The social impact of foreign workforce on the local community in Malaysia ...(9)

advertisement
CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION
3
INTRODUCTION
3
PROBLEM STATEMENT
4
OBJECTIVES
4
SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY
4-5
LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
5
DEFINITIONS OF TERMS
5
CHAPTER 2 : LITERATURE REVIEW
6-12
CHAPTER 3 : METHODOLOGY
13
OVERVIEW
13
SELECTION OF PARTICIPANT
13
DATA GATHERING INSTRUMENTS
13-14
DATA COLLECTION TECHNIQUES
14
DATA ANALYSIS
14
CONCLUSION
15
1
CHAPTER 4 : RESULT AND DISCUSSION
18
PIE CHART
16-25
GRAPH
26-28
CHAPTER 5 : CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
29
CONCLUSION
29-30
RECOMMENDATION
30
CHAPTER 6 : REFERENCES
31
Questionairre
32-33
2
CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION
1.1
Introduction
Since the technology has evolve, especially information technology, it
eliminate boundry between nation. Todays, countries are more open to the
outside world, opening their border for maximizing theirs economic potential.
In Asia, especially in Southeast Asia, ASEAN (Association of Southeast
Asian Nations) their internatioanal organization like EU (Europe Union) in
Europe has AEC (Asean Economic Community) which is an agreement
between Southeast Asia Nation to work together to develope their economy,
which mean there will be more economic activity resulting people more freely
to move between nation for work and settle, and this community is active in the
last 2015. From where it was limited, now it is more open. From which there
had been friction between these foreign workers with locals, now with more
foreign worker coming in perhaps things will getting worse.
Malaysia is always been a destination of foreign workers, since Malaysia
is one of the more develope country than other South East Asia country. With
this achievement, workforce from neighbouring country are willing to work in
Malaysia hoping for their life changing into better ones.
Not all foreign workforces arrival always fill with peace, there will be a
view trouble. Even it begins with good intention which is to improve their life
standard, not all the workers are well behave, some of the workers are do crime,
some workers are come in ilegally, and other adverse behavior. But we cannot
just blame the foreign workforce, some times their employer dont treat them
fairly, abuse them maybe and force these workers to do things that cannot be
measured, negative behavior. Like anarchy and violance.
Thats why their should be control, by the country which is Malaysia
government. Their main role to establish stability, and security of the country
are important. To do that, they need to understand, thoughfull, and have a
consideration. Study on what and how big the social impact of foreign workforce
on the local community in Malaysia will be very helpfull to future refferences.
3
1.2
Problem Statement
Understand the social impact of foreign workforce on the local community in
Malaysia is valuable. Because having knowledge about it, can give an insight
and guide what action or preventive action can be done.
Reason why, from data-data available shows the increasing number of foreign
workforce coming in each year, not included the illegals. Without limitation or
control, this will lead to various problems. With more worker coming in, some
maybe start not to following the regulation/rules apply, especially the illegals.
Then disrupt the harmony of the community they live in. Because bad attitude
perhaps, or new culture that not suitable with the local culture.
Other than that, after for a while local workers start to think, foreign workforce
steal job opportunities since lot of foreign workforce filling up all the works,
because most of the company prefer to hire foreign workforces because of the
cheap wages they take.
And at the end, eventuallyy hatred grows among local to these foreign
workforces
1.3
Research Objective
1. To identify the social impact of foreign workforce on the local community in
Malaysia.
2. To identify two perspective of people that working with and without foreign
workforce
1.4
Significance of Study – Benefits
The findings of the study are claimed to be significant to:
Student
: Study the socio impact of foreign workforce on the local
community giving new insight, and better understanding so in the future student
of UniKl MIMET will not face the foreign workforce with prejudice
4
Future Research
: This might serve as a related study for other research
papers dealing with the same topic.
Furthermore, the outcome of this study will give advantages to UNIKL MIMET
1.5
Limitation
The study that has been conducted, are more common in defining the foreign
workforce. The study didnt mention the nationality of the foreign workforce, ore
which area they are working, was it in the plantation, construction, or other area.
So there are a few potential weaknesses for this study.The first potential
weakness for this study is the study has lack of focus on the subject that should
be studied resulting not very precise results. Second because the sensitivity of
the topic, and given by Indonesian exchange students the questionnaire that
will be given out to local people are will affecting the opinion that will given by
the respondents.
