Running Head: ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK Ethics in Social Work Tika Shoulders Professor Course Date 1 ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 2 Introduction A code of ethics is a list of rules and expectations for communicating with one another when dealing with conflict. Each and every one of the family member should agree to these codes as well as hold the other family members accountable to the code when communicating with them during a conflict, ("Code of Ethics: English," n.d.). Ethics in practice are designed to not only encourage and inspire families but also give ethical guidance to the areas that the family scientists may have overlooked. It helps in dealing with complex family or rather ethical issues as well as providing solutions that will help in enhancing the status and personal image, (Allen, 2012). Ethics in practice provide the ideals that support the coexistence of humans such as making a person to be familiarized with childhood knowledge through education and always stay informed. In this essay, I will be focusing a case where a child was abused by her parent who has now done 3 years of her 6 years term for child abuse. The paper is written based on a social worker perspective who is now the counsellor to the convict who has now decided to do counselling in order to be able to get out and reunite with her child soon. Therefore, as a social worker, I will make decisions based on Rutland Model for ethics. It helps in developing a relationship with the family as well as inviting all the members of the family to participate in the program. Ethics in practice has different principles based on the context. One of them is the principles of professional conduct. These are the principles that guide the American association of family even economic sectors. By working on my self-awareness and my commitment to the profession and its values, I can resolve this conflict to ensure my emotions do not present a problem and inhibit my ability to develop helping relationships. T his principle is intended to guide and direct the members of the association on the descriptions of ethical action that is required. Principles of ethical in practice are categorically ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 3 selected based on the relationships in context. One of the relationships is parents to children, children to children, or relationship with society. Good values in a family environment are the actions that take place in a society and individual and they are consistent. The main component of ethics in a family is integrity. Good ethical values, also referred to as, code of ethics, are very important since they promote moral values of an organization. They act as the rule and guidelines that have to be followed by the employees in the corporates. These prevent the negative legal effects from the employees of the corporate and promotes a positive relationship. Ethics do not only apply in cooperates they also reflect in families and any other relationship. They enhance integration and understanding humans. The mandate of the code of conduct is to solve any ethical dilemma, (Allen, 2012). The typical elements of culture are, core values that the members of a certain family believe in, and stories which convey the core values. The stories tend to exemplify the core value of the society. Among the above elements are the models of the community, symbols and rites and rituals of the families. There is also a different type of ethic. Since ethics is considered as the principals that guide on how to determine what is right and wrong, it has subcategories that have been placed in cultures. The most important of all culture of compliance and the culture character. The value of integrity states that social workers must adhere to the rules of their organization responsibly and promote ethical practices. Social workers are supposed to treat their clients respectably and helpfully while being aware of their troubles, culture differences, ethnic diversities, and specifically your differences of opinions, ("Code of Ethics: English," n.d.). ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 4 Ethical Dilemma The ethical dilemma in question is a case of a mother who beat up her child with a belt and abused her. According to the nature and description of the case, it is a child abuse though the client denies the charges. Ethically, a child is to be discipline if she or he has done wrong. The best thing or the best way to handle a child who has misbehaved is instilling discipline to her and not brutally beating her up. As a social worker who have been this client, I will depend on personal, professional ethics, values and morals in making any decisions with or without the mother. Interests of both parties will be considered as the child still needs a parent and the mother is aware of her rights as the parents but now the question if she is ready to handle her child or what happened will happen again. According to the case descriptions, the mother says that she is not even aware of what happened the day of the incident. A psychiatrist or psychologist will be recommended here as it may be simple to say but this is very serious considering the future and security of the child. If the mother can’t recall what happened means in future, there is a great possibility of what happened to replicate. The previous incident is not planted in the mother’s consciousness and this is risky since the repercations of her actions are not well known to her. The standards t5hat can be used in this ethical issue are consequentialist, deserved treatment, and ethics of aspiration. The best approach of handling this case is by using deserved approach whereby, to cases are considered; 1. Wrong act can have right consequences 2. Right act can have wrong or lousy consequences In this case, the mother might be acting right by disciplining her child but it was lousy for het to use a belt to beat her up. “The categorical imperative tests intent by asking about the rule or policy of the action you are contemplating: Could you will that this rule be a universal law, i.e., a ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 5 law that applies to everyone? Put another way: is it your intent that everyone act on this rule? If you can answer this question affirmatively, the action is ethically okay… but you wouldn’t want to be the person on the other side of the action— in a word, the victim. In that case (i.e., if your answer is no), the action in question is wrong. It is your duty not to do it. The crucial point can be put another way: acting on this rule you would violate the right the victim has not to be treated that way”, (Robert, 2013) Analysis of the Ethical Dilemma For instance, early childhood experiences, such as child abuse and domestic violence for the child in this case, have a considerable influence of the manner in which their personality develops. For the child, she might have a troubled childhood, which may force her to result to drug abuse and alcoholism. In the case of child, her partner has mistreated her whereas she lacks anyone to support her either economically or socially. Although I should aim at safeguarding the lives of both the mother and the child, I should seek the opinion of other medical professionals in the hospital given her domestic violence, and child abuse. If according to the report from the doctors determines that the child is in a poor condition, I will be forced to make other consultations with the psychiatrist on how the mother treats the child and how she takes her for especially after the incident. . Here, the needs of child would be protected while the rights of the mother are observed, ("Code of Ethics: English," n.d.). Furthermore, it may be true that the mother has a habit of failing to keep appointments with her doctors. In this case, as the social worker I should not hold an appointment for Debbie, since there are other women who suffer the same situation as Debbie. As such, she should be provided with an appointment as they also have a right to access the same limited services as her. This is because she might lack commitment and might have suffered similar situations in the past, but failed to keep up with the appointments she had with her doctors. ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 6 Address Personal Values resulting to Biases Informing the client of his/her rights? Due to the fact that I receive clients from other agency or youth that are juvenile offenders, the youth do not sign the releases. Instead, the releases are usually signed by their parents, the referring agency or their juvenile justice worker. Due to the fact that the youth may not sign the releases in front of us, doesn’t mean that the parents need to. Therefore, I, starting by defining the rights and responsibilities that the subject has is very essential. Forgiveness is not an option, it will be the premise of every discussion in every conflict that is presented to the family, (National Association of Social Workers, 2006). There is no doubt we will have differences in the family, however we will never let the sun go down on our anger. The social workers are male and female, African American and Caucasian, young and old. The staff and house parents that work in the group homes are also racially and culturally diverse. When handling this client, social workers make a point to place them in diverse foster homes to help promote their cultural learning. When the opportunities are available the client will be allowed to attend cultural events, (Robert, 2013). As a social worker, I have crossed examined the situation and come up with solutions based on the decision making models developed through Rutland Model of ethics. Therefore, making any decision has its consequences and for that reason, a person is not limited to make decision. The best thing is to evaluate the impact of something before doing it in order to determine its right’s percentage or its wrong’s too, (Robert, 2013). In this case, before deciding how to handle the case, involving the client in decision making is legit and will help her by making it clear to her that she belongs somewhere and she still has the power over her life. As a social worker, I will depend on these question throughout our talk; what gaps in services or improvements need to be made to improve or strengthen the agency’s policy and procedures for providing efficient, appropriate and effective services? ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 7 Parents are however advised to use spanking as a form of punishment only when it is a case of defiance of authority or willful disobedience and never for a case of mere irresponsibility associated with childish nature. Children spanking should never be administered with the potential to do harm, impulsively or harshly; parents should never implement this type of punishment if they have anger management issues. Spanking administered guided by a proper approach and philosophy is extremely important in deterring bad behavior among preschool’ children or any form of child correction technique, involves the concept of discipline and punishment is the absolute opposite, (National Association of Social Workers, 2006). Punishment focuses on a child’s past and motivates anger; the outcome is hostility, guilt, shame, and rebellion. The outcome is feelings of security and obedience and a child ends up focusing on the future. Discipline is derived from the word “disciple” which means to teach. Parents have a life time responsibility and opportunity of teaching their children good behavior. Children thus should be made to understand that a gentle spank is directly linked to a long-term and greater pain of future harmful decisions. This brings out the concept of prevention being better than cure, (Robert, 2013). Prior to any spanking, a child needs to be given a fair warning before committing any offense; if they go ahead and commit it, they need to be understand why they received a spanking as a disciplinary action. If children disobey a rule deliberately, they need to be informed of an upcoming spanking and escorted to a private room for the same. Spanking should be administered in a loving, consistent, and clear manner, (Reamer, 2006). Afterwards the child should be repeated so that she becomes aware, understands, and learns from the experience. ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 8 Conclusion The concept of a social worker has realized considerable growth in the recent years, emerging as a key area of concern in the society today. Social workers encounter a variety of problems when dealing with different types of patients. One of the major problems is ethical dilemma. They encounter challenges when giving advice to patients. As a professional social worker, I believe that I will have a difficult time working with individuals that have physically or sexually abused a child; therefore, I will have to work at internalizing my feelings of anger and resentment. Becoming a helping professional will require me to show integrity by working with a diversity of clients and doing what is ethically needed; putting aside my prejudice and bias thoughts and regard them fairly and just worthy. ETHICS IN SOCIAL WORK 9 References Allen, K. (2012). The New Social Worker. What Is an Ethical Dilemma?. Retrieved from http://www.socialworker.com/jswve Code of Ethics: English. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.socialworkers.org/About/Ethics/Code-of-Ethics/Code-of-Ethics-English National Association of Social Workers. (2006). Social work speaks: National Association of Social Workers policy statements, 2006-2009. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Reamer, F. G. (2006). Ethical standards in social work: A review of the NASW code of ethics. Washington, DC: NASW Press. Robert, J. (2013). Rutland Institute for Ethics Clemson. ETHICAL DECISION MAKING: A TOOLBOX APPROACH 126 D Hardin Hall Clemson, SC 29634-0528 864-6565379.