1-PAKISTAN-ZINDABAD-P-1 (2)

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Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
Introduction
The "Pakistan Zindabad" is written by "John Walton” . The essay "Pakistan Zindabad
gives a detailed portrayal of the character of the founder of Pakistan. The essay also
discusses the days when the movement of Pakistan was in progress but the main
theme lies In the portrayal of this great leader.
In the first part of the essay it is stated how our Quaid was received at Karachi on the
7th of August 1947. The second part take us back to 1933 when Ch. Rahmat Ali
coined the word Pakistan as the name of a Muslim state.
Summary
The essay "Pakistan Zindabad" gives a detailed portrayal of the character of the
founder of Pakistan. The essay also discusses the days when the movement of
Pakistan was in progress but the main theme lies in the portrayal of this great leader.
In the first part of the essay it is stated how our Quaid was received at Karachi on
the 7th of August, 1947. The first thing to mention about is the appearance of our
great leader in his dignified personality and the neat dress. From this we gather that
he had a decent personality.
The next thing to mention is the dull expression of our Quaid-e-Azam which is further
explained in his seriousness, calmness and severity
(seriousness).
But this was not to
show that he was a cold hearted person, as revealed in the brief smile the people
observed when he looked at the crowd cheering in the street outside.
Then the force of his personality and his determination are mentioned and it was
his one of determination that made him the founder of Pakistan in spite of so many
obstacles. The most important thing of this section of the essay is a quotation from
him in which he gives vent (opening , warning) to his broad mindedness and his
liberal attitude toward the people of Pakistan.
Though a firm Muslim he was not the least prejudiced (adverse ) against other sects
or people of other religions. He advocated for freedom both religious and legal and
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
believed in equality between all the citizens of states irrespective of caste, religion or
sects.
The next part of the essay gives another quotation from the Quaid in which he gives
the message of decision after a long deliberation and determination to stand by it. It
was his force of determination that made Pakistan a matter of faith for him.
Our Quaid was basically a constitutionalist. He believed in peaceful measures and
was very sorry to see a long series of violence between the Hindus and the Muslims
during partition days. In spite of "this communal clashes he never believed in a
permanent hostility between the Hindus and the Muslims. He believed that "Yet an
enemy of today is a friend of tomorrow".
To conclude our Quaid was a broad minded, a constitutionalist, a man of strong
determination and a believer in peace.
Questions and Answers
Q.No.1: What do you understand about the Quaid-e-Azam from the
lesson, "Pakistan Zindabad"?
The Quaid-e-Azam is the founder and the father of the nation. He was a man of sterling
qualities. He started his political career by joining the Congress Party but soon 118 left
the party when he came to know the actual policies of the Hindus, after leaving
Congress he joined The Muslim League in 1913, and started a long struggle for the
cause of Pakistan. His greatness lies in the integrity of his character.
Q.No.2: Who was the first Governor General of Pakistan?
The Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first governor General and
the originator of Pakistan.
Q.No.3: Why the Quaid-e-Azam was not feeling proud even after receiving a
warm welcome by the people of the newly created country?
Though the Ouaid-e-Azarn was happy on the creation of an independent state for
the Muslims yet he was not excited mainly because of the thoughts of the Muslims
killed during the struggle for independence, and being killed and looted in their
attempt to cross the borders.
,
Q.No.4: After the creation of Pakistan what did the Quaid-e-Azam address his
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
people at Karachi?
The Quaid-e-Azam addressed his people "You are free to go to your temples, you
are free to go to your mosque or to any place of worship in the state of Pakistan.
You may belong to any religion or caste .We are all citizens and equal citizens of
one 'State' . In this speech the Quaid-e-Azam was reminding them of the teachings
of the Holy Prophet (Peace be upon Him) that all humans are equal in the eyes of
God
Q.No.5: Why the Muslims of the India demanded a separate state?
The Muslims of India demanded a separate state for them because Hindus of
India were not ready to give equal rights to the Muslims.
Q.No.6: What meaning proposes the name "Pakistan"?
The meaning of Pakistan is holy living place as, “Pak” means the spiritually
pure and clean and “Stan” means the residing place.
People of the newly created country welcomed "Dawn" newspaper during the
struggle for Pakistan.
Why:
Though there were many newspapers at that time but all were owned either by
the Hindus or the British so there was nothing for them to give true- and impartial
information of the events that's why the people of Pakistan welcomed the paper
of their own.
Q.No.7: Why did Kashmir not join Pakistan?
Kashmir could not join Pakistan mainly because of the Hindu Maharaja who owned
Kashmir and treacherously sold it to India and kept his Muslim subjects away from
Pakistan.
Q.No.8: Who was the last viceroy of India and which orders were given to him by
British government?
Lord Mountbatten was the last viceroy of India who was who was assigned the
just division of the sub-continent and handover the power to the newly established
governments.
Q.No.9: When and where Pakistan resolution was passed?
Pakistan resolution was passed in Lahore on 23rd March, 1940.
Q.No.10: State briefly what was decided in Pakistan Resolution?
In Pakistan resolution it was decided that India must be divided into two states
namely India and Pakistan, the Muslim majority states must be included in
Pakistan and the regions of Hindu majority "must be included in India.
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
Q.No.11: What was the population of Pakistan at the time of
independence?
The population of Pakistan at the time of independence was seventy
million.
Q.No.12: What rank Pakistan holds in size and population?
Pakistan holds the rank of fifth largest nation and biggest Muslim country of the
world
Q.No.13: Which were the provinces that voted to join Pakistan?