1.6
Definition of Terms
Social Impact means Influence or the result of an event, circumstances, policies
that result in changes, both positive and negative for the social environment
and social circumstances.
Social fabric is The composite demographics of a defined area, which consists
of its ethnic composition, wealth, education level, employment rate and regional
values.
5
CHAPTER 2 : LITERATURE REVIEW
Each country in this world has foreign workforces working in its system. They have
bring some change in the country the work for. This changes that we will discuss.
There are researches, and papers already discussed same topic about impact of
foreign workforce to the local society in Malaysia. But they discussed it with different
point of view, like what is the impact to the tourism, or manufacturing sector, or to the
labour market or the construction site for example, or another one in different country
like Singapore, Canada, Cyprus, Indonesia and etc. In this paper/researches the
objective is to find the Social impact.
First Objective
Amalia , N. (2014, January 14) Stated in her blog that “impact of social change is a
continuous social process in the life of society, related to the shift of the functioning of
the system and social structure so as to change the pattern of behavior of members
of the community.” She classified into two kind of impact. Positive Impact and Negative
impact.
1. Positive Impact
Demonstrate that social change gives effect to progress in people's lives.
a. The development of science and technology
The development of science and technology can change the old values into
new values that encourage innovations that can facilitate people's lives
toward social change towards modernization.
b. Created new job opportunities
Can encourage the industrialization and development of multinational
companies. With the development of the company globally and the opening
of small industries, there are many jobs to absorb the maximum workforce.
c. Created a professional workforce
To support industrial competition requires a workforce with high skills, skills,
expertise, and professionalism.
d. New values and norms are formed
6
Values are good, important, valued and norms are rules of value.
e. Effectiveness and work efficiency increases
Effectiveness and efficiency of work is always related to the use of
production tools that can produce products faster, more, and targeted.
2. Negative Impacts
Indicates the losses experienced by the community, the loss is material or nonmaterial.
a. Social disintegration occurs
Disintegration occurs because of revolutions, social inequalities, and
difference in interests that can encourage division within society.
b. There was regional upheaval
Regional upheaval may arise due to:
- Economic disparities
- Not paying attention to the order of life
- Ignore values and norms
- Differences in religion, race, ethnicity and politics
c. Juvenile delinquency
Emerging from the influence of social change, the values of western cultural
liberty are adopted without adjusting to the conditions of culture itself.
d. There is environmental damage
e. The existence of customs decreases
The value of custom is increasingly abandoned by society because it is
considered not in accordance with the times, and replaced with the value of
modern culture.
f. Social institutions are not functioning optimally
Misuse and misuse of authority.
g. A worldly view emerges
- Consumerism, understand / ideology that makes a person consume /
use the goods excessively.
7
- Secularization, a notion that separates world affairs from religious
affairs.
- Hedonism, a view that considers life aims to seek as much happiness
as possible and avoid painful prejudices.
With these referrences we try to configure what will be the kind impact of the
foreign workforce on the local community in Malaysia. Sure does from the example
given we will not clarified one by one. We will only classified it into two which is positive
and negative social impact.
Second Objective
In Nin, A., & McEvill, W. (1961) cited in her book Seduction of Minotour that
“We don’t see things as they are; we see them as we are.” From this word people tend
to look at situations, events, and interpret what other people say and do, according to
our own set of past experiences, culture, faith, values, all of which help us form our
beliefs about ourselves, about others, and about the world in general. The meaning
we give events, the way we make sense of our world, is based upon our set of core
beliefs.
People that not know close with foreign workforce might have different
perspective from other people that know them. People that workwith them, close to
them. People that already consider their fellow foreign workforce as a friends.
Our minds are constantly trying to make sense of our world, forming
judgements and opinions about every situation, event, and interaction. Those
judgements and opinions will be affected by our central or core belief system and
experinced. It is as though we are looking at the world through distorted or coloured
lenses - and everyone has their own personal prescription or colour for their glasses.
This is will be our second objective, that to finds out, to identify if is there any
different perspective or different opinion from people that never have any experienced
working with foreign workforce and people that have.
