BIOLOGY - Semester Final

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BIOLOGY - Semester Final
Question Prompt: 1
Total Points: 1
The process by which a cell divides into two daughter cells is called
cell division
metaphase
interphase
mitosis
Question Prompt: 2
Total Points: 1
Mitosis is a form of __________ reproduction.
sexual
asexual
fertilization
mutation
Question Prompt: 3
Total Points: 1
Which of the following is one of the ways that cellular respiration and photosynthesis are opposite processes?
Photosynthesis releases energy, and cellular respiration stores energy
Photosynthesis removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.
Photosynthesis removes oxygen from the atmosphere, and cellular respiration puts it back.
Photosynthesis consumes glucose, and cellular respiration produces glucose.
Question Prompt: 4
Total Points: 1
An advantage of sexual reproduction over asexual reproduction is that sexual reproduction
takes less time
requires more time
provides genetic diversity
produces identical offspring
Question Prompt: 5
Total Points: 1
Which of the following organisms is a heterotroph?
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algae
wheat
alligator
sunflower
Question Prompt: 6
Total Points: 1
Francis observes that corn seedlings will bend toward a light source. He grows 150 corn seedlings. He then removes the
tips from 50 seedlings, covers the tips of another 50 seedlings with aluminum foil, and leaves the last 50 seedlings alone.
He puts all the seedlings near a strong light source and observes them for three days. Which hypothesis is Francis
testing?
If a seedling is watered , it will always grow toward the light.
If a seedling is exposed to alight source, the seedling will bend toward the light.
If the tip is removed from a seedling, the seedling will die even if exposed to light
If light does not reach the tip of a seedling, the seedling will not bend toward the light
Question Prompt: 7
Total Points: 1
In an experiment, Sara measured the mass of a seedling and the soil in which it was placed. Several months later, Sara
measured the mass of the plant that grew from the seedling and the soil. She found a large increase in the mass of the
plant and little change in the mass of the soil.Based on Sara’s observation, which conclusion is most justifiable?
Plants do not gain mass by absorbing more matter from the soil than they replace.
All the mass of the plant came from the water
Plants get all their nutrients from the soil.
No matter is exchanged, as soil functions only as a stabilizer for plant’s roots.
Question Prompt: 8
Total Points: 1
The two main stages of cell division are called
mitosis and interphase.
synthesis and cytokinesis.
the M phase and the S phase.
mitosis and cytokinesis.
Question Prompt: 9
Total Points: 1
A student constructs several terrariums. Each terrarium is exposed to a different amount of sunlight each day. In order to
determined the ideal amount of sunlight, which of the following variables must be held constant?
Growth rate of plants
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Wavelengths of sunlight
Amount of sunlight received
Types of plants
Question Prompt: 10
Total Points: 1
Which of the following enclose their DNA in a nucleus?
prokaryotes
bacteria
eukaryotes
viruses
Question Prompt: 11
Total Points: 1
Mitosis results in __________________ new cells which are all genetically _______________ to (from) each other.
2, different
2, identical
4, different
4, identical
Question Prompt: 12
Total Points: 1
Photosynthesis is to chloroplasts as cellular respiration is to
chloroplasts
cytoplasm.
mitochondria
nuclei.
Question Prompt: 13
Total Points: 1
During normal mitotic cell division, a parent cell that has four chromosomes will produce two daughter cells, each
containing
two chromosomes
four chromosomes.
eight chromosomes.
sixteen chromosomes.
Question Prompt: 14
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Total Points: 1
Organisms, such as plants, that make their own food are called
autotrophs
heterotrophs
thylakoids
pigments
Question Prompt: 15
Total Points: 1
Some cells form a cell plate during cytokinesis. Which of the following is true of the cells in Figure 10–6 above?
Both cells form cell plates during cytokinesis.
Neither cell forms a cell plate during cytokinesis
Only cell A forms a cell plate during cytokinesis
Only cell B forms a cell plate during cytokinesis.
Question Prompt: 16
Total Points: 1
Which process produces daughter cells that are identical to the parents?
budding
mitosis
regeneration
meiosis
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Question Prompt: 17
Total Points: 1
A student hypothesized that green algae will grow fastest when exposed to blue light. To test this hypothesis, the student
should design an experiment with which independent variable?
color of algae
rate of algae growth
color of light that algae is exposed to
amount of time per day that algae is exposed to light
Question Prompt: 18
Total Points: 1
What is the end result of mitosis?
4 genetically identical cells
2 genetically identical cells
4 genetically different cells
2 genetically different cells
Question Prompt: 19
Total Points: 1
In Eukaryotes, DNA
floats freely in the cytoplasm
is circular
is located in the ribosomes
is located in the nucleus
Question Prompt: 20
Total Points: 1
Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cells to
use?
chloroplast
golgi apparatus
endoplasmic reticulum
mitochondria
Question Prompt: 21
Total Points: 1
Which term describes the relatively constant internal physical conditions of an organism?
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cell specialization
homeostasis
organ system
organ system
Question Prompt: 22
Total Points: 1
What is the end result of mitosis?
2 genetically identical cells
4 genetically identical cells
2 genetically different cells
4 genetically different cells
Question Prompt: 23
Total Points: 1
A class designed an experiment to investigate how salt concentration affects the action of a vacuole in one species of
single-celled organism. The steps for the experiment are shown below but are out of order. Which is the correct order? 1)
Make a graph to display the data 2) Record how long the vacuole of each organism takes to expand and contract. 3) Make
a hypothesis about how salt concentraton affects the action of an organism’s vacuole. 4) Put one organism into
freshwater, one organism into 1% salt solution, and one organism into 2% salt solution.
2, 4, 3, 1
4, 1, 2, 3
3, 2, 1, 4
3, 4, 2, 1
Question Prompt: 24
Total Points: 1
The diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane is called
osmotic pressure
osmosis
pinocytosis
active transport
Question Prompt: 25
Total Points: 1
What tool can most accurately determine the volume of a sample of water?
balance
graduated cylinder
spring scale
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thermometer
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