U714 Zoom Chat 03 06/14/18 20:00:49 From Maria Santa : good evening! 20:00:49 From Zac Holmes : Good evening! 20:00:50 From Katie Molinski : good evening 20:00:50 From Mitch Wintemute : good evening 20:00:50 From Jake Laginess : I can hear! 20:00:51 From Ryan Gillespie : good evening 20:00:51 From Adam Barsky : Good Evening 20:00:51 From Corey Sheeron : Good evening 20:00:51 From Sean Wetterer : good evening! 20:00:52 From Gary Fung : hi 20:00:52 From Victor Vergara : Hello 20:00:53 From Audrey Conley : good evening 20:00:55 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Hi 20:00:55 From Ted Shallcross : good evening 20:00:56 From Anissa Stansfield : Im here 20:00:57 From Chinyere Jebavy : Hello 20:00:57 From Kevin Mowery : Hello 20:00:59 From Andrew Farkas : good evening 20:01:07 From Lisa Teklinski : hello 20:01:13 From Robert Hwang : Hello 20:01:27 From Sean Wetterer : great to be here! 20:01:29 From Chinyere Jebavy : Welcome too 20:01:34 From Shashidhar Hiremath : Good Evening everyone 20:01:37 From Sheila Gallagher : Evening everyone! 20:02:00 From Eric John : Good evening 20:08:10 From Prof. Roberto Garcia : Toni have you gone 20:08:20 From Maria Santa : Good evening! I can't use my audio right now. I'm Maria Santa. I'm an Assistant Director of International Admissions at IU and am located in Bloomington, Indiana. Great to meet you this week, Professor! 20:09:01 From Toni Presnell : I'm here, sorry...was having audio issues. 20:09:17 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Jake I was in Kingsville today 20:10:01 From Toni Presnell : I can hear but I don't think you can hear me :) 20:11:13 From Jake Laginess : Why were you in Kingsville? Not a common place to visit! 20:11:50 From Brian Williams : mexico 20:11:51 From Katie Molinski : mexico! 20:11:54 From Sean Wetterer : mexico! 20:11:56 From Sheila Gallagher : :-) 20:11:57 From Victor Vergara : Russia 20:11:59 From Maria Santa : Mexico! 20:12:01 From Jake Laginess : Mexico! 20:12:03 From Robert Hwang : Mexico 20:12:04 From Gary Fung : mexico 20:12:11 From Chinyere Jebavy : Mexico 20:12:19 From Audrey Conley : I love Germany 20:12:33 From Chinyere Jebavy : Love Nigeria team 20:12:36 From Audrey Conley : the best team, IMO 20:12:50 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Jake I agree Kingsville is not a common place to visit for most but I am down there at least once a month doing demolition of oil and gas equipment on the ranches 20:13:08 From Sheila Gallagher : Ireland did not make it either.....so I need to pick a team! 20:13:12 From Sheila Gallagher : :-) 20:13:14 From Chinyere Jebavy : Yes 20:13:17 From Toni Presnell : I'm going to logout and will be back :) 20:13:28 From Brian Williams : We are in it in 2026 though 20:13:32 From Robert Hwang : yes South Korea :) 20:13:39 From Chinyere Jebavy : USA can play in 2026 20:14:52 From Ted Shallcross : Most specifically, the forces for local responsiveness as it relates to cultural differences 20:14:54 From Ryan Gillespie : the forces of differentiation and responsiveness, how each unique country has unique preferences 20:14:54 From Maria Santa : the reading is very closely associated with the forces of local differentiation and responsiveness 20:15:04 From Anissa Stansfield : The globalization forces 20:15:09 From Zac Holmes : strongly reltaed to local differentiation and responsiveness 20:15:11 From Mitch Wintemute : I couldn't find the case in my text... I apparently got the international version. 20:15:15 From Adam Barsky : It directly fit into the path of communication styles and the type of business mentalities 20:15:16 From Lisa Teklinski : the differences in preferences per country that don't translate to every culture/country 20:15:17 From Corey Sheeron : underlying cultural predispositions and affinity for certain “social systems” underscores whether a particular country accepts internationalism or not 20:15:17 From Audrey Conley : local dif and responsievness topic 20:15:21 From Sean Wetterer : the reading provided a great overview of the literature on cultural preferences as they relate to organizations and communications 20:15:22 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : It fit in under the cultural part of differentiation 20:15:22 From Chinyere Jebavy : Cultural differentiation and responsiveness 20:15:27 From Andrew Farkas : it fits with the forces of local differentiation 20:15:30 From Jake Laginess : local differentiation and responsiveness 20:15:33 From Maria Santa : a company must be responsive to the culture not only with its products but also with the structure 20:15:34 marketplace From Kathrena Haefler : The importance of understanding the competitive 20:15:34 From Katie Molinski : dealing with implemention of operational structure in new countries due to cultural differentiation 20:15:35 From Robert Hwang : Very relevant : globalizsatoin and local differnces and its impact on cultural aspects 20:15:38 From Victor Vergara : I think it was the diferences in cultures 20:15:40 From Sheila Gallagher : it was mainly the cultural differences and repsonsiveness... 20:16:26 From Anissa Stansfield : I think that's the bigger category that then resolves into the local differention that others are mentioning 20:17:07 From Tim O. : forces of localization and prevailing culture 20:17:39 From Eric John : The chapter sets up an imporant contrast between globalization and clutural issues. They largely run into each other 20:18:05 differences From Adam Barsky : Similarness of products, generally more similar than identified as 20:18:05 From Chinyere Jebavy : Global is about the economies of scale, economies of scope, cost of labor and raw materials 20:18:06 From Ryan Gillespie : economies of scope/scale, low cost sourcing/manufacturing, everything is uniform universally in globalization 20:18:06 From Katie Molinski : all-standardized products 20:18:08 From Jake Laginess : From the text, an interdependent network 20:18:09 achieve scale From Zac Holmes : Global mentality is about standardized across markets in order to 20:18:11 From Mitch Wintemute : standardization of products to maximize efficiencies of scale, brought about on a global level 20:18:11 From Lisa Teklinski : pressures, forces, economy 20:18:13 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Standarization and cost optimization 20:18:13 From Eric John : global supply chains, sales, scale and scope of a company 20:18:14 advantage From Sean Wetterer : global is when economy of scope/scale can be uilized to 20:18:16 From Victor Vergara : standarization of processes 20:18:21 From Corey Sheeron : worldwide exports of standardized global products 20:18:21 From Maria Santa : economy, sourcing, resources 20:18:22 From Sheila Gallagher : standard products/processes 20:18:24 From Andrew Farkas : standardization to leverage scale 20:18:28 From Chinyere Jebavy : Standardization too 20:18:30 From Ted Shallcross : global views world as single unit and managed centrally 20:18:31 From Audrey Conley : Economic scal, low costs, centerlization 20:18:32 From Maria Santa : standardization 20:18:33 From Gary Fung : resources, standardization 20:18:36 From Katie Molinski : focus on one size fits all approach 20:18:37 required From Sean Wetterer : local responsiveness is when customization of product or sales is 20:18:38 From Kathrena Haefler : global relates to larger scale issues like logistics, product standardization, 20:18:39 From Audrey Conley : standardization 20:18:50 From Mitch Wintemute : It seeks to benefit in terms of efficiency by minimizing the customization required for the multinational mentality 20:18:55 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : Ability to make use of scale and scope economies, resources in different places that are less expensive 20:19:45 From Robert Hwang : Thank you. 20:21:38 From Jake Laginess : I enjoyed the figure with the various satirical org charts! 