8
Foreign Workforce
Mohamed, R. K. M. H., SPR, C. R., & Yacob, P. (2012) stated “A foreign worker
is a person who employed in a country on a temporary basis to which the person is
not a citizen. Those workers are including
skill and unskilled legal and illegal
workers”
Number of foreign worker in Malaysia is
increasing each year. Because of a few
reason.
According to Chu, M. M. (2015). The
Number Of Foreign Workers In Malaysia
Is Greater Than The Population of Some
Nations. “
9
As you can see here number of foreign workforce in Malaysi alread reach 2++ Milllions
since the last decades.
Local Worker
Mohamed, R. K. M. H., SPR, C. R., & Yacob, P. (2012) Local workers in
Malaysia define as a potential workforce born in Malaysia and exceptional is also given
to citizen who holds Malaysian Permanent Resident. Those local workers are including
skill and unskilled qualification.
Number of local worker are increasing each year, together with the growth of
the Malaysia population.
Impact of Foreign Workers Employment on Local Employability
Literature review suggests that employability is about work and the ability to be
employed, such as the ability to gain initial employment, to maintain employment and
10
make ‘transitions’ between jobs and roles within the same organization to meet new
job requirements, and to obtain new employment if required. Hillage and Pollard,
define employability to a person's capability for gaining and maintaining employment
(1998). An alternative account of employability takes a more relative approach. Brown
and Hesketh (2004) define employability as ‘the relative chances of getting and
maintaining different kinds of employment’ .
According to the Ministry of Human Resource Malaysia (2010), “foreigners are more
devoted to their job, when they are given additional work, because of their urge
towards the job and the wages; an exact opposite of the local employees, who
normally give reasons to avoid from working extra hours, and decide things last
minute.” So it will increase the rates of unemployment among the local workers. In the
end companies feel more efficient having foreign workforce. Which will be a threat to
local workers, resulting high unemployement rate of local workers. Eventually, it ends
up with locals’ lower purchasing power; giving negative effects to Malaysia’s growth of
economy.
Crime Issues
Mohamed, R. K. M. H., SPR, C. R., & Yacob, P. (2012) also “Numbers of foreign
workers are increased from year to year whereby assisting companies to save costs
by employed labors in lower scale salary. But, this caused unemployment rate
increased among the local workers and thus uncertainty is possible at the same time
by increased in such activities like crime, culture and illegal strikes”
We have data shown crime activities in Malaysia retrieving from KNOMAD (Knowledge
partnership On Migration and Developement), a well known agencies, from 2003-2010
11
Seen this, data for the past 10 years show that crime rates for immigrant are lower
than for Malaysians, except in murders. Proofing that the most of the crimes were
conducted by locals, but we cant ignore the factor that the foreign who influence the
amount of crime itself.
Mohamed, R. K. M. H., SPR, C. R., & Yacob, P. (2012) also said “Another issue is
that locals are being deprived and discriminated in their rewards system. Local
workers are threatened by foreign workers’ low requirement of payment, quality of
work, and other fringe benefits. Foreign workers who can bear with lower incomes and
unfavorable terms and conditions of employment are more sought by local employers,
since main purpose of foreign workers is to gain sufficient income in a short period of
time. In this point of view, Malaysian local workers are not being protected against
cheap foreign labor.”
No governement intervention about protection policy that protect local workers from
cheap foreign labor.
The Malaysian government should be more concider on reducing the number of
foreign workers by increasing the levies, in order to reduce the dependency of
Malaysian employers on foreign workers was put to a stop by the outsourcing
companies whereby their main income comes from recruitment of foreign workers.
