Phoenicia 1200 BC–539 BC Facts About PhoeniciaPhoenicia was on the western part of the Fertile Crescent and was on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. The capital of Phoenicia was Byblos from 1200 B.C –1000 B.C and then Tyre from 1000 B.C539 B.C. The Phoenicians were always traders and artisans and eventually started trading by ships across the Mediterranean Sea GeographyMap of Phoenicia (Purple Area) Phoenician Government • Phoenicians had their civilization divided into City-States. Independent governments ran each City-State. Some times city/states worked together some times they did not. A king ran each CityState. The Phoenicians were great traders • The Phoenicians traded many things such as gold, silver, tin, wood, glass, slaves, purple dye, wine and hunting dogs. They were very good sailors, making it easy for them to trade because they could cross the Mediterranean Sea. Phoenician Trade Network Phoenician Traders The Phoenicians were great artisans who used bellows to make fires hot enough to make glass and craft metal objects Phoenician Military • The Phoenicians were generally a very peaceful civilization. The first Phoenician military was created in 550 B.C because the Greeks were pushing the Phoenicians back to the western part of Sicily. 70 years of battles followed. Then Phoenicia returned to its peaceful life style. Phoenician Soldier Phoenician Alphabet • The Phoenicians invented a version of the alphabet with no vowels around the 11th century B.C. in the city of Byblos. TLater, Greeks added the vowels. They used the alphabet to help them communicate with their trading partners and learn and teach new ideas in all areas including about science and religion. Phoenician Religion • The religion the Phoenicians believed in was Canaanite religion. Canaanite religion was polytheistic meaning they worshiped more than one god. They believed in the after life. Canaanite religion was practiced from the early Bronze Age to the first centuries of the Common Era. Chief god of Carthage Storm god Phoenician Quiz 1. The purple dye the Phoenicians traded came from what kind of snail? 2. What year was the Phoenician military created? 3. What was the Phoenician’s religion? 4. Name three things the Phoenicians traded? 5. What body of water was Phoenicia located near? 6. What were the first and second capitals of Phoenicia?