20:21:41 From Katie Molinski : the understanding of the implicit models of an organization for different cultures was new to me 20:21:41 From Maria Santa : i really had never thought of culture shaping the structure of a company. but it makes sense that a company should let the culture shape the structure given the vast differences in cultures around the world and the necessity to create an efficient and engaging work environment. 20:21:45 From Victor Vergara : The different dimension that help to define a society 20:21:46 From Zac Holmes : best practices are not universal 20:21:49 From Kevin Mowery : The effects of cultural differences on both consumer preferences and manner of doing business 20:21:53 From Gary Fung : best practices can exists but not universal 20:21:55 From Ryan Gillespie : my lingering question that I think about at work a lot was partly answered here.....does an org culture outweigh international/country cultures? 20:21:55 From Eric John : We've actually been using Hofsteded a bit here in Seoul, so it was nice to see it validated 20:21:58 From Corey Sheeron : firms that constantly search for “best practices” in management style may gain a competitive advantage over those who adhere to their own home grown mentalities 20:21:59 From Victor Vergara : And the results per countries 20:22:01 From Jake Laginess : Indeed! 20:22:04 From Adam Barsky : Remember to keep in mind how aspects of culture are related, and could shape views of each other, but also impact business organization type 20:22:05 From Lisa Teklinski : The conflict between Chen and Foster - can you actually create a successful company in different cultures that is the same throughout or do you really have to go with "what the neighborhood wants" 20:22:05 From Maria Santa : different cultures motivations are very different 20:22:08 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I found Hofstedes types very interesting - I can see how those are in play in many circumstances 20:22:09 From Kathrena Haefler : The political aspects involved, they can make or break success 20:22:13 charts From Sean Wetterer : there was very wide distrbution of all of the cultures on the 20:22:16 From Robert Hwang : Very insightful. I work at the multinational company and work with lots of stakeholders based in other countries. I now could understand more about the cultural differences. 20:22:17 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Better understanding of why my company treats different regions seperately 20:22:18 From Anissa Stansfield : That there were only the four dimensions for Hofstede 20:22:18 From Mitch Wintemute : the value of having resourcces that can draw on experiences with the culture 20:22:18 From Shashidhar Hiremath : This really helped into map this to my workplace on how the onshore and offshore cultural differences and management styles differ and make impact on day to day decisions 20:22:20 From Ted Shallcross : The reading really tries to get at how culture influences organizations. an interesting point in the reading was the constant debate between the “structuralists” (structure creates culture) and the “culturalists” (culture creates structure). 20:22:25 From Chinyere Jebavy : Different perspectives for different countries 20:22:28 From Tim O. : the stereotyping does go both ways though.. 20:22:29 From Kathrena Haefler : Both 20:22:33 From Jake Laginess : Realistically, I always enjoy reading about how other cultures do things differently and how that plays out in different countries and companies 20:22:36 From Audrey Conley : the culture is so different and that deeply impact org 20:22:44 From Eric John : It is extremely difficult for a US based manager to tailor strategies to many different cultures. We even had that problem in the State Departement 20:22:48 From Sean Wetterer : After doing the reading, I wondered about my company's culture.... we're a company made of English, US, French and Israeli components 20:22:48 of expansion From Chinyere Jebavy : Organization has to use different strategy based on the country 20:23:12 From Anissa Stansfield : The "masculinity" index might need an update. 20:23:20 From Ted Shallcross : - Andre Laurent’s theory of task versus social system and understanding of the which type of system varying parts of cross-cultural organizations fall into – hierarchy, authority, politics, or role formation 20:23:21 differences From Zac Holmes : methods in motivating employees will vary based on the cultural 20:23:22 From Kathrena Haefler : It's important to know the audience; what works in the US most likely will not work in Europe or Asia 20:23:35 From Robert Hwang : very interested French cultural part. 20:23:36 From Brian Williams : They use the culture to sort of aim everyone at the same goals. It's difficult to get everyone to buy in, but once people are all pointed at the right goal it makes it easier and faster to hit those goals. 20:23:41 From Chinyere Jebavy : understand the forces that influence international business (economic, social, political, adapting to opportunities or threats to capture competitive advantage), forces for global integration and coordination, forces of change (economies of scope, economies of scale, cost and international trade laws), local differentiation and responsiveness, global innovation and technologies and learning, and diverse transnational approach. 20:23:53 From Sheila Gallagher : Culture is so important in the an organisation to grow and we need to spend more time/work on it, Especially when new leaders come into an organisation. 20:23:57 From Tim O. : I learned first hand working with counterparts in SE Asia...the level of 'indirectness' is shocking 20:24:14 From Victor Vergara : As culture is a country specific belief, values and norms, international managers cannot take for granted that one solution or strategy will work in every country. 20:24:14 From Chinyere Jebavy : the need for cross-market integration, national responsiveness, clusters, and the new economics for competition 20:24:38 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : It definitely made me take a harder look at my organization. I just moved to the South about 2 years ago and there are even differences between Indiana and Georgia. 20:24:41 structure From Lee Wayne Smalley : Culture is also huge with how to motivate employees and 20:24:53 From Katie Molinski : I have 20:24:57 From Gary Fung : don't think so 20:25:00 From Kevin Mowery : Yes, Korean air 20:25:39 From Robert Hwang : Yes, the junior should obey senior pilot (true story) 20:26:11 pilot culture. From Eric John : WAS true....not true at Korean Air any longer. We do the training for 20:26:16 From Jake Laginess : These types of disasters are well known/documented; aviation has made huge strides in combating this. We always brief that there is no rank in the cockpit, anyone can speak up at any time and be heard. 