Name: ___________________________ Date: _____________________________ Going Green to 85%! UNIT 7 QUIZ: ATMOSPHERE, TEMPERATURE, & WEATHER 1. The majority of air is made of what two elements? a. Oxygen and Carbon b. Nitrogen and Oxygen c. Argon and Nitrogen d. Hydrogen and Oxygen 2. Why is the stratosphere warmer than the troposphere? a. Because it is closest to the Sun. b. Because it includes the ozone layer, which traps heat c. Because it is closer to the Equator than the Poles. d. Because it is more present in tropical areas. 3. In the summer, air warmed by the pavement rises and begins to cool off as it moves farther and farther into the atmosphere. What type heat transfer is this movement an example of? a. Radiation b. Magnetic c. Convection d. Conduction 4. In general, what is true about places at higher altitudes? a. They have cooler temperatures than places at lower altitudes b. They have the same temperatures as places at lower altitudes c. They have warmer temperatures than places at lower altitudes d. They have less predictable temperatures than places at lower altitudes 5. What is true about warm air? a. It contains less water vapor than cold air. b. It contains more water vapor than cold air. c. It contains the same amount of water vapor as cold air. d. It does not contain any water vapor. 6. What is the dry adiabatic rate? a. 3° C/100 meters b. 1°C/100 meters c. 10°C/1000 meters d. 0.5°C/1000 meters 7. Which of the following is NOT made by condensation? a. Dew b. Smog c. Fog d. Clouds 8. Which term is used to describe clouds of middle height? a. Cirrus b. Cumulus c. Stratus d. Alto 9. What is a low, dense, gray cloud that blankets the sky and creates a lot of precipitation? a. Cirrocumulus b. Altostratus c. Nimbostratus d. Cirrostratus 10. In the figure above, what are the lines called? a. Isogrids b. Contour lines c. Isobars d. Isotherms 11. How is a steep pressure gradient and faster winds indicated above? a. By lines that are very curved b. By lines that are very far apart c. By lines that are very close together d. By lines with the highest numbers 12. Where is the Coriolis Effect the strongest? a. Midnight b. The poles c. The Equator d. The Northern hemisphere 13. Changes in air pressure from place to place are the main cause of what? a. Snow b. Clouds c. Wind d. Rain 14. In general, weather in the United States moves in which direction? a. North to south b. South to north c. West to east d. East to west 15. Last Saturday, it was cloudy and rainy with some snow mixed in. What could be said about the pressure system in Charlotte at that time? a. We were in the middle of an anticyclone. b. The wind was moving clockwise. c. We were in a cyclone. d. In the center of the system, the air was higher pressure than at the edges.