12
CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY
3.1
Overview
This research project has been conducted to study the social impact of foreign
workforce on the local community in Malaysia. Based on this research, a particular
methodology which is close – ended question, which is questionnaire has been used
to conduct this research. This research survey has been conducted to all the local
people in Sri Manjung Area. Then, the results of this data have been gathered and
have been interpreting as in pie chart data. All of the answers provided by each person
were treated privately and confidentially
3.2
Selection of Participants
We set the minimum amount of participants up to 20 local people that we think
are Malaysians and old enough to have enough work experience that we will give the
questionnaire to complete this research survey. We manage to get 20 people from two
different location, the first location is in Masjid Nurul Hidayah in Sri Manjung ,
distributes by Farhan and Syamsu, and the second location is from Kedai Makan
distributes by Muiz. To get the best result from this research, all of the person had
been advised to give a clear and proper answer for the entire question given. This is
because to give a proper answer that answers the research objective. Moreover, each
of the person profile has been keep confidentially and only will be use in the research
purpose only. The selection of participants are mostly given to a randomly people
finished their Mahgrib and Isya prayer which is the researchers do not know about
their background and their opinion towards foreign workforce. Based on the
observations, some of the people are having trouble to answer the questionnaire
properly because didn’t understand English very well, but they all are reading the
questions very carefully and few of the people are answering the questionnaire
perfunctory
3.3
Data Gathering Instruments
In this research project, the methods that have been used are the close ended
question. This method are easier to analyse, than open-ended question which has
13
more broad meaning. After that, the result from this research will be analyse and
interpret using a pie chart.
3.3.1 Type of Questionnaires
For this research project, a set of close-ended question has given out to the local
people and it is the questionnaire methods. This questionnaire consists of five level of
agreement, which is strongly disagreeing, disagree, neutral, agree, and strongly
disagree. In addition, this questionnaire has been separate into two parts based on
the research objectives and it consists of 15 questions for the first part and 5 question
for the second part. By using this method, the structure of the result will be more
accurate and lead to a good feedback from the local people as on what the person
opinion towards foreign workforce. Thus, all the result from the questionnaire will be
derived and fill in the result of the research.
3.4
Data Collection Techniques
After conducting the questionnaire, the result has been gather by dividing it into
people that has been work with foreign workforce and who did not. Based on the
survey, there are about five questionnaires that filled by people did not have any
experience working with foreign workforce . In that case, there are various feedbacks
from the people towards each of the question. Hence, to make it easier to collect the
data, each of the questionnaire are calculated thoroughly by each researchers by
dividing equally and key in the excel data.
3.5
Data Analysis
For the data analysis, all the results from people feedback are being analysed
thoroughly by each of the researchers. In order to achieve the objectives of the report,
the average of the data for all courses are measured through excels and will be
interprets by using the pie chart to see the differences based on the objectives. From
this method, the data each of the people then will be calculate in the form of
percentages. In simpler terms, the final data that have been collected will be easier to
discuss and easy to determine through the evaluation process.
14
3.6
Conclusion
This chapter were done to study the opinion of local people in Sri Manjung towards
foreign workforce in Malaysia affects their social/daily life. In this cases study, most
of the feedback from the local people has answered the objectives report through the
twenty questionnaires given. By using charts, the collected will be much easier to
analyse.
15
CHAPTER 4 : RESULT AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Personal Opinion Aspect ( Pro or Con to the Subject)
From question 1, 40% from 20 local
people
foreign
strongly
disagree
workforces
are
that
not
increasing the competition to local
worker. This shows that the foreign
workforces have a big influence in
increasing the compitition. How
ever none of all the opinion reach
more than 50% vote than other
opinion. But still the reason why is
because
the
employers
prefer
foreign worker over local workers
because of invariably paid at a
lower rate than local workers and usually do not receive benefits, such as healtcare or
pensions that would raise the costs to employers. So, the goverment have to control
over the use of foreign workers
2. I think foreign workforces are
not affecting the wages in
Malaysia
s trongly
a gree
0%
a gree
16%
For question number 2, the highest
data is 42% of the local people
choose
disagree
that
foreign
worforces are not affecting the
s trongly
di sagree
26%
wages in Malaysia. This answer is
relevant with the answer of number
one, that the companies prefers
neutral
16%
foreign wokrkers than local workers
due to the lower wages of foreing
workers, thus affecting the wages
di sagree
42%
value in that area.
16
3. I think foreign workforces
help the community they live in
s trongly
di sagree
5%
For question 3, there are 40% of the
loca community choose disagree
and neutral that foreign workforces
are help the community they llive in.
s trongly
a gree a gree
15%
0%
This shows that the Malaysian
people feel foreign workers who live
with them do not help their social
di sagree
40%
life such as cleanliness, littering
and ignoring the environment.
neutral
40%
4. I think foreign workforces are
contributing significance to the country
Question 4 shows that 55% of the
s trongly
di sagree
di sagree
10%
5%
foreign workers are contributing
s trongly
a gree
5%
local people choose agree that
significance to the country. This
indicate that the role of foreign
workers is indispensable for the
advancement
development.
neutral
25%
of
A
state
significant
contribution to the country such as
a gree
55%
increase
foreign
exchange,
establish good relations with other
countries and increase the state
money.