20:26:33 From Corey Sheeron : Concur Jake 20:26:46 From Jake Laginess : DAMCLAS for the win! 20:27:25 From Kathrena Haefler : Culture makes a big difference. A great example is Hawaii makes - don't expect the sense of urgency you have on a daily basis to transfer. Aloha time is real; If you go in bulldozing, you'll have a very difficult time getting anything done and will more than likely be met with opposition. 20:27:48 From Lee Wayne Smalley : "Island Time :)" 20:28:02 From Kathrena Haefler : Yes! 20:28:17 From Chinyere Jebavy : Yes, cultural perspective affects the way people think and act 20:28:20 From Adam Barsky : Yes, this is definitely important. 20:28:25 From Audrey Conley : yes 20:28:26 From Victor Vergara : It is very truth, in some counntries like colombia they are extremly polite, that sometime it is dificult to see they are updset 20:28:35 From Kathrena Haefler : Yes and attire 20:28:40 From Ted Shallcross : yes, "healthy discontent" is needed to make the best decisions/investments 20:28:40 From Gary Fung : or every company 20:28:43 From Kevin Mowery : Yes, even geographic differences in the US. 20:28:44 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I completely preferdirect communication. 20:28:53 From Lisa Teklinski : Yes and hand gestures and/or greetings 20:28:56 From Maria Santa : whenever i travel for work its so interesting to see how different schools work and how the schedules are formatted and what the interactions with students/counselors are at various high schools 20:28:58 From Chinyere Jebavy : yes, time and communication too 20:29:03 From Sheila Gallagher : Very true, we have just introduced a new standard process for meetings in our work!!! 20:29:06 From Lee Wayne Smalley : I have run into issues working with contractors in Asia who will always say they can accomplish somethiing by a certain date even if it is not physcially possible 20:29:13 From Tim O. : in Thailand, you will hardly ever hear anyone say No or point out that a schedule is too aggressive 20:29:17 From Audrey Conley : yes, some people are very frank 20:29:21 From Audrey Conley : some are very shy 20:29:43 From Mitch Wintemute : It makes negotiations with customers from different countries dramatically different also... Negotiating with Korea and Sweden are very different 20:29:55 From Lee Wayne Smalley : My Brazilian coworkers are almost always late to meetings and thing we are crazy for being strict on start times 20:30:06 people speak From Chinyere Jebavy : A lot of those examples...you cannot even understand what 20:30:19 From Ryan Gillespie : we have run into issues with setting work expectations in terms of work-life balance between France and the US 20:30:21 From Chinyere Jebavy : and they cannot understand what you are talking 20:30:28 From Sean Wetterer : the space shuttle challenger disaster in the US. The local engineer culture did not make the urgency of action apparent to the decision makers 20:30:31 From Anissa Stansfield : We were expecting drawings from a South Koren supplier and they were consistently late because no one wanted to tell us no, we can't do it. 20:30:32 From Gary Fung : working in japan, they nod to acknowledge you but not necessarily agree w/you, you have to read the body language 20:30:35 From Maria Santa : i was in india and trying to stick to a schedule and had to leave a meeting early. this was very much frowned upon because the indian couselors wanted to have extended conversation and were very relaxed with the timing of our meeting running "late" 20:30:37 From Adam Barsky : Working on Quality issues with either those in Mexico or Nicaragua, lots of Latin Americas, very very direct 20:30:38 From Eric John : My negotiations with North Koreans was a perfect case for cultural differences. Closer to inter-planetary differences 20:30:46 From Tim O. : Deadlines in Thailand....the reluctance to say No even when the deadline is unlikely to be met. 20:30:47 From Robert Hwang : I work at French company. Hierarchy is very important but informal discussion at the senior level is also impotant. 20:30:52 From Brian Williams : We had some clients from Japan that were very against confrontation. Even the slightest hint of disagreement or criticism of their idea was very off putting to them 20:31:04 From Jake Laginess : We train Indian students to fly; while preparing for flights, I talk very fast and animated, but they don't have the heart to tell me to slow down or to ask for clarification. They just nod their head the entire time. 20:31:04 to the point From Victor Vergara : You can spend hours in a meeting with French and you never get 20:31:05 From Chinyere Jebavy : India and China 20:31:09 From Audrey Conley : when Japanese says "Yes", they really mean "I'm listening 20:31:09 From Kevin Mowery : promise dates on product from our Mexico plants are always overly optimistic 20:31:13 From Ted Shallcross : yes, working in zurich, the swiss were very dismssive of non-swiss opinions. The swiss were always right and we were always wrong :) 20:31:38 From Robert Hwang : Many French senior managers have a government working background and a little bit elite culture 20:31:41 From Eric John : There are dozens of variations of the Thai smile that have radically differnet meanings 20:31:41 From Mitch Wintemute : We have had issues with misunderstanding whether concepts were understood. In highly technical discussions, we have had customers who nod and say yes more because they are affirming they are listening than that they truly understand. Not actually understanding but nodding nearly resulted in a significant on-wing failure 20:31:46 From Sean Wetterer : Reaching out to peers in a German organization always required an "up and over" approach (i talk to my manager, manager talks to his equivalent, that manager talks to his subordinate) rather than direct route 20:31:49 From Victor Vergara : "Ahorita" righ now in Mexico means maybe later 20:31:52 From Ryan Gillespie : You do see cultutral differences diminished over time in employees who work at the same organization for long periods of time. The org culture (often the host country culutre) takes over 20:31:56 midwest folks From Brian Williams : Even people from NYC can be more brash or brazen than us 20:31:58 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I don't have different countries to use as an example, but there is a culture difference between a not-for profit coop utility and an investor owned utility. The not-for-profit opearates under a different set of values because the main focus is the end user customers (who own the co-op) and not shareholders. 20:31:58 company From Lisa Teklinski : observed holidays or religious days that don't line up within the 20:32:06 From Zac Holmes : we encounter food preferences and cooking habits differ causing some conflict among roomates 20:32:07 From Chinyere Jebavy : misunderstanding in communication... 20:32:09 From Eric John : Confrontation is an integral part of diplomacy, actually 20:32:16 From Sheila Gallagher : My main challenges from moving from Ireland to the South of America is my directness! This is taken as negative here...when all I want is to get the job done quicker! 