PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

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Non-modifiable
factors
 Age (50)
 Gender (Female)
Modifiable factors
 (+) Htn
> Lifestyle
 Diet
> Environment
 4 years undergoing hemodialysis (3x a
week)
 (+) Anticoagulant intake
 (+) Secretion / Bacteria at upper airway
(+) hypertension
↑ Intraglomerular
pressure
Damage to
Glomeruli
Na Retention & ↑
Fluid Volume in
Blood
Impaired Glomerular
Filtration
Long-term or
continuous damage
of glomeruli GFR
<15mL/min/1.73m^2
Presence of Bacteria
@ upper airway
Chronic Kidney
Disease Stage 5
(+) Use of
anticoagulant due to
dialysis
Aspiration of bacteria
↑ Bleeding Tendencies
Impaired Immune
System
Minor Head Injury ®
Bacterial Growth @
Lungs
Damage to Blood
Vessels
Aspiration
Pneumonia
Bleeding into space
between Skull and
Brain (Dura Mater)
Subdural Hematoma
Right
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