OSHA PROJECT 1 (1) (1)

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PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
BSMH3083 INTRODUCTION TO OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
Prepared for:
Dr. Zuraida Binti Hassan
Team Member:
Fatin Nabila Bt. Leman
Nursuhana Bt Abu Kasim
Tan Jia Lee
248362
246621
245838
Agenda Style
01
WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD?
02
FACTOR OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
03
EFFECT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
04
PREVENTATION
WHAT IS
PSYCHOLOGICAL
HAZARD?
MEANING OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
A PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD IS ANY
HAZARD THAT AFFECTS THE MENTAL
WELL-BEING OR MENTAL HEALTH OF
THE WORKER & IMPACTING THE
WORKER’S ABILITY TO WORK IN A
HEALTHY & SAFE MANNER
FACTOR OF
PSYCHOLOGICAL
HAZARD
PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
WORKPLACE FACTORS
Co-workers
Having
Conflict and
Different Ideas
Angry Co-Workers
Overwork
Work Overtime
Bullying
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZV4gkk6wkO0&feature=youtu.be
PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
WORKPLACE FACTORS
Workplace
Harassment
Violence At
Work
Burnout
Administrative controls –
Management policies & procedures
training, liaison with police, reporting
procedures
Personal controls –
Assertiveness training, counselling
services, ability to request support
PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
PERSONAL FACTORS
01
02
03
Work-life conflict
Age-related factors
Substance abuse
AGE RELATED FACTOR
WORK LIFE CONFLICT
- Take active steps to improve
the work-life balance, including
wellness programs, exercise
and good nutrition
- Take on less assignments
learn time management skills,
separate work from home life
activities, communicate with your
manager
SUBSTANCE ABUSE
- Be aware of communication
differences across the generations
- Be aware of physical and
psychological aspects of the aging
process
- Modify your work or ask to have
work modified to accommodate
physical aspects of aging
- Focus on healthy lifestyle
including exercise,
attention to proper nutrition &
establishing good sleep habits
- Develop & maintain a good s
upport system
- Seek professional assistance
in dealing with these condition
SYMPTOMS OF
PSYCHOLOGICAL
HAZARDS
SYMPTOMS OF WORK STRESS
PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS
Restless
Headache
Hand Shivering
SYMPTOMS OF WORK STRESS
WORKPLACE ATTITUDE
Low Motivation
Less communication
Decrease in Job Performance
Weak decision making
Not contribute the idea
EFFECT OF
PSYCHOLOGICAL
HAZARDS
EFFECT OF WORK STRESS
HEALTH EFFECT
ANXIETY
DEPRESSION
CARDIOVASCULAR
DISORDERS
SMOKING
DRUG ABUSE
EFFECT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL HAZARD
START TO BLAME PEOPLE
FEELING OF FAILURE
NOT CONCENTRATE
TOWARD THEIR JOB
HIGH LEVEL OF STRESS
TIRED AND EXHAUSTED
OVERLOADING WITH EXTRA
WORKS
CONTROLLING
PSYCHOLOGICAL
HAZARD
 Seek professional assistance in dealing with these conditi
ons.
 Develop and maintain a good support system
Consider using the Employee Assistance Program.
Focus on healthy lifestyle choices, including exercise,
attention to proper nutrition and establishing good sleep
habits
PREVENTATION
How to prevent
psychology hazard?
Government
Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994
• Guideline for prevention of stress and
violence at the workplace
• Describe the responsibilities to protect
the safety and health of employee
Organizational
Provide
clear
guideline
Physical
Working
environment
Flexible work
organization
Individual
Training
Counselling
Improve
Employees
integration
CONCLUSION
 Psychological hazard need to be aware by
the organization
 The prevention of psychological hazard is
important and need to be carried out
carefully
Thank you
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