ISO45K COMP 01 GL-EN

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OHSAS 18001:2007 | ISO 45001:2018
The new standard for
CONTENT
WHY THE CHANGE FROM
OHSAS TO ISO 45001:2018?
WHAT ARE THE MAIN
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ISO
45001:2018 AND BS OHSAS
18001:2007?
OCCUPATIONAL
HEALTH AND
SAFETY
COMPARISON GUIDE
O
rganizations are responsible for the health and safety of their
employees, which is why it is necessary to create a safe and healthy
work environment.
The purpose of ISO 45001:2018 is to help you create an
Occupational Health & Safety Management System, based on
minimizing occupational risks and improving the health and safety
of workers and overall working conditions.
For these reasons, your organization must provide your workers
with a safe and healthy work environment, proactively anticipating
the possible occurrence of incidents and avoiding any harm or
injuries.
The purpose of ISO 45001:2018 is to help you create an
Occupational Health and Safety Management System, based on
minimizing occupational risks and improving safety and working
conditions in general.
Thanks to the ISO 45001:2018 Occupational Health and Safety
Management System, you will be able to identify, analyse and
assess risks that affect your staff in order to take the appropriate
measures to improve the work environment.
2 GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
?
Why the change from BS OHSAS 18001:2007 to
ISO 45001:2018
ISO 45001:2018 is the ISO international standard published
by ISO that replaces the BS OHSAS 18001:2007 standard.
This change is mainly due to the heterogeneous nature that
BS OHSAS 18001:2007 displayed in different countries, in
addition to the difficulties of integration with other
standards such as ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015,
now solved with the integration of Annex SL.
ISO 45001:2018
Evolution of
corporate
concept
New approach to the definition of risk.
Review of the concept of workplace
and worker.
More accessible language for the
services sector, for which we talk
about risk identification and risk
control instead of hazards.
Safety Management is extended to all
the operations of the organization
increasing management Leadership
and worker participation.
It introduces new concepts such as
occupational well-being, risk and
opportunities.
The context of the organization and
the expectations of stakeholders are
of particular importance.
Evolution of
corporate
needs
Evolution of
safety concept
Documented planning to acheive
OH&S Objectives is a distinct feature.
Determination of scope of OH&SMS,
Which requires several additional
considerations
Evolution of
business
model
Integration
with other
management
systems
Uniformity of
regulations
BS OHSAS 18001:2007
WHAT WERE THE OBJECTIVES OF THE REVIEW?
The main objective of the review was to release a new
standard, understood and accepted by all, to allow an
organization to improve its results and performance in
health and safety and offer safe and healthy workspaces
to its workers and interested parties. ISO 45001:2018 also
offers:
GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
3
ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
COMMENTS
CONTENTS
FOREWORD
FOREWORD
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
0.1
Background
0.2
Aim of an OH&S
management system
0.3
Success factors
0.4
Plan-Do-CheckAct Cycle
0.5
Contents of this
document
1
SCOPE
1
SCOPE
More elaborate.
2
NORMATIVE
REFERENCES
2
NORMATIVE
REFERENCES
No NORMATIVE REFERENCES. References to 18002 & ILO Guidelines deleted.
3
TERMS &
DEFINITIONS
3
TERMS &
DEFINITIONS
37 definitions against 23. New definitions for term WORKER introduced .It is made clear that the work performed is under control of the
organization. The organization's responsibilities in WORKPLACE depends on the degree of control over the workplace. The term RISK includes
business risk in addition to OH&S risks. The terms RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES means OH&S risks, OH&S opportunities and other risks and
opportunities to the Management System. PARTICIPATION AND CONSULTATION are separately defined. Term INTERESTED PARTY more
elaborated.
4
CONTEXT OF THE
ORGANIZATION
4.1
Understanding
the organization
and its context
4 GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
WORKERS are to be considered as one of the interested parties in relation to OHS&MS while determining the needs and expectations.
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
COMMENTS
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
4.2
Understanding
the needs and
expectations of
workers and other
interested parties
4.3
Determining the
scope of the OH&S
management
system
4.4
OH&S
Management
System
5
LEADERSHIP
AND WORKER
PARTICIPATION
4.4.3
Communication,
participation and
consultation (title only)
Separate clause on LEADERSHIP & WORKER PARTICIPATION introduced in line with Annex SL
5.1
Leadership and
commitment
4.4.1
Resources, roles,
responsibility,
accountability and
authority
Role of TOP MANAGEMENT enhanced substantially. Reference to 'management appointee' deleted.
5.2
OH&S Policy
4.2
OH&S Policy
Relevance to CONTEXT OF THE ORGANIZATION is the new key element within the OH&S Policy.
5.3
Organizational
roles,
responsibilities
and authorities
4.4.1
Resources, roles,
responsibility,
accountability and
authority
Assigning the RESPONSIBILITIES AND AUTHORITIES is the new element added. While responsibilities and authorities can be assigned, top
management remains ultimately accountable for the OH&SMS.
