TL Media

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Medium is
the Message
If I can’t
picture it,
I can’t
understand it
Einstein
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on
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Objectives
At the end of this session, you will be able to –
Justify the use of media in teaching
List the different types of media
Select the most appropriate medium
a blind man was begging with a board
"I AM BLIND HELP ME”
Once a Man passing that side saw him..
He took his board & wrote some thing..
from that time
people started giving
more money to him..
Can u guess what he wrote..
"U r Beautiful Bt, I cant see u"..:-(
Game
Communication
a process of
transferring
ck
a
b
d
e
e
F
information
Sender
from
one entity
to another
Receiver
Most common ways we communicate
Vis
B od
m
i
l
ua
y la
n gu
s
e
g
a
age
Fact
three major parts in human face to face
communication
body language
55% of impact determined by body language
—postures, gestures, and eye contact
voice tonality
38% by the tone of voice
words
7% by the content or the words used
in the communication process
Attention span
20 mins
Dale’s Cone of Experience
High
Text
Information
Pictures or Audio
A – V Media
Cognitive Skills
Dramatisation / Live Demo
Simulation / Role play
Direct Experience
Low
Psychomotor Skills
Learning Pyramid
Lecture 5
Reading
10
20
A–V
Demonstration
Discussion Group
Practice by doing
Immediate use
Average retention rate
(in percentage)
30
50
75
90
Retention Rate
90%
70%
50%
30%
10%
20%
Reading Seeing
Hearing
Seeing Collaboration
&
Hearing
Doing
Priority for choosing media
Sight, sound, touch, smell, taste (real life situations)
Sight, sound, touch, smell, taste (contrived situation
– models / simulators)
Sight & sound (videos & motion films)
Sight & sound (still pictures / lectures)
Selecting Teaching Media
POINT # 3
POINT # 2
POINT # 1
Consider the way you teach
Consider the Learners
Consider the Learning Objective
T / L Media – Uses
reinforce what you are saying
ensure that your point is understood
signal what is important/essential
enable students to visualise or experience
something that is impractical to see or do in real
life
engage students’ other senses in the learning
process
facilitate different learning styles
Classification of Media
Non projected media
Projected media
Non projected medium
Boards
Black and Colourful
Chalk and Board
Inexpensive, easily available
Write key words, simple line diagrams, solve
problems
Step by step build up concepts & organisation of
structure
No eye contact
Needs advance preparation
Good hand writing is a must
Needs writing & drawing skills
Cannot be preserved for future use.
Non projected medium
Flyers
Complete / incomplete
Handouts
Complete- total contents of the lecture with
additional material & references.
Incomplete – frame work of the lecture &
diagrams but it leaves gaps to be filled by the
student during the lecture
must have useful information that is not readily
available in text books & manuals.
Charts and Posters
Display boards / Cards / Charts
Useful for small groups
Step by step explanation & showing changing
relationships
Simple symbols, cards, cutouts used in proper
sequence
Color provides emphasis & attraction
Actual
laboratory
procedures
using real
equipment &
instrument
Real Objects
Models
Three dimensional concept
Permits close examination, learning & practice
Can demonstrate functions & construction
Used for self learning / instruction
Expensive, easily damaged, not real life & only for
small group
Useful when actual specimen unavailable
Projected medium
Overhead Projector
Over Head Projector
Systematic, sequential information
< 8 words per line, 8-10 lines/ sheet
1” margin on all four sides
Projected medium
Data Projector
Power point presentations
Five basic rules
Don’t give power point centre stage
Create logical flow to your presentation
Presentation should be readable
Remember, less is more
Distribute handouts
Good
Bad
Bad
Good
Bad
Good
Bad
Good Bad
Bad
Good
Bad
Good
Good
Bad
Good
Avoid Text Overload
Having too much text on the screen can defeat the purpose of
using Power Point. The slides begin to look like a jumble of
text, making slides difficult to read and unrecognizable from
each other.
Many people tend to put every word they are going to say on
their PowerPoint slides. Although this eliminates the need to
memorize your talk, ultimately this makes your slides
crowded, wordy and boring. You will lose your audience's
attention before you even reach the bottom of your…
People will either try to read everything or copy everything
down or they will lose interest . List only the key points. If
you have more info to include use more slides or create
handouts.
Fonts
Employ a few …. Stick to familiar fonts
Stay away from gimmicky fonts
Keep type sizes consistent
Use bold to make some words to stand out
Font size easily readable 36 pt
TMP1613 Multimedia Technology
TMP1613 Multimedia
Technology
DO NOT USE ALL CAPITAL
LETTERS TO PUT EMPHASES
ON WHAT YOU ARE SAYING!
the more
STRIKINGLY
visual your presentation is,
the more people will
remember it.
and more importantly,
they will
remember you
Paul Arden
World's top advertising guru
Munir Ahmed R
MD (Hom), MBA (Edn. Mgt)
Domain Expert
Learning & Development in Health Sciences Education
[email protected]
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