# Auxiliary

```Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
1
ENGINEERING GRAPHICS
1E9
Lecture 4: Auxiliary Views
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
2
Auxiliary View
An auxiliary view is an orthographic view taken in
such a manner that the lines of sight are not parallel
to the principal projection planes (frontal, horizontal,
or profile). There are an infinite number of possible
auxiliary views of any given object.
Principal faces of the object are not parallel to PP
planes.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
3
Why Auxiliary View?
• Inclined planes and oblique
lines do not appear true
length or true size in any of
the principle planes of
projection
• To determine the true
length of an oblique line or
the true size of an inclined
plane, an auxiliary view
must be created.
• The auxiliary view shows
the true shape and size of
circular shapes.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
1. Select the face that is to be drawn as
i) a true surface,
ii) a true length line,
iii) an end view of a line.
4
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
5
2. Draw construction lines perpendicular to the
surface/line/point of interest. This line
should go in a direction, and far enough
that leaves enough space for the view.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
3. Draw a folding line at an appropriate
distance. This will act as a reference
plane.
6
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
7
4. Transfer distances from another view
(adjacent view). This view will typically be
the view adjoining the view that the auxiliary
is drawn from.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
8
5. Complete the view. Draw visible and hidden
lines as seen from the direction of
projection lines.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Example 2
9
1. Draw two orthographic views and assume
a direction of sight for auxiliary view.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
2. Draw construction lines parallel to the
arrow.
10
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
11
3. Assume reference plane coinciding with
back surface. Draw reference plane (edge
view) in the top view and auxiliary view.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
4. Draw auxiliary view of surface A. Transfer
depth measurements from top view.
12
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Steps of Drawing
5. Complete the view by adding other visible
edges and objects.
13
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Curved Object
14
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
15
Classification of Auxiliary Views
•
Auxiliary views are classified according
to the principal dimension of the object
shown in the view.
1. Depth/Front auxiliary view
2. Height/Top auxiliary view
3. Width/Side auxiliary view
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
16
Depth Auxiliary View
Any auxiliary view projected from the ‘elevation’ showing depth
of object
Elevation is the adjacent view, Plan and Side-View are
alternative views
Direction of sight
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
17
Height Auxiliary View
Any auxiliary view projected from the plan showing height of
object
Plan is adjacent view, Side-View and Elevation are
alternative views
Direction of sight
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
18
Width Auxiliary View
Any auxiliary view projected from the side-view showing width of
object
Side-View is adjacent view, Plan and Elevation are alternative
views
Direction of sight
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Notes
19
• An auxiliary view is an orthographic view taken on
planes other than principal projection (PP) planes
(frontal, horizontal, or profile).
• Principal dimension shown in auxiliary view is not
shown in the adjacent view from which auxiliary
view is projected.
• A primary auxiliary view is projected on the plane
perpendicular to one PP plane and inclined to
other 2 PP planes.
• A secondary auxiliary view is projected from
primary auxiliary views.
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Other Auxiliary Views
• Any auxiliary view projected from the
primary auxiliary view is secondary
auxiliary view
20
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Example
21
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
Example
22
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
23
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
24
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
25
Lecture 4 Friday 21 December 2018
26
```