Intro Psychology Final Exam Practice

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Practice Sheet for Introduction to Psychology Final Exam
Memory
Parts of memory: identify the part of memory
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Jalil is trying to remember the name of her best friend’s dog.
I am the last part of memory, when you are trying to remember something
Johnny is listening to the announcer saying that the sale ended on Friday.
I am the part of memory that “holds” thing
I am the first part of memory, during which you attend to material
Parts of storage: identify the part of storage
1. Johnny JUST heard the announcer say that the sale ended on Friday.
2. Jalil is able to recall the name of her best friend’s dog.
3. Jill remembers the color of her first car.
4. Juan remembers how to ride a bike.
5. Jamal remembers his first birthday party.
6. Jou remembers the capital of Washington.
7. Janice remembers how to swim
8. Jaquin remembers how to do the Latin Tango dance.
9. Jeff is able to remember how to calculate algebra.
10. Jane remembers the author of a her textbook.
11. Jaxon remembers the name of his first girlfriend.
Identify the term:
1. Linda is given a long list of items to buy at the store and she does not write
the words down. Subsequently, she remembers the words at the beginning
and end of the list.
2. Leanne is in a bad mood. Thus, she is able to remember all the times that her
boyfriend, Homer, made her mad.
3. Lily spent the majority of her time in the library while studying for her
History exam. Whenever she walks into the library, she starts remembering
historical facts.
Research
Goal of research
1. Arnold wants to know WHY children lie.
2. Annie wants to know if depression and anxiety are related.
3. Amal wants to know if eating fatty foods CAUSE cholesterol blockage in
arteries.
4. Abigail wants to know about the last tribal group that exists in Belize.
5. Anou wants to know if he can use education level to forecast income.
6. Ashley wants to know if her son has a fever.
7. Ani wants to know the typical height and weight of newborn children.
8. Andria wants to know if boys are more aggressive than girls are.
Types of research
1. Arnold wants to know WHY children lie.
2. Amal wants to know if eating fatty foods CAUSE cholesterol blockage in
arteries.
3. Anou wants to know if he can use education level to forecast income
4. Ani wants to know the typical height and weight of newborn children
5. Albert wants to know if exercise is related to depression level.
6. Andy wants to know how people will really respond if they see someone leave
their wallet on a park bench.
7. Alfred wants to know the average writing level of Freshman college
students.
8. Alial wants to know what really happens during a Phish concert.
9. Aquin wants to know if most Americans voted during the last election.
10. Anjou wants to know about men undergoing sex-change therapy who are
also currently pregnant.
Identify the terms in the following research study: Dr. Jones wants to know if
taking notes while reading textbook material improves memory. He gets 1000 OCC
Introduction to Psychology students and assigns pages 1-50 in the textbook. Half of
the students take notes while reading the material; the other half simply reads the
material. He gives all students one complete weekend to fulfill this task. On Monday
morning, he gives all 1000 students a test on the material.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
What is
What is
What is
What is
What is
What is
What is
the population?
the sample?
the independent variable?
the hypothesis?
the dependent variable?
the experiment group?
the control group?
Identify the terms in the following research study: Dr. Smith wants to know if her
Positive Psychology is an effective treatment for Depression for women. She gets a
group of 1000 women. For six months, half are treated using Positive Psychology
therapy techniques; and half are treated using a conventional “talk therapy.” At
the end of six months, both groups are given the Beck Depression Inventory.
8. What is
9. What is
10. What is
11. What is
12. What is
13. What is
14. What is
the population?
the sample?
the independent variable?
the hypothesis?
the dependent variable?
the experiment group?
the control group?
Brain
Identify the parts of a neuron/ parts of neuronal firing
1. I am the part of the neuron that receive neurotransmitters
2. I am the chemical that rushes into an axon during action potential
3. I am the last part of the neuron
4. I am the neurotransmitter storage container in the terminal branch
5. I am the space between neurons
6. I am what you call “spitting” (the firing of the neuron)
7. I am the chemical that rushes out of an axon during action potential
8. I am the value needed for action potential (the term)
9. I am the chemical released by the terminal branch, into the synapse
10. I am the part of the neuron that decides when it will “fire”
11. I am the covering of the axon that facilitates “firing”
12. I am the part of the neuron on which the receptors reside
13. I am what you call “sitting” (the neuron sits quietly)
Lobes of the brain/ specific parts of the cortex
1. I am the lobe of the brain that allows vision
2. I am the lobe of the brain that allows hearing
3. I am the side of the brain that allows language comprehension and
production
4. I am the lobe of the brain that allows for math, music and visual spatial
ability
5. I am the lobe of the brain that allows voluntary movement
6. I am the specific part of the cortex that allows voluntary movement
7. I am the lobe that allows for attention, concentration and self-control
8. I am the specific part of the cortex that allows tactile sensory experiences
9. I am the specific part of the brain that allows understanding of language
10. I am the specific part of the brain that allows for production of language
Divisions of the Nervous system
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
What two parts make up the Central Nervous system?
I control breathing, heart rate, and digestion
What two neurons make up the Peripheral Nervous system?
I control balancing you out and calming you down
I am the “Executive” nervous system that controls all you do
I allow you to write and control other voluntary movements
I send information to the spinal cord, and from the spinal cord
I get you ready when you have a stressful stimuli
Brain Parts
1. I control motor coordination and balance
2. I am what wakes you up, arouses you
3. I control heart beat and breathing
4. I connect the two hemispheres
5. I consolidate short-term memory into long term memory
6. I send incoming information to the right brain spot
7. I maintain homeostasis in the body
8. I control the Endocrine System
9. I am responsible for strong emotions, such as rage
10. I am the system responsible for emotions, risk taking, and addiction
11. I control the Pituitary Gland
Human Development
Three prenatal stages and milestones
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
2-8 weeks
Conception to 2 weeks
8 weeks to birth
I can hold my head up
I can now walk
Piaget
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
I am the stage in which a child uses his senses and muscles to learn
I am the stage in which a child can memorize things (in only one way)
I am the stage in which you can think abstractly
I am the stage in which you magically believe in imaginary friends
A child looks for their toy when they drop it because they know that it
continues to exist (the term)
6. A child believes that we all think the same thing and knows what he knows
(the term)
7. The ability to think hypothetically, vaguely and multi-faceted (the term)
8. The ability to know that things can change appearance, but not
constitutionally (the term)
9. You continue to call all men with beards “grandpa” ( the term)
10. You just learned in spite of what you previously knew, not all men with bears
are grandfathers. So you change what you know (the term)
Vygotsky
1. Oliver shows his son how to hold the nail, hit it with a hammer to drive it
into the picture frame, and use the level to see if the picture is hanging
levelly.
2. Dennis, Oliver’s son, did not know how to hang a picture. After his father’s
instruction, he can now hang a picture accurately.
Kholberg
1. You do the right thing because you want to fit in
2. You do the right thing because you inherently know what to do, and must do
it
3. You do what your “peeps” do
4. You do the right thing because you want to be rewarded
5. You do the right thing because you want to avoid punishment
6. You do what is in the best interest of humanity due to following universal
principles
Erikson
1. A teenager is listening to new music and trying out new sports
2. A baby was severely neglected and is not able to form attachments to
others
3. A 21-year-old man decides that he has been “burnt enough” by others, and
distrusts most people- keeping everyone at a distance
4. A new “empty-nester” (ie. His/her son went away to college) volunteered
at a local hospital
5. A first-grade boy sees that he is not as fast as some of his classmates
6. A pre-schooler knows that sometimes he/she will succeed and sometimes
he/she will fail
7. A teenager does everything that his parents tell him and is not allowed to
explore and see who he/she is
8. A toddler’s mother won’t let him try anything without her and controls
everything that he/she does
9. A newly-graduated college student just proposed to his/her girlfriend
10. A newborn baby’s parents are meeting the majority of his/her needs
11. An elderly man reviews his life
Ainsworth
1. In a new situation, a child cries when his father leaves, and cries when he
returns
2. In a new situation, a child ignores the coming or going of his father
3. In a new situation, a child cries when his father leaves and is happy upon
his return
4. A child’s parents work hard to meet his needs and he feels close to them
5. A child’s parents are consistently NOT there for him and are angered
when he/she wants them to hold or play with him/her
6. A child’s parents are inconsistent. Sometimes they will hold and play with
their child and at other times, push him/her away
Intelligence
Levels of intelligence
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Below Average Intelligence
Above Average Intelligence
Gifted/Genius
Intellectual Disability
Average Intelligence
Sensation
Identify the following terms:
1.
2.
3.
4.
The senses convert stimuli information and send it to the brain
The amount of stimuli needed to be deducted, to notice the decrease
The minimal amount of a stimulus needed to even NOTICE it
The brain applies organization and meaning to incoming information
5. The amount of stimuli needed to be added, to notice the increase
Learning
Classical Conditioning and terms
1. A small child put his hand on the family’s red stove and was burned. He is
afraid of red stoves, and will cry if forced to approach one.
What is the unconditioned stimulus?
What is the uncontrolled response?
What is the conditioned stimulus?
What is the conditioned response?
Is this discrimination or generalization?
2. A young girl was taken to the circus and was startled by the loud sounds
when the clown was presented. She is now afraid of any kind of clowns,
clown masks, and clown movies.
What is the unconditioned stimulus?
What is the uncontrolled response?
What is the conditioned stimulus?
What is the conditioned response?
Is this discrimination or generalization?
3. Sammy used to be terribly afraid of heights; and, she was able to get over
her fear. One day, while driving over the Macinac Bridge, her fear returned.