5.4
Consultation &
participation of
workers
4.4.3.2 Participation and
consultation
CONTENTS
In addition to WORKERS (which means all employees working for or on behalf of the company), all relevant interested parties and their needs
and expectations to be determined.
4.1
General
Requirements
Determining SCOPE has much wider impact now. Needs and expectations and issues need to be considered while determining the scope of
OHS&MS.
Concept of PROCESSES strongly emphasized now.
CONSULTATION and PARTICIPATION is made part of Leadership. A number of new elements added with regards to participation and
consultation with workers such as providing access to information, removing obstacles in participation of workers.
GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
5
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
ISO 45001:2018
CONTENTS
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
COMMENTS
6
PLANNING
4.3
Planning
6.1
Actions to address
risks and opportunities
4.3.1
Hazard identification,
risk assessment and
determining
controls
RISK DETERMINATION is the key element of the new standard in line with Annex SL framework.
4.3.1
Hazard identification,
risk assessment and
determining controls
Emergencies, people, possible changes and previous incidents, as well as the work organization and social factors need to be considered.
Requirements for the inputs and basis for HAZARD IDENTIFICATION has been well organized now. New elements such as Hazards related to
(1) Product & Service Design including R & D (2) workers at locations not under the direct control (3) Changes in the knowledge (4) New factors
including workload, work hours, victimization, harassment and bullying, company culture added.
Not addressed
NEW REQUIREMENTS added. Improvements in the company culture, new technologies, training and knowledge, more employee participation, etc.
(title only)
6.1.1
General
6.1.2
Hazard identification
and assessment of
risks & opportunities
(title only)
6.1.2.1 Hazard identification
6.1.2.2 Assessment of OH&S
risks and other risks
to the OH&SMS
6.1.2.3 Assessment of OH&S
opportunities and
other opportunities
for the OH&SMS
6.1.3
Determination of
legal requirements
and other
requirements
4.3.2
Legal and other
requirements
6.1.4
Planning action
4.3.1
Hazard Identification,
risk assessment and
determining controls
6 GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
New set of requirements, strong emphasis on a robust PLANNING PROCESS for OHS&MS.
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
COMMENTS
4.3.3
Objectives and
programme(s)
Separate clause provided for planning. PLANNING clause is more structured. Concept of PROGRAMME is integrated with OH&S objectives. New
requirements to maintain and retain documented information on objectives and plans to achieve them.
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
6.2
OH&S objectives
and planning to
achieve them (title only)
6.2.1
OH&S objectives
6.2.2
Planning to achieve
OH&S objectives
7
SUPPORT
7.1
Resources
4.4.1
Resources, roles,
responsibility,
accountability and authority
7.2
Competence
4.4.2
Competence, training
and awareness
Focus has been shifted on achieving and maintaining competence in place of emphasis on TRAINING. Workers must be competent to identify
hazards.
7.3
Awareness
4.4.2
Competence, training
and awareness
Make the workers, contractors, visitors and third parties involved aware of the risks to which subjected to. Workers, contractors, visitors and
third parties must be aware and know how to IDENTIFY those serious or imminent risks that represent a danger to life or health.
7.4
Communication
4.4.3
Communication,
participation and
consultation
Specific Clause on Communication
7.4.1
General
4.4.3.1 Communication
Greater emphasis on establishing a communication process rather than procedure(s)
7.4.2
Internal
Communication
4.4.3.1 Communication
Specific focus on Internal communication among various levels within the organization
7.4.3
External
Communication
4.4.3.1 Communication
Specific focus on external communication
7.5
Documented
information (title only)
4.4.4
Documentation
Terms “DOCUMENTED INFORMATION” now cover ‘documents’ and ‘records.’
7.5.1
General
4.4.4
Documentation
Not addressed as
a separate clause
GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
7
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
ISO 45001:2018
CONTENTS
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
COMMENTS
7.5.2
7.5.3
Creating and updating
Control of documented
Information
4.4.5
4.5.4
Control of Documents
Control of records
While the documents and records have been grouped under concept of documented information, the process of ‘creating and updating’ and
‘controlling’ them has been detailed to a great extent.
8
OPERATION
8.1
Operational
planning and
control
8.1.1
General
4.4.6
Operational control
More elaborate PLANNING is required now. Linked to planning clause. The term HIERARCHY OF CONTROLS is still used, but the phrase used
in other parts of the document is “eliminate hazards and reduce OH&S risks”
8.1.2
Eliminating hazards
and reducing OH&S
Risks
4.3.1
Hazard identification,
risk assessment and
determining controls
Emphasis on eliminating the Hazards than just “DETERMINING AND IMPLEMENTING CONTROLS”. ‘HIERARCHY OF CONTROLS’ re defined
8.1.3
Management of
Change
4.4.6
Operational Control
Specific clause on ‘MANAGEMENT OF CHANGE’ added, thereby according high importance to this process.
