Current Issues and Technology

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Current Issues and
Technology
The Fourth
Industrial Revolution
(4IR)
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Digital Enterprise
Entire value chain is digitized and integrated
The 4th industrial revolution
• What is it?
• What is the impact?
• What can be done?
What is it?
• AI
• Robotics
• Automation
• Genetic engineering/biotechnology
• Nano technology
• AUTONOMOUS
What is happening now
• Internet of Things (IoT) – all business and information available to society in the
real world can be freely controlled through digitized network
• Big Data – large volumes of data can be analyzed to create additional value
• Artificial Intelligence (AI) – Self learning machines can analyze data and situations
more rapidly and objectively than human beings
• Robotics – Automation can be applied to more diversified and complicated tasks
• Cloud computing - the delivery of on-demand computing services -- from
applications to storage and processing power -- typically over the internet and on
a pay-as-you-go basis
• Robotic Processing Automation (RPA) - an emerging form of business process
automation technology based on the notion of software robots or artificial
intelligence (AI) workers
• Bitcoin, cryptocurrency and blockchain technology
The Industry 4.0 Environment
9 Technology Pillars – Industry 4.0
Major truck
manufacturers such as
Mercedes Benz and Volvo
are working on self driving
trucks. The intention is
that a local driver will
drive the truck to a
motorway, the truck will
drive cross country to
near it’s destination and
then a second driver will
handle driving the last few
kilometres to the final
destination. Long haul
truckers will become short
haul truckers
Amazon is my poster child for IR4. They started out as a website bypassing physical stores
to reduce prices. Now they have giant warehouses heavily using robots and autonomous
delivery cart. Now they are working on using drones to deliver directly to purchasers.
Examples
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=78-1MlkxyqI
3D Printing Human
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=61ag06cuc5U
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NMeODpNg_k8
Industry 4.0: Why we need it?
Cost
Complexity
 Eliminate waste & losses
 Eliminate hidden cost
 Cost reduction
 Sub-Nano technology
 Cyber Physical System
 Exponential technologies
 Personalize
 Fast, Cheap, Quality
 Total Customer Satisfaction
 Digitalization
 Increase competitiveness
 Globalization
Customer
Competition
Industry 4.0: Framework
Industry 4.0: Key Challenges
GOVERNMENT
o
Attitude
Skill
Expertise
Knowledge
o
o
o
o
New emerging technologies (Augmented reality, Cyber Security, IoT, Big Data
Analytics, etc.)
Multi discipline role and responsibilities to support the new revolution.
Lack on local expertise to create and provide new training program.
Develop ‘I LOVE TECHNOLOGY’ attitude and mind-set.
Lack on local content for system hardware and software.
EDUCATION & TRAINING
o
o
o
o
Policy on Industry 4.0 related research and development, security of integrated
system, legal framework conditions, work, training and further education.
New Industry 4.0 technology and skill transfer from overseas as part of pioneer
status application. Localize hardware assembly.
High level nationwide Industry 4.0 framework and review panel/board.
Digitalization in manufacturing technologies will require new incentive.
INDUSTRY
POLICIES
o
o
FRAGMENTED LAYOUT
Merging the old and new system, techniques, machinery, protocols with complex
protocols will be complicated.
Traditional IT infrastructure merging with new IIoT system integration will require
massive reorg and reskill of the workforce.
Industry 4.0: Key Challenges
o
o
o
Data ransom at the rise of the focus by hackers and system attackers.
Manufacturing sector are more vulnerable to attack with interconnectivity
through cyber physical system.
Require more white hacker to develop full proof security system as
attacker continue to look for loop hole.
INDUSTRY
DATA SECURITY & PRIVACY
o
o
More data scientist needed means more statistician with operational
background.
More complex bid data analytics from industrial data source. Not typical
consumer based data anymore and transforming into well structured data
format.
BIG DATA
o
o
CORPORATE
(CULTURE, FINANCIAL, STRUCTURE)
Industry 4.0 is about transforming the organization into new culture and
promote technology as the way to move forward. Top management must
endorse on it first before the rest follow.
Need more systematic master framework to ease the deployment plan.
Industry 4.0: Key Driver [ Skill, Policy, Culture]
INDUSTRY
4.0
INDUSTRIES
(NEW CORPORATE
CULTURE)
GOVERNMENT
TECHNICAL
DEVELOPMENT
INSTITUTION

HIGHER
LEARNING
INSTITUTION


Skill
o Reskill / Upskill / New skill
o Syllabus & Curriculum revision
Policy
o Incentive, Data security
o Foreign labour, Digitalisation, ICT infrastructure
Culture
o New paradigm shift in corporate culture
o Change process
Industry 4.0: Workforce Transformation (Malaysia)
INDUSTRIES
GRADUATES
TERTIARY
(TVET)
Industry 4.0: Workforce Transformation (Malaysia)
CURRENT
High Skilled Technical (Engineer)
Local
INDUSTRY 4.0
High Skilled Innovator (Engineer)
Local (Existing)
Mid Skilled
(Specialist)
Mid Skilled
(Technician)
Foreign
Local (Upgrade)
Local
Robotics
Low Skilled
(Operator)
Low Skilled
(Operator)
Foreign
Automation
 Industry 4.0 will eliminate our dependency on Foreign labour workforce
 Industry 4.0 will provide platform for job upgrade on existing local workforce
Top 10 Skills to be relevant in Industry 4.0
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