20:32:30 From Anissa Stansfield : Holidays is a good one! We don't do anything in august because the rest of the world is on vacation 20:32:31 From Chinyere Jebavy : Personal relationships are valued in the USA at work place than outside the USA 20:32:51 From Tim O. : most recent experience is bureaucracy in S Korea. A senior director chooses to not engage a reular engineer from the US...he prefers to talk to his director. 20:32:58 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I am a very straightforward communicator and make eye contact often - I imagine that could get me into trouble in some places as a woman... 20:33:13 From Sheila Gallagher : Yes, agree with holidays! Us European loves our holidays!! :-) 20:34:46 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : No communication aspect in Hof. 20:34:46 From Corey Sheeron : GlobeSmart’s “risk” profile corresponds to Hofstede’s “uncertainty index” 20:34:47 From Ryan Gillespie : power distance with egaltarianism and status 20:34:48 From Ted Shallcross : The Hofstede Uncertainty Avoidance is comparable to the GlobeSmart Risk versus Certainty dimension. 20:34:48 From Gary Fung : power distance w/egalitarianism/status 20:34:49 From Maria Santa : power distance and egalitarianism vs. status 20:34:49 From Katie Molinski : power distance - status 20:34:50 From Adam Barsky : Uncertainty avoidance with risk 20:34:51 From Tim O. : masculinity/feminity matches direct/indirect 20:34:52 From Zac Holmes : Power Distance / Status - Egalitarianism 20:34:56 From Eric John : risk/certainty and uncertainty avoidance 20:35:00 From Ryan Gillespie : uncertainty avoidance with risk and certainty 20:35:04 From Jake Laginess : Uncertainty avoidance vs risk 20:35:04 From Chinyere Jebavy : power distance - status 20:35:04 From Robert Hwang : Hofstede : uncertainty avoidance and power distance 20:35:06 From Sean Wetterer : they're reasonably aligned... risk/uncertainty vs. uncertainty avoidance. Just slightly different principal component axes. 20:35:07 From Adam Barsky : Power distance = status 20:35:07 From Audrey Conley : uncertaintity vs risk avoidance 20:35:08 From Sheila Gallagher : Risk/uncertainity avoidance 20:35:21 From Chinyere Jebavy : risk and avoidance 20:35:27 From Lisa Teklinski : status, power, risk 20:35:28 From Victor Vergara : Task vs Relationship is associated with Hofstede's concept of Individualism v. Collectivism 20:35:30 From Ryan Gillespie : task - relationship in globe smart seems to be an addition, but may be built other places 20:35:30 From Maria Santa : individualsim and independent vs. interdependent 20:35:31 From Adam Barsky : Masculinity/feminity is combo of direct/indirect and relationship 20:35:34 From Katie Molinski : individualism - independent (I think) 20:35:36 From Anissa Stansfield : individual & collective vs independent interdpeent 20:35:45 From Eric John : independence 20:35:46 From Ryan Gillespie : independant - interdependent 20:35:48 From Tim O. : independent 20:35:48 From Chinyere Jebavy : independence and interdependence 20:35:50 From Mitch Wintemute : independent 20:35:53 From Ted Shallcross : The Hofstede Individualism/Collectivism is comparable to the GlobeSmart Independent versus Interdependent dimension 20:35:54 From Lisa Teklinski : indpendence vs. not 20:35:54 From Sean Wetterer : ind/coll = independent, interdependent 20:35:55 From Jake Laginess : independent/interdependent 20:35:56 From Brian Williams : independent yeah i agree 20:35:56 From Corey Sheeron : “independence” with “individualism” 20:35:56 From Adam Barsky : interdependent/ 20:35:58 From Audrey Conley : independent 20:36:01 From Gary Fung : individualism/collectivism w/independent/interdependent 20:36:01 From Robert Hwang : Independece and interdependencies 20:37:21 From Eric John : hofstede looks more at broader society, GS at the workplace. 20:37:30 From Eric John : That leads to differences in their categorizations 20:39:14 From Gary Fung : that's what i thought too 20:40:52 From Victor Vergara : yes 20:41:08 From Eric John : een when you use the two different websites, Hof compares nations, GS compares the individual 20:41:36 From Gary Fung : not yet 20:41:36 From Adam Barsky : Not yet 20:41:37 From Lisa Teklinski : no 20:41:38 From Sean Wetterer : not yet 20:41:38 From Sheila Gallagher : no 20:41:38 From Robert Hwang : No 20:41:39 From Zac Holmes : no 20:41:41 From Audrey Conley : not yet 20:41:42 From Chinyere Jebavy : No 20:41:44 From Andrew Farkas : no 20:41:45 From Victor Vergara : no 20:41:49 From Lee Wayne Smalley : np 20:42:40 From Lisa Teklinski : yes 20:42:42 From Gary Fung : yes 20:42:44 From Audrey Conley : yes 20:42:46 From Corey Sheeron : yes 20:42:47 From Zac Holmes : yes 20:42:49 From Sheila Gallagher : yes 20:43:01 From Sheila Gallagher : it wont let me submit 20:43:03 From Ryan Gillespie : I think you have to answer both 20:43:04 From Lee Wayne Smalley : you have to answer more than the 1st question to submit 20:43:06 From Eric John : Can't submit unless we vote on question 2 20:43:07 From Victor Vergara : Do we have to answer Q2 to submit? 20:43:08 From Anissa Stansfield : I can't submit 20:43:08 From Sean Wetterer : it requires both answers 20:43:14 From Audrey Conley : convergence 20:43:22 From Kevin Mowery : need to answer both to submit 20:43:33 From Eric John : We can't submit until we answer #2 20:43:44 From Robert Hwang : two questions should be answered. 20:44:21 From Jake Laginess : How come "it depends" wasn't one of the answers? 20:45:52 From Maria Santa : i voted that cultures are divergening because of globalization people are more protective of their culture 20:46:09 From Lisa Teklinski : I think people are very proud of their culture and they want to make sure "it survives" and is represented. 20:46:11 From Gary Fung : i didn't vote that but i agree w/maria 20:46:13 From Zac Holmes : I think cultures are becoming more defined as a result of globalziation where the awareness of differences becomes more apparent 20:46:26 From Gary Fung : sure is 20:46:31 From Katie Molinski : trying to become more unique and not like the rest 20:46:39 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : That makes sense, Zac. 20:46:42 BREXIT... From Sheila Gallagher : I did not vote this but we just have to look at the UK and 20:46:43 From Ted Shallcross : even in this country we are seeing "tribalism" come more and more into play 20:46:43 From Kathrena Haefler : Diverging because as countries become more developed, they are seeking more independence and embracing those things that make them different 20:46:55 From Shashidhar Hiremath : Culture is tied to individual’s /people and People thoughts are not converging , they are till thinking with their respective culture … 20:47:13 From Tim O. : cultures are rooted in certain aspects that are not likely to change. there can be external influence on cultures, but there can't be wholesale change in the buried aspects that make up a culture. 