3 The American Homefront during WWII

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The United States in World War II: The Home Front
The U.S. Government
Doc A,
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Doc B,
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1. What did the United States need to do in order to win the war?
a. What was the role and purpose of the War Production Board?
b. What did the War Powers Act allow FDR to do?
c. How did the government raise an army?
d. Explain the intent of propaganda. What kind of symbols are
common in posters and images from the World War II era?
e. What is rationing? Why was it necessary?
f. What did Americans do to overcome the challenges of
shortages of materials during the war?
2. Explain the effect of the war on American industry and the
economy:
Doc C,
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Soldiers
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Doc B,
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1. Why were the military challenges of World War II different than in
the First World War for the United States?
a. How many men volunteered and were drafted into military
service during the war?
b. How did the United States get these men ready to fight the
war?
c. Why were American soldiers called “G.I.s”?
2. How did the U.S. government help keep morale up among soldiers
during the war?
Doc C,
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African Americans
Doc A,
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Doc B,
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1. During WWII, African Americans ______________ in the military
and at home
a. Why weren’t black soldiers allowed to fight in units integrated
with white soldiers?
b. Who were the Tuskegee airmen?
c. What economic opportunities continued for African Americans
at home that had begun during the First World War?
2. What kinds of discrimination continued during the Second World
War? How did black Americans begin to confront it?
a. Why did A. Philip Randolph plan a March on Washington?
Doc C,
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b. What was the result of the planned march?
Women
Doc A,
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Doc B,
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1. What opportunities did women have during the war?
a. How many women entered the workforce? What kinds of work
did they primarily do?
b. How many women joined the military? What was their primary
role in the military?
2. What effects did women going to work have on society during the
war?
3. Why were women forced out of factories and the jobs they held
during the war?
Doc C,
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Japanese Americans
Doc A,
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Doc B,
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Doc C,
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Discussion Questions:
1. What similarities do you
see between the
homefront efforts of WWI
and WWII? Differences?
2. What was the biggest
change on the U.S. home
front during WWII?
3. What were the positive
effects of the homefront
effort? Negatives?
1. What effect did propaganda have on how Americans viewed the
Japanese?
2. Why did President Roosevelt issue Executive Order 9066?
3. What effect did internment have on Japanese Americans and
American society?
4. Which group had it the
“best” during the war?
Who had it the “worst”?
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