Theory of Caring - Swanson's Caring Theory

Swanson's Caring Theory
By: Michaela Kopecki, Brionna Greene, Madison Lynch, and Adrianna Robinson-Salazar
About Kristen Swanson
Theory of Caring
Assumptions and Definitions
Nursing Situation
Ways of Knowing
~Kristen Swanson's Theory of Caring~
Swanson Theory of Caring:
Defines caring as nurturing way of relating to a valued other toward whom one feels a personal sense of commitment
and responsibility.
Supports the claim that caring is a central nursing phenomenon but not necessarily unique to the nursing practice.
5 Processes of this theory:
Knowing: striving to understand an event as it has meaning in the life of the other; avoiding assumptions.
-Centering on the one cared for
-Assessing throughly
-Seeking cues
-Engaging the self or both
Being with: being emotionally present to the other
- Being there
- Conveying ability
- Sharing feelings
- Not burdening
Doing for: doing for the other as he or she would do for self if it were at all possible
- Comforting
- Anticipating
- Performing skillfully
- Protecting
- Preserving dignity
Enabling: Facilitating the others passage through life transitions and unfamiliar events
- Informing/explaining
- Supporting/allowing
- Focusing
- Generating alternatives
- Validating/giving feedback
Maintaining belief: sustaining faith in the others capacity to get through an event or transition and face a future with meaning
- Believing in
- Maintaining a hope filled attitude
- Offering realistic optimism
- "Going the distance"
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