hearts worship our most
beloved Creator devotedly, our souls soar in
divine spheres, we are given a chance to tame our
shrewd selves, and our souls dive into the
fantastic ‘Ramadan Ocean’ to collect invaluable
pearls.
28 ‫ ﻣﻦ‬1 ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫ ﻫــﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴــﺤﺮ ﺍﻟــﺬﻱ ﳝ ـﺮ‬... ‫ﺭﻣﻀــﺎﻥ‬
- ‫ﺍ‬‫ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻛﻞ ﺍﺛـﲏ ﻋﺸـﺮ ﺷـﻬﺮ‬- ‫ﺑﻚ‬
‫ ﻭﻳﻔـﺘﺢ‬،‫ﳝﺎﺭﺱ ﺳﺤﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻭﺣـﻚ‬
‫ ﻭﻣِـــﻦ ﺛﹶـــﻢ‬،‫ﳍـــﺎ ﺃﺑـــﻮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﲪـــﺔ‬
‫ ﺭﺣﻴﻠـﻪ ﺃﻣﻠﹰـﺎ‬‫ ﻗﹸﺮﺏ‬‫ﻬﺪﻳﻚ‬‫ ﻟﻴ‬،‫ﺍﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ‬
،‫ ﻳﺬﻭﺏ ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻧﻚ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬.‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺘﻖ‬
‫ ﻭﲡﺎﻫــﺪ‬،‫ﻔــﻮ ﺭﻭﺣــﻚ ﺑﺴــﻤﺎﺣﺔ‬‫ﻭ‬
‫ ﻭﺗﻐــﻮﺹ ﺑﺮﻭﺣــﻚ‬،‫ﻧﻔﺴــﻚ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﹰــﺎ‬
‫ ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﺃﲨﻞ‬،‫ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻣﻦ‬
.‫ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫)ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﺷﺒﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ(‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﻉ ﻣﺴﺘﻤﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻟﺘﻨﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ ‪The Struggle for Women's Rights‬‬
‫ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻬﺎ‬
‫‪Continues in the Congo‬‬
‫ﺗﺪ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺱ ﻛﺎﺗﺒﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻘﺎ ﻝ‪ 3‬ﺃﻭﺩﻭﻧﻮﻻ ﺃﻭﺟﻴﻮﻣﻲ ﰲ ‪Odunola Ojewumi is a student at‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻫﺎﻭﺍﺭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻵﻥ ﺗﺘﻠﻘﻰ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻮﻡ ‪Howard University. She is serving as List‬‬
‫ﺍﻹﺩﺍﺭﺓ ﺿﻤﻦ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﰲ ‪Population‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﻲ ﺍﳋﺎﺹ ﺑﺮﺑﻴﻊ ﻋﺎﻡ ‪2009‬ﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪at‬‬
‫‪Intern‬‬
‫‪Management‬‬
‫‪Action International for the Spring 2009‬‬
‫‪semester.‬‬
‫ﰲ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺒﺎﻁ‪/‬ﻓﱪﺍﻳﺮ ﺍﳌﺎﺿﻲ ‪On February 21st, I attended a meeting‬‬
‫ﺣ‪‬ﻀ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺕ‪ ‬ﻣﺆﲤﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﲢﺖ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ‪sponsored by Friends of The Congo. "It‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ "‪is our call to action to save the Congo‬‬
‫‪ 1‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫‪ 2‬ﻧﺎﻟﺖ ھﺬا اﻟﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ اﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰ اﻷول ﻓﻲ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ "ﺳﺒﺎق اﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﻘﺔ" اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻘﺪﺗﮭﺎ ﺟﻤﻌﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﯿﺔ وﺣﻮار اﻟﺜﻘﺎﻓﺎت )ﻋﺘﯿﺪة( ﻋﺎم‬
‫‪2011‬م‪ .‬وﻗﺪ اﺗﺒﻊ اﻟﻤﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻌﺾ ﻣﻮاﺿﻌﮭﺎ ﻧﮭﺞ اﻟﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ اﻟﺤﺮة ﻹﯾﺼﺎل اﻟﻤﻌﻨﻰ اﻟﻤﺮاد‪.‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎل ﻓﻲ اﻟﺴﺎدس ﻣﻦ ﺷﮭﺮ ﻣﺎرس ‪ /‬آذار ﻋﺎم ‪2009‬م – اﻟﻤﺘﺮﺟﻢ‪.‬‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮ ھﺬا‬
‫ُ‬
‫ُ ِ َ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 2‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﺻﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﻣﻔﺎﺩﻫﺎ "ﳓﻦ ‪stood as the message and slogan for‬‬
‫ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻨﻨﺎﺩﻱ ﺑﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﻹﻧﻘﺎﺫ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ"‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ‪this conference. The meeting offered a‬‬
‫ﺗﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕٍ ﻭﻓﲑﺓﹰ ﺟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺄﺳﺎﺓ ‪great amount of information about the‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻌﺎﱐ ﻭﻳﻼﺗِﻬﺎ ﺳﻜﺎﻥﹸ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ‪devastating tragedy in the Congo. There‬‬
‫ﺃﹸﻟﹾﻘِﻴ‪‬ﺖ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ‪ ‬ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺕٍ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ‪were four key speakers including a‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺃﻟﻘﺎﻫﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﲔ ‪Congolese speaker who fled from the‬‬
‫‪violence there.‬‬
‫ﺍﳍﺎﺭﺑﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺤﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﰲ ﺣﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺭﺍﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ﺷﻬﺪﺕ ﻣﺬﺍﺑﺢ‪ ‬ﺇﺑﺎﺩﺓٍ ‪Nearly six million Congolese have been‬‬
‫ﺑﺸﺮﻳﺔٍ ﺣ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺕ‪ ‬ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ‪ ‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺎﻫﺰ ﺳﺘﺔ ﻣﻼﻳﲔ‬
‫ﻛﻮﻧﻐﻮﱄ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﺭﻉ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ‬
‫ﻭﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﻻ ﻳﺪﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺪ‪‬ﻣﻨﺎ‬
‫‪killed in this genocide yet the average‬‬
‫‪American knows nothing of their‬‬
‫ﻋﺮﺿ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺼﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺑﻌﺜﺔ ﻗﺎﻣﺖ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﻤﺔ ‪struggle. We viewed a slide show of the‬‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﻣﻌﺴﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻼﺟﺌﲔ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﲔ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﻈﺔ ‪organization's last expedition to the‬‬
‫ﲟﻦ ﺷﺮﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﻲ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻫﺆﻻﺀ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻼﺟﺌﲔ‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻄﻬﺎ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺗﻠﻚ‬
‫‪large‬‬
‫‪A‬‬
‫‪camps.‬‬
‫‪refugee‬‬
‫‪Congo‬‬
‫‪percentage of the refugee camps they‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺜﺔ ﲢﻜﻲ ﻣﺄﺳﺎﺓ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻳ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﻰ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺐ‪visited were heavily populated by ‬‬
‫ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﳍﺎ ﺍﳉﺒﲔ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺑﲔ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺑﺮﺯﺕ ‪women and children. Each photograph‬‬
‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺬﺕ ﲟﺠﺎﻣﻊ‬
‫ﻗﻠﱯ‬
‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻠﹶﻜﺖ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻲ‪‬‬
‫ﺟﻮﺍﺭﺣﻲ‪ .‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺴﻜﻨﻪ‬
‫‪told a story of hardship. One picture‬‬
‫‪truly stood out for me. It was a picture‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 3‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻋﺎﺋﻠﺔ ﺗﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﲬﺴﺔ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ‪of a home for a family of five, made of‬‬
‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺸﺐ ﻭﺍﻷﻏﺼﺎﻥ؛ ﻭﺗﱪﺯ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺑﻴﺖ‪ ‬ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺋﻠﺔِ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﻬﻤﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﲑﺍﻥ ﻭﻏﻄﺎﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺍﺩ ﺑﻮﺷﺎﺣﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﰎ ﺑﺼﻮﺭﺓ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ‬
‫‪wood and twigs which truly re-defined‬‬
‫‪the term "singe family home." This‬‬
‫ﺑﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮ ﻣﺮﻭﻋﺔ ‪conference made me re-evaluate my‬‬
‫ﺧﻠﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﺁﻟﺔ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ‪priorities and examine the effects of‬‬
‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖ ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻲ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺟﻌﻠﲏ ﺃﻋﻴﺪ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ‬
‫‪war on the innocent.‬‬
‫ﺃﻭﺭﺍﻗﻲ ﻭﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺍﻗﺐ ﺍﻟﻮﺧﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲡﺮ‪‬ﻫﺎ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺮﻭﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﻳﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﺰ‪‬ﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺻﻮﺕ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ‪The conference also included the‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺕ‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﻟﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﺔ ﻧﻈﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻏﺘﺼﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻧﺘﻬﺎﻙ‬
‫‪perspectives of Congolese women.‬‬
‫ﺃﻋﺮﺍﺿﻬﻦ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﳌﹸﺮ‪‬ﺓ؟‬
‫‪Rape has been used against women as‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﲡﺮﻋﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ‬
‫ﻣﺮﺍﺭﺓﹶ ﻛﺄﺱِ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﺷﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﺸﻴﺔ؟‬
‫‪an instrument of war in the Congo.‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺨ‪‬ﺪِﻣ‪‬ﺖ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﻙ ﺃﺩﻭﺍﺕ‪Many women are raped with blunt ‬‬
‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓﹲ ﴰﻠﺖ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﺟﻞ؟‬
‫‪objects, sticks, and machetes. The‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻫﺎ ﺟﺮﺍﺣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ﺗﻨﺪﻣﻞ‬
‫ﺗﻌﻠﻮ ﺃﺟﺴﺎﺩ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﻧﺪﻭﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﺼﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪women are scarred physically and‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺀ ﺗﻐﻮﺹ ﰲ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻦ؟‬
‫‪emotionally, and many must have‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﻴ‪‬ﻦ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﺍﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻀﻌﻦ‬
‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻴﺔ ﻟﻌﻼﺝ ﺃﺟﻬﺰ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﺳﻠﻴﺔ ‪surgical operations to repair their‬‬
‫ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﻌﺔ؟‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 4‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺣﺎﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪reproductive organs from the damage.‬‬