20:47:16 From Kathrena Haefler : Culture is a differentiator, independence supports pride 20:47:17 From Chinyere Jebavy : The world is a global place..as more and more globalization happens, cultures seem to merge 20:48:09 From Audrey Conley : I still believe it's convergence 20:48:14 either From Kathrena Haefler : Consider the Euro as well, not all European countries switched 20:48:19 From Kathrena Haefler : Yes! Exactly 20:48:22 From Zac Holmes : the drive towards convergence in many ways reinforces the need for cultures to be different actually strengthenining their identity and resulting in divergence 20:48:38 From Maria Santa : i agree zac 20:48:48 From Kathrena Haefler : Yes, very true 20:48:53 From Ted Shallcross : interesting point Zac 20:48:55 From Eric John : I've watched this over thirty years, and they are converging. The similarities I have seen develop in cultures are undisputable. Votes for divergence are about how individuals FEEL about the culture, but that doesn't overcome the fact that they actually are converging. 20:48:56 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Still feel business is becoming more convergent. We may become more aware that different cultures exist but that doesn't mean that others are becoming more difficult to conduct business with globally 20:48:57 From Chinyere Jebavy : Yes 20:49:00 From Ryan Gillespie : i agree that people are proud of their culture and want to hold onto what makes them unique. But the factors discussed in this chapter I see as converging. The "business factors" of culture..."corporate" or "business" is becoming the culture 20:49:00 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I think about how cultures will mimic other cultures as we become more gloabal. And as more people live in other cultures, they are each sharing their own culture and may pick of pieces of the other's cultures. 20:49:01 From Andrew Farkas : I think cultures are mostly converging because of assimilation and general respect for each other. But you have a vocal minority, that gets lots of news coverage, embracing nationalism (Brexit, etc.) so it could appear that cultures are diverging 20:49:03 From Chinyere Jebavy : The world is a global place..as more and more globalization happens, cultures seem to merge 20:49:08 From Kevin Mowery : access to information and technology 20:49:10 From Gary Fung : globalization, inter-racial marriages 20:49:10 From Brian Williams : Say it with me, the internet. 20:49:12 From Victor Vergara : 30 years ago, there were not McDonals, Starbuck ans several other US stores in LATAM. Now is in every place. 20:49:22 From Chinyere Jebavy : marriages 20:49:28 From Robert Hwang : SNS and media play a big role in sharing/spreading culture 20:49:31 and tastes From Eric John : They are converging in a common platform of access to information 20:49:32 From Adam Barsky : Convergence because most are assimilating aspects of each other, and becoming more similar with more interaction 20:49:33 From Jake Laginess : I wouldn't say they are converging into uniformity, but instead they are all becoming more alike, rather than more dissimilar 20:49:36 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : Media is huge... 20:49:38 From Sean Wetterer : there's greater standardization of products and processes. Subsequent generations are appreciating 'global' culture (e.g. Marvel Super Heroes in China) 20:49:38 From Andrew Farkas : people moving bring cultures with them 20:49:46 From Eric John : travel is much more frequent, communications, and readings 20:49:50 From Gary Fung : if the business doesn't differentiate for local 20:49:52 From Anissa Stansfield : More communication makes people adopt different aspects of other cultures that they like or think are cool 20:49:52 From Sheila Gallagher : Ive been to many countries and more and more you can get similar products from home. 20:49:56 From Chinyere Jebavy : global migration 20:49:58 From Ryan Gillespie : most businesses big and small are now at least global/if not transnational, it is roping people of differnt cultures under the same corporate culture 20:49:59 differences From Robert Hwang : I think converging means more people can understand cutlural 20:50:01 From Audrey Conley : MNEs normally have standard process etc, that impact employees in different countries 20:50:02 From Brian Williams : We can instantly communicate and ship and travel across international borders faster than ever. As communication and transportation speeds continue to get faster than cultures have more chance to interact 20:50:02 From Jake Laginess : I think it's driven by global movement of people, goods, ideas, knowledge, etc. 20:50:09 From Eric John : The fact that we have all of us communicating here together from different countries being fed the same business culture from Kelley 20:50:10 From Adam Barsky : More flow of business, and interaction amongst different cultures 20:50:29 From Anissa Stansfield : More freedom of movement and travel to other places. 20:50:33 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Companies want to make money so they work to better understand what culturual influences are required to successfully conduct business. This awareness and respect aids in convergence 20:50:33 From Audrey Conley : more students went to US or other English countries and adpot the cultures there 20:50:33 From Kevin Mowery : increased immigration also causes cultures to converge 20:50:38 From Victor Vergara : Beacuse of Social Media It is very easy to copy and mimic. My nephews that leave in the Patagonia, have the same customes (plays, dance, dress, etc) than my son that lives in the US 20:50:39 From Sean Wetterer : greater borrowing between cultures of ideas that work best 20:50:43 From Mitch Wintemute : I think we see strong examples of cultural convergence over time, the mixing and blending of cultures through immigration and multi race families has that effect. I feel like differentiation has often bekome "token" in nature. Like celebrating some holidays from their culture, but true cultural tendencies have blended together 20:50:46 businesses. From Sheila Gallagher : Standard Processes being development and leveraged across 20:50:54 From Eric John : My job bridging clutural differneces was much more difficult in the 1980s that now. 20:51:03 From Chinyere Jebavy : communication and languages...people learn differently 20:51:10 From Kevin Mowery : those are individual traits 20:51:16 From Audrey Conley : English is the No1 language on this planet and international standard business language 20:51:36 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : No, different cultures create different organizations but as more businesses work together they will try to "get along" and may make changes to their own behaviors. 20:51:43 boundaries From Victor Vergara : If you compare companies that only do business within their 20:51:43 From Adam Barsky : Mandarin 20:51:44 From Audrey Conley : Chinese 20:51:45 From Corey Sheeron : Mandarin 20:51:46 From Brian Williams : mandarin 20:51:48 From Jake Laginess : mandarin 20:51:49 From Sean Wetterer : english 20:51:49 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Mandarin 20:51:50 From Sheila Gallagher : Spanish? 20:51:52 From Robert Hwang : Chinese 20:51:53 From Shashidhar Hiremath : english 20:51:57 From Yang Li : 汉语 20:51:58 From Chinyere Jebavy : Chinese and English 20:52:07 From Audrey Conley : native language, Chinese 20:52:10 From Victor Vergara : None Sense taking is the most comon 20:52:19 From Brian Williams : https://www.babbel.com/en/magazine/the-10-most-spokenlanguages-in-the-world/ 20:52:19 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Spanish for countries 20:52:31 From Sheila Gallagher : :-) 20:52:31 From Sean Wetterer : no love for esperanto? :) 20:52:32 From Lee Wayne Smalley : as a native language 20:52:47 From Audrey Conley : Chinglish 20:52:47 From Kevin Mowery : do we believe that you should be able to choose your religion? do we believe that women should have the right to vote? I’d argue those are cultural preferences 20:52:52 From Gary Fung : i can speak bad chinese 20:52:59 From Chinyere Jebavy : yes, 20:53:01 From Victor Vergara : LOL :) 20:53:17 From Chinyere Jebavy : No right or wrong answers 20:53:22 From Adam Barsky : Recognized by the UN? 20:53:28 From Jake Laginess : Is Taiwan a country? What about Tibet? 