17
5. I think Malaysia depends on foreign
workforce
s trongly
a gree
25%
s trongly
di sagree
0%
For question 5, 40% of the locals
people choose agree that Malaysia
depend on foreign workforce. This
indicate
that
almost
from
all
strategic sector there are many
di sagree
20%
foreign workforces, such as in
restaurant,
neutral
10%
foodstalls,
maids,
gardens, construction sites, factory
workers and more.
a gree
45%
For question no 6, there are 55% of
6. I think only ilegal workforce cause
problem to the community
locals
s trongly
di sagree
10%
people
choose
strongly
agree that only ilegal workforce
cause problem to the community.
This
di sagree
10%
shows
that
the
Malaysia
people are very disturbed by foreign
workers is causing a lot of crime
s trongly
a gree
55%
and increased criminal offenses
neutral
20%
due to foreign workers who do not
have official permission or illegal
workers.
a gree
5%
18
7. I think Malaysia can't be
independent from foreign workforces
s trongly
a gree
15%
For question 7, the highest data
obtain is 25% choose neutral that
Malaysia
s trongly
di sagree
20%
can’t be independent
without foreign workforces. This
indicate that the Malaysian people
are
still
doubtful
independence
a gree
20%
of
their
of
the
country
without foreign workers. But in term
di sagree
20%
of the total precentage addition of
agree and stongly agree is 35%
neutral
25%
which is indicate that some of the
Malaysian people still believe that
their country can be independent
without foreign workers.
Question 8 shows 40% the local
8. I think Malaysian people are not
willing to replace the work of foreign
workforces works
s trongly
a gree
5%
s trongly
di sagree
10%
people agree that they are not
willing to replace the work of foreign
workforces works. The researcher
di sagree
10%
think that The researcher think that
many jobs may not be desired by
local
a gree
40%
workers.
Thus,
giving
opportunities to foreign workers
neutral
35%
19
9. I think foreign workforces are not too
many in Malaysia
s trongly
a gree a gree
5%
0%
For question no 9, the highest
precentage
achieve
is strongly
disagree with 60% from 20 local
people that foreign workers are not
too many in Malaysia. This shows
neutral
10%
that the
Malaysian people are
disturbed by the number of foreign
workers in this country, because it
di sagree
25%
s trongly
di sagree
60%
a gree
0%
rate in Malaysia for the local people
Question no 10, there are 45%
10. I think foreign workforces are not
already a part of Malaysia
s trongly
a gree
15%
can be increase the unemployment
choose
disagree
that
foreign
workers are not already a part of
s trongly
di sagree
15%
Malaysia. This shows that foreign
workers
are
already
part
of
Malaysia in terms of developing
their countries and improving the
ability of local communities.
neutral
25%
di sagree
45%
20
11. I think foreign workforces new
culture not affecting Malaysia culture
s trongly
a gree
0%
Question 11 shows that 35% of the
Malaysian people answer neutral
that foreign workforces new culture
s trongly
di sagree
20%
a gree
15%
affecting Malasyia culture. But in
term of total precentage addition of
agree and strongly agree are 50%
which indicate that half of the
Malaysian people aware that the
neutral
35%
new
di sagree
30%
culture
workforces
from
foreign
affect the
Malaysia
culture. Refer to percentage of the
Malaysian
people
that
choose
neutral, it also shows that 35% of
the Malaysia people do not aware of the affecting of the Malaysia culture caused by
foreign workforces culture
For question no 12, there are 45%
12. I think foreign workforces, enjoy
working in Malaysia
the
s trongly
di sagree
0%
di sagree
10%
s trongly
a gree
45%
Malaysian
people
strongly
agree that foreign workforces are
enjoy working in Malaysia. This is
shows that the Malaysian society
neutral
10%
sees the foreign workers fullfilled
their lives. Due to economy growth,
the foreign workers increases the
need for facilities, their lifestyle and
a gree
35%
place of residence
21
13. I think the foreign workforces help
the connection with the other country
market
s trongly
a gree
10%
s trongly
di sagree
15%
For question no 13, 40% of the
Malaysian people choose agree
that
foreign workers
help
the
connection with the other country
market. According to researchers
that foreign workers can help the
local market to sell their goods
di sagree
15%
aboard. Because foreign workers
can help companies in developing
a gree
40%
their business, increase investor
neutral
20%
confidence and can icrease ability
to compete in global market
14. I think the foreign workforces help
increase the economy of the country
s trongly
a gree
15%
s trongly di sagree
di sagree 5%
5%
Question 14 shows that 40% agree
that
foreign
workforces
help
increase the Malaysia economy.
