Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Chapter 1: “They Say” Beginner _______ suggests that _______’s work has several basic problems. Starting with What Others Are Saying Intermediate Many people assume _______. Many times it is said _______. Although I should know better by now, I cannot help thinking that _______. When I was a child, I used to think that _______. X apparently assumes that _______ ______. At the same time I believe _______ I also believe_______. When it comes to the topic of ______, some are convinced that _______. Beginner In their recent work _______, Y and Z have offered harsh critiques of _______ for _______. Common sense seems to dictate that _______. One implication of X’s treatment of _______ is that _______. In discussions of X, one controversial issue has been _______. X feels that _______. Chapter 2: “Her Point Is” Advanced The Art of Summarizing Intermediate Advanced _______, he admits. They celebrate the fact that _______. She advocates, _______. Verbs for making a claim: believe argue Verbs for making a claim: report claim Verbs for making a claim: assert emphasize Verbs for expressing agreement: agree praise Verbs for expressing agreement: acknowledge admire Verbs for expressing agreement: endorse extol Verbs for expressing disagreement or questioning: complain question Verbs for expressing disagreement or questioning: deny qualify Verbs for expressing disagreement or questioning: refute contend Verbs for making recommendations: demand warn Verbs for making recommendations: encourage recommend Verbs for making recommendations: urge plead Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Chapter 3: “As He Himself Puts It” Beginner The Art of Quoting Intermediate Advanced Introducing Quotes Introducing Quotes Introducing Quotes X himself writes, “_______________.” As the prominent philosopher X puts it, “_______________.” X states that, “_______________.” According to X, “_______________.” In X’s view, “_______________.” X agrees when she writes, “_______________.” X disagrees when he writes, “_______________.” In her book, ______________, X maintains that “_______________.” Writing in the journal ______, X complains that “_______________.” X complicates matters further when she writes, “_______________.” Explaining Quotes Explaining Quotes Explaining Quotes X’s point is that, _______________. Basically, X is warning _______________. X is corroborating the age-old adage that _______________. In other words, X believes _______________. The essence of X’s argument is that _______________. In making this comment, X urges us to _______________. Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Chapter 4: “Yes / No / Okay, But” Three Ways to Respond Advanced Beginner I agree that ________ because ________. Intermediate On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, ________. I disagree that ________ because ________. He/She argues ________, and I agree/disagree because ________. He/She says ________, and I agree because _______. Though I agree that ________, I still disagree that ________. I agree/disagree that ________ because in my experience ________. Chapter 5: “And Yet” Beginner X is right because ____________. Distinguishing What You Say from What They Say Intermediate I think that X is mistaken because she overlooks ________. I disagree with X’s view that ________ because, as recent research has shown, ________. Although I agree with X up to a point, I cannot accept his/her overall conclusion that ________. I have two thoughts about X’s claim that ________. On one hand, I agree that ________. On the other hand I’m not sure if ________. Advanced Although X makes the best possible case for_________, I am not persuaded. Although ____________, I disagree/agree ____________. My view, however, contrary to what X has argued, is that ____________. My view is that ____________. According to both X and Y _________. I have a problem with ____________. That evidence shows that ___________. There is a major problem with ____________. Anyone familiar with _______ should agree/disagree that ____________ I have a problem with ____________. X is wrong because ____________. I have a problem because ____________. I have a problem with ____________. Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Chapter 6: “Skeptics May Object” Beginner Planting a Naysayer in Your Text Intermediate Advanced Yet some readers may challenge the view that ____________. Of course, many will probably disagree on the grounds that ____________. ____________, of course, may want to question whether ____________. But ____________ would certainly take issue with the argument that ____________. At this point I would like to raise some objections that have been inspired by the skeptic in me. She feels that I have been ignoring ____________. Here many ____________ would object that ____________. Yet is it always true that ___________? “Impossible!” some will say. “You must be reading the research selectively.” On one hand I agree with X that ____________. But on the other hand, I still insist that ____________. While it is true that ____________, it does not necessarily follow that ____________. Chapter 7: “So What? Who Cares?” Saying Why It Matters Beginner Intermediate ____________ is important because ____________. If we are right about ____________ then ____________. ____________ used to think ____________ but now/recently/ ____________. These findings challenge ____________. At first glance, ____________ but upon closer inspection ____________. Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Nevertheless, both followers and critics of ____________ will probably argue that ____________. However, does the evidence I’ve cited prove conclusively that ____________? Although I grant that ____________, I still maintain that ____________. Advanced My discussion of ____________ addresses the larger matter of ____________. These findings have important consequences for ____________. Chapter 8 “As A Result” Connecting the Parts Beginner Intermediate Advanced Transitions Transitions Transitions Addition also and Addition in addition Addition besides Example for example Example for instance Example specifically Elaboration to put it another way Elaboration ultimately Comparison in the same way Comparison similarly Comparison likewise Contrast but however Contrast although Cause & Effect so since then Cause & Effect as a result therefore Cause & Effect consequently Concession of course Concession although it is true Concession granted Conclusion as a result Conclusion consequently Elaboration in other words Conclusion in conclusion actually to summarize in fact even though therefore Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein furthermore Contrast In contrast on the other hand thus to sum up Chapter 10 “But Don’t Get Me Wrong” Beginner In other words, ____________. What ____________ really means is ____________. The Art of Metacommentary Intermediate Advanced This is not to say __________, but rather __________. Ultimately, then, my goal is to demonstrate that __________. X is concerned less with __________ than with __________. Essentially, I am arguing not that __________, but that __________. What X is saying here is that ________. Having just argued that __________, I want now to complicate the point by __________. To put it another way, ____________. For example, ____________. Finally, ____________. Chapter 2 explores ________, while Chapter 3 examines ________. To take a case in point __________. In short, ____________. ________, for instance, demonstrates ________. Consider __________, for example. Even more important, __________. But above all, __________. Just as important, __________. Templates from They Say, I Say by Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein Incidentally, we will briefly note, __________.