Quadragesimo Anno- Latin for "In the 40th Year”. It is an encyclical issued by Pope Pius XI on 15 May
1931. An encyclical that advocated the minimum wage. Pope Pius XI developed the concept of “family
wage” Pius XI’s assertion became the American norm throughout the 1950s and 1960s.
Mater et Magistra- Latin for “mother and teacher”. The encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. Called on
governments to reign in business abuses and to press for full employment policies. Mater et
Magistra explore the role of the church in efforts to achieve social progress and justice in the world. The
main points of this encyclical are about Christianity and social progress.
Laborem Exercens- Latin for “Through Work”. It is an encyclical written by Pope John Paul II in 1981, on
human work. Pope John Paul II declaring that workers have “fundamental rights.” “It should possible for
a mother to devote herself entirely to her children.” Emphasizes the very Marxist notion of the priority
of labor over capital.
Centesimus Annus- Latin for “Hundredth year“(centenary) an encyclical which was written by Pope John
Paul II in 1991 on the hundredth anniversary of Rerum Novarum. “Society and State must ensure wage
levels adequate for the maintenance of the worker and his family, including a certain amount for
savings”. Free consent of the parties, so that the employer, having paid what was agreed upon, has done
his part and seemingly is not called upon to do anything beyond.”
The issue of just wage has also been discussed by other agencies:
Universal declaration of human rights
“The right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work, and
to protection against unemployment (Art. 23[1]) and the right to equal pay for equal work (Art. 23[2]).”
International convention on economic, social, and cultural rights
Article 7:
“The right to fair wages and equal remuneration for work of equal value”
ILO Convention No. 100:
“Equal pay for men and women workers”
Philippine Constitution
 Sec. 3 of Art. XIII
“That the workers are entitled to a living wage”
Republic Act 6727
 Also known as “wage rationalization act.”
 Declared the policy of the state to rationalize the fixing of minimum wages and to promote productivityimprovement.
 The minimum wage rates shall be adjusted in a fair and equitable manner, considering existing regional
disparities in the cost of living and other socioeconomic factors.
Government Agencies involved
In our country, determination of wages must also be equitable and just. The National Wage and
Productivity Commission (NWPC) and Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Boards (RTWPB)
determine the minimum wage for Filipino workers. They handle the minimum wage rates of the workers
of each and every region of the country.
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