‫ﲜﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﱪﻋﺎﺕ ﻟﺘﻤﻮﻳﻞ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺣﻴﺔ ﻷﻥ‬
‫ﺫﻭﻱ ﺗﻠﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻮﺓ ﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﻑ ﻭﻻ ﻃﺎﻗﺔ ‪Friends of the Congo is currently‬‬
‫ﳍﻢ ﺑﻨﻔﻘﺎﺕ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻠﻴﺎﺕ؟‬
‫‪raising money to fund these surgeries.‬‬
‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﻋﻴﲏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺓ‪Attending this meeting opened my eyes ...‬‬
‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﺯﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺻﺮﺍﻉ ﻣﺮﻳﺮ ﺗﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ‪to the fact that the struggle for‬‬
‫ﻟﺘﻨﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﻘﻮﻗﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻭﻋﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﲤﺜﻞ ‪women's rights is still very much alive.‬‬
‫ﺍﳉﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺒﺬﳍﺎ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ‪Friends of the Congo's work in the‬‬
‫ﰲ ﺃﻭﺳﺎﻁ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﱄ ﲤﺜﻞ ﺑﺜ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ‪international community shows the‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻜﻤﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﲣﺼﻴﺺ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺎﳌﻲ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ‪spirit of International Women's Day--‬‬
‫ﺗﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺗﻀﺎﻓﺮ ﺟﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﲔ ﻣﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻠﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻦ‬
‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ‪ .‬ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﳛﺘﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﺑﻨﺴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺑ‪‬ﺬﹶﻟﹾﻦ‪ ‬ﺟﻬﻮﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﺟﺒﺎﺭﺓ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻐﻠﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻘﺒﺎﺕ‬
‫ﻛﺆﻭﺩ ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﻦ‪ ‬ﰲ ﲣﻄﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺣ‪‬ﻘﱠﻘﹾﻦ‪ ‬ﺃﻫﺪﺍﻓﹰﺎ ﺻﻌﺒﺔﹶ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻝ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻳﺴﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺀ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺼﺤﺔ ﺍﻹﳒﺎﺏ ﻟﺪﻯ‬
‫‪men and women unifying to advocate‬‬
‫‪for the rights of women. This day‬‬
‫‪celebrates the lives of women, who‬‬
‫‪insurmountable‬‬
‫‪overcome‬‬
‫‪have‬‬
‫‪struggles and highlights causes that‬‬
‫‪promote reproductive health rights,‬‬
‫‪and condemns sexual violence against‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ‪ ،‬ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﻨﺪﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﻨﻒ ﺍﳉﻨﺴﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫‪women and children.‬‬
‫ﺗﺘﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﻃﻔﺎﻝ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺪﻳﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ﲢﺘﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺗﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﺑﲔ ‪Congo is the one of the world's‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 5‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﰲ ﳎﺎﻝ ﺇﻧﺘﺎﺝ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻟﺘﺎﻥ‪ ،‬ﺃﻭ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ‪largest producers of coltan, or‬‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻮﻟﻮﻣﺒﺎﻳﺖ ﺗﺎﻧﺘﺎﻻﻳﺖ‪ ،‬ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﺎﺩﺓ ﺗ‪‬ﺴﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﰲ‬
‫ﺻﻨﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﲤﻸ‬
‫ﻋﺎﳌﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮﺍﺗﻒ‪ ‬ﺟﻮﺍﻟﺔٍ ﻭﺣﻮﺍﺳﻴﺐ‪ ‬ﳏﻤﻮﻟﺔٍ‬
‫‪material‬‬
‫‪a‬‬
‫‪columbite-tantalite,‬‬
‫‪found in almost all of our cell‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻣﲑﺍﺕِ ﻓﻴﺪﻳﻮ ﺭﻗﻤﻴﺔٍ ﻭﺃﺟﻬﺰﺓِ ﺑﻠﻮﺗﻮﺙ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻌﻞ ﻗﺎﺭﺉ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪phones, laptops, video cameras,‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺶ ﺇﻥ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ‪devices.‬‬
‫ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﱵ‬
‫ﻳﺘﻨﻌﻢ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣِﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻨﺎﲨﻬﺎ ‪ -‬ﻟﻌﻠﻪ ﻳ‪‬ﺪﻫﺶ ﺇﻥ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻝ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻠﻘﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺟﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ‬
‫‪other‬‬
‫‪and‬‬
‫‪Bluetooth‬‬
‫‪Congolese mine workers are so‬‬
‫‪underpaid that they can barely‬‬
‫ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﺕ‪ ،‬ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻜﺎﺩ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺪ ﺭﻣﻖ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻋﺎﺋﻼ‪‬ﻢ‪feed their families. The average ،‬‬
‫ﻭﻳﻌﻴﺸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺎﻣﺶ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ! ﻭﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﺃﻥ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ‪annual income for a Congolese‬‬
‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻟﻠﻔﺮﺩ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ‬
‫ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻱ ﻟﻸﺳﺮﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﲦﺎﳕﺎﺋﺔ ﺩﻭﻻﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪family is $800 and $100 for an‬‬
‫‪individual person.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﺩﺕ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺆﲤﺮ ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻲ ﺣﱴ ﺷﻌﺮﺕ‪As the conference came to an end, I ‬‬
‫ﺑﺄﱐ ﻗﺪ ﺣ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﻠﹾﺖ‪ ‬ﻣﺴﺆﻭﻟﻴﺔ ﻻ ﻓﻜﺎﻙ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﻻ ﻭﻫﻲ ‪learned as a consumer it is my‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻀﻌﻔﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ‪ .‬ﻭﻟِﻢ‪ ‬ﻻ ﻭﳓﻦ ‪obligation to protect the people of‬‬
‫ﻧﺘﻤﺘﻊ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﲟﻨﺘﺠﺎﺕ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻛﲔ‪ ،‬ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ‪the Congo. We use the products they‬‬
‫ﻳﻄﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﻴﺎﻥﹸ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﺃﺣﺪ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ‪help produce yet this issue remains a‬‬
‫ﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎ‪‬ﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻻ ﲤﺘﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻳﺪ‪ ‬ﻟﺘﻨﺘﺸﻠﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺿﻨﻚ ‪silent issue. The voice for the women‬‬
‫‪of Congo shall not be silenced on the‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 6‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺆﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻘﺮ؟ ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺆﲤﺮ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ‪eve of International Women's Day.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻲ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺓ‬
‫ﺁﺧﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ‬
‫ﺑﺼﺮﺧﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ ‪The Friends of The Congo have set up‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻭﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺎ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻧﻈﻤﺖ‪ ‬ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔﹸ ﺃﺻﺪﻗﺎﺀِ ‪fundraiser events in Maryland and‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ﲡﻤﻌﺎﺕٍ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺳﺒﺎﺕٍ ﲢﺚ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﱪﻉ ‪D.C. For more information visit their‬‬
‫‪web site at:‬‬
‫ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﻗﻀﺎﻳﺎ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻐﻮ ﺳﺘ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻘﹶﺪ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻣﲑﻳﻼﻧﺪ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﺷﻨﻄﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻠﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ‬
‫‪www.friendsofthecongo.org‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎﺕ ﺗﺮﺟﻰ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺮﻭﱐ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﱄ‪:‬‬
‫‪www.friendsofthecongo.org‬‬
‫ﺇﻋﻼﻥ ﻋﺘﻴﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﻓﻮﺯ ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﻛﺰ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺎﻟﻘﺔ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 7‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪4‬‬
‫)ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺩﺍﺭﺕ ﺭﺣــﻰ ﺍﳊــﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴــﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴــﺔ ﻣــﻦ‬
‫ﻋـــﺎﻡ ‪1939‬ﻡ ﺣـــﱴ ﻋـــﺎﻡ ‪1945‬ﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗـــﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻛﺘﻮﺕ ﺑﻨﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﺪﺓ ﺩﻭﻝ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺳﺒﻖ ﻫﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘــﺎﺭﻳﺦ‪ ‬ﻭﻗــﻮﻉ‪ ‬ﻧﺰﺍﻋــﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻘــﺔ ﺑﺘﻠــﻚ‬
‫ﺍﳊــﺮﺏ‪ .‬ﻭﻗــﺪ ﺷــﺎﺭﻛﺖ ﰲ ﺗﻠــﻚ ﺍﳊــﺮﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺒﻴــﺔﹸ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤـــﻰ ﻣـــﻦ ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌـــﺎﱂ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣــﻦ ﺑﻴﻨــﻬﺎ ﺍﻟـﺪﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤــﻰ‪ ،‬ﻭﻗــﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻧﻘﺴـــﻤﺖ ﻓﻴﻤـــﺎ ﺑﻴﻨـــﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻛﺘﻠـــﺘﲔ‬
‫ﻣﺘﺤﺎﺭﺑﺘﲔ‪ :‬ﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﳊﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺩﻭﻝ ﺍﶈـﻮﺭ‪ .‬ﻭﱂ‬
‫ﺗﻨﺘﺸــﺮ ﻧــﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﺣـــﺮﺏٍ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘــﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻣﺜﻠﻤـــﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺮﺕ ﻧﲑﺍﻥ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴـﺚ ﺷـﺎﺭﻙ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺑﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 100‬ﻣﻠﻴـﻮﻥ ﺷـﺨﺺ‬
