Effects of Industrial Revolution on Cities 010719

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Name: ____________________________________________________
Dr. Jolibois
01/07/19
APWH
Introduction
Directions: Examine the image below and complete the tasks that follow.
John Leech's cartoon in Punch, 23 (25 September 1852): 139), showing the association of cholera with squalor (filth). A child stands
on his head on top of a rubbish heap in the left-hand corner. An old woman scavenges from the heap, another child shows off his
own find, and washing flutters in the breeze overhead. Cholera, one of the great scourges of the newly urbanized west in the
nineteenth century, is dramatic in its onset, agonizing, utterly prostrating and often fatal.
Observe (3)
List at least 3 things you notice about the
image above.
Inferences (2)
Make at least 2 inferences about what
happened in Manchester or any other
British cities during the Industrial
Revolution
Name: ____________________________________________________
Claim (1)
Based on your observations, make a
claim about the effects of the Industrial
Revolution on living conditions in Great
Britain.
01/07/19
Dr. Jolibois
APWH
Observe (3)
List at least 3 things you notice about the
bar graph above.
Inferences (2)
Make at least 1 inference about the
Travel time during the Industrial
Revolution
Claim (1)
Based on your observations, make a
claim about the effects of industrial
Revolution from 1750 to 1830.
Name: ____________________________________________________
Dr. Jolibois
Observe (3)
List at least 3 things you notice about the
image above.
Inferences (2)
Make at least 2 inferences about what
happened in Manchester or any other
British cities during the Industrial
Revolution
01/07/19
APWH
Claim (1)
Based on your observations, make a
claim about the effects of the Industrial
Revolution on living conditions in Great
Britain.
Name: ____________________________________________________
Dr. Jolibois
01/07/19
APWH
Do Now (Interpreting primary document)
In Hard Times, the British novelist Charles Dickens describes a typical factory town and the people who
live in it:
Passage A
“It was a town of red brick or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but
as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face of a savage. It was a town
of machinery and tall chimneys, out of which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves
forever and ever…It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye. [it was]
inhabited by people…who all went in and out at the same hours…to do the same work, and to whom
every day was the same as yesterday and tomorrow, and every year the counterpart of the last and the
next”
— Charles Dickens, Hard Times
1) How does the author of this passage describe the lives of people in the factory system during the
industrial revolution?
2) Which problem of the industrial revolution is the subject of this passage? Cite evidence from the
text
Passage B
Elizabeth Gaskell (1810-1865) was a British writer whose novels show a sympathy for the working class. Elizabeth
Gaskell’s Mary Barton is a work of fiction. Yet it provides a startingly accurate portrayal of urban life in Britain’s
industrial cities espcially in a Manchester slum.
You went down one step even from the foul area into the cellar in which a family of human beings lived. It
was very dark inside. The window-panes many of them were broken and stuffed with rags….the smell
was so fetid as almost to knock the two men down….they began to penetrate the thick darkness of the
place, and to see three or four little children rolling on the damp, nay wet brick floor, through which the
stagnant, filthy moisture of the street oozed up.
- Elizabeth Gaskell, Mary Barton (1848)
3) Does this seem like a healthy place to live? Why or why not?
4) Why did families live under conditions as described in the document above? (draw conclusion)
5) Based on the account in Passage A and Passage B, how did the industrial Revolution affect people’s
lives?
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