Acid Reflux and its treatment with Ablation Therapy Acid Reflux has become a serious health issue for a large percentage of people. Chronic bouts of acid reflux have worsened the health of such patients, who are now posed with the danger of GERD or esophageal cancer. What is Ablation Therapy and how does it help you? Radiofrequency Ablation is basically a process of removing the aberrant columnar epithelium and substituting it with the normal squamous epithelium. Ablation Therapy is used to treat columnar lined oesophagus. During the treatment of radio-frequency ablation, the oesophageal lining is targeted with radio-frequency energy with the help of a special endoscopic device. The energy burns away the epithelium and what is left behind is ulcer. The patient then lives on the prescription of acid suppressive drugs, which helps in the healing process of the oesophagus. During the process of healing, the columnar epithelium is replaced with squamous epithelium. What is the effect of GERD on oesophagus? 1. Erosions GERD is a disease where the acid from the stomach is spilt into the oesophagus damaging its tissues. The reflux of acidic gastric juice into the oesophagus causes damage to its lining which is mucosa, normally squamous epithelium. The outcome is different symptoms, the most common one being heartburn. Heartburn is the result of the intrusion of acid of stomach into the squamous epithelium. Chronic conditions of this flow of acid into oesophagus can become a cause of serious concern, eroding the epithelium. The erosions may result into breaks or ulcers. 2. Cellular changes One of the major complications arising out of GERD is the replacement of squamous epithelial lining of the oesophaguswith columnar lining. This is called columnar lined oesophagus. The consequences of developing columnar lined oesophagusare the same as GERD. However, the similar symptoms look different during an endoscopy. Symptoms of acid reflux Burping Weight loss without even trying indigestion hoarseness in voice Hiccups Bloating wheezing bloody stools or black stools bloody vomiting Nausea dry coughing pregnancy during acid reflux Dysphasia There are multiple factors that can cause irritation in the cells of oesophagus which in turn increases your risk of having GERD. These factors are: obesity drinking alcohol Smoking drinking alcohol and other carbonated beverages such as soda Smoking Eating foods such as onions, garlic, tomatoes, citrus fruits, fatty foods, spices, fried foods lying on your back after eating a heavy meal unhealthy diet such as meals lacking vegetables and fruits eating fried foods and high-fat foods Having trouble in swallowing Preventive methods Quit drinking: Alcohol is a big stimulant of spilling acid into the oesophagus. Alcohol relaxes the sphincter muscle which separates the stomach from oesophagus and keeps the tummy tightly closed. The acid from the stomach is drawn up the oesophagus, when the sphincter muscle relaxes. Eat green vegetables: This has many health benefits. Green veggies like asparagus, kale, Brussels sprouts, and spinach are alkaline vegetables that will give you relief from acid reflux by neutralising the acidic content.