‫ﻣــﻦ ﺃﻛﺜــﺮ ﻣــﻦ ‪ 30‬ﺩﻭﻟــﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻷ‪‬ــﺎ ﻛﺎﻧــﺖ‬
‫"ﺣﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﺎﻣﻠﺔ" ﻓﻘﺪ ﺳﺨ‪‬ﺮﺕ ﻛﱪﻯ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻝ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺸـــﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻓﻴﻬـــﺎ ﻛﺎﻓـــﺔ ﺇﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ‪‬ـــﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻻﻗﺘﺼـــﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺼـــﻨﺎﻋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴـــﺔ‬
‫ﳋﺪﻣﺔ ﺍ‪‬ﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﳊﺮﰊ‪ ،‬ﻭﱂ ﺗﻔـﺮ‪‬ﻕ ﰲ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬
‫ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﳌﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﺭﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﻜﺮﻳﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪World War II (WWII or WW2), also‬‬
‫‪known as the Second World War, was‬‬
‫‪a global war that lasted from 1939 to‬‬
‫‪1945, although related conflicts began‬‬
‫‪earlier. It involved the vast majority of‬‬
‫‪the world’s nations—including all of‬‬
‫‪the great powers—eventually forming‬‬
‫‪two opposing military alliances: the‬‬
‫‪Allies and the Axis. It was the most‬‬
‫‪widespread war in history, and‬‬
‫‪directly involved more than 100‬‬
‫‪million people from over 30 countries.‬‬
‫‪In a state of “total war”, the major‬‬
‫‪participants threw their entire‬‬
‫‪economic, industrial, and scientific‬‬
‫‪capabilities behind the war effort,‬‬
‫‪erasing the distinction between‬‬
‫‪civilian and military resources.5‬‬
‫‪ 4‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫‪Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 8‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪5‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪6‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺣﲔ ﺃﺣﺪﻕ ﺧﻄﺮ ﳑﻴﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪﺓ!‬
‫‪MORTIFYING‬‬
‫‪A MORTAL AND‬‬
‫‪THREAT‬‬
‫ﻋـــﺎﻡ ‪1776‬ﻡ ‪ ...‬ﻳـــﻮﻡ ﻭﺟـــﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴـــﻮﻥ ‪IN I776, SUDDENLY, AMERICANS‬‬
‫ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻣﺄﺯﻕ ﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﲟﻔﺮﺩﻫﻢ‬
‫‪WERE ON THEIR OWN.‬‬
‫ﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺠــﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴــﻮﻥ ‪ -‬ﻭﺍﻟــﺬﻳﻦ ﻛــﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﻌﺮﻓــﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﺘــﻬﺎ ﺑﺘﺠــﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻌــﺎﱂ ﺍﳉﺪﻳــﺪ –‬
‫ﻛــﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻤــﺎ ﻣﻀــﻰ ﻳﺒﺤــﺮﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻣــﺎﻥ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﶈﻴﻄــﺎﺕ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﻣــﱳ ﻗــﻮﺍﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺳــﻔﻨﻬﻢ‬
‫ﻭﻣﺮﺍﻛﺒﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﻋﻴﺔ ﰲ ﻇﻞ ﲪﺎﻳﺔِ ﺃﻗـﻮﻯ‬
‫ﺃﺳﻄﻮﻝ ﲝـﺮﻱ ﻋﺮﻓـﻪ ﺍﻟﺘـﺎﺭﻳﺦ – ﺍﻷﺳـﻄﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤـــﺮﻱ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄـــﺎﱐ‪ .‬ﻭﻟﻜـــﻦ ﺑـــﲔ ﻋﺸـــﻴﺔ‬
‫‪Previously, merchants from the‬‬
‫‪New World blithely sailed the‬‬
‫‪oceans in their brigs, sloops, and‬‬
‫‪schooners, confident of the‬‬
‫‪protection of‬‬
‫‪history's most‬‬
‫‪powerful navy. That security‬‬
‫‪vanished overnight, however,‬‬
‫‪with the outbreak of the‬‬
‫‪ 6‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 9‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﺿــﺤﺎﻫﺎ ﺗﺒﺨــﺮ ﻫــﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣــﻦ ﻣــﻊ ﺍﻧــﺪﻻﻉ‬
‫ﺃﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ‪ .‬ﺇﺫ ﺻﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﺳﻄﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄـﺎﱐ‬
‫ﺍﳍﺎﺋــﻞ ‪ -‬ﺍﻟــﺬﻱ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ــﺎ ﻣــﺎ ﳝﺜــﻞ ﻋــﲔ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺃﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﺭﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﺻﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﺪﻭﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻠـﺪﻭﺩ‪ .‬ﻭﰲ‬
‫ﻇﻞ ﻋﺪﻡ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻏﻄﺎﺀ ﲝﺮﻱ ﻛﺎﻧـﺖ ﺍﻟﺴـﻔﻦ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴــﺔ ﺗﺘﻌــﺮﺽ ﻟﻠــﻬﺠﻮﻡ ﻣﻨــﺬ ﳊﻈــﺔ‬
‫ﺧﺮﻭﺟﻬــﺎ ﻣــﻦ ﻣﺮﺍﺳــﻴﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗﻜـﺎﺩ ﺗﺼــﲑ ﺑــﻼ‬
‫ﺣــﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗــﻮﺓ ﺇﻥ ﲡــﺮﺃﺕ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻟــﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﻮﺡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﻏﻴـــﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻘـــﻮﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴـــﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳـــﺔ ﱂ‬
‫ﻳﺘﺴﺒﺐ ﻓﻘﻂ ﰲ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴﲔ‬
‫ﻟﻠﺨﻄﺮ‪ ،‬ﺑـﻞ ﺟﻌـﻞ ﺑﻘـﺎﺀ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜـﺎ ﻧﻔﺴـﻬﺎ ﰲ‬
‫ﺧﻄﺮ‪ .‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ – ﰲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸـﺮ ‪ -‬ﺩﻭﻟـﺔ ﲝﺮﻳـﺔ ﺗﻌﺘﻤـﺪ ﰲ‬
‫ﺩﺧﻠـــﻬﺎ ﻋﻠـــﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﺠـــﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳋﺎﺭﺟﻴـــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛـــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺳـــﻜﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻳﺘﺮﻛـــﺰﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـــﻰ ﻃـــﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺴـــﺎﺣﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻗﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗـﻨﻌﻢ ﲟﺮﺍﻓﺌﻬـﺎ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻭﻓﺮﺓ ﺍﻷﺧﺸﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻤﺘـﺎﺯﺓ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺗﺴـﺘﺨﺪﻡ ﰲ‬
‫ﺑﻨــﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴــﻔﻦ‪ .‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﺿــﺮﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﺣــﺪﺓ ﳍــﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠــﺎﺭﺓ ﺗﻜﻔــﻲ ﻷﻥ ﺗﻘﻀــﻲ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﻟــﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻜﺎﻓﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟـﻞ ﺍﳊﻔـﺎﻅ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺍﺳـﺘﻘﻼﳍﺎ ﺍﻟــﻮﺍﻫﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺗـﺪﻓﻌﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﻓـﻼﺱ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﺍﻟﻘــﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴــﺔ ﺣﻴﻨــﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺍﺟــﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄﺎﻧﻴـﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺗﻔﻮﻗﻬـﺎ ﺗﺴــﻠﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ‬
‫ﻭﺗــﺪﺭﻳﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪ ،‬ﺇﻻ ﺃ‪‬ــﺎ ﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﻣﺘﺸــﺒﺜﺔ ﺑﺸــﺮﻳﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺣﻴﺎ‪‬ــﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺤــﺮﻱ‪ ،‬ﺍﻟــﺬﻱ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ــﺎ ﻣــﺎ ﲢــﺖ‬
‫ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻼﻝ‪ .‬ﻛـﺎﻥ ﺃﺣـﺪ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸـﺮﺍﻳﲔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﺔ ﳝﺘﺪ ﺟﻨﻮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺰﺭ ﺍﳍﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‪،‬‬
‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺷـﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺁﺧـﺮ ‪ -‬ﻻ ﻳﻘـﻞ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬
‫ﺃﳘﻴﺔ ‪ -‬ﳝﺘﺪ ﻋﱪ ﺍﶈﻴﻂ ﺍﻷﻃﻠﺴﻲ ﺷﺮﻗﹰﺎ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺍﱐ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻗﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺃﺣﻀﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ‬
‫‪Revolution. The massive British‬‬
‫‪fleet that had once shielded‬‬
‫‪American commerce from harm‬‬
‫‪was now its lethal enemy. With‬‬
‫‪no real navy of their own to‬‬
‫‪defend them, American vessels‬‬
‫‪were exposed to attack from the‬‬
‫‪moment they left their moorings‬‬
‫‪and almost helpless in the open‬‬
‫‪sea.‬‬
‫‪The absence of a naval‬‬
‫‪capability not only endangered‬‬
‫‪American sailors but also‬‬
‫‪imperiled the country's survival.‬‬
‫‪Concentrated along the eastern‬‬
‫‪seaboard, blessed with natural‬‬
‫‪harbors and an abundance of‬‬
‫‪superior shipbuilding wood,‬‬
‫‪eighteenth-century America was‬‬
‫‪in large part a seafaring nation,‬‬
‫‪dependent on foreign trade. A‬‬
‫‪blow to that commerce could‬‬
‫‪pitch the fledgling United States,‬‬
‫‪struggling to preserve its‬‬
‫‪tenuous independence, into‬‬
‫‪bankruptcy. As Continental‬‬
‫‪troops battled against better‬‬‫‪armed and trained British forces,‬‬
‫‪the former colonies clung to‬‬
‫‪their maritime lifeline. One of‬‬
‫‪these led south to the West‬‬
‫‪Indies, but another, no less‬‬
‫‪critical route, extended across‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 10‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‪.‬‬
‫‪the Atlantic eastward to the‬‬
‫‪blue-water‬‬
‫‪ports‬‬
‫‪of‬‬
‫‪the‬‬
‫‪Mediterranean.‬‬
‫ﻛــﺎﻥ ﺣــﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤــﺮ ﺍﻷﺑــﻴﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳــﻂ –‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟــﺬﻱ ﳝﺘــﺪ ﻣــﻦ ﻣﻀــﻴﻖ ﺟﺒــﻞ ﻃــﺎﺭﻕ ﺇﱃ‬
‫ﺳﻮﺍﺣﻞ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺎﺿﻮﻝ ‪ -‬ﳝﺜﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ‬
‫ﺍﻷﻗــﺎﻟﻴﻢ ﺍﻟــﱵ ﱂ ﺗﻜــﻦ ﺣﻴﻨــﻬﺎ ﲣﻀـــﻊ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻬﻴﻤﻨﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺣﻴﺚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣـﺎ ﻳـﺰﺍﻝ ﺑـﲔ‬
‫ﺃﻳــﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺘﺠــﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻣــﺮﻳﻜﻴﲔ ﻓﺮﺻــﺔ ﻟﻠﺘــﺮﺑﺢ‬
‫ﻭﺗﻜﻮﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺜﺮﻭﺍﺕ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺭﺍﺩﻉ‪ .‬ﻭﺭﻏﻢ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻠــﺔ ﻣــﻦ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜــﺎ ﺍﻟﺸــﻤﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺤــﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺑــــﻴﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳــــﻂ ﻛﺎﻧــــﺖ ﳏﻔﻮﻓــــﺔ‬
‫ﺑﺎﳌﺨـــﺎﻃﺮ ﻭﻣﻠﻴﺌـــﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺼـــﻌﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧـــﺖ‬
‫ﺗﺴﺘﻐﺮﻕ ﺇﲝﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﳌﺪﺓ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﺳﺎﺑﻴﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﱳ‬
‫ﺳﻔﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﺩﺓ ﻭﻣﻜﺘﻈﺔ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺻﺤﻴﺔ ﻭﻭﺳـﻂ‬