8.1.4
Procurement
4.4.6
Operational Control
Specific clause on ‘PROCUREMENT’ added, thereby according high importance to this process.
8.1.4.1
General
4.4.6
Operational Control
Ambit of Procurement elaborated to include outsourcing and contractual activities which are high vulnerability areas
A few finer elements added in Emergency preparedness and response clause. Example: 'needs and capabilities of all relevant interested
parties and their involvement in the development of planned response to Emergencies'. 'Term First Aid has been explicitly added'.
8.1.4.2
Contractors
8.1.4.3
Outsourcing
8.2
Emergency
preparedness and
response
4.4.7
Emergency
preparedness and
response
9
PERFORMANCE
EVALUATION
4.5
Checking (title only)
9.1
4.5.1
Monitoring,
measurement, analysis
and performance
evaluation
8 GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
Performance
measurement and
monitoring
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001
CHANGES OHSAS 18001 - ISO 45001:2018
CLAUSE
COMMENTS
CLAUSE
CONTENTS
9.1.1
General
9.1.2
Evaluation of
Compliance
4.5.2
Evaluation of
compliance
9.2
Internal audit (title only)
4.5.5
Internal audit
9.2.1
General
4.5.5
Internal audit
9.2.2
Internal Audit
programme
4.5.5
Internal audit
INTERNAL AUDIT requirements made more specific.
9.3
Management
review
4.6
Management
review
More detailed MANAGEMENT REVIEW expected.
10
IMPROVEMENT
10.1
General
10.2
Incident,
non-conformity
and corrective
action
4.2
OH&S policy
OH&S risk must now be assessed prior to taking any actions related to the results of incident investigation from non-conformities (10.2).
4.6
Management
review
CONTENTS
Requirements have been made more specific, such as monitoring & measurement of: LEGAL REQUIREMENTS, OPERATIONS RELATED TO
HAZARDS, RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES.
FREQUENCY & METHODS have been made part of requirements.
4.5.3.2 Nonconformity,
corrective action and
preventive action
10.3
Continual
improvement
4.3.3
Objectives and
programme(s)
Continual improvement appears as a separate clause. Incorporates new requirements. More emphasis on the term PERFORMANCE.
GUIDE
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
9
How do we undertake the migration to
ISO 45001:2018
ISO 45001:2018 is a unique opportunity for ensuring that
your organization is perfectly aligned with an OH&S
management system. In this way you will be able to
improve your organization’s occupational health and
safety performance.
If you are certified to BS OHSAS 18001:2007, we
recommend you start thinking about how to undertake the
migration. It will be a three-year period from the date of
publication of the ISO 45001:2018 standard, in this case
from March 2018. The transition to ISO 45001:2018 is a
very important step for your organization, as apart from
updating your management system, it will show your
customers and the market your true commitment to your
workers.
Find out. Find out about ISO 45001:2018 and its main
changes, and discover its benefits and how to apply them
to your business. At LEAD from Bureau Veritas we offer
you many free online resources to give you a complete
overview of this new standard:
Train yourself. LEAD from Bureau Veritas aims to become
your training expert in ISO 45001:2018. That is why we
have created a training method that adapts to your needs,
as you will be able to train at any time through our 24/7
platform. It has two versions: e-learning course (in-depth
knowledge of the standard) and virtual class (introduction
to the standard webinar).
Self-assess. Before carrying out an audit, it is worth
assessing your current Occupational Health & Safety
Management System against the ISO 45001:2018
approach. Thanks to the self-assessment tool you will be
able to identify areas for improvement, prioritize actions,
and obtain a detailed overview of the maturity of your
Management System.
Your audit in some clicks. We offer you a new way of
purchasing your prevalidation audits (pre-audit, gap
analysis, etc.) Thanks to LEAD you can now do this.
ISO
45001
10 GUIDE
MARCH 2018
Standard
publication date
ISO 45001:2018
OHSAS 18001:2007
3 YEARS
Your window to
make the transition
MARCH 2021
Deadline for
transition
LEAD is a transition tool developed by
Bureau Veritas, focused on digital
markets and which supports your
organization in its transformation
process; LEAD combines all the
Training, Tools and Certification digital
services necessary to adapt your
management system to the new ISO
versions. We have designed a series of
transition packs that will help you to
undertake the transition simply and
profitably. With our transition packs you
will be able to undertake this process at
your own pace.
BRONZE PA C K
Practical toolbox FAQ
Transition road-map
Communications kit
E-learning courses and
virtual classes designed by
certification experts
S I LV E R PA C K
All the benefits of a
Bronze Package
Online self-assessment
tool – a handy web
solution based on the
new requirements so you
can assess your current
situation by yourself.
G O L D PA C K
All the benefits of a
Silver Package
Personalized audits by
our international experts
to assess your level of
conformity to the new
standard requirements.
lead.bureauveritas.com
[email protected]
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