# 4. latitude and longitude introduction

```CGC 1P
Name:
Introduction to Latitude and Longitude
8
A
G
7
6
C
5
4
3
2
1
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
E
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
B
2
3
4
D 5
6
7
8
F
7
8
Instructions:
1. Label the horizontal base line at 0&deg; LATITUDE (EQUATOR)
2. Label the vertical base line at 0&deg; LONGITUDE (PRIME MERIDIAN)
NOTE:
Latitude is always 1st (North / South)
Longitude is always 2nd (East / West)
3. Ask students which point is on the equator. (answer: E) Show them co-ordinates. (answer: 0&deg; Latitude, 3&deg;East Longitude)
4. Ask students which point is on the prime meridian. (answer: D) Show them co-ordinates. (answer: 5&deg; South Latitude, 0&deg; Longitude)
5. Work through calculating each consecutive point with the class.
point A (7&deg; N, 6&deg; W)
point B (2&deg; S, 5&deg; W)
point C (4&deg; N, 1&deg; W)
point F (3&deg; S, 5&deg; E)
point G (7&deg; N, 7&deg; E)
6. Give students grid co-ordinates, and have them plot each new point.
point H (5&deg; N, 6&deg; W)
point I (7&deg; S, 7&deg; W)
point J (5&deg; N, 5&deg; E)
point K (7&deg; S, 2&deg; E)
point L (2&deg; S, 7&deg; E)
```