‫ﺃﻣﻮﺍﺝ ﺍﻷﻃﻠﺴﻲ ﺍﳌﺘﻼﻃﻤﺔ ﻓﻐﺎﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻣـﺎ ﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫ﺣﺐ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻳﻄﻐﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﻠﻮﺏ ﻫـﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺠـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻴﻨــﺪﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺤــﺮ ﻏــﲑ ﻣﺒــﺎﻟﲔ ﲟــﺎ ﻗــﺪ‬
‫ﳛﺼــﻞ ﳍــﻢ‪ .‬ﻭﻛــﺎﻥ ﲡــﺎﺭ ﺣــﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤــﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺑــﻴﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳــﻂ ﻳﻔﺮﺣــﻮﻥ ﺑــﺄﻥ ﻳﻌﻄــﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻧﻈــﺮﺍﺀﻫﻢ ﺍﻷﻣــﺮﻳﻜﻴﲔ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗــﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﺑﻴــﺐ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﲔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺸـﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻣﻘﺎﺑـﻞ‬
‫ﺣﺼﻮﳍﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳـﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻌـﺎﱂ ﺍﳉﺪﻳـﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬
‫ﺃﺧﺸــﺎﺏ ﻭﺗﺒــﻎ ﻭﺳــﻜﺮ‪ .‬ﻭﻣــﻦ ﺑــﲔ ﺃﻧــﻮﺍﻉ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺠــﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺰﺩﻫــﺮﺓ ﰲ ﺫﻟــﻚ ﺍﻟﻮﻗــﺖ ﺗﺼــﺪﻳﺮ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱪﺍﻣﻴــﻞ ﺍﻟﻀــﺨﻤﺔ ﻣــﻦ ﺷــﺮﺍﺏ ﺍﻟــﺮﻭﻡ ﻣــﻦ‬
‫ﻣﺎﺭﻛـــﺔ "ﺑﻮﺳـــﻄﻦ ﺑـــﺎﺭﺗﻴﻜﻴﻮﻻﺭ"‪ -‬ﻭﺍﻟـــﱵ‬
‫ﺃﻋــﺪﻫﺎ ﺃﺣﻔــﺎﺩ ﻣﺘﺸــﺪﺩﻱ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜــﺎ )ﺇﳒﻠﺘــﺮﺍ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺪﻳــﺪﺓ(‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﺗــﺘﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﻀــﺔ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﻴــﻞ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸـــﺮﺍﺏ ﺗﻠـــﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﺑـــﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﻣﻴـــﻞ ﺍﻷﻓﻴـــﻮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻛﻴـــﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟـــﱵ ﻛـــﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴـ ـﺘﻌﻤﺮﻭﻥ ﻗـــﺪ‬
‫ﻧﻘﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻛﺎﻧﺘﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﲔ ﺃﻭ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻭﻃﺎ‪‬ﻢ‬
‫‪Stretching from the Rock of‬‬
‫‪Gibraltar to the Levantine and‬‬
‫‪Anatolian‬‬
‫‪coasts,‬‬
‫‪the‬‬
‫‪Mediterranean basin represented‬‬
‫‪one of the world's last remaining‬‬
‫‪spheres free of European‬‬
‫‪domination, where enter- prising‬‬
‫‪Americans could still seek their‬‬
‫‪fortunes unchecked. Though the‬‬
‫‪trip from North America to the‬‬
‫‪Mediterranean‬‬
‫‪was‬‬
‫‪rarely‬‬
‫'‪pleasant, requiring six weeks‬‬
‫‪sailing‬‬
‫‪time‬‬
‫‪aboard‬‬
‫‪cold,‬‬
‫‪cramped, and unsanitary vessels,‬‬
‫‪the profits often outweighed the‬‬
‫‪hardships. Local merchants were‬‬
‫‪delighted to exchange capers,‬‬
‫‪raisins, figs, and other Oriental‬‬
‫‪delicacies for New World‬‬
‫‪commodities such as timber,‬‬
‫‪tobacco, and sugar. A singularly‬‬
‫‪brisk business involved the export‬‬
‫‪of puncheons of rum -"Boston‬‬
‫‪Particular" - brewed by the‬‬
‫‪descendants of New England‬‬
‫‪Puritans and traded for barrels of‬‬
‫‪Turkish‬‬
‫‪opium, which the‬‬
‫‪colonists then conveyed to‬‬
‫‪Canton, China or brought home‬‬
‫‪for medicinal purposes. By the‬‬
‫‪1770s, an estimated one-fifth of‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 11‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬ـــﺪﻑ ﺍﺳـــﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﺍﻷﻓﻴـــﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻏـــﺮﺍﺽ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴــﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻗﺒــﻞ ﺣﻠــﻮﻝ ﺳــﺒﻌﻴﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘــﺮﻥ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺜـــﺎﻣﻦ ﻋﺸـــﺮ ﻛـــﺎﻥ ﻣـــﺎ ﻳﻘـــﺪﺭ ﲞﻤـــﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻮﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻤﺴـﺘﻌﻤﺮﺍﺕ ﻳﻮﺟـﻪ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ‪ ،‬ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣـﱳ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻘﺎﺭﺏ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ ﺳﻔﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴـﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﻋﻠـﻖ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺭﺟﺎﻝ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱪﻳﻄـﺎﻧﻴﲔ ﻗـﺎﺋﻼ‪:‬‬
‫"ﺷﺮ‪‬ﻗﻮﺍ ﺃﻭ ﻏﺮ‪‬ﺑﻮﺍ! ﻓﻠﻦ ﲡﺪﻭﺍ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﻜﺎﻧـﺎ‪....‬‬
‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﻓـﺄ ﺳـﺘﺠﺪﻭﻥ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴ‪‬ـﺎ ﻳﺴـﺎﻭﻡ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴــﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺻــﻠﻴﲔ ﻣﺴــﺎﻭﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺛــﻖ ﻣــﻦ‬
‫ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺑﻀﺎﻋﺘﻪ‪".‬‬
‫ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻧﺪﻻﻉ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺭﺓ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳋﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺋﻴﺴـﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻬﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﰲ ﺣﻮﺽ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﻷﺑﻴﺾ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﻳـﺄﰐ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸـﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳـﻂ‪ .‬ﻓﻘـﺪ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ‬
‫ﻗﺮﺍﺻــﻨﺔ ﻋـــﺮﺏ ﺗﺰﻳ‪‬ــﻮﺍ ﺑـــﺰﻱ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﻫـــﺪﻳﻦ‬
‫ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻭﺍ ﻳﻌﺘـﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﺴـﻔﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻳﺼــﺎﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﲪﻮﻻ‪‬ــﺎ ﻭﻳﺴــﺘﺮﻗﱡﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ــﻦ‪‬‬
‫ﻋﻠــــﻰ ﻣﺘﻮ‪‬ــــﺎ‪ .‬ﻭﻛــــﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴــــﻮﻥ‬
‫ﻳﻄﻠﻘـــﻮﻥ ﻋﻠـــﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﺳـــﻢ "ﻟﺼـــﻮﺹ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ"‪ ،‬ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺻﻨﺔ ﻳﺒﺤـﺮﻭﻥ‬
‫ﻣــــﻦ ﺍﳌﻐــــﺮﺏ ﺍﻟــــﱵ ﻛﺎﻧــــﺖ ﺣﻴﻨــــﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺇﻣﱪﺍﻃﻮﺭﻳــﺔ ﻣﺴــﺘﻘﻠﺔ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛــﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻛــﺬﻟﻚ‬
‫ﻳﺒﺤﺮﻭﻥ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﺜﻤﺎﻧﻴـﺔ ﺷـﺒﻪ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻠﺔ ﰲ ﻃﺮﺍﺑﻠﺲ ﻭﺗـﻮﻧﺲ ﻭﺍﳉﺰﺍﺋـﺮ‪،‬‬
‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﻄﻘـﺔ ﺗﻘـﻊ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸـﺮﻕ ﺍﻷﻭﺳـﻂ‬
‫ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﺑﺎﺳـﻢ "ﺑـﻼﺩ ﺍﳌﻐـﺮﺏ"‪ .‬ﰲ‬
‫ﺣــﲔ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴــﻮﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻘــﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬــﺎ‬
‫ﺍﲰ‪‬ــﺎ ﺁﺧــﺮ ﻣﺴــﺘﻮﺣﻰ ﻣــﻦ ﲰﻌﺘــﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴـــﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟـــﱵ ﻛﺎﻧـــﺖ ﺗﻨﻄـــﻮﻱ ﻋﻠـــﻰ‬
‫ﺍﳉﺸﻊ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﺳﺔ‪ :‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﲰﻮﻫـﺎ ﺑـﻼﺩ‬
‫‪the colonies' annual exports were‬‬
‫‪destined‬‬
‫‪for Mediterranean‬‬
‫‪docks, borne in the holds of some‬‬
‫‪one hundred American ships. "Go‬‬
‫‪where you will," one British‬‬
‫‪businessman‬‬
‫‪in‬‬
‫‪the‬‬
‫‪area‬‬
‫‪grumbled, "there is hardly a petty‬‬
‫‪harbor ... but you will find a‬‬
‫‪Yankee ... driving a hard bargain‬‬
‫"‪with the natives.‬‬
‫‪Prior to the Revolution, the only‬‬
‫‪major threat to America's vital‬‬
‫‪Mediterranean trade came from the‬‬
‫‪Middle East. Styling themselves as‬‬
‫‪mujahideen- warriors in an Islamic‬‬
‫‪Holy war - Arabic-speaking pirates‬‬
‫‪preyed‬‬
‫‪on‬‬
‫‪Western‬‬
‫‪vessels,‬‬
‫‪impounding their cargoes and‬‬
‫‪enslaving their crews. These corsairs,‬‬
‫‪as early Americans called them,‬‬
‫‪sailed from the independent empire‬‬
‫‪of Morocco and the semi‬‬‫‪autonomous Ottoman regencies of‬‬
‫‪Tripoli, Tunis, and Algiers, an area of‬‬
‫‪the Middle East known collectively‬‬
‫"‪in Arabic as al-Maghrib, "the West.‬‬
‫‪Westerners, though, had a different‬‬
‫‪name for the region, one that‬‬
‫‪evoked its notoriety for greed and‬‬
‫‪ferociousness. They called it‬‬
‫‪Barbary.‬‬
‫ﺍﻟﱪﺑﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 12‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﺬ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻭﺣـﱴ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﺜـﺎﻣﻦ‬
‫ﻋﺸﺮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﲤﺜﻞ ﻛﺎﺑﻮﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﳚـﺜﻢ‬
‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﺻـﺪﺭ ﺍﻷﻭﺭﻭﺑـﻴﲔ‪ .‬ﻓﻜـﺎﻥ ﻣﻌﻈـﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟـﺎﻝ‬
‫ﺍﻟـــﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﻌـــﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺃﻳـــﺪﻱ ﻫـــﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺍﺻـــﻨﺔ ‪-‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟــﺬﻳﻦ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﻣــﻦ ﺑﻴﻨــﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺋــﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﺴــﺮﺣﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺳـــﺒﺎﱐ ﺍﻟﻜـــﺒﲑ ﻣﻴﺠﻴـــﻞ ﺩﻱ ﺳـــﺮﻓﺎﻧﺘﺲ‬
‫)‪1547‬ﻡ – ‪1616‬ﻡ(‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻟــــﺬﻱ ﺟﻌــــﻞ ﳏﻨﺘــــﻪ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻬـــﻢ ﺃﺳـــﺎﺱ ﻣﺴـــﺮﺣﻴﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ‪ -‬ﻛـــﺎﻥ‬
‫ﻣﻌﻈﻤﻬــﻢ ﻳﺒــﺎﻉ ﻛﻤــﺎ ﻳﺒــﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻴــﺪ‪ ،‬ﻟﻴ‪‬ﻠﻘ ـﻮ‪‬ﺍ‬
‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺃﺗﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺪﺡ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻨـﺎﺟﻢ ﻭﻣﻄـﺎﺑﺦ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻦ‪.‬‬
‫‪From the twelfth century to the‬‬
‫‪eighteenth,‬‬
‫‪Barbary‬‬
‫‪was‬‬
‫‪Europe's nightmare. Most of‬‬
‫‪the men the pirates captured‬‬‫‪among them‬‬
‫‪Miguel de‬‬
‫‪Cervantes, who based his first‬‬
‫‪play on the ordeal-were sold as‬‬
‫‪slaves destined for deadly toil‬‬
‫‪in mines and galleys.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 13‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬


7
‫ ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬:‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‬
‫ﻡ‬1973 ‫ﺣﺮﺏ ﺃﻛﺘﻮﺑﺮ‬
On the sixth of October 1973, our brave
soldiers succeeded in crossing the Suez
Canal and smashing the Bar-Lev Line in a
stunning surprise that threw Israel off
balance.