This shows that. The Malaysian
people believe that foreign workers
help create demand for skilled
Malaysian
neutral
30%
contribute
employees
to
economic growth
a gree
45%
22
the
and
country’s
15. I think the foreign workforces filled
the unwanted job
s trongly
di sagree
10%
s trongly
a gree
35%
Question no 15 , there are 35% of
the
Malaysian
people
choose
strongly agree that the foreign
di sagree
0%
workforces filled the unwanted job.
This answer is relevant with the
answer
of number
eight. The
researchers think that local workers
neutral
25%
may not want that job. Thus,
providing opportunities to foreign
workers
a gree
30%
16. I think foreign workforces that work
have competency to do the job
s trongly
a gree
0%
For question no 16, 63% of the
Community
choose
s trongly
di sagree
19%
people in Malaysia
agree
that
foreign
workforces have a competency to
do their job. This shows that the
competence of foreign workers is
di sagree
6%
better than local workers. Because
the Malaysian goverment has set
a gree
63%
neutral
12%
the standard of ability fo foreign
workers in terms of increasing their
skills in every company and every
field of work
23
17. I think foreign workforces are good
work partner
s trongly
a gree
13%
s trongly
di sagree
12%
For Question no 17, the highest
percentage is 44% choose neutral
that foreign workforces are good for
work partner. This shows that some
di sagree
6%
Malaysian people believe in terms
of working together with foreign
workforces is a good thing. In
a gree
25%
addition, foreign workers who have
good ability can be a trainer partner
of Malaysian employees. But, if the
neutral
44%
record of foreifn workers who come
in accordance with the rules that
have been determined
Question no 18 shows that there
18. I think foreign workforces work
harder than the local worker
are 44% of the Malaysian people
s trongly
di sagree
12% di sagree
0%
choose strongly agree that the
foreign workforces
work
harder
than the local worker. From the data
obtain, this tells that the Malaysian
s trongly
a gree
44%
people
neutral
25%
don’t
have
a
high
confidence to be able to compete
with
foreign
workforces.
The
second opinion is the Malaysian
a gree
19%
goverment may not provide a more
opportunities
to
the
people
of
Malaysia. Therefore many foreign
workforces get a strategic position in the Malaysian companies
24
19. I think foreign workforces has the
commitment and dedication
For question 19, the highest vote is
44% agree that foreign workforces
has
s trongly
di sagree
19%
s trongly
a gree
25%
the
commitment
and
dedication. Researcher believes
that
di sagree
0%
foreign
workforces
contribute
to
can
improving
performance their companies such
neutral
12%
as
makes
a
team
work,
a
companies work and civilization
work more better
a gree
44%
For the last question, shows that
20. I think foreign workforces has not
difficulties to communicate and
interact to Malaysian
s trongly
a gree
19%
50% of the
choose
s trongly
di sagree
0%
Malaysian
disagree
that
people
foreign
workforce has not difficulties to
communicate
and
interact
with
Malaysian people. This show that
a gree
0%
communicate
is
the
important
things to interact and talk to the
di sagree
50%
community people. This is indirectly
neutral
31%
shows that the foreign workforce
does not have a good person as a
social
creatures.
