0837CommunityOutreachandEducationSalmo

advertisement
Community Outreach and Education:
Chikungunya, Dengue, and Zika
Lauren Salmo, MPH, CHES
California Department of Public Health
Vector-Borne Disease Section
March 1, 2015
Presentation Overview
• Educational materials created by the
California Department of Public Health
• Educational materials created by the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention
• Best practices for material dissemination and
community education
• Case study
CDPH Educational Materials
•
•
•
•
•
•
New releases and health advisories
Chikungunya fact sheet
Dengue fact sheet
Zika fact sheet
Information for clinicians fact sheet
Aedes aegypti fact sheet/hoja informativa
sobre Aedes aegypti
• Eliminating Aedes aegypti brochure and flyer
CDPH Website: Aedes Mosquitoes
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HEALTHINFO/DISCOND/Pages/Aedes-albopictus-and-Aedes-aegypti-Mosquitoes.aspx
CDPH News, Hot Topics, and Updates
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/Pages/Aedesalbopictus-and-Aedes-aegypti-Mosquitoes.aspx
CDPH News Release: February 1, 2016
http://www.cdph.ca.gov/Pages/NR16-005.aspx
CDPH Chikungunya Fact Sheet
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/
Documents/ChikungunyaFactSheet.pdf
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/Documents
/HojadeInformaci%C3%B3nSobreChikungunya.pdf
CDPH Dengue Fact Sheet
• https://www.cdph.ca.gov/He
althInfo/discond/Documents
/DengueFactSheet.pdf
• Spanish version coming soon
CDPH Zika Fact Sheet
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/
Documents/ZikaQandA.pdf
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/
Documents/ZikaPreguntasyRespuestas.pdf
CDPH Weekly Update
Number of Laboratory-Positive Zika Cases in California
• This table provides the number of travel-associated cases of
Zika in California residents since 2013.
• Cases are categorized by date of onset of symptoms.
• Case numbers are updated every Friday.
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/Documents/TravelAssociatedCaseso
fZikaVirusinCA.pdf
Information for Clinicians: Aedes mosquitoes,
Chikungunya, and Dengue
• Aedes vector overview and
geographic distribution
• Role of clinicians
• Disease epidemiology
• Clinical presentation
• Lab testing
• Resources
https://www.cdph.ca.gov/HealthInfo/discond/
Documents/DengueorCHIKInformationForClinic
iansinCA.pdf
Aedes aegypti Fact Sheet
Hoja Informativa Sobre Aedes aegypti
Eliminating Aedes aegypti
CDC Educational Materials
• Chikungunya
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/fact/index.html
• Dengue
http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/educationTraining/index.html
• Zika
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/fs-posters/index.html
• Mosquito bite prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/features/stopmosquitoes/
CDC Chikungunya Fact Sheet
•
•
Available in English, Spanish, Arabic, Dutch, and Haitian Creole
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/factsheet_chikungunya-what-you-need-to-know.pdf
CDC Dengue Fact Sheet
•
•
Available in English only
http://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/factSheets/factsheet_dengue-what-you-need-to-know.pdf
CDC Zika Multi-Page Infographic
• Available in English and Spanish
• Information for pregnant women, travelers, and
general public
• http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/zikapregnancyinfograp
hic.pdf
CDC Zika Information
• What we know, and what we don’t know
• Available in English
• http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/Zika-WhatWe-Know-Infographic.pdf
CDC Zika Prevention for Pregnant Women
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/zika-pregnancy.pdf
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/zika-pregnancy-sp.pdf
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/sick_with_chikv_denv_zika.pdf
CDC Mosquito Bite Prevention Information
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/pdfs/protect
_yourself_from_mosquito_bites.pdf
http://www.cdc.gov/zika/es/pdfs/16_262715
-a_soto_protectyourself_sp_508.pdf
CDC Mosquito Bite Prevention Information
•
•
Available in English and Spanish
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/fs_mosquito_bite_prevention_us.pdf
CDC Mosquito Bite Prevention for Travelers
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/fs_mosquito_bite_prevention_travelers.pdf
CDC Mosquito Control Information
•
•
Available in English and Spanish
http://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/control_mosquitoes_chikv_denv_zika.pdf
Best Practices: Active Community
Organization Public Health Approach to
Mosquito Source Reduction
Members of the community are approached by trained
peer-volunteers who provide:
• Verbal information about public health threats regarding
mosquitoes and mosquito-borne diseases
• Active demonstrations of ways to minimize the occurrence of
periodomestic mosquitoes
Evidence-Based Practice
• Community members in Indonesia provided education to 500
homes. After 3 months there was a 56% reduction in larval indices
(Soedarmo 1993).
• Community volunteers in Thailand were trained in mosquito
control. Their community education resulted in a significant
reduction in mosquito infestations (Phanthumachinda, et al. 1995).
• In Texas, high school students proved to be an excellent resource
for teaching members of the community about health behaviors
(Warner, et al. 2005).
• In New Jersey, active education by community peers led to a
significant reduction in mosquito container habitats (Healy, et al.
2014).
“Rather than creating additional external
structures, interventions at local level should be
inserted in the pre-existing social structures,
organizations and institutions”
-Pérez, et al., 2007 “Community participation in Aedes aegypti control:
a sociological perspective on five years of research in the health area
‘‘26 de Julio’’, Havana, Cuba
Key Partners in Community Engagement
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Local residents/citizen scientists
Community leaders
Community health workers/promotoras
AmeriCorps volunteers (Healy, et al. 2014)
High school students
Medical Reserve Corps
Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts
Religious groups
Community service organization chapters
Agricultural extension programs
Case Study
Results: Significant reduction in container habitats in the sites where the
volunteers actively engaged the community compared to untreated control areas.
Volunteer Training
• Mosquito biology
• Basic skills training: source reduction of
containers
• Practice with “backyard scenarios”
• Role play in simulated backyard habitats
• How to promote and encourage backyard
source reduction
Points of Community Engagement
• Door to door outreach campaigns
– Walk around yard with residents
– Provide verbal and written information
• Community workshops
• Tabling at community events
– Tire pick-up days
– Trash can drilling days
• Social media posts
• Media releases
Questions?
Lauren Salmo, MPH, CHES
Public Health Educator
California Department of Public Health
Vector-Borne Disease Section
[email protected]
916-552-9784
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards