Standard 4-2 Notes The colonies of New Spain, New France and the English colonies in New England, the Middle colonies and the Southern colonies developed their economics, religious emphasis, government and life styles as a result of the people who migrated to these lands and the geographic region that they settled. Colonists from England, France and Spain all had very different cultures that they brought to America from their motherland. English Colonies The English colonists settled along the Atlantic coast of North America for both Religious freedom and Economic Opportunity. Trade in the English Colonies Southern colonies exported cash crops. Religion in the English Colonies Mostly Protestant Government in the English Colonies Established colonial assemblies and governed themselves. Middle colonies exported food to the Caribbean. New England exported lumber and built ships. The English colonies were divided into three regions: New England, Middle Colonies and Southern Colonies. Label them with the names of each colony and with region they belong to. French Colonies French colonists settled Quebec on the Saint Lawrence River and along the Mississippi River to set up a fur trade with the Native Americans so they could sell to Europe for profit. The French government didn't allow religious dissenters to settle in their colonies. Trade in New France Developed fur trade with the local Native American Tribes Religion in New France Converted Native Americans to Catholicism Government in New France Absolute Monarch, little self-government Many wars were fought between colonists and Native Americans who were resistant to losing their land. When the French took over the Ohio River Valley, the colonists and British went to war to protect their claims. Many Native Americans fought on the side of the French. Native Americans were not as threatened with the French because they didn't require as much land for crops as the English had. Native Americans hoped helping the French would protect more of their land. Later when the French lost control of their colony to the British, the Native Americans lost the land they had found to protect. Spanish Colonies Spanish Colonists explored the Southern and South Western parts of North America in their search for gold. Saint Augustine (in today's Florida) and Santa Fe (in today's New Mexico) were established as indentured servants where Native Americans worked to a profit for the Spanish. Trade in New Spain Religion in New Spain Government in New Spain Large Plantations that Missionaries converted Absolute Monarch, little produced cash crops the Native People and self-government established Roman Catholic missions In the colonies, plantation owners needed more help to work the fields to produce enough from their crops to have enough to provide for their family and have extra to sell, so at first they used Native Americans. They turned later to indentured servants because the Native Americans were able to escape since they knew the land and often died from the diseases Europeans had brought from England. Indentured servants were English immigrants that signed contracts in which they agreed to work for the land owners for a set number of years in exchange for food, clothing and passage to the New World. They hoped someday to own land someday. Because of less indentured servants were available to plantation owners and cash crops required a large number of workers, colonists turned to slavery. When the slaves were brought from Africa to the colonies they brought several things with them including knowledge about raising livestock, farming technique needed to plant cash crops, and culture, food animals and vegetables. They came from all over Africa, so they spoke different languages which required them to develop a new one.