Global Studies - Ch19 Quiz

All of the following contributed to Britain's Industrial Revolution except:
a. a supply of capital for investment.
b. an increase in food production.
c. the government directed and controlled events.
d. stable government under Parliament, whose laws protected private property.
e. important resources such as coal and iron.
Which of the following was not a symbol of Britain's mature Industrial Revolution?
a. Railroads
b. Cottage industry
c. The factory
d. Factory acts
e. The steam engine
One major difference between British and European continental industrialization was that on the continent:
a. government played a more significant role than in Britain.
b. technical schools did not exist.
c. raw materials had to be imported from abroad.
d. water power was often more important that steam power.
e. canals were preferred to railroads.
In 1745, the population of Europe was 140 million, but by 1850 the population was:
a. 310,000 million.
b. 266 million.
c. 100 million.
d. 140 million.
e. 200 million.
5. New industrial products after 1870 included all of the following except:
a. electric lights and the telephone.
b. the internal combustion engine.
c. a substitution of steel for iron.
d. the steam engine.
e. airplanes and automobiles.
Karl Marx believed that all of history was the story of:
a. continual progress.
b. the rise and fall of civilizations.
c. male v. female.
d. the class struggle.
e. good vs. evil.
Marxist revisionists believed:
a. revolution was inevitable.
b. socialism could be achieved through evolution and the ballot box.
c. capitalism would triumph.
d. Engels was a better prophet of Marxism than Marx.
e. socialism would come first to the non-industrial societies.
Nineteenth century liberals believed in all of the following except:
a. a written document or a "constitution."
b. equality before the law and free speech for everyone.
c. religious toleration and the separation of church and state.
d. the right to vote should be restricted to those that own property.
e. full male democracy.
9. In 1848, the spark of revolution began in:
a. France.
b. Britain.
c. Germany.
d. Greece.
e. Italy.
Nationalism in the nineteenth century was most threatening or dangerous to:
a. Britain.
b. Austria.
c. Russia.
d. Spain.
e. France.
Several nations of Europe saw an opportunity to expand their influence and perhaps increase their territory in southea
a. Portuguese Empire
b. Russian Empire
c. Austrian Empire
d. Ottoman Empire
e. British Empire
All of the following are correct about the unification of Italy except:
a. Cavour allied Piedmont-Sardinia with France to force Austria out of Italy.
b. the revolution of 1848 failed.
c. Garibaldi conquered Sicily and southern Italy.
d. a republic was established with Victor Emmanuel II as president.
e. it was successfully led by Piedmont-Sardinia.
13. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871:
a. France gained the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine.
b. Prussia was defeated by an alliance of France and Austria.
c. Bismarck was captured by the French and was forced to resign.
d. the Second German Empire was proclaimed in Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles.
e. Napoleon III was forced to become, once again, President Louis Napoleon.
In the nineteenth century Britain avoided revolution and upheaval by:
a. nationalizing the means of production and creating a socialist society that satisfied the workers.
b. establishing a republican form of government that did away with an unpopular monarchy.
c. establishing an enlightened despotism.
d. creating a Labour Party which became the majority political party by the 1870s.
e. passing a series of reform bills that gradually but significantly increased the number of voters.
Louis Napoleon accomplished all of the following except he:
a. became Emperor Napoleon III of France's Second Empire.
b. eventually lost all his jobs.
c. defeated the Prussians in the Franco-Prussian War.
d. modernized the city of Paris.
e. was elected president of the Second Republic.
In 1861, Czar Alexander II freed the Russian serfs:
a. but they still had to pay for their freedom through a long-term installment plan.
b. and the now-free peasants took over the best agricultural lands.
c. but he later changed his mind, once again forcing the peasants into serfdom.
d. and most moved to Moscow and St. Petersburg and became factory workers.
e. and the vast majority of the aristocratic landlords were forced to declare bankruptcy.
17. In the late nineteenth century, in comparison to Great Britain, France's government was:
a. more stable because of Napoleon III's reforms.
b. the same as both had constitutional monarchies.
c. ruled by the Catholic Church while Britain was under the control of the Church of England.
d. less stable because France had a dozen political parties and Britain only two.
e. more of a dictatorship because only large landowners had the vote.
By 1914, the Triple Entente was made up of France, Russia, and ________, and the Triple Alliance was made up of G
a. Italy; Britain
b. the United States; Italy
c. Spain; Portugal
d. Britain; Italy
e. Britain; the Ottoman Empire
The first Balkans nation to gain its independence from the Ottoman Empire was:
a. Bulgaria.
b. Serbia.
c. Montenegro.
d. Bosnia.
e. Greece.
Between 1871 and 1914, most Western nation states:
a. continued to pursue strict laissez-faire policies.
b. completely halted the growth of socialism.
c. saw their populations decline significantly.
d. adopted social welfare measures for the working classes.
e. fought a series of wars among themselves on the European continent.
21. In Britain, by 1850, over
percent of the population lived in towns and cities.
22. At the Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) the guiding principle was
23. Nationalism became a powerful agent to change only with the coming of the
Florence Nightingale
24. The only true hero of the Crimean War of the early 1850s was
25. In Russia, the debate over the future of the nation was between the
French Rev
and the
One advantage of the continental countries trying to industrialize was that they could borrow British industrial techniqu
By 1812, the Capitalist Workers Party had become the largest political party in Germany.
The Second Industrial Revolution created new jobs for women.
The foremost practitioner of nineteenth century Realpolitik in the nineteenth century was Otto von Bismarck.
Because of continuing suspicions, the nations of Europe were unable to form meaningful alliances in the late nineteen