20:53:31 From Adam Barsky : I think 243 20:53:31 From Gary Fung : 190+ i think 20:53:31 From Sean Wetterer : 190-ish? 20:53:33 From Kevin Mowery : 210 20:53:33 From Robert Hwang : about 200? 20:53:33 From Brian Williams : 200? ish? 20:53:34 From Kathrena Haefler : 100+ 20:53:36 From Maria Santa : 200? 20:53:37 From Shashidhar Hiremath : 190 20:53:38 From Chinyere Jebavy : 400+ 20:53:40 From Sheila Gallagher : 200+ 20:53:41 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : 200? 20:53:41 From Tim O. : 250? 20:53:41 From Zac Holmes : 180? 20:53:42 From Ryan Gillespie : 206 20:53:42 From Ted Shallcross : 250 20:53:43 From Jake Laginess : 196 20:53:46 From Victor Vergara : 195 20:53:46 From Lisa Teklinski : 195 20:53:47 From Lee Wayne Smalley : 178 20:53:48 From Audrey Conley : 190? 20:53:49 From Andrew Farkas : 195 20:53:50 From Eric John : aroud 190 20:53:59 From Adam Barsky : 193-195 20:54:19 From Chinyere Jebavy : 195 20:54:21 From Victor Vergara : Please ask how many people google it? 20:54:31 From Eric John : 197.6 20:54:41 From Kathrena Haefler : .6? 20:54:53 From Tim O. : independent lands > 230 20:54:55 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : lol @ .6 20:55:11 From Audrey Conley : how did you calculate it? 20:55:50 From Eric John : That's not the majority... 20:55:54 From Adam Barsky : Because that is typically their filter, most respectful 20:55:55 From Kathrena Haefler : Because organizations are very diverse 20:56:08 From Sean Wetterer : national culture is a startiing point that allows you to engage to learn more about their individual behavior 20:56:13 From Lisa Teklinski : to show respect for their culture/country 20:56:15 From Eric John : Cluture gives you the best first read on the context in which they exist 20:56:15 From Yang Li : social influence 20:56:26 From Maria Santa : i voted national culture because i don't think an individual's behavior necessarily means culture. you look at the national culture to see what the people of the country value, how they work, make decisions, etc 20:56:27 From Audrey Conley : I think it's a safe bet, of course, if you know this person very well, the answer will be different 20:56:31 From Shashidhar Hiremath : understanding how the organization or management style of that country will help to connect with the person better 20:56:37 From Kathrena Haefler : Individuals originate from many nations and that culture ultimately influences the individual behavior 20:56:38 business From Ryan Gillespie : thats typically seen as the "respectful" way in international 20:56:39 From Mitch Wintemute : because it gets you "in the ball park," and you are more likely to have enough experience to draw on. Corporate culture is hard to know (not on GS) 20:56:52 From Eric John : You have a read on the business culture, their home life, their beliefs. The individual characteristics only come out later. 20:56:55 From Victor Vergara : Because of steriotypes 20:56:58 From Yang Li : tradition and social practices from the social and peer pressure 20:57:02 From Audrey Conley : because it can give me some kind of guidline 20:57:11 From Mitch Wintemute : if you don't know national culture, it is hard to know you are interpreting the individual behavior well 20:57:16 From Adam Barsky : Understanding how that person will react is typically important, they have spent much of their life impression comes from their background, where business is usually less so 20:57:19 From Audrey Conley : otherwise, I don't know this person, how should I do? 20:57:34 From Sean Wetterer : national culture is validated 20:57:38 From Kathrena Haefler : It gives you a frame of reference 20:57:56 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I believe that people in business today will try to learn something about who they are getting together with from a different country and try to present behaviors of the person they are meeting - especially if they are trying to sell something. 20:57:57 From Kevin Mowery : I chose individual behavior because they may have individual characteristics that don’t mesh with the national culture, i.e, a Japanese person that doesn’t bow upon meeting. 20:57:58 From Eric John : I see national culture as the outer ring, the corporate, then individual in terms of approaching in a business 20:58:02 From Tim O. : iindividuals get influenced by other cultures through exposure..even when it goes againt their national culture. Essence of intercultural interaction is to address the individual in this case. 20:58:03 From Gary Fung : individual because that is who you are dealing with and wanting to influence. it's possible they are an expat too. also what if they don't support the national culture? or the individual should already reflect the national culture. 20:58:10 From Jake Laginess : I think it company and national culture provides a decent backdrop, but individual variations within each of those contexts makes the possibility of making a grievous error more likely; by using the national and corporate cultural as a lens to view the individual behavior, you're more likely to hit a home run 20:58:12 their culture From Andrew Farkas : Everyone acts differently and doesn’t necessarily conform to 20:58:12 From Ryan Gillespie : not every person matches national or corp culture. My globesmart was nothing like the US and probably even less like my corporation! 20:58:13 From Anissa Stansfield : Relying on the national culture denies that people are different and puts you at risk of running with the sterotype. 20:58:19 cultures From Corey Sheeron : Individuals not necessarily aligned with national or corporate 20:58:40 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : I agree with that, Anissa. 20:58:50 the nation From Anissa Stansfield : Its the person you are talking to who will make the deal, not 20:58:51 From Yang Li : the way how individuals understand and behave under national culture are various and depend on personal background (education, social status) 20:58:55 From Katie Molinski : individuals can act independently from their culture 20:59:10 From Mitch Wintemute : I like Eric's point. Go in knowing national culture. Learn corporate culture as you associat with their business, and fine tune on an individual level as you get to know individual players 20:59:10 From Kathrena Haefler : If the company is truly trans or multinational, the national culture WILL influence corporate culture 20:59:14 From Ted Shallcross : everyone's an individual - I'd start with the individual aspect but having the national culture in the back of my mind 20:59:26 From Ted Shallcross : as well as corporate culture 20:59:26 From Kathrena Haefler : and most likely individual as well 20:59:53 From Lee Wayne Smalley : When conducting business if you demonstrate awareness of corporate culture it shows you understand what that firm values and will be more relatable and respected. Understanding corporate culture also takes more effort than researching national culture and therefore warrants greater appreciation. 