Consequently,
Israel’s
‘invincible’ army was crushed. The Gap
issue was the fly in the ointment, it gave
Egypt a very hard time. However, the
cease-fire resolution put an end to the
conflict.
‫ ﳒﹶــﺢ‬1973 ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴــﺎﺩﺱ ﻣــﻦ ﺃﻛﺘــﻮﺑﺮ ﻋــﺎﻡ‬
ِ‫ﻧـﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﺳـﻞﹸ ﰲ ﻋﺒــﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻨـﺎﺓ ﻭﲢﻄــﻴﻢ‬‫ﺟﻨﻮﺩ‬
‫ﺧــﻂ ﺑــﺎﺭﻟﻴﻒ ﰲ ﻣﻔﺎﺟــﺄﺓ ﻣﺬﻫﻠــﺔ ﺃﻓﻘــﺪﺕ‬
‫ـﺰﻡ ﺍﳉـﻴﺶ ﺍﻹﺳـﺮﺍﺋﻴﻠﻲ‬‫ ﻭﻫ‬،‫ﺎ‬‫ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﺗﻮﺍﺯ‬
‫ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﻜﱢـﺮ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬.‫ﻘﻬﺮ" ﻫﺰﳝﺔﹰ ﻧﻜﺮﺍﺀ‬‫"ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳ‬
‫ ﺍﻟﺜﻐﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺷﻮﻛﺔ‬‫ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻣﺮ‬
‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﺗﻰ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻭﻗـﻒ ﺇﻃـﻼﻕ‬.‫ﰲ ﺟﺎﻧﺐ ﻣﺼﺮ‬
.‫ﻨﻬﻲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻠﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻟﻴ‬
‫ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬
After the end of World War I, and while ‫ـﻖ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﻬـﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴـﺎ ﺗﻠﻌ‬
the defeated Germany was licking its ‫ﺍﳊــــﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴــــﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻭﻗﹼﻌــــﺖ ﺍﻟــــﺪﻭﻝ‬
‫ ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‬7
28 ‫ ﻣﻦ‬14 ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬

wounds, the conflicting powers signed the
Treaty of Versailles, which officially
brought down the curtain on the Great
War. That Treaty imposed the strictest
controls and restrictions on the German
military machine so that Germany could
not wage a new war. Nonetheless, when
Hitler came to power in Germany, he was
keen to rebuild the German war machine
in contravention of the provisions of the
Treaty of Versailles. Meanwhile, the
German leader managed to keep it a
secret. Later, he started World War II by
sweeping the European countries in
succession, and eventually dominated the
entire continent.
‫ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﻓﲑﺳﺎﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺳـﺪﻟﺖ‬
‫ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﻗﺎﺋﻊ ﺍﳊـﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺎﺭ ﺭﲰﻴ‬
‫ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﻀـﻤﻨﺖ ﺗﻠـﻚ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﻫـﺪﺓ ﺃﺷـﺪ‬.‫ﺍﻷﻭﱃ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻀﻮﺍﺑﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﻮﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻵﻟـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴـﻜﺮﻳﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻟﻜﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻤﻜﻦ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺇﺷـﻌﺎﻝ‬
‫ ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﲔ ﻭﺻـﻞ ﻫﺘﻠـﺮ ﺇﱃ‬.‫ﻧﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﺏ ﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺓ ﺍﳊﻜـﻢ ﰲ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴـﺎ ﺣـﺮﺹ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﻋـﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺳ‬
‫ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺁﻟﺔ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﻧﻴـﺔ ﳐﺎﻟﻔﹰـﺎ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ ﻭﻟﻜـﻦ ﳒـﺢ‬،‫ﻧﺼﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﻓﲑﺳﺎﻱ‬
‫ﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺒﻘﻲ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺳﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﺰﻋﻴﻢ ﺍﻷﳌﺎﱐ ﰲ ﺃﻥ ﻳ‬
‫ﺃﺷـــﻌﻞ ﻓﺘﻴـــﻞ ﺍﳊـــﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴـــﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴـــﺔ‬
‫ ﺩﻭﻟـﺔ ﺣـﱴ‬‫ﺑﺎﺟﺘﻴﺎﺣﻪ ﻟﺪﻭﻝ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺇﺛﹾـﺮ‬
.‫ﺩﺍﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ ﻗﺎﺭﺓ ﺃﻭﺭﻭﺑﺎ ﺑﺄﻛﻤﻠﻬﺎ‬
‫ﺣﺼﺎﻥ ﻃﺮﻭﺍﺩﺓ‬
According to myth, when the Greeks
despaired of conquering the longbesieged Troy they resorted to a trick:
They made a huge hollow wooden horse
where soldiers hid inside. When the
Trojan people swallowed the bait, the
Greek soldiers came out and opened the
gates of the city to the defeat of the
Trojan people.
‫ﺗﻘــﻮﻝ ﺍﻷﺳــﻄﻮﺭﺓ ﺇﻥ ﺍﻹﻏﺮﻳــﻖ ﺣــﲔ ﻳﺌﺴــﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻣــﻦ ﺣﺼــﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻟﻄــﺮﻭﺍﺩﺓ ﳉــﺄﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﻴﻠــﺔ‬
‫ﺎ ﺍﺧﺘﺒـﺄ‬‫ﺎ ﺿـﺨﻤ‬‫ﺎ ﺧﺸـﺒﻴ‬‫ﻓﺼﻨﻌﻮﺍ ﺣﺼﺎﻧ‬
‫ ﻭﺣﲔ ﺍﺑﺘﻠـﻊ ﺃﻫـﻞ ﻃـﺮﻭﺍﺩﺓ‬.‫ﺟﻨﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻄﹸﻌـــﻢ ﺧـــﺮﺝ ﺍﳉﻨـــﻮﺩ ﻭﻓﺘﺤـــﻮﺍ ﺑﻮﺍﺑـــﺎﺕ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﻜﺎﻧـﺖ ﺍﳍﺰﳝـﺔ ﻣـﻦ ﻧﺼـﻴﺐ ﺃﻫـﻞ‬
.‫ﻃﺮﻭﺍﺩﺓ‬
‫ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﻷﺻﻠﻲ ﻭﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﺍﳌﺘﺮﺟﻢ؟‬:‫ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺍﺀ‬
.‫ﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺴﺒﻮﻙ‬‫ﻧﻨﺘﻈﺮ ﺇﺟﺎﺑﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ﺍ‬
http://www.facebook.com/TranslationSecretsMagazine/
28 ‫ ﻣﻦ‬15 ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﻛِﻨﺞ‬
‫‪8‬‬
‫) ‪(9‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﻟﻮﺛﺮ ﻛِﻨﺞ ﺍﻻﺑـﻦ ﺃﺣـﺪ ﺃﺑـﺮﺯ ﻣﻨﺎﺻـﺮﻱ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﺪﻧﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺪﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻴـﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛــﺎﻥ ﻳﺘــﺒﲎ ﺃﺳــﻠﻮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺳــﻠﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﺠــﺎﺝ‬
‫ﳜﺎﻃﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﺪﺍﻥ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﺎﻋﺮ‪ ،‬ﻣﺎ ﺳﺎﻋﺪ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬
‫ﻧﺸﺮ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﻲ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﻟﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻴﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺼﺮﻱ‬
‫ﰲ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻷﻣﺮﻳﻜﻲ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﺩﻯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺣـﺪﺍﺙ‬
‫ﺗﻐﻴﲑ ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺳﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪Martin Luther King Jr was one of‬‬
‫‪America’s most influential civil rights‬‬
‫‪activists. His passionate, but non‬‬
‫‪violent protests, helped to raise‬‬
‫‪awareness of racial inequalities in‬‬
‫‪America, leading to significant‬‬
‫‪political change.‬‬
‫ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣـﺎﺭﺗﻦ ﻟـﻮﺛﺮ ﻛِــﻨﺞ ﺧﻄﻴﺒ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣﻔﻮﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﺗﺄﺳــﺮ ‪Martin Luther King was also an‬‬
‫ﻛﻠﻤﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻷﻟﺒـﺎﺏ ﻭﲤـﺲ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺍﺗـﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻮﺏ‪ ،‬ﻭﻛـﺎﻥ ‪eloquent orator who captured the‬‬
