Gerunds infinitives

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Gerunds & infinitives
GErunds (-ing)
●
After certain verbs.
●
After prepositions.
●
When the gerund is the
subject or the object.
●
I enjoy singing.
●
I drank a cup of coffee
before leaving.
●
Swimming is good
exercise.
TO + INFINITIVE
●
After certain verbs.
●
We decided to leave.
●
After many adjectives.
●
It’s difficult to get up early.
●
To show purpose.
●
I came to London to study
English.
BARE INFINITIVE
●
After modal verbs.
●
I can meet you at 6 o’clock.
●
After let, make, help
(sometimes).
●
The teacher let us leave early.
●
After some verbs of perception
(see, watch, hear, notice,
feel, sense).
●
I watched her walk away.
●
Why go out the night before the
exam?
●
After expressions with why.
TYpical verbs followed by gerund
Typical VErbs followed by infinitive
gerund or infinitive?
REMEMBER + GERUND
●
Remember something in the past
He remembers being happy in his
childhood.
REMEMBER + TO INFINITIVE
●
I remembered to buy the milk.
FORGET + GERUND
●
Forget about a memory.
I told my brother that we’d spent
Christmas at Granny’s house in
1985, but he’d forgotten going
there.
Think of something you need to
do and do it.
FORGET + TO INFINITIVE
●
You want to do something but
you forget about it.
I forgot to call my mother.
GErund or infinitve? 2
TRY + GERUND
●
Do something as an experiment,
to check the consequences. It’s
something not difficult to do.
I wanted to stop smoking, so I
tried using nicotine patches.
TRY + TO INFINITIVE
●
a)
b)
What you want to do is
difficult.
Present , future: you may not
succeed in doing it.
Past: you made an effort to do
it, but you didn’t succeed.
I’ll try to carry the suitcase, but
it looks to heavy for me.
She tried to catch the bus, but she
couldn’t run fast enough.
GErund or infinitive? 3
STOP + GERUND
●
The verb in the gerund is the
thing that we stop (forever or
at that moment).
STOP + TO INFINITIVE
●
We stop something else in order
to do the verb in the
infinitive.
I stopped working when I was
expecting a baby.
I stopped to eat lunch (I stopped
something else, maybe working or
studying, because I wanted to eat
lunch).
I stopped smoking (I gave up
cigarettes / threw away my
cigarette at that moment).
I stopped to smoke (I stopped doing
something else because I wanted to
have a cigarette).
PUT IT INTO PRACTICE
1.
I couldn’t sleep so I tried … (drink) some hot milk.
drinking
2.
She tried … (reach) the book on the high shelf but she was too small.
to reach
3.
They tried … (get) to the party on time but the bus was delayed.
to get
4.
We tried … (open)the window, but it was so hot outside it didn’t help.
opening
5.
He tried … (get) a job in a newspaper firm but he still wasn’t satisfied.
getting
PUt it into practice 2
1.
You should stop … (smoke), it’s not good for your health.
smoking
2.
We stopped … (study) because we were tired.
studying
3.
They will stop … (have) lunch at twelve.
to have
4.
We stopped … (have) a rest because we were really sleepy.
to have
PUt it into practice 3
1.
Oh no! I forgot … (buy) milk.
to buy
2.
Please don’t forget … (pick up) some juice on your way home.
to pick up
3.
I remember … (go) to the beach as a child.
going
4.
Do you remember … (eat) steak in that little restaurant in Rome?
eating
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