20:59:59 From Zac Holmes : It is an environment the person is familiar with giving you common ground immediately ensuring a safe start to the interaction. 21:00:06 From Yang Li : private business Vs. governmental business are different 21:00:07 company. From Robert Hwang : Corporate culture can represent the way of working at the 21:00:12 From Ryan Gillespie : jobs are at risk when people dont match the corp culture...so you may assume that people assimilate to it 21:00:28 From Sean Wetterer : corporate culture influences preferred ways of working by continuous reinforcement 21:00:31 From Eric John : The individual works within the confines of a corporate culture. 21:00:33 From Chinyere Jebavy : following policies of corporate culture is important 21:00:42 From Sheila Gallagher : I think corporate as you are dealing with a business matter. You need to ensure you understand that corporate culture. 21:00:50 From Robert Hwang : Each company has its own unique culture and they try to define their culture such as vision and competencies etc. 21:00:57 From Lee Wayne Smalley : There are plenty of people who I may like their individual behavior but I would not trust in a business deal 21:00:59 From Yang Li : and corporate mission and value attract certain group of workers. 21:01:04 From Chinyere Jebavy : yes, values and ethics 21:01:05 From Andrew Farkas : corporate culture shouldnt shape an individual 21:01:23 From Chinyere Jebavy : I said other 21:01:26 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Relating to Corporate culture ensures alignment on transacting services 21:01:29 From Chinyere Jebavy : Other- to avoid being bias and sterotype the whole nation based on individual. 21:06:04 From Tim O. : choices unchanged 21:06:04 From Victor Vergara : no 21:06:05 From Yang Li : nope 21:06:05 From Audrey Conley : I didn't change my vote 21:06:06 From Robert Hwang : No 21:06:07 From Kevin Mowery : no 21:06:09 From Shashidhar Hiremath : nope 21:06:11 From Chinyere Jebavy : No 21:06:11 From Sean Wetterer : no 21:06:12 From Maria Santa : no 21:06:13 From Katie Molinski : nope 21:06:15 From Gary Fung : i learned a lot but i would not change my vote 21:06:17 From Lisa Teklinski : no 21:06:20 From Mitch Wintemute : no 21:06:35 From Kathrena Haefler : No, I paused on the second question but I think the key is ...right from the start 21:06:39 From Sheila Gallagher : I changed the first quesiton. 21:06:47 From Kevin Mowery : it didn’t pop up for me 21:06:57 From Ted Shallcross : I changed my vote from "divergence" to "convergence" - Eric's comment on perception vs. data/reality swayed me 21:06:57 From Kathrena Haefler : You cannot gauge relations just from the individuals behavior 21:07:12 From Eric John : You'll give us the answer key later, professor? 21:07:16 From Yang Li : coz we are persistent MBA students : ) 21:07:17 From Mitch Wintemute : lol 21:07:39 From Sheila Gallagher : :-) 21:07:40 From Kathrena Haefler : Can we select "all of the above?" 21:07:40 From Adam Barsky : Haha 21:07:44 From Kathrena Haefler : :) 21:07:52 From Chinyere Jebavy : views 21:07:59 From Maria Santa : haha yes there should be a "it depends" answer for both 21:08:05 From Zac Holmes : I agree Kathrena! and add the environmental factors 21:08:26 From Kathrena Haefler : Yes! There are so many influences 21:08:28 From Mitch Wintemute : how is nationalism divergence? 21:08:46 From Jake Laginess : With the convergence/divergence, wouldn't it depend on the amount of time you're observing? 21:08:55 From Mitch Wintemute : if every country has nationalist tendencies, that is cultural convergence, right? 21:09:11 From Robert Hwang : How is other class response? Similar? 21:12:26 From Audrey Conley : US? 21:12:35 From Sean Wetterer : hawaii 21:12:37 From Gary Fung : us? 21:12:38 From Ryan Gillespie : hawaii 21:12:38 From Chinyere Jebavy : Asia 21:12:39 From Victor Vergara : Hawaii 21:12:42 From Anissa Stansfield : ASia 21:12:44 From Ted Shallcross : whoever is in the center 21:12:45 From Robert Hwang : Asia centric? 21:12:51 From Lee Wayne Smalley : antartica 21:13:08 From Chinyere Jebavy : Ok 21:13:14 From Yang Li : good observation! 21:13:24 From Robert Hwang : Interesting! 21:13:39 From Mitch Wintemute : how about australia... upside down 21:13:58 From Kathrena Haefler : Wow, neat 21:14:06 From Jake Laginess : No longer down under! 21:14:08 From Eric John : Well done, Mitch! 21:14:09 From Sheila Gallagher : wow 21:14:12 From Lisa Teklinski : it is upside to people in the US 21:14:14 From Victor Vergara : Point of reference 21:14:16 From Robert Hwang : Great. 21:14:16 From Gary Fung : down under 21:14:18 From Maria Santa : woah very interesting 21:14:20 From Chinyere Jebavy : upside down 21:14:25 From Yang Li : well, world is round, it is right in another way 21:14:25 From Audrey Conley : south is up? 21:14:28 right? From Sean Wetterer : makes sense since the people are upside down in australia, 21:14:32 From Chinyere Jebavy : Thats their view 21:14:38 From Katie Molinski : interesting 21:14:39 From Kathrena Haefler : Self importance 21:14:46 From Lee Wayne Smalley : ha ha nice 21:14:50 From Kathrena Haefler : and validation 21:14:54 From Adam Barsky : I like this map 21:14:59 From Robert Hwang : New view. 21:15:08 From Kevin Mowery : interesting 21:15:10 From Sheila Gallagher : very interesting! 21:15:17 From Lisa Teklinski : wow! 21:15:30 From Chinyere Jebavy : It's unique 21:15:32 From Katie Molinski : unique 21:15:43 From Ted Shallcross : i like it 21:16:26 From Jake Laginess : We're a lot closer to "the other side of the world"! 21:16:28 From Anissa Stansfield : it;s looking down from the top 21:16:28 From Mitch Wintemute : Looking over poles for Russia US 21:16:29 From Brian Williams : from a satellite above north pole? 21:16:30 From Sean Wetterer : arctic ocean centered 21:16:30 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : centers on the polar ice? 21:16:33 From Adam Barsky : Centered on north pole 21:16:40 From Lee Wayne Smalley : land masses are so close together 21:16:41 From Chinyere Jebavy : satelitte map 21:16:41 From Gary Fung : the ice 21:16:42 From Corey Sheeron : Reduces visual proximity 21:16:45 From Ted Shallcross : coloring and shading 21:16:46 From Victor Vergara : Continents looks closer 21:16:49 From Kevin Mowery : north/south on sides 21:16:50 From Maria Santa : very close together 21:16:52 From Robert Hwang : Picture taken from satellite. 