ch04

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CHAPTER 4
Completing the Accounting Cycle
ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE
Brief
Exercises
Do It!
Exercises
A
Problems
B
Problems
1, 2, 3,
4, 5
1, 2, 3
1
1, 2, 3,
5, 6
1A, 2A, 3A,
4A, 5A
1B, 2B, 3B,
4B, 5B
Explain the process
of closing the books.
6, 7, 11
4, 5, 6
2
4, 7, 8,
11, 19
1A, 2A, 3A,
4A, 5A
1B, 2B, 3B,
4B, 5B
*3.
Describe the content and
purpose of a post-closing
trial balance.
8, 9
7
4, 7, 8
1A, 2A, 3A,
4A, 5A
1B, 2B, 3B,
4B, 5B
*4.
State the required steps in
the accounting cycle.
10, 11, 12
8
10, 19
5A
5B
*5.
Explain the approaches
to preparing correcting
entries.
13
9
12, 13
6A
*6.
Identify the sections of a
classified balance sheet.
14, 15, 16,
17, 18, 19
10, 11
3, 9, 14, 15,
16, 17
1A, 2A, 3A,
4A, 5A
*7.
Prepare reversing entries.
10, 20, 21
12
Learning Objectives
Questions
*1.
Prepare a worksheet.
*2.
3, 4
1B, 2B, 3B,
4B, 5B
18, 19
*Note: All asterisked Questions, Exercises, and Problems relate to material contained in the appendix *to the
chapter.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-1
ASSIGNMENT CHARACTERISTICS TABLE
Problem
Number
Description
Difficulty
Level
Time Allotted
(min.)
Simple
40–50
1A
Prepare worksheet, financial statements, and adjusting
and closing entries.
2A
Complete worksheet; prepare financial statements,
closing entries, and post-closing trial balance.
Moderate
50–60
3A
Prepare financial statements, closing entries, and postclosing trial balance.
Moderate
40–50
4A
Complete worksheet; prepare classified balance sheet,
entries, and post-closing trial balance.
Moderate
50–60
5A
Complete all steps in accounting cycle.
Complex
70–90
6A
Analyze errors and prepare correcting entries and trial
balance.
Moderate
40–50
1B
Prepare worksheet, financial statements, and adjusting
and closing entries.
Simple
40–50
2B
Complete worksheet; prepare financial statements,
closing entries, and post-closing trial balance.
Moderate
50–60
3B
Prepare financial statements, closing entries, and postclosing trial balance.
Moderate
40–50
4B
Complete worksheet; prepare classified balance sheet,
entries, and post-closing trial balance.
Moderate
50–60
5B
Complete all steps in accounting cycle.
Complex
70–90
Comprehensive Problem: Chapters 2 to 4
4-2
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
WEYGANDT FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 9E
CHAPTER 4
COMPLETING THE ACCOUNTING CYCLE
Number
LO
BT
Difficulty
Time (min.)
BE1
1
K
Simple
2–4
BE2
1
AN
Moderate
6–8
BE3
1
C
Simple
3–5
BE4
2
AP
Simple
3–5
BE5
2
AP
Simple
4–6
BE6
2
AP
Simple
6–8
BE7
3
C
Simple
2–4
BE8
4
K
Simple
3–5
BE9
5
AN
Moderate
4–6
BE10
6
AP
Simple
4–6
BE11
6
C
Simple
3–5
BE12
7
AN
Moderate
4–6
DI1
1
C
Simple
4–6
DI2
2
AP
Simple
2–4
DI3
6
AP
Simple
6–8
DI4
6
C
Simple
4–6
EX1
1
AP
Simple
12–15
EX2
1
AP
Simple
10–12
EX3
1, 6
AP
Simple
12–15
EX4
2, 3
AP
Simple
12–15
EX5
1
AN
Simple
10–12
EX6
1
AN
Moderate
12–15
EX7
2, 3
AP
Simple
8–10
EX8
2, 3
AP
Simple
10–12
EX9
6
AP
Simple
12–15
EX10
4
C
Simple
3–5
EX11
2
AP
Simple
6–8
EX12
5
AN
Moderate
8–10
EX13
5
AN
Moderate
4–6
EX14
6
AP
Moderate
10–12
EX15
6
C
Simple
5–8
EX16
6
AP
Simple
8–10
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-3
COMPLETING THE ACCOUNTING CYCLE (Continued)
Number
LO
BT
Difficulty
Time (min.)
