WORKSHEET FOR HONORS MACROMOLECULES

advertisement
ORGANIC MOLECULE
SUBUNIT
NUCLEOTIDE SUBUNITS
(A, T, G, C, or U)
MAKES THIS
MACROMOLECULE
NUCLEIC ACIDS
(DNA OR RNA)
PROTEINS
AMINO ACIDS
(20 different R groups)
GLUCOSE
TRICLYCERIDE AND
STEROID
CARBOHYDRATES
MONOSACCHARIDES= 1 sugar
Ex: glucose, fructose, ribose,
deoxyribose
1 C: 2 H: 1 O
Mostly CARBON & HYDROGEN
ATOMS in long chains or rings
with very little oxygen
COMPLEX CARB’s
DISACCHARIDES= 2 sugars
EX :sucrose, lactose)
OLIGOSACCHARIDES= few
(2-10 sugars) parts of
GLYCOPROTEINS
POLYSACCHARIDES
= many sugars
Ex : glycogen, starch,
cellulose
LIPIDS
Includes: Fats, oils, waxes,
steroids
HYDROPHOBIC
ATP = ADENOSINE
TRIPHOSPHATE
Stores energy for cell
activities
PHOSPHOLIPIDS
(polar head &
2 non-polar lipid tails)
Makes cell membranes
GLYCOPROTEINS
(Protein with sugars attached)
Cell identity;
Recognize of “SELF”
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards