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http://www.fmance.gov.itlbudget2007/docs2009/0All.pdf :1111D n"l
Ganayern, A. (2010). Internet Adoption and Cultural Factors: Internet Use Within Arab Society in
Israel. Doctoral Thesis, University of Haifa.
9
Leiner, 8., Cerf, V., Clark, D., Kahn. R., Kleinrock, L., Lynch, D., Postel, 1. & Wolff; S. (???).
Brief Historyof the Internet Intemet Society. Retrieved from:
http://www.internetsociety.orglinternetlwhat-internetlhistory-internetlbrief-history-internet
Mesch, G. (2012). Minority Status and the Use of Computer-Mediated Communication: A Test of
.
the SocialDiversification Hypothesis. Communication Research2012, 39(3), pp. 317 - 337.
Rogers, E. (1983). Diffusion ofInnovations (Third Edition). New York: The Free Press.
Sanger, L. (2008,January 23). How the InternetIs Changing What We (Think We) Know.
Retrieved from: http://www.larrysanger.org/hownetchangesknowledge.html
Seke,E. (2014).Historyof Electronic Communication. DigitalCommunications course, Osmangazi
University. Retrieved from: eseke.ogu.edu.tr/dclDC_history.pdf
10
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Table7-1. ASummary ofthe Research Evidence Supporting and NotSupporting Generalizations abouttheCharacteristics of
Adopter Categories.
'
PUCINTAGE OF
DtaECTION IN WHIC'H THB • ;
I~DEPENDENT VAllIABLE Is
SuPPOJ,T FOR TIll! GIlNERAllZAnoH
R2SiAI(",H STUtlIU
Str,roaTDIG THf.
(NulI8I!!ll Of RlISIJoUCH S1tJDcEl)
RElATED TO INHOVAnvEKBSS
$lIpporting
Not SlI{Jporliftl
G6NEUI.CZAlION
I. S«io«oftomic ChtllVcterlstlc:s
7-2
AI.e (not relaled
7-7
7-8
152
larIer-sizcd onits (positive)
I\. commercial, rather lhlll a sub­
listence, economic orientation
(~itiYe)
20
8
7.
7-9
I\. moR favorable attitude
toward credit (positive)
19
6
76
7-10
More speciMized operations
9
6
60
(pcnitiye)
II.
~l,
,
VQrklbles
Emr~athiiir.(posjijiitiY~· e~)
7-11
9
,
Ability to deal with abslractions
(pOsitive)
Rationality (pOsItive)
Inte\liimce (posltl-..e)
A mort favorable anltude towatd
chanae (poIilive)
Abil;i'1 to cope with uncertlint7
7-13
7-14
7-15
7-16
.
7-17
7-22
0
63
19
100
43
14
75
3
3
,
,
20
II
5
10
,
7-21
64
..
",
•
,if
,
:.,
sm (nept )
Achievement motivation (positive)
Hisber upiration& for education.
14
~
61
occupations. ete. (pOsidve)
29
10
74
lOP
40
73
76
87
1II. CommwtlCrlfioft BthQvlo,
7-13
Social pardc:ipation (po$ilLve)
7~2S
Cosmopolitenesa (poaitive)
Cbanp aacnt COftIaet (positiye)
Mass !Mdia exposu~ (positive)
EKposure to LnterpeROllW com­
municationchannels (positive)
More ~IYe Information seekIn.
(po&i1ive)
7-»
7-17
7-28
7-29
7-30
Knowled.c of innovations
7-31
(pOsitive)
Opimon Leadership (positive)
I
",'
..
,.
I
,I
.
-
,
,?
132
42
135
80
21
36
69
46
14
'17
12
2
86
61
19
13
76
76
.u
•
,~
.
•
.
_
•
.
lJOf lbese 120 studies, 44 sbow chac earlier adoplm are youoger. and 76 show chac earlier adopters are older.
~: A COIIlenl analysis of Ihe approllimately-5100 empirical publicatious dWing wilh cho diffusioll of illllovanois available ill July 1968 (Rogers with
Sboemahr, 1971, pp. m-376). While OOIIsiderable funher ~ has been couducted 011 lhe characll:riBties of adopter ClIkgories since 1968 (lhe Cota!
lumber of diffusiollpublicatiollS lw approximately doubled), roost of Ihisillvesngatiolllw followed che 8IIIIe dim:tiou as previouslyandmyreading ofall
lbese seudies 8l1ggesD thaI lbe presellt cooclusiollS would lot be ebanged much if they were more up co dale,
(.o.o) ')~'t' 't':nn *
(Roge~,
1983,pg. 153)
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i
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!
I
I-
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D':l"l)/ •
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80.0
70.0
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I 30.0
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, n
FiBure 62: Rate of access and use amon Arabsand Jews in Israel.Basedon the CBS data.
Intemetaccess and use
70
r-------------------:=---,
eo I----------..;...----:=.......~~~~=- ~
50
1----~~t::~:@::::::::~--_1
J: r-------------:::;."."""'-~~-----I
2Ot~~~ii~~~::~~:::===j
10
o
2002
2004
2006
(Ganayern, 2010, pg. 221)
IV
2007
-&--,Use-Jew6
......USe-ArabS
-...Access-Jews
~ss-.Arabs
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