the devices poets use to make their poems pleasing to the ear. Assonance The repetition of vowel sound in words like rain, makes, pavement, and wavy. Our noses, Our toes, take hold on the loam” What do we Know? A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form using lines and stanzas. How thin and sharp is the moon tonight! How thin and sharp and ghostly white Is the slim curved crook of the moon tonight! We know…. Poet The poet is the author of the poem Speaker The speaker in the poem is the narrator of the poem. The speaker may be human but just as often, it may be an animal or object Our toes, our noses Take hold on the loam, Acquire the air. Nobody sees us, Stops us, betrays us; The speaker of the poem is the narrator of the poem. Form is the way the words are arranged on the page. My dad Taught me How to fight He would Always tell Me to stick And move Never put your Guard down Every weekend We Would do my Morning chores A group of lines arranged together. The sea creeps to pillage, She leaps on her prey; A child of the village Was murdered today. She came up to meet him In a smooth golden cloak, She choked him and beat him To death, for a joke. Her bright locks were tangled, She shouted for joy, With one hand she strangled A strong little boy. Now in silence she lingers Beside him all night To wash her long fingers In silvery light. Couplet = a two line stanza Triplet = A three line stanza Quatrain = a four line stanza Quintet = a five line stanza Couplet = a two line stanza A couplet is a pair of lines of verse. It usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter. Where-e'er you find "the cooling western breeze," In the next line, it "whispers through the trees;" If crystal streams "with pleasing murmurs creep," The readers threatened (not in vain) with "sleep." Quatrain = a four line stanza a quatrain is a poem or a stanza within a poem that consists of four lines, in which the lines 2 and 4 must rhyme. Lines 1 and 3 may or may not rhyme. Quatrain usually follows an abab, abba, abcb, aabb, or aaba The Curfew tolls the knell of parting day, The lowing herd wind slowly o'er the lea, The plowman homeward plods his weary way, And leaves the world to darkness and to me. The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem. Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration, and repetition. I’m through, Can you sing a song for me Boo? A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating patterns amBER amBER amBER amBER kyUH kyUH kyUH kyUH jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. amBER amBER amBER amBER kyUH kyUH kyUH kyUH jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. They repeat the pattern throughout the poem. amBER amBER amBER amBER kyUH kyUH kyUH kyUH jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN jorDAN ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ ˇ ′ •Free Verse poetry is very conversational. It sounds like someone talking to you. •It does not have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables •It does not rhyme. My Enemy Was Dreaming 1 when I found my enemy sleeping i stood over him as still as the owl at night as the heron waiting for fish i raised my knife to kill him 6 10 then I saw my enemy was dreaming his mouth made a little smile his legs trembled he made small sleep sounds only I will have this memory i will show the others only the horse of my enemy i will not tell the others i left my enemy dreaming Richard Cory Whenever Richard Cory went down town, We people on the pavement looked at him: He was a gentleman from sole to crown Clean favored and imperially slim. And he was always quietly arrayed, And he was always human when he talked; But still he fluttered pulses when he said, “Good-morning,” and he glittered when he walked And he was rich - yes, richer than a kingAnd admirably schooled in every grace: In fine, we thought he was everything To make us wish that we were in his place. So on we worked, and waited for the light, And went without the meat, and cursed the bread; And Richard Cory, one calm summer night, Went home and put a bullet through his head. There is a plot, there is a conflict, and there are characters in Narrative poetry. the devices poets use to make their poems pleasing to the ear. the devices poets use to make their poems pleasing to the ear. Alliteration The repeating of the beginning consonant sound in words like dance, dare, and drop or Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers the devices poets use to make their poems pleasing to the ear. Assonance The repetition of vowel sound in words like rain, makes, pavement, and wavy. Our noses, Our toes, take hold on the loam” & Alliteration She sells seashells by the seashore is of course the rhyming of words at the ends of two or more lines of poetry. Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; The rhyming of words in the middle of lines. After he had made an out, A pout rattled around his mouth The rhyming of words in the middle of lines. I'm a lean dog, a keen dog, a wild dog, and lone; I'm a rough dog, a tough dog, hunting on my own; I'm a bad dog, a mad dog, teasing silly sheep; I love to sit and bay the moon, to keep fat souls from sleep. The repeating of a word or phrase to add rhythm or to emphasize a certain idea. The wind hissed, hissed down the alley. comes to us through our five senses. comes to us through our five senses. They allow us to see, hear, smell, taste, and touch. Poets use special language to create mental pictures or sounds or smells. Imagery is the name we give to the use of this special language. comes to us through our five senses. Most imagery is visual. It creates pictures in the reader’s mind by appealing to the sense of sight. . comes to us through our five senses. Images can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, and smell. comes to us through our five senses. While imagery is an element of all types of writing, it is especially important in poetry. Wolves Last night I heard wolves howling, their voices coming from afar over the wind-polished ice – so much brave solitude in that sound They are death’s snowbound sailors; they know only a continual drifting between moonlit islands, their tongues licking the stars. But they sing as good seamen should, and tomorrow the sun will find them, yawning and blinking the snow from their eyelashes. Their voices rang through the frozen water of my human sleep. blown by the wind with the moon for an icy sail Imagery I have eaten the plums that were in the icebox and which you were probably saving for breakfast Forgive me they were delicious so sweet and so cold Main Idea, Summary, Theme These are three entirely different Things. Main Idea, Summary, Theme These are three entirely different Things. Main Idea, Summary, Theme The MAIN IDEA is what the selection as a whole is about. Main Idea A passage may be mostly about a young man’s dreams of becoming a carpenter Summary A summary tells the most important things about an article Summary A summary tells the most important things about an article. It is different from the main idea. Summary A summary tells what the story is about but it also gives the important details or events. A Summary might read… Joseph is a young boy who dreams of one day leaving school and becoming a carpenter. The “Century Quilt” Woman’s stories have often been silenced so the Century Quilt reminds us that… The “Century Quilt” The women of the past left us texts of coarse wool, fine wool, satin, lace, burlap, silk, brocade, and hemp. The “Century Quilt” The hope is that we present day readers can learn to read such texts and gain a sense of the past and a sense of… The “Century Quilt” …the spiritual hope of those women that recorded history and then then created these quilts as… The “Century Quilt” …a testament to their strength as they were often surrounded by death and destruction. The “Century Quilt” …a testament to their strength as they were often surrounded by death and destruction. The “Century Quilt” If we could read a quilt, we could understand a great part of our cultural history. The “Century Quilt” In its most basic existence, a patchwork quilt, like any blanket is just a means to keep out the cold. The “Century Quilt” In “The Century Quilt” the poems speaker simply hoped to inherit her grandmother’s special Indian blanket… The “Century Quilt” But it went to her sister instead. So, cutoff from this inheritance, she found a quilt “I’d like to die under” The “Century Quilt” This one is a covering that will not only warm her, but seems to have some of the same magic as the grandmother’s quilt. The “Century Quilt” It too can inspire dreams. The colors of the squares symbolizes the blend of cultures from which the speaker springs. The “Century Quilt” This new quilt is one she is sure will bring good dreams. What would you say is the main idea of the Century quilt? How would you summarize this passage?