Exploration Day One: Please fill in the blanks using the Powerpoint. Answer the questions below. Vocabulary Henry the Navigator: Vasco Da Gama: Christopher Columbus: Ferdinand Magellan: Circumnavigate: Francis Drake: Spanish Armada: The Big Idea European explorers made discoveries that brought _____________________, __________________, and ________________________ to their countries. Main Ideas Europeans had the _________________ and ______________________ to explore. Portuguese and Spanish _________________________led to discoveries of new ____________________, ______________________, and _____________________________. English and French explorers found ________________ in ___________________________. A new European _______________________ developed because of the discoveries. Desire and Opportunity to Explore: European explorers made discoveries that brought knowledge, wealth, and influence to their countries. o An interest in discovery and exploration grew in ________________in the _________________________. o Improvements in n_______________ tools, ____________________, and ___________________________ allowed European sailors to go farther than ever before. Reasons to Explore o People in Europe wanted ________________ from _________________. Italy and ___________ controlled the _____________________ and charged high prices. o Europeans wanted to find their ___________________ routes so they wouldn’t have to _________________ the fees. o ______________________wanted to spread their_________________ about _____________________to other parts of the _______________________. o Advances in ______________________ made exploration possible. Advances in Technology o Sailors now had ____________________ such as the ______________ and the _____________________ to find new ___________________. o More accurate ____________________allowed ________________ to travel from one ___________________ to the next by using the ___________________________ and by not having to follow the _____________________. o Shipbuilders, especially the ______________________, made new __________________ with better ___________________ and better _______________________. Portuguese and Spanish Exploration: Portuguese and Spanish explorations led to discoveries of new trade routes, lands, and people. o Prince ___________________________ was responsible for most of _________________success on the seas. He built an _____________________ and a ___________________________ school and paid people to ________________ on explorations. Africa o In 1498 ______________________ sailed around__________________ and landed on the west coast of ______________________. o This established the sea route to _____________________. A “New World” o Spanish explorers called the ________________ the “____________________.” o One ______________ sailor, _____________________, believed that he could reach ____________________ by sailing _______________ across the ________________________. o The king and queen of _____________ gave __________________ the money to make his journey. o In _________________________ Columbus landed on a _______________________ in the_____________________. He believed that he had reached ______________________. o __________________________ was the first explorer to sail around the tip of ______________________ and _____________________, or go all the way around, the globe. ****The first people to “discover the Americas were the Vikings”**** Conquest of America o When ________________ explorers arrived in ______________________, the ____________________ and ____________________ empires were at the _____________________ of their powers. o Spanish explorers in the New World found ___________ and _________________as they conquered the ___________________- there. o They also passed along _________________ to the _____________peoples that killed possibly more than __________________________ of them. Europeans in America Exploring New Lands o Since the ____________________ and ____________________ already held the _________________routes through the Americas, the _____________________ and ________________ explored northern routes. o The ________________ sailor ___________________- sailed along North America’s coast in search of the __________________ passage. o Although a northern route to ___________ was not _________________-, these explorers claimed __________________ lands for their counties. o The French established ____________________________-in present-day ___________________ in the early ____________________. o In 1607, ___________________ established _____________________. o The _________________ established the settler colony of ____________________________. Competing for Land and Wealth o The Spanish _________________ the __________________ and _____________________ from the former _______________ and ________________ empires. o An English sailor named ___________________ began stealing ________________ and _____________________- from the Spanish ships Defeat of the Spanish Armada o The Spanish were ________________ with the English for these ______________ and sent __________________, known as the_______________________________, to ______________________________ England. o The ___________ ships were ___________ and had better __________. They were able to defeat the __________. A New European World View A new European worldview developed because of the discoveries. o The explorations brought new __________________ and _______________ and _______________ that some old __________________ were _______________. o _________________ made ________________ maps that reflected new __________________. o New trade routes gave more _____________ for _________________ and __________________. o Europeans spread their _______________ around the world by establishing ___________________ and setting up new trade ____________________.