9. The verb & its general characteristics. Subclasses of verbs. Verb is a part of speech that denotes an action, It has the following grammatical categories: - person - aspect - number - voice - tense - mood These categories may be expressed by means of affixes, innaflexions (change of the route vowel) and by form words. According to the functional verbs perform in the sentence; they can form finite(особові) and non-finite forms. The finite form can be used as the predicate of the sentence. The non-finite can’t be used as the predicate of the sentence, they are called “verbals” (Participle I, II, Infinitive, Gerund). According to the morphological structure verbs can be divided into: - simple - derivative (rewrite, undo) - compound (day-dream, brain-beat) - composite (give up, sit down). 3. The basic forms of the verb are: - the infinitive - the past indefinite - the participle II speak – spoke – spoken. According to the syntactical function verbs are divided into: notional verbs – always have a lexical meaning of their own and have an independent syntactical function in the sentence (may be used as a simple predicate). auxiliary verbs – have only grammatical function used in analytical form.link verbs – which have lost their lexical meaning to some extend and are used in compound nominal predicate. 6.A verb can be - transitive which can take: a) a direct object They express an action which passes on to a thing or object directly. b)direct and indirect object. c) prepositional object intransitive verbs can’t take a direct object. 7. Semantically all verbs can be divided into: - terminative - non-terminative a) Terminative verbs amply a limit beyond which an action can’t continue. (to break). b) Non-terminative denote an action which don’t amply any limit. (to love, to live, to posses). c) Verbs of double lexical character/aspect. These verbs in certain context have a terminative meaning, and in other – a derivative.