Malaysian
people
Thus,
the
knows
that
talking and interacting with foreign workforce is a must to establish good relationship
25
4.2 Working and Not Working
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Neutral
Working
STRONGLY AGREE
AGREE
NEUTRAL
DISAGREE
STRONGLY DISAGREE
Disagree
Strongly Disagree
Not Working
WORKING
24
34
38
30
34
NOT WORKING
38
67
46
39
28
From the Working / Not Working level graph, there are 2 condition. Each opinion
answer indicate how local feels toward foreign workforce. We already design all our
question if the answer Strongly Agree or Agree it means the locals have positive view
towards foreign workforce and if it does not agree or strongly disagree then the local
population has a negative view of foreign workers. The table show total sum of the
answers from strongly agree to strongly disagree. From the graph, The local that
working or has a job now, has a combination strongly disagree and disagree more
than strongly agree and agree. SA + A = 58, and SD + D = 64 Strongly Agree (SA)
Agree (A) Strongly Disagree (SD) Disagree (D) answer. This shows that the working
local mostly have a negative view toward the foreign workforce. On the other hand
local people that do not work, or mostly pension people because most people that we
interviewed were 50++ have more positive view towards foreign workforce. It can be
seen by the sum of their answer SA + A = 105 and SD + D = 67. Researches believe
26
most of the people that have been interviewed are mostly have a positive view towards
foreign workforce because the number of people that has negative view in Working
category dont have much different from the amount of people that has positive view.
And Researches believe why people from the Not Working category mostly have
positive view because of the old ages and experiences they have lead to a better
understanding.
4.3 Working with foreigner / Not working with foreigner
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Strongly Agree
Agree
Neutral
Working with Foreign
Disagree
Not Working with Foreign
WORKING WITH FOREIGN
STRONGLY AGREE
AGREE
NEUTRAL
DISAGREE
STRONGLY DISAGREE
Strongly Disagree
60
94
66
41
42
NOT WORKING WITH
FOREIGN
11
21
18
14
11
According to our second objectives that another thing that we try to find out is there
any different perception between people that have the experience of working with
foreign workforce and people who didn’t. The data we manage to obtain is from the
percentage of people that answer the spesicific question. As we know the specific
question was meant to people that have working experience with foreign workforce.
Same as before, the question we made were designed to have the answer shows
positive view towards foreign workforce if Strongly Agree (SA) or Agree (A), and
27
negative view if Strongly Disagree (SD) or Disagree (D). From the data, peopla that
have working experience with foreign workforce shows mostly of them have positive
view towards foreign workforce. It can be seen by the amount of people choose
strongly agree and agree is greater than people choose strongly disagree and
disagree, SA + A = 60 + 94 = 154 > SD + D = 42 + 41 = 83. Researchers believe most
of the people that have working experienced with foreign workforce have different
understanding and have positive view because these people know them differently
than people who didn’t work with foreign workforce. Same result were showed from
people that didn’t have any experienced working with foreign workforce. Data shows
mostly of them choosed Strongly Agree and Agree over Strongly Disagree and
Disagree, SA + A = 11 + 21 = 32 > SD + D = 14 + 11 = 25 . This indirectly shows that
basicly ratio of local people that work and have positive, negative view towards foreign
workforce is not too big. Local people are divided in terms of opinion. But in general
local people concern about the foreign workforce in Malaysia still in minimum
condition.
28
CHAPTER 5 : CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1
Conclusion
For the conclusion, there are various opinion received from the local people in Sri
Manjung towards foreign workforce. They shows a various answers based on their
opinion and own experienced towards foreign workforce. From the result, it shows that
most of the local people in Sri Manjung that we have been given questionnaire agreed
that most of the foreign workforces give a positive social impact and most of them also
agreed that only illegals one who make problem.
5.1.1 First Objective
As the conclusion for the first objective, researcher come out that foreign workforce in
Sri Manjung and nearby area in general are gving positive social impact. Researcher
can see that the locals, working and not working, working with foreign workforce and
never working with foreign workforces still have a positive view towards them. And it
can be seen how seldom we all heard news that put foreign workforce on blame. Even
there are local people that show strongly disagree, example on one of the cases is the
told researchers that before malaysia full of foreign workforces, murder is consider
taboo or the worst thing that can happened. If there is murder, people will talk about it
in weeks. But after foreign workforce start to come and settle, murder is consider
ordinarry things. Their opinion is backed by the data availabe in literature review, but
it just show small amount of percentage foreign workforce. In conclusion most of
foreign workforce still give positive social impact towards community in Malaysia.