‫ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﻟﺘـﺄﺛﲑ ﻳﺸـﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺒـﻴﺾ ﻭﺍﻟﺴـﻮﺩ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺣـﺪ ‪imagination and hearts of people,‬‬
‫‪ 8‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫‪ 9‬ﻣﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﺮﺋﻲ ﺗﻨﺎوﻟﺖ ﻓﯿﮫ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ ھﺬا اﻟﻨﺺ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﯿﻞ‪:‬‬
‫‪www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mr6xXti338I&list=PLuGNadlaR3cXB5Rv2zoFPkPJR1NJPfGpl‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 16‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺳﻮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪both black and white.‬‬
‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺇﺣﺪﻯ ﺧﻄﺒﻪ‪:‬‬
‫‪In one of his speeches he said:‬‬
‫ﺃﺣﻠــﻢ ﺑﻴــﻮﻡ ﺗﻨــﻬﺾ ﻓﻴــﻪ ﻫــﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣ ـﺔ ﻟﺘﻌــﻴﺶ‬
‫ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘـﻲ ﳌـﺎ ﺍﲣﺬﹶﺗ‪‬ـﻪ ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻋﻘﻴـﺪﺓﹰ ﳍـﺎ‬
‫ﻭﻧﱪﺍﺳ‪‬ــﺎ ﺇﺫ ﻗﺎﻟــﺖ‪" :‬ﻭﻧــﺆﻣﻦ ﺑــﺄﻥ ﻫــﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻘــﺎﺋﻖ‬
‫ﻭﺍﺿــﺤﺔ ﻭﺿــﻮﺡ ﺍﻟﺸــﻤﺲ ﰲ ﺭﺍﺑﻌــﺔ ﺍﻟﻨــﻬﺎﺭ"‬
‫ﻭﻣﻨﻬﺎ "ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﲨﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺳﻴﺔ‪".‬‬
‫ﺃﺣﻠﻢ ﺑﻴﻮﻡ ﺃﻧﻈﺮ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻼﻝ ﺟﻮﺭﺟﻴـﺎ ﺍﳊﻤـﺮﺍﺀ‬
‫ﻷﺭﻯ ﺃﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺃﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻛـﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬
‫ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﺎﺩﺓ ﳚﻠﺴﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﺣـﺪﺓ ﻃﺎﻭﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺧﻮﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪I have a dream that one day this‬‬
‫‪nation will rise up and live out the‬‬
‫‪true meaning of its creed: “We hold‬‬
‫‪these truths to be self-evident: that all‬‬
‫‪men are created equal.” I have a‬‬
‫‪dream that one day on the red hills of‬‬
‫‪Georgia the sons of former slaves and‬‬
‫‪the sons of former slave owners will‬‬
‫‪be able to sit down together at a table‬‬
‫‪of brotherhood.‬‬
‫)ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺗﺮﺟ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﺍﺭﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﻭﻛﻤــﺎ ﺳــﻨﺘﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻔﺼــﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑــﻊ ﻣــﻦ ﻫــﺬﺍ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺸﻔﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺍﺳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺃﹸﺟ‪‬ﺮِﻳ‪‬ـﺖ‪‬‬
‫ﻣﺆﺧﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﻤﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳉـﻨﺲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺎﺏ ﻗﻮﺳﲔ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺩﱏ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻘﺮﺽ‬
‫ﰲ ﺃﻋﻘــﺎﺏ ﺛــﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺑﺮﻛــﺎﱐ ﻓــﺎﺋﻖ ﱂ ﻳﺴــﺒﻖ ﻟــﻪ‬
‫ﻣﺜﻴﻞ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﻭﺳـﺒﻌﲔ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﻋـﺎﻡ‪ ،‬ﻭﺃﻧﻨـﺎ ﻟـﻮ‬
‫ﻛﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺶ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺳـﻄﺢ ﻛﻮﻛﺒﻨـﺎ ﻣﻨـﺬ ﺣـﻮﺍﱄ‬
‫ﲬﺴــﺔ ﻭﺳــﺘﲔ ﻣﻠﻴــﻮﻥ ﻋــﺎﻡ ﻋﻨــﺪﻣﺎ ﺿــﺮﺏ‬
‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‪ ‬ﻛﻮﻳﻜﺐ‪ ‬ﻗﻄﺮﻩ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻛﻴﻠـﻮﻣﺘﺮﺍﺕ ﻟﻜﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﻗﺪ ﺍﻧﺪﺛﺮﻧﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺍﻧﺪﺛﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﺻﻮﺭﺍﺕ‪.‬‬
‫‪As I will address in Chapter 4, recent‬‬
‫‪studies on human DNA have revealed‬‬
‫‪that our race came within a hair’s‬‬
‫‪breadth of extinction following the‬‬
‫‪unprecedented super-eruption 74,000‬‬
‫‪before present, and if we had been‬‬
‫‪around 65 million years ago when a‬‬
‫‪10-kilometre asteroid struck the‬‬
‫‪planet we would have vanished‬‬
‫‪alongside the dinosaurs.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 17‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﺗﺮﲨﺔ‪ :‬ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪10‬‬
‫)ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ(‬
‫ﺟﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﻟﲔ‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺯﻋﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﺭ ﻛـﺎﻥ‬
‫‪‬ﺪﻑ ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺷﻌﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺻﺮ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧــﺖ ﺗﺘــﺂﻣﺮ ‪ -‬ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺣــﺪ ﺯﻋﻤﻬــﺎ ‪ -‬ﻟﺘﻘﻤــﻊ "ﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸـــﻌﺐ" ﺍﻟـــﱵ ﻛﺎﻧـــﺖ ﺗﺴـــﻌﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻨـــﺎﺀ ﺩﻭﻟـــﺔ‬
‫ﺍﺷــﺘﺮﺍﻛﻴﺔ ﰲ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴــﺎ ﺍﻟﺸــﺮﻗﻴﺔ‪ .‬ﻭﺣﻘﻴﻘــﺔ ﺍﻷﻣــﺮ ﺃﻥ‬
‫ﻫﺪﻓﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺑﻨﺎﺀ ﺟﺪﺍﺭ ﺑﺮﻟﲔ ﺃﻥ ﲢـﻮﻝ ﺑـﲔ ﺍﻷﻋـﺪﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻐﻔﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﺣﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺸﻘﲔ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ‬
‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻐﺮﺑﻴﺔ‪ ،‬ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻳﺸـﻜﻞ ﻇـﺎﻫﺮﺓ‬
‫ﻻ ﰲ ﺃﳌﺎﻧﻴـــﺎ ﺍﻟﺸـــﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﻭﺣـــﺪﻫﺎ ﺑـــﻞ ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﻠـــﺔ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸـﻴﻮﻋﻴﺔ ﻛﻠـﻬﺎ ﻭﺫﻟـﻚ ﺧـﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﺴـﻨﻮﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻋﻘﺒﺖ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪The Eastern Bloc claimed that the‬‬
‫‪Wall was erected to protect its‬‬
‫‪population from fascist elements‬‬
‫‪conspiring to prevent the "will of‬‬
‫‪the people" in building a socialist‬‬
‫‪state in East Germany. In practice,‬‬
‫‪the Wall served to prevent the‬‬
‫‪massive emigration and defection‬‬
‫‪that had marked East Germany‬‬
‫‪and the communist Eastern Bloc‬‬
‫‪during the post-World War II‬‬
‫‪period.11‬‬
‫‪ 10‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫‪Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin_Wall‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 18‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪11‬‬

‫ﻭﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﻳﺰﱐ‬
12
(‫)ﺗﺮﲨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﳒﻠﻴﺰﻳﺔ‬
Walt Disney was a rare person whose
creativity dazzled the entire world in the
field of animation. At first, he led a poor
life, living in a house shared by mice.
However, the man did not leave himself
sink into misery. Unleashing his
imagination, he imagined that these mice
experience adventures. He wrote and
drew those ‘adventures’. This is how
Mickey Mouse came to the world,
followed by other cartoon characters.
When the talented man passed away he
was one of the richest men in America.
