Assignment #7 Learning Objectives: 1. The student will be able to use a topographic map to infer characteristics about the climate of a given location at rate of 80%. 2. The students will be able to use a topographic map to identify locations that have a given climate at a rate of 80%. 3. The students will be able to explain how and why wind causes surface currents by showing it visibly with 100% accuracy. 4. The students will be able to explain how landmasses affect the movement of ocean currents by showing it visibly with 100% accuracy. 5. Students will be able to interpret information about a location’s elevation and latitude to determent the climate of the location by correctly answering 4 out of 5 questions. 6. Students will be able to summarize the connection between pressures and winds by completely and filling out a pressure map completely correct. 7. Students will be able to show a basic understanding of the concepts of the ocean currents by answering questions at a rate of 80%. 8. Students will be able to conduct thorough research about primary factors that affect climate and be able to provide information to support their research by answering all question asked of them. 9. Students will be able to identify factors that influence weather in their area by correctly identifying 3 to 4 factors. 10. Students will be able to show how day sea breezes and land sea breezes differ by accuracy (100%) drawing and labeling a diagram. Objective Bloom’s word level 1 Use Lower Number of Questions 7 Question numbers 11, 12, 13, 14, 29, 30, 31. 2 Use Lower 5 3 Lower 7 4 Explain how and why Explain how Lower 6 5 6 7 interpret Summarize Show Higher Higher Lower 2 2 7 8 9 Research Identify Higher Lower 2 5 10 Show Lower 6 Total of 49 35, 36, 37, 38, 39 15, 17, 25a, 26a, 27a, 28a, 34 25, 26, 27, 28, 32, 33 44, 45 42, 43 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 23, 24 40, 41 16, 18, 19, 20, 21 6,7,8,9, 10, 22 Student Test: Name: _______________________________________ Date: _____________ Class:________ Make the following terms with the correct definitions. 1. Bottom current _____ 2. Convection current_____ 3. Deep current_____ 4. Ocean current _____ 5. Surface current ____ A. A current of extremely deep water that move below deep current based on density, moves very slow because of density. B. A stream like movement of ocean water far below the surface. C. A stream like movement of water that occurs at or near the surface of the ocean. D. A river of water in the ocean. E. Movement of a fluid from a cool area to a warm are; it is driven by different densities. Fill in the blank. 6. During a _________ breeze the high pressure is over the ocean. 7. During a _________ breeze the low pressure is over the ocean. 8. During a sea breeze the wind is coming from the _________. 9 During a land breeze the wind is coming from the ________. 10. During a sea breeze the air above the land is _________. Use the map to answer the following questions. 1 5 3 2 4 11. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the warmest. _______ 12. Justify your answer. ________________________________________ 13. Based on the latitude, what locations would be the coldest. _______ 14. Justify your Answer. ________________________________________ Multiply Choice Questions, circle the best answer. 15. Surface currents are formed by a. increased water density b. the sun’s gravity c. wind d. all of the above 16. The Coriolis effect is caused by the a. force of the wind b. rotation of the earth c. salinity of the water d. all of the above 17. Which of the following factors control surface currents? a. continental deflection b. global winds c. the Coriolis effect d. all of the above 18. What are the main to factors that determine the climate of and area? a. Currents and geography b. local and global winds c. temperature and precipitation d. all of the above 19.Even though Mt. Kilimanjaro is only about 3 degree south of the equator, it is snow covered year-round because of its a. its elevation b. its latitude c. wind patterns d. all of the above 20. Cities need the equator for the most part have higher temperatures because a. global wind pulls warm air from the north b. They receive warm air from deep currents c. They receive direct rays of sunlight. d. all of the above 21. Europe and the U.S are at similar latitudes, but Europe has an average high temperature, why? a. Europe is weather is influenced by the gulf stream. b. Local winds cool the U.S c. The U.S has a higher longitude. d. all of the above 22. Draw a diagram of a sea breeze. Include direction of the wind the high pressure, low pressure, warm air, and cool air. Short answer: answer each question a complete sentence. 23. What is continental deflection? ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ 24. What is Coriolis Effect and what causes it? ____________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ Draw the path of the surface current for the following diagrams. The wind is moving from the x. On the a. put the direction the wind is moving N W E 25. S X a. 26. X a. 27. X a. 28. X a. Fill in the blank 29. A city located at 80 degrees North latitude should be ____________ than a city at 20 degrees North latitude. 30. Two cities with the same elevation and different latitudes should have ____________ temperatures. 31. The farther away a city is from the equator the _________ its temperature will be. 32. Continental deflection is when landforms effect ___________ currents. 33. Examples for continental deflection are ___________ and ______________. 34. Wind moves in the _____________ direction as the wind. Short Answer, Answer in a complete sentence 35. What is a rain shadow? 36. Higher elevation produces what kind of pressure? Use the topographic map and use the identify what climate each location should have. Wind is moving this way B A C Sea level 37 ______ Cold and snowy. 38. ______ Dry with little to no rain. 39. ______Warm and wet. Extended response. Answer each question in complete sentences. 40. What are two primary factors that affect climate and explained why they affect the weather. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 41. What are factors that affect local weather and why? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 42. Explain why wind moves from high to low pressure and one example. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 43. How is moving water and moving air similar? Give an example of each. (example most be different from #42) ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ 44. Why is the temperature cooler at higher elevations? ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 45. Explain why two cities with similar elevation might have different climate. ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ Learning Objectives: 1. The students will be able to explain how and why wind causes surface currents by showing it visibly with 100% accuracy. The section asking about what global wind and why it occurs covers this objective. 2. The students will be able to explain how landmasses affect the movement of ocean currents by showing it visibly with 100% accuracy. The section asking the students to draw how their county affects the surface currents covers this section. 3. Students will be able to interpret information about a location’s elevation and latitude to determent the climate of the location by correctly answering 4 out of 5 questions. Students will look up the elevation and latitude of their county and state how they affect the climate. 4. Students will be able to show a basic understanding of the concepts of the ocean currents by answering questions at a rate of 80%. Students will look up what and how the surface current influence the country’s climate 5. Students will be able to conduct thorough research about primary factors that affect climate and be able to provide information to support their research by answering all question asked of them. Students will conduct research to gather information about their country. 6. Students will be able to identify factors that influence weather in their area by correctly identifying 3 to 4 factors. Students will look up factors that influence climate of their county other than latitude, elevation, are surface currents. 7. Students will be able to show how day sea breezes and land sea breezes differ by accuracy (100%) drawing and labeling a diagram. Students will be listing the local breezes that affect the weather of the county they choose and draw it or them. Heritage Research Project The heritage research project is meant to evaluate you understanding of climate and weather and how they are affected. You will research a county that you family as came from and look up factors that will influence that county’s weather. In your research you must determine if a current effect the climate and how. Also tell what global wind drives the current and explain why this occurs. You must then look up how to geography effects the climate looking at the latitude and elevation. To complete the project, you must print out a map of the county you choose and draw the way the current is deflected. You must also include addition factors other than, current, elevation and latitude that effect the weather in the country you research. Lastly you must identify and draw what kind of local breeze your country expenses. Complete this table to help organize your research Country Elevation Latitude Current Local wind and what global wind drives the current . Write a page that answers all the required questions above. Average Average Temp Perception Evaluation Check list. o Identify correct elevation. o Identify correct latitude. o Identify correct current. o Identify correct local wind. o Identity correct global wind. o Correct drawing of local wind. o Correct avg, temp. o Correct avg, perception. o Correct path of current. o Correctly identify how latitude, elevation, and current effect the climate of the county. o Correctly identify other factors that influence climate of the country.