Sindh, North West frontier province, Balouchistan, west Punjab, sylhet and East
Bengal.
Q.No.14: Why does the writer apply the word "terrible" to the first year of
Pakistan's history as an independent state?
Because it was the period of extreme political disturbance, violence and cruelty, the
Muslims of India had achieved their independence after a long and untiring
struggle. They had sacrificed their lives and properties and half a million had been
taken as prisoner. Nearly half a million people had to leave their homes to seek
refuge. This dark and barbaric (cruel) period was called a terrible period for
Muslims of India
Q.No.15: The enemy of today is the friend of tomorrow. Who said this, explains.
It was said by the Quaid-e-Azam because he wanted to maintain the friendly
relations with these two nations.
Q.No.16: Who begged for the peace and why?
The Quaid-e-Azam begged for the peace because he was totally against violence.
Q.No.17: Who were the former enemies of the Quald-e-Azam and the Muslims
of subcontinent and why?
Hindus were the former enemies of the Quaid-e-Azam and the Muslims of
sub continent because they did not want to see separate state of Muslims in
the subcontinent.
Q.No.18: What Is meant by "begged for peace and friendship"?
Begged for peace and friendship" means asked for the peace and friendship.
The Quaid-e-Azam always extended his hand of friendship towards India and
requested the Hindus to maintain peace and
stop killing of Muslims and destroying their property.
Q.No.19: What was the decision taken by the Muslims?
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
The historic decision taken by the Muslims was Pakistan resolution, which
meant establishment of Pakistan.
Q.No.20: Why was the Quald-e-Azam justified in declaring," No power on
earth can prevent Pakistan"?
The enthusiasm of the Muslims to get their separate state was the key to the
creation of Pakistan, the historic events have proved that during the struggle all
the Muslims were united to achieve their country and this courage of Muslims
encouraged the Quaid-e-Azam to say so.
Q.No.21: What made the Muslims stand by their decision?
Unity, Faith and discipline made the Muslims stand by their decision.
Q.No.22: Briefly sketch the character of the Quaid-e-Azam?
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the great leader of Muslims in the history of Pakistan.
He headed the cause and stood for self- determination for the weak and sick nation.
He was man of principle and determination, he never yielded to temptations which
were offered to him, he struggled hard for the achievement of Pakistan, in short he
is the father and founder of Pakistan.
Q.No.23: Where Is the tomb of the Quaid-e-Azam?
His people buried him in Karachi (in the middle of the city)
Q.No.24: The Quald-e-Aza.m is in the heart of his people means?
Though the Quaid-e-Azam has died but his memory would continue to live in
the hearts of people to whom he had given a sense of liberty and life of dignity in
a separate homeland of their own.
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
MCQs
A shining aircraft was circling over the airport of:
1.
(a) Maripur.t
(c) India
(b) Islamabad
(d) Lahore
The person who first appeared from the airplane was a/an:
2.
(a) tall man .t
(c) fat man
3.
He was wearing a white:
(a) sherwanl.t
(c) cap
4.
(b) captured
(d) killed./
Quaid-e-Azam was a man of very strong:
(a) feellngs./
{c} hands
9.
(b) Pakistan. l
(d) Karachi
The reason of his silence was .that he was worried about those
people who had
been:
(a) wounded
(c) drowned
8.
(b) Pakistan Zindabad
(d) army Zindabad
Quaid-e-Azam was the first governor general of:
(a) India
(c) Punjab
7.
(b) pent
(d) jacket
The whole crowd cried with one voice:
(a) Quaid-e-Azam Zindabad
(c) India Zindabad
5.
(b) short man
(d) slim man
(b) body
(d) friends
Quaid-e-Azam was tired and far from well but he had satisfaction
that he had achieved his:
(a) governorship
(c) money
(b )aim ./
(d) education
./
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
,10. Pakistan Is one of the greatest Muslim states of the:
(a). Asia
,(b) world./
{c) north
(d) west
11.Quaid-e-Azam said to his people that they were:
(a) killed
(c) bound
13.
(b) cruel
(d) free /
He allowed everyone to worship in their:
(b) religious place ,/
(d) church
(a) Masjid
(c) temple
14.
Quaid-e-Azam said that everyone is equal in the eyes of:
(b) leader
(d) parents
(a) God.t
(c) poet
Pakistan Resolution was passed in:
(a) 1938
(c) 1940.t
16.
(b) 1939
(d) 1941
In Pakistan Resolution it was decided that there should be a separate country
for Muslims in those parts of India where they were in:
17.
(b) minority.t
(d) power
(a) majority
(c) equality
18. The name Pakistan was invented by:
(a) Quaid-e-Azam
(b) Choudhury Rehmat
(c) Allama Iqbal
(d) Liaquat Ali Khan
Ali"
19.
The Pakistan is the mixture of the languages:
(a) Urdu and Persian"
(c) Urdu and Arabic
20.
(b) Urdu and English
(d) Urdu and Punjabi
The word Pakistan means:
(a) The land of Pakistani people
(c) The land of pure people .t
(b) The land 0 f all the Muslim
(d) The land of brave people
21. Choudhury Rehmat Ali was the student of:
Pakistan Zindabad
By: John Walton
(a) Cambridge unlverslty.t
(c) Oxford university
(b) Kansas university
(d) Karachi university
22. Quaid -e-Azam said that we should think hundred times before our:
(a) study
(:c) talk
,
.
(b) decision./
(d) career
23. Quaid-e -Azam said that no power on earth can prevent:
(a)' Paklsant
(b) India'
,(c) America
(d) China"
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