‫ﻗﻠﻤــﺎ ﲡــﺪ ﺷﺨﺼــﻴﺔ ﺗﺸــﺒﻪ ﺷﺨﺼــﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﱂ ﻛﻠﻪ ﺑﺈﺑﺪﺍﻋـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺖ ﺩﻳﺰﱐ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬
‫ ﻛــﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟــﺖ‬.‫ﰲ ﳎــﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳــﻮﻡ ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺮﻛــﺔ‬
‫ﺍ ﻳﺴــﻜﻦ ﰲ‬‫ﺩﻳــﺰﱐ ﰲ ﺑﺪﺍﻳــﺔ ﺣﻴﺎﺗــﻪ ﻓﻘ ـﲑ‬
‫ ﻭﻟﻜـﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟـﻞ‬.‫ﺑﻴﺖ ﺗﺸﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻔﺌـﺮﺍﻥ‬
،‫ﱂ ﻳﺘﺮﻙ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺗﻐﺮﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﺆﺱ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻘﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺑﻞ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻥ ﳋﻴﺎﻟـﻪ ﻟﻴﺘﺨﻴـﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺮﺍﻥ ﺗﻌـﻴﺶ ﻣﻐـﺎﻣﺮﺍﺕ ﺃﺧـﺬ ﻳﺴـﻄﺮﻫﺎ‬
‫ ﻭﻣـــﻦ ﻫﻨـــﺎ‬،‫ﺑﻘﻠﻤـــﻪ ﻭﻳﺮﲰﻬـــﺎ ﺑﺮﻳﺸـــﺘﻪ‬
‫ ﰒ ﺗﻮﺍﻟــﺖ‬،(‫ﺧﺮﺟــﺖ ﻓﻜــﺮﺓ )ﻣﻴﻜــﻲ ﻣــﺎﻭﺱ‬
‫ ﻭﱂ ﻳﺮﺣﻞ ﺫﺍﻙ ﺍﳌﻮﻫﻮﺏ ﻋﻦ‬.‫ﺍﻟﺸﺨﺼﻴﺎﺕ‬
.‫ﺩﻧﻴﺎﻧﺎ ﺇﻻ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻏﲎ ﺃﻏﻨﻴﺎﺀ ﺃﻣﺮﻳﻜﺎ‬
.‫ اﻟﻨﺺ اﻟﻌﺮﺑﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﻟﯿﻒ أﺷﺮف ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬12
28 ‫ ﻣﻦ‬19 ‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪1‬‬
‫ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪13‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ ﺑﺮﺍﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﺘـﺮﺟﻢ ﻗﺪﺭﺗ‪‬ـﻪ‬
‫ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺗﺮﲨــﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒــﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣــﺪﺓ ﺑــﺄﻛﺜﺮ ﻣــﻦ‬
‫ﻃﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬
‫ﻭﲝﺴﺐ ﺍﳉﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﳌﺘﻠﻘﻲ‪ .‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺜﻠﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣـﺎ‬
‫ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫‪She is too beautiful for words.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺗ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺰ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪ ‬ﻋﻦ ﻭﺻﻒ ﲨﺎﳍﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺗ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ‪ ‬ﰲ ﻭﺻﻒ ﲨﺎﳍﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪Towards the end of the 19th‬‬
‫… ‪century‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺣﲔ ﺷﺎﺭﻑ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥﹸ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﻬﺎﺀ ‪...‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﳌﺎ ﺁﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻥﹸ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺣﻴﻞ ‪...‬‬
‫‪The greatest barrier to success is the fear of failure.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﻛﱪ‪ ‬ﻋﺎﺋﻖٍ ﻳﻘﻒ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻖِ ﳒﺎﺣِﻚ ﻫﻮ ﺧﻮﻓﹸﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﻋﻈﻢ‪ ‬ﻋﻘﺒﺔٍ ﺗﻘﻒ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻖِ ﳒﺎﺣِﻚ ﻫﻲ ﺧﻮﻓﹸﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﺷﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﳒﺎﺣﻪ ﺧﻮﻓﹸﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪Courage is going from failure to failure without losing enthusiasm.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔﹸ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﲪﺎﺳ‪‬ﻚ ﺣﱴ ﺇﻥ ﻓﺸﻠﺖ ﻣِﺮﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔﹸ ﺃﻻ ﺗﻔﻘﺪ ﲪﺎﺳ‪‬ﻚ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻟﺖ ﳏﺎﻭﻻﺗ‪‬ﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺷﻠﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔﹸ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻈﻞ ﺟﺬﻭﺓﹸ ﲪﺎﺳِﻚ ﻣﺸﺘﻌﻠﺔﹰ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻋﺼﻔﺖ ﺑﻚ ﺭﻳﺎﺡ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺎﻋﺔﹸ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻈﻞ ﻣﺘﺤﻤﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺫﻗﺖ‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺍﺭﺓﹶ ﺍﻟﻔﺸﻞ ﻛﺄﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻛﺄﺱ‪.‬‬
‫‪ 13‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 20‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪What keeps me going is goals.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﻫﺪﺍﰲ ﺯﺍﺩ‪ ‬ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﻫﺪﺍﰲ ﻗﺎﻃﺮﺓﹸ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﻫﺪﺍﰲ ﺳﺮ‪ ‬ﺳ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺮﻱ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻮﻻ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﰲ ﻟﻈﻠﻠﺖ‪ ‬ﺣ‪‬ﺒﻴﺲ ﻣﻜﺎﱐ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻮﻻ ﺃﻫﺪﺍﰲ ﻟﹶﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻄﻮﺕ‪ ‬ﺧﻄﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻡ‪.‬‬
‫‪Great generosity is one of his characteristics.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﺷِﻴ‪‬ﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ‪ ‬ﺍﳊﺎﲤﻲ‪.14‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﲤﻲ ﺻﻔﺔ ﻣﻼﺯﻣﺔ ﻟﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﲤﻲ ﻃﺒﻊ‪ ‬ﻓﻴﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺟ‪‬ﺒِﻞﹶ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ ﺍﳊﺎﲤﻲ‪.‬‬
‫‪I got not a wink of sleep.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﱂ ﺗﻐﻤﺾ ﱄ ﻋ‪‬ﲔ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﱂ ﻳﻐﻤﺾ ﱄ ﺟِﻔﻦ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﱂ ﺃﺫﹸﻕ‪ ‬ﻟﻠﻨﻮﻡ ﻃﹶﻌ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻡ‪ ‬ﺇﱃ ﻋﻴﲏ ﺳﺒﻴﻼ‪.‬‬
‫‪The disaster became front page news for months.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺗﺼﺪ‪‬ﺭﺕ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺛﺔ ﺻﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺋﺪ ﻟﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺃﻧﺒﺎﺀُ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺛﺔ ﺣﺪﻳﺚﹶ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻟﻌﺪﺓ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‪ ‬ﻋﺪﺓ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻻ ﺣﺪﻳﺚﹶ ﳍﻢ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺭﺛﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪Unfortunately, all their efforts came to naught.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﺫﻫﺒﺖ‪ ‬ﻛﻞﱡ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﺳﺪﻯ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﺫﻫﺒﺖ‪ ‬ﻛﻞﱡ ﺟﻬﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﺃﺩﺭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﺡ‪.‬‬
‫‪ 14‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﰎ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﻲ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻳ‪‬ﻀﺮﺏ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 21‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻸﺳﻒ ﺻﺎﺭ ﻛﻞﱡ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺬﻟﻮﻩ ﻫﺒﺎﺀ ﻣﻨﺜﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪She seemed especially enthusiastic about my translation, praising it in glowing‬‬
‫‪terms.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻌﺠﺒﺔ ﻟﻠﻐﺎﻳﺔ ﺑﺘﺮﲨﱵ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﺛﻨﺖ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺛﻨﺎﺀً ﻋﻄﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻌﺠﺒﺔ ﺃﺷﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﻋﺠﺎﺏ ﺑﺘﺮﲨﱵ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄﻃﺮﺕ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺃﳝﺎ ﺇﻃﺮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺃﺛﺎﺭﺕ ﺗﺮﲨﱵ ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺑ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻛﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻤﺪ‪‬ﺣ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺭﺍﺕٍ ﺭ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺎﻧﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪He is the unquestioned master of translation.‬‬
‫‪ ‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﺸﻖ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ ﻏﺒﺎﺭ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﻫﻮ ﺷﻴﺦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺎﺭ‪‬ﻯ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﳝﺎﺭﻱ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﻀﺎﻫﻴﻪ ﺃﺣﺪ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ ﺑﻼ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﻉ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺒﻮﻳﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﺸﻚ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺍﻧﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﺯﻋﻪ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﻠﹶﻚ‪ ‬ﻧﺎﺻﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﳚﺎﺩﻝ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﺣﺪ!‬
‫‪ ‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﺮﺑ‪‬ﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﻻ ﳜﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﺛﻨﺎﻥ!‬
‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﻄﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ‪ :‬ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧﺼﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻮﻯ؟‬
‫ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺣﺐ‪ ‬ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺷ‪‬ـﻐ‪‬ﻒٍ ﺑـﻪ ﻭﻣـﻦ ﰒ ﺇﺩﻣـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﻻﺳـﻴﻤﺎ ﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑـﺎﺕِ ﻣ‪‬ـ ‪‬‬
‫ﻦ‬
‫ﻳ‪‬ﺤ‪‬ﺴِﻨﻮﻥ ﺻﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺑﻠﻐـﺔ ﺳـﻠﻴﻤﺔ ﺳـﺪﻳﺪﺓ‪ ،‬ﺇﱃ ﺟﺎﻧـﺐ ﺍﻻﻃـﻼﻉ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺗﺮﲨـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺒـﺎﺭ‬
‫ﻓﻬﻲ ﲝﺮ ﺯﺍﺧﺮ ﻳﻨﻬﻞ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﺒﺘـﺪﺉ ﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﻘـﺪ‪‬ﺭ ﺑـﺜﻤﻦ‪ ،‬ﰒ ﺍﻟﺘـﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﺍﻟـﺬﺍﰐ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﺪﺭﻳﺐ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻳـﺪﻱ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻜﺒﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻋﲔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﲨﺔ‪ ،‬ﺃﺿـﻒ ﺇﱃ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﻛﺜـﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﺣﺘﻜـﺎﻙ ﺑـﺎﳌﺘﺮﲨﲔ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺭﻋﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﺧـﻼﻝ‬
‫ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺻﻞ ﺍﻻﺟﺘﻤﺎﻋﻲ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻛﺔ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﻘﹶﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣـﻦ ﻭﺭﺵِ ﻋﻤـﻞٍ ﻭﻣﺴـﺎﺑﻘﺎﺕٍ ﻓﻬـﺬﺍ ﻳ‪‬ﺜـﺮﻱ‬
‫ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻃﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﳝﺎ ﺇﺛﺮﺍﺀ‪.‬‬
‫)ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺒﻊ(‬
‫ﻭﻟﻠﺤﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 22‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫‪2‬‬
‫ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫‪15‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺗﻌﻜـﺲ‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺍﻋـﺔﹶ ﺍﳌﺘـﺮﺟﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﺩﻳـﻪ ﳌـﺎ ﺃﻟِﻔﹶـﻪ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﺗﺮﲨـﺎﺕٍ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳـﺔ ﻓﹶﺠ‪‬ـﺔ ﺗﺄﺑﺎﻫـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻭﻕ ﺍﻷﺩﰊ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺸﺮﺕ‬
‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﺟ‪‬ـﻞﱢ ﺍﳌـﺬﻳﻌﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺳـﻠﲔ ﻭﺿـﻴﻮﻑ ﺍﻟـﱪﺍﻣﺞ‬
‫ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻋﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻐﻮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﺍﳌـﺮﺍﺩ‬
‫ﺑﺎﺣﺜﹰﺎ ﺑﲔ ﻃﻴﺎﺕ ﺗﺮﺍﺛﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻢ ﻋـﻦ ﺃﻟﻔـﺎﻅ ﺟﺰﻟـﺔ‬
‫ﺗ‪‬ﻌﻴﻨــﻪ ﻋﻠــﻰ ﺇﺧــﺮﺍﺝ ﺗﺮﲨــﺔٍ ﻓﺼــﻴﺤﺔٍ ﺑﻠﻴﻐــﺔٍ ﻭﰲ ﺫﺍﺕ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻧﺎﺋﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﻨﻔﺴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻠﱡﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻌ‪‬ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪﳝ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ!‬
‫ﻓﻤــﻦ ﺫﻟــﻚ ﺗﺮﲨــﺔ ﻫــﺆﻻﺀ ﻟﻜﻠﻤــﺔ ‪ ،Exceptional‬ﻓﻘــﺪ ﺻــﺪ‪‬ﻋﻮﺍ ﺭﺅﻭﺳــﻨﺎ ﺑﺘﺮﲨﺘــﻬﺎ ﻫﻜــﺬﺍ‬
‫"ﺍﺳـﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻲ" ﻭﻛـﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴـﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﻤ‪‬ـﺖ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺗ‪‬ﺨــﺮﺝ ﻟﻨـﺎ ﻟﻔﻈﹰـﺎ ﻓﺼـﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﻮﺻِـﻞ ﺍﳌﻌـﲎ ﺍﳌــﺮﺍﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺠﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﺜﻼ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪He was an exceptional man.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﻥ ﺩﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﻨﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﺗ‪‬ﺮﻯ ﻣِﺜﹾﻠﹶﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﻳ‪‬ﺮ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺜﻴﻞﹲ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪ ‬ﻋﺼﺮِﻩ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ‪ / .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺔﹶ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﲡﺪ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻈﲑ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﻢ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥﹸ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﰐ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ)‪ (16‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓﺬ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻗﻠﱠﻤﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﻮﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻗﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫‪ 15‬ﻛﺒﯿﺮ ﻣﺘﺮﺟﻤﯿﻦ وﻣﺪﻗﻖ ﻟﻐﻮي‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ اﻟﻤﻘﺎل‪.‬‬