21:16:56 From Brian Williams : shows just how big the oceans really are 21:16:58 From Adam Barsky : Would be good for global warming (or US/Russia relationships) 21:16:58 From Sheila Gallagher : its very strange one... :-) 21:16:59 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Asia and North America a neighbors 21:17:03 From Chinyere Jebavy : world is closer than we think 21:17:07 From Zac Holmes : it does not provide clear reference points making it seem unfamiliar 21:17:10 From Lisa Teklinski : looks like an ink blot test to me 21:17:31 From Brian Williams : ha . there we go 21:17:35 From Eric John : Kyrie Irving's map! 21:17:38 From Jake Laginess : I'd say it accurately depicts US/Russian relationships - a frozen wasteland between the two! 21:17:57 From Mitch Wintemute : except Africa has some problems in the south 21:18:20 From Kathrena Haefler : I'm with you Lisa! 21:18:21 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : Haha, Eric - I thought the same 21:18:25 From Adam Barsky : How do we not fall off the edges though 21:18:35 From Kathrena Haefler : LOL 21:18:39 From Robert Hwang : Haha 21:18:40 From Jake Laginess : The wind blows from the edge, keeps everyone on 21:18:41 From Katie Molinski : lol 21:18:43 From Sheila Gallagher : love it!!! 21:18:44 From Sheila Gallagher : :-) 21:18:52 From Kathrena Haefler : Perfect! :) 21:18:53 From Maria Santa : "YUROP" hahaha 21:18:56 From Sheila Gallagher : lol 21:18:57 From Lisa Teklinski : lol 21:18:57 From Sean Wetterer : looks good to me :) 21:18:57 From Robert Hwang : Where is Asia :)? 21:18:58 From Eric John : Like the new Yorker view of the world 21:19:00 From Kevin Mowery : hahaha 21:19:04 From Jake Laginess : I don't see whats wrong with that map 21:19:11 From Audrey Conley : i love this one 21:19:12 From Adam Barsky : This seems normal 21:19:16 From Gary Fung : strange 21:19:17 From Chinyere Jebavy : UThinks USA is the most important in the world 21:19:18 From Victor Vergara : based on steriotypes from middle ages 21:19:43 From Tim O. : it's funny for sure 21:19:58 From Chinyere Jebavy : looks like a cow 21:21:13 From Chinyere Jebavy : Culture is a way of life of people 21:23:49 From Brian Williams : no 21:23:52 From Adam Barsky : No 21:23:52 From Kevin Mowery : no 21:23:53 From Mitch Wintemute : no 21:23:54 From Sean Wetterer : no 21:23:55 From Maria Santa : no 21:23:55 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Clearly objective 21:23:56 From Chinyere Jebavy : No 21:23:56 From Jake Laginess : no 21:23:57 From Lisa Teklinski : no 21:23:57 From Ted Shallcross : no 21:23:58 From Zac Holmes : no 21:23:59 From Gary Fung : no 21:23:59 From Sheila Gallagher : agree 21:23:59 From Robert Hwang : nope 21:24:02 From Andrew Farkas : no, its different even within the us 21:24:04 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Or in Texas 21:24:04 From Eric John : extremely subjective 21:24:09 From Kevin Mowery : it’s relative 21:24:13 From Victor Vergara : right subjective 21:24:13 From Brian Williams : Alabama for instance.. 21:24:23 From Kathrena Haefler : yes...even US states 21:24:43 From Robert Hwang : wow India. 21:24:56 From Audrey Conley : 25 languages wow 21:25:02 From Chinyere Jebavy : Same in Nigeria..we have 200+ languages 21:25:26 From Audrey Conley : all of them are official languages? 21:25:39 From Jake Laginess : Are all aspects of culture relative? Are there specific practices that can be nearly universally condemned as "wrong"? 21:25:48 From Chinyere Jebavy : No, just english 21:26:11 From Kathrena Haefler : that's very interesting Chinyere 21:26:26 From Chinyere Jebavy : Yep 21:27:18 From Tim O. : when a culture is mostly influenced by religious belief (say SE Asia), most aspects are not relative 21:27:24 From Audrey Conley : English? 21:27:26 From Lee Wayne Smalley : english 21:27:31 From Sean Wetterer : english 21:27:37 From Robert Hwang : I guess English 21:27:40 From Victor Vergara : Indi 21:27:43 From Adam Barsky : Hindi or english 21:27:44 From Tim O. : Hindi? English? 21:27:44 From Mitch Wintemute : hindi? 21:27:45 From Ted Shallcross : hindu 21:27:45 From Maria Santa : hindi? 21:27:50 From Chinyere Jebavy : Guess English or Hindi 21:27:53 From Yang Li : Hindi and then Telegu? 21:28:29 From Yang Li : oh bengali then telegu 21:31:49 From Eric John : The debate about convergence versus divergence was quite itneresting and useful. THanks 21:31:50 From Audrey Conley : India has 25 languages 21:31:53 From Robert Hwang : Maps : ethnocentric examples. 21:31:54 From Kevin Mowery : the map examples that demonstrate the centricity of view 21:31:54 From Maria Santa : the realization that national culture, individual behavior, and company culture all matter and i found the discussion surrounding this poll to be very interesting 21:31:54 From Katie Molinski : the different maps from people in the world 21:31:56 good example From Gary Fung : worldview is based on how the individual sees it, the maps were a 21:31:57 From Anissa Stansfield : The clarification of the globalization forces 21:32:00 From Ryan Gillespie : the very last diagram. I like that view of what impacts an individual and their preferences. its a balance of factors 21:32:03 From Chinyere Jebavy : Diversity of opinions and perspectives, maps 21:32:10 From Lisa Teklinski : ethnocentric - everyone wants to view themselves at the top 21:32:12 differences From Kathrena Haefler : It's interesting to hear about so many localized cultural 21:32:15 From Yang Li : different views 21:32:17 From Adam Barsky : Thinking about how to address someone in a business settingeither through their national culture or individual behavior, or company culture 21:32:23 From Tim O. : the power of perspective as displayed in maps 21:32:25 From Corey Sheeron : Technology can have an unforseen diverging effect. Thanks guys! 21:32:26 From Mitch Wintemute : The idea of progressing from considering national culture down to individual 21:32:26 From Sheila Gallagher : The difference in the maps and how your home country tends to be the centre. 21:32:27 From Ted Shallcross : Good night everyone and thanks for the discussion - most interesting to me was the convergence/divergence discussion 21:32:36 lenses From Zac Holmes : I found the maps very eye opening from a perspective of different 21:32:41 From Audrey Conley : thanks everyone. 21:32:42 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : That there is not one specific thing to consider when dealing with someone from a different country but that individual behavior, business culture and national culture all work together. 21:32:43 From Lee Wayne Smalley : I appreciated the insights justifying opinions about the world becoming more divergent. It is not something I view in my work place to great to gain perspective from others 21:32:44 From Sean Wetterer : obtained great insights from the professor and the class regarding the sequenced use of national, professional/ corporate , and individual preference information. 21:32:46 From Shashidhar Hiremath : For me the most interesting was the Hawaii logo /symbol which i never noticed and Mcarthur’s Map on how one can see the world differently 21:32:55 From Jake Laginess : The discussion surronding the poll questions, specifically on whether or not the world is converging or diverging. 21:32:59 From Sean Wetterer : good night everyone. Thanks! 21:33:03 From Adam Barsky : Good night all thank you! 21:33:04 From Yang Li : and know how much that actually we didn't know and still don't know 21:33:06 From Sheila Gallagher : Thanks for a great lecture! Good night! 21:33:06 From Lisa Teklinski : thank you! 21:33:07 From Mitch Wintemute : good night! 21:33:09 From Chinyere Jebavy : Thanks 21:33:10 From Jake Laginess : Thanks Professor! 21:33:10 From Robert Hwang : Thank you! 21:33:11 From Gary Fung : good night 21:33:15 From Audrey Conley : good night 21:33:16 From Toni (Antoinette) Presnell : Night! 21:33:19 From Victor Vergara : Great discussion 21:33:20 From Lee Wayne Smalley : I also plan to take the maps and share them with my team to help build a discussion on perspectives in general 21:33:40 From Lee Wayne Smalley : Thanks!