4. Selina used to be afraid of dogs; and, she was able to get over her fear.
5. Sienne was bitten by a dog one time, and learned to fear dogs. The pairing of
the dog with the bite
Operant Conditioning
1. Nelda’s mom made her eat soap after she cussed. Nelda no longer cusses.
2. Nee’s mom gives him a dollar when he gets an “A”. Nee always works hard for
an “A” grade.
3. Nia’s mom took away her (Nia’s) phone when she broke curfew. Nia is no
longer late.
4. Nemba’s mom removes her videogame restrictions when Nemba completes all
of her homework. Now Nemba always completes all of her homework.
5. Nem’s mom gave her an allowance for doing her chores. Nem always does her
chores.
6. Nathan’s mom stops screaming at him, when he takes out the trash. Nathan
always takes out the trash now.
7. Ned’s mom gave him a spanking when he lied. Ned no longer lies.
8. Herman is paid for every house he builds.
9. Herman is paid by the hour for his construction work.
10. Herman is paid salary.
11. Due to management issues, Herman is never sure when he will get paid.
12. Herman celebrates his wedding anniversary every year.
13. Herman makes snow-globes. Some snow-globes sell at the county fair, and
some do not sell.
14. Herman received mail inconsistently. Sometimes it takes a day to receive a
local letter, and sometimes it takes a month to receive a local letter.
Personality
Freud
1. I am the judging, “Shoulder” of your personality
2. I am the part of personality that operates on reality
3. I am the impulsive, immature part of personality
4. I am developing my personal sexuality (STAGE)
5. I am the Freud’s work that means “stuck”
6. I don’t want to grow up and be an adult (STAGE of fixation)
7. I am the part of personality that operates on pleasure
8. I am what motivates FEMALES to learn gender
9. I am very anxious and mistrustful (STAGE of fixation)
10. I am the part of personality that is critical and judges me and others
11. I am the part of personality that tries to get my needs met in a socially
acceptable way
12. I am learning gender (STAGE)
13. I am the part of personality that wants my needs met NOW
14. I am very controlling and stingy with my money (STAGE of fixation)
15. I am what motivates MALES to learn gender
16. I am the stage in which you learn to trust others and yourself
Maslow
1.
2.
3.
4.
I am the need for personal fulfillment and life purpose
I am the need for friendships
I am the need for a regular paying job
I am the need to be recognized for my hard work and dedication
5. I am the need for a dependable car
6. I am the need for basic clothing and shelter
7. I am the need for a committed romantic relationship
8. I am the need to give back to the world and help others
9. I am the need to be honored and want people to know who I am
10. I am the need for food, water, and air
Big 5: identify the domain
1. I really want to try new things
2. I like to be with people, and am friendly and outgoing
3. I follow the rules, am on time, and can be counted on
4. I am very emotional
5. I always put others ahead of myself, and always try to be kind
6. I am always late, make a lot of mistakes, and generally try to “get by”
7. I really like routine and stability
8. I really like to be alone with a good book and a cup of tea
9. I tend to lack emotions, and present rather “flat”
10. I tend to distrust others, and doubt their motives
Ways to measure personality
1. I am a true/false personality test
2. I am an inkblot test
Emotion
Theories of emotion
1. You are sideswiped in the parking lot, then begin to breath hard and
experience fear
2. You are sideswiped in the parking lot, then begin to breath hard and think “I
could have been killed,” and then experience fear
3. You are sideswiped in the parking lot, begin to breath hard, and then
experience fear
4. You see a masked man in your house. You immediately shake and feel fear.
5. You see a masked man in your house. You think “I am going to be killed” and
then feel fear.
6. You see a masked man in your house. You begin to shake, and then feel fear.
Psychological Disorders
1. I am the criteria for abnormality in which the behaviors are very different
from the person’s culture
2. I am the criteria for abnormality in which the behaviors really bother the
person
3. I am the criteria for abnormality in which the behaviors have a negative
impact on the person’s life
4. I am the criteria for abnormality in which society is troubled by the behavior,
and fears that others in society may be hurt
5. I am the disorder in which a person feels really guilty, sad, worthless and
suicidal
6. I am the disorder in which a person believes that they are “the kind of
France”
7. I am the disorder in which a person experiences extreme and irrational fear
8. I am the disorder in which a person has experienced something really terrible
and continues to experience fear, nightmares and flashbacks
9. I am the disorder in which the person experiences bouts of great sadness,
coupled with period of extreme energy, thought, and rapid speech
10. I am the disorder in which a person hears things that are not there
Health, Stress, Coping
1. I am the stage in Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) in which a
person has been sustaining for a long period of time and their body cannot
give any more
2. I am the stage in the GAS in which a person just began to face the stressor
3. I am the stage in GAS in which the person continues to face the stressor in
an automatic (zombie-like) manner
Social Psychology\
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
You do what your boss tells you to do
You do what your big group of friends tell you to do
You do what your best friend tells you to do
You dislike all “X” people, and feel that they are immoral sinners
You will never hire an “X” person because of your negative feelings
You dislike all “X” people, and feel that they are inferior to you
You will never date an “X” person because of your negative feelings
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