‫‪ 16‬أﻋﻨﻲ ھﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻤﺘﺪرﺑﯿﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ إﺣﺪى اﻟﺪورات اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻘﺪھﺎ‬
‫ُ‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 23‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﺘﻔﺮﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻳ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺐ‪ ‬ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‪‬ﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﰲ ﺃﻗﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻈﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﻛﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻣﺜﻠﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀُ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋﻘﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﻳ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋﻘﻤﺖ ﺃﺭﺣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻣِﺜﹾﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪That book made a big difference in my life.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻓﺮﻗﹰﺎ ﻛﺒﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﻓﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﺳﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺷﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ!‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﻏﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻠﹶﺐ‪ ‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺭﺃﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺎﻟﻎﹸ ﺍﻷﺛﺮِ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺛﺮِ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﺛﺮ‪ ‬ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺛﱠﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺃﻳ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺒﲑ‪back to square one :‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ!( ﺃﻭ )ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺻﻔﺮ!(‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
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‫‪‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﺗﻴ‪‬ﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺪﺃﻧﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺄﻧﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻏﺰﻳﺖ! )ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﻳﺔ(‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪The result was catastrophic. :‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻛﺎﺭﺛﻴﺔ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﻔﺠﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺻﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻃﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺗﻔﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻃﺎﻣﺔ ﻛﱪﻯ‪ / .‬ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺸﻞ ﺫﺭﻳﻊ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪I experienced that before.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﱪﺕ‪ ‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪ :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺮ ﰊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ / .‬ﻣﺮﺭﺕ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ / .‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﲜﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪If something goes wrong.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﺇﻥ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺧﺎﻃﺌﺔ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺃﻣﺮ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺧﻠﻞ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗﺴِﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﲦﺔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻃﺮﺃﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺧﻄﺐ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗ‪‬ﺴِﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﰲ ﳎﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
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‫‪‬‬
‫‪3‬‬
‫ﺃﺷﺮﻑ ﻋﺎﻣﺮ‬
‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﻜﺲ‪ ‬ﺑﺮﺍﻋﺔﹶ ﺍﳌﺘﺮﺟﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﺩﻳـﻪ ﳌـﺎ ﺃﻟِﻔﹶـﻪ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
‫ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺟﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺮﲨﺎﺕٍ ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪﻳﺔ ﻓﹶﺠ‪‬ﺔ ﺗﺄﺑﺎﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴـﺔ‬
‫ﻭﻳ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺬﻭﻕ ﺍﻷﺩﰊ ﺍﻟﺴـﻠﻴﻢ ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺸـﺮﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺃﻟﺴـﻨﺔ ﺟ‪‬ـﻞﱢ‬
‫ﺍﳌﺬﻳﻌﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺳـﻠﲔ ﻭﺿـﻴﻮﻑ ﺍﻟـﱪﺍﻣﺞ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭﻳـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﺧـﺘﻼﻑ‬
‫ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻋﻬﺎ‪ ،‬ﻓﻴﻐﻮﺹ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﳌﻌـﲎ ﺍﳌـﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﺣﺜﹰـﺎ ﺑـﲔ ﻃﻴـﺎﺕ ﺗﺮﺍﺛﻨـﺎ‬
‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﰊ ﺍﻟﻀﺨﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺟﺰﻟـﺔ ﺗ‪‬ﻌﻴﻨـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺇﺧـﺮﺍﺝ ﺗﺮﲨـﺔٍ‬
‫ﻓﺼــﻴﺤﺔٍ ﺑﻠﻴﻐ ـﺔٍ ﻭﰲ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻮﻗــﺖ ﻧﺎﺋﻴ‪‬ــﺎ ﺑﻨﻔﺴــﻪ ﻋــﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻠﱡــﻒ‬
‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻘﻌ‪‬ﺮ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻗﺪﳝ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ‪ :‬ﺑﺎﳌﺜﺎﻝ ﻳﺘﻀﺢ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ!‬
‫ﻓﻤــﻦ ﺫﻟــﻚ ﺗﺮﲨــﺔ ﻫــﺆﻻﺀ ﻟﻜﻠﻤــﺔ ‪ ،Exceptional‬ﻓﻘــﺪ ﺻــﺪ‪‬ﻋﻮﺍ ﺭﺅﻭﺳــﻨﺎ ﺑﺘﺮﲨﺘــﻬﺎ ﻫﻜــﺬﺍ‬
‫"ﺍﺳـﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻲ" ﻭﻛـﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻐـﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴـﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﻤ‪‬ـﺖ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﺗ‪‬ﺨــﺮﺝ ﻟﻨـﺎ ﻟﻔﻈﹰـﺎ ﻓﺼـﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﻮﺻِـﻞ ﺍﳌﻌـﲎ ﺍﳌــﺮﺍﺩ‪،‬‬
‫ﻓﺘﺠﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﺜﻼ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪He was an exceptional man.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﺋﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻵﻥ ﺩﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻧﻨﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺟ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺐ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻝ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﺗ‪‬ﺮﻯ ﻣِﺜﹾﻠﹶﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﻳ‪‬ﺮ‪ ‬ﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺜﻴﻞﹲ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪ ‬ﻋﺼﺮِﻩ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ‪ / .‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣ‪‬ﺴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺔﹶ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﲡﺪ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻈﲑ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﻢ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥﹸ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺄﰐ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ)‪ (17‬ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻲ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓﺬ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻧﺎﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻗﻠﱠﻤﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺠﻮﺩ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻗﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺎﺑﻞ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﻋﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﺘﻔﺮﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻳ‪‬ﺼ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺐ‪ ‬ﺗﻜﺮﺍﺭ‪‬ﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﺗﺐ اﻟﻤﻘﺎل‪.‬‬
‫‪ 17‬أﻋﻨﻲ ھﻨﺎ ﺑﻌﺾ اﻟﻤﺘﺪرﺑﯿﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ اﻟﺘﺮﺟﻤﺔ ﻓﻲ إﺣﺪى اﻟﺪورات اﻟﺘﻲ ﻋﻘﺪھﺎ‬
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‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 26‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﰲ ﺃﻗﺮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺴﻴﺞ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﻧﻈﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻻ ﻛﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻣﺜﻠﹶﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀُ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋﻘﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﱂ ﻳ‪‬ﺠ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ ﲟﺜﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﺍﺯ ﻓﺮﻳﺪ‪ / .‬ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻋﻘﻤﺖ ﺃﺭﺣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻣِﺜﹾﻠﻪ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪That book made a big difference in my life.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻓﺮﻗﹰﺎ ﻛﺒﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﻓﺎﺭﻗﺔ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺑﻮﻥ ﺷﺎﺳﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ‪.‬‬
‫ﺷﺘﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ!‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪:‬‬
‫ﻏﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺴﺎﺭ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻗﻠﹶﺐ‪ ‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺭﺃﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻘِﺐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺑﺎﻟﻎﹸ ﺍﻷﺛﺮِ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‪ ‬ﺍﻷﺛﺮِ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺃﺛﺮ‪ ‬ﻛﺒﲑ ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ‪.‬‬
‫ﺃﺛﱠﺮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺣﻴﺎﰐ ﺃﻳ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﺗﻌﺒﲑ‪back to square one :‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﻗﻢ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ!( ﺃﻭ )ﻋﺪﻧﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺮﺑﻊ ﺭﻗﻢ ﺻﻔﺮ!(‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺃﺗﻴ‪‬ﻨﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﻋ‪‬ﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺑﺪﺃﻧﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 27‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
‫‪‬‬
‫ﻛﺄﻧﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻏﺰﻳﺖ! )ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﺮﻳﺔ(‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪The result was catastrophic.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻛﺎﺭﺛﻴﺔ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪:‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﻔﺠﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻓﺎﺟﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺻﺎﺩﻣﺔ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻃﺎﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻮﺍﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﺗﻔﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﻴﺠﺔ ﻃﺎﻣﺔ ﻛﱪﻯ‪ / .‬ﺃﺳﻔﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺸﻞ ﺫﺭﻳﻊ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪I experienced that before.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﱪﺕ‪ ‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪ :‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﻣﺮ ﰊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ / .‬ﻣﺮﺭﺕ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ‪ / .‬ﻫﺬﺍ ﻟﻴﺲ ﲜﺪﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﻲ‪.‬‬
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‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺘﺮﲨﻮﻥ ﻋﺒﺎﺭﺓ‪:‬‬
‫‪If something goes wrong.‬‬
‫ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪) :‬ﺇﻥ ﺳﺎﺭ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺑﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺧﺎﻃﺌﺔ‪(.‬‬
‫ﻭﺃﺭﻯ ﺗﺮﲨﺘ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﺍ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺃﻣﺮ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺧﻠﻞ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗﺴِﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺮﺍﻡ‪.‬‬
‫ﻭﺍﻗﺘﺮﺡ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ‪ :‬ﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﲦﺔ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻃﺮﺃﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ‪ / .‬ﺇﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺧﻄﺐ ﻣﺎ‪.‬‬
‫ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﺗ‪‬ﺴِﺮ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﰲ ﳎﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ‪.‬‬
‫ﺻﻔﺤﺔ ‪ 28‬ﻣﻦ ‪28‬‬
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