EX17
6
AP
Simple
12–15
EX18
7
AN
Moderate
5–7
EX19
2, 4, 7
AN
Moderate
10–12
P1A
1-3, 6
AN
Simple
40–50
P2A
1-3, 6
AP
Moderate
50–60
P3A
1-3, 6
AP
Moderate
40–50
P4A
1-3, 6
AN
Moderate
50–60
P5A
1-4, 6
AN
Complex
70–90
P6A
5
AN
Moderate
40–50
P1B
1-3, 6
AN
Simple
40–50
P2B
1-3, 6
AP
Moderate
50–60
P3B
1-3, 6
AP
Moderate
40–50
P4B
1-3, 6
AN
Moderate
50–60
P5B
1-4, 6
AN
Complex
70–90
BYP1
6
AN
Simple
10–12
BYP2
6
AN
Simple
8–10
BYP3
6
AN
Simple
8–10
BYP4
—
E
Simple
10–12
BYP5
6
AN
Moderate
15–20
BYP6
4
C
Simple
15–20
BYP7
—
E
Moderate
10–15
BYP8
6
AP
Moderate
12–16
BYP9
—
AP
Moderate
10–15
4-4
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Q4-17
Q4-18
BE4-11
DI4-4
E4-15
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Q4-10
Q4-20
Communication
Broadening Your Perspective
BE4-3
DI4-1
*7. Prepare reversing entries.
Q4-14
Q4-15
Q4-16
*6.
Identify the sections of
a classified balance sheet.
Q4-13
Q4-10
E4-10
*4. State the required steps in
the accounting cycle.
*5. Explain the approaches to
preparing correcting entries.
Q4-8
Q4-9
BE4-7
Q4-7
Q4-1
Q4-2
Q4-3
Q4-4
Q4-5
Comprehension
*3. Describe the content and
purpose of a post-closing trial
balance.
Q4-11
Q4-12
BE4-8
Q4-6
Q4-11
*2.
Explain the process of closing
the books.
BE4-1
Knowledge
*1. Prepare a worksheet.
Learning Objective
E4-16
E4-17
P4-2A
P4-3A
P4-2B
P4-3B
P4-3A
P4-2B
P4-3B
E4-8
E4-11
P4-2A
P4-3A
P4-2B
P4-3B
P4-3A
P4-2B
P4-3B
Q4-21
BE4-12
P4-1A
P4-4A
P4-5A
P4-1B
P4-4B
P4-5B
BE4-9
E4-12
E4-13
P4-6A
E4-19
P4-5A
P4-5B
P4-1A
P4-4A
P4-5A
P4-1B
E4-19
P4-1A
P4-4A
P4-5A
P4-1B
P4-4B
BE4-2
E4-5
E4-6
P4-1A
P4-4A
E4-18
E4-19
P4-4B
P4-5B
P4-5B
P4-5A
P4-1B
P4-4B
P4-5B
Analysis
All About You
Financial Reporting
FASB Codification Comparative
Analysis
Decision Making
Across the
Organization
Q4-19
BE4-10
DI4-3
E4-3
E4-9
E4-14
E4-4
E4-7
E4-8
P4-2A
BE4-4
BE4-5
BE4-6
DI4-2
E4-4
E4-7
E4-1
E4-2
E4-3
P4-2A
Application
Synthesis
Real-World
Focus
Ethics Case
Evaluation
Correlation Chart between Bloom’s Taxonomy, Learning Objectives and End-of-Chapter Exercises and Problems
BLOOM’S TAXONOMY TABLE
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-5
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
1.
No. A worksheet is not a permanent accounting record. The use of a worksheet is an optional
step in the accounting cycle.
2.
The worksheet is merely a device used to make it easier to prepare adjusting entries and the
financial statements.
3.
The amount shown in the adjusted trial balance column for an account equals the account
balance in the ledger after adjusting entries have been journalized and posted.
4.
The net income of $12,000 will appear in the income statement debit column and the balance
sheet credit column. A net loss will appear in the income statement credit column and the
balance sheet debit column.
5.
Formal financial statements are needed because the columnar data are not properly arranged
and classified for statement purposes. For example, the dividends account is listed with assets.
6.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
7.
Income Summary is a temporary account that is used in the closing process. The account is
debited for expenses and credited for revenues. The difference, either net income or net loss, is
then closed to the retained earnings account.
8.
The post-closing trial balance contains only balance sheet accounts. Its purpose is to prove the
equality of the permanent account balances that are carried forward into the next accounting
period.
9.
The accounts that will not appear in the post-closing trial balance are Depreciation Expense;
Dividends; and Service Revenue.
10.
A reversing entry is the exact opposite, both in amount and in account titles, of an adjusting entry
and is made at the beginning of the new accounting period. Reversing entries are an optional
step in the accounting cycