text structures

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TEXT STRUCTURES: NON-FICTION
Cause and Effect:
Visual
text describes an event (cause) and the effects
that follow
Key Words: because, as a result, due to, therefore,
if/then
Visual
Problem and Solution:
Text gives information about a problem and
explains one or more solutions
Key Words: problem, issue, cause, solve, due to,
since
Compare and Contrast:
Visual
Text discusses similarities and differences between
people, places, or things
Key Words: similar, alike, same, different, both, in
contrast, on the other hand
Visual
Description:
Text provides details or characteristics of a topic
Key Words: for example, for instance, characteristics of, in addition
Order and Sequence:
Text outlines events in chronological order or lists
steps to a procedure
Key Words: before, last, after, in the beginning,
next, in the middle, at the end, then
Visual
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