5.1.2 Second Objective
As the conclusion for the second objective, the researcher can come out that there are
various answer but shows mostly of the people are in the same perspective. Both
groups (Have experienced working with foreigner/ have none) most people result is
that they are have positive view towards foreign workforces.
29
5.2
Recommendation
Recommendations for this research are divided into two, which are for current
research, and for future research. For current research, there should be more control
and supervision but still humane from the government to the incomer foreign workforce
and the one that already here. Second researchers recommends to always see on
other perspectives to have more understanding about a subject.
For the future research, researchers recommend to increase the amount of
questionairre given, so it will bring more samples to analize and more insight for better
understanding. And the future research should be more focus on one specific area so
the result can be more significane and the benefit will be more real.
30
CHAPTER 6 : REFERENCES
Amalia, N. (2014, January 14). SOSIOLOGI. Retrieved Oktober 5, 2017, from
http://liamaliabetek.blogspot.my/2014/01/dampak-perubahan-sosial.html
Mohamed, R. K. M. H., SPR, C. R., & Yacob, P. (2012). The impact of employment
of foreign workers: Local employability and Trade Union roles in Malaysia.
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(10),
530.
Emigration | KNOMAD. (n.d.). Retrieved November 28, 2017, from
https://www.knomad.org/data/migration/immigrationArora, M. (2016). Personality
Development Tips : 10 Most Important Improvement Tips. Retrieved from
http://catchupdates.com/personality-development-tips/
Chu, M. M. (2015, March 18). The Number Of Foreign Workers In Malaysia Is
Greater Than The Population of These Nations. Retrieved November 10, 2017, from
http://says.com/my/news/the-number-of-foreign-workers-in-malaysia-is-greater-thanthe-population-of-these-nations
Nin, A., & McEvilly, W. (1961). Seduction of the Minotaur, Chicago, IL: Swallow
Press.
Social Impact. (n.d.). Retrieved October 5, 2017, from
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/social-impact.html
What is social fabric? definition and meaning. (n.d.). Retrieved Oktober 5, 2017, from
http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/social-fabric.html
Brown, P., Hesketh, A., & Wiliams, S. (2003). Employability in a knowledge-driven
economy. Journal of education and work, 16(2), 107-126.
Current Population Estimates, Malaysia, 2016-2017 . (n.d.). Retrieved November 10,
2017, from https://www.dosm.gov.my/v1/index.php
31
QUESTIONNAIRES
Dear Sir/Mam,
This questionnaire is handed out to you as a main practical part of a research study
entitled “The Social Impact of Foreign Workforce on The Local Community in
Malaysia”. Your answers are assumed to be of great help to the research findings. So,
please try your best to give as accurate, honest and authentic answers as you can.
You are kindly requested to tick the number of the corresponds to your degree of
agreement,
(Strongly Disagree=1 ; Disagree=2 ; Neutral=3 ; Agree=4 ; Strongly Agree=5)
AGE
:__________
GENDER
: Male/Female
Status
: Working/Not Working
(**) Answer it if your work involve foreign workforce
No
Questions
1
2
3
4
5
-
General Question
-
-
-
-
-
1
I think foreign workforces are not taking a lot of jobs
2
I think foreign workforces are not affecting the wages in
Malaysia
3
I think foreign workforces help the community they live in
4
I think foreign workforces are contribute significance to the
country
5
I think Malaysia depends on foreign workforce
6
I think only ilegal foreign workforce cause problem to the
community
7
I think Malaysia can not be independent without foreign
workforces
8
I think Malaysian people are not willing to replace the work of
foreign workforces works
9
I think foreign workforces are not too many in Malaysia
32
10
I think foreign workforces are not already a part of Malaysia
11
I think foreign workforce new culture not affecting Malaysia
culture
12
I think foreign workforces, enjoy working in Malaysia
13
I think the foreign workforce help the connection with the other
country market.
14
15
I think foreign workforce help increase the economy of the
country.
I think the foreign work force filled the unwanted job.
-
Specific Question**
16
17
I think foreign workforces that work have competency to do the
job
I think foreign workforces are a good work partner
18
I thnik foreign workforces work harder than the local worker
19
I think foreign workforce has the commitment and dedication.
20
I think foreign work force does not has any difficulties to
communicate and interact to Malaysian.
-
33
-
-
-
-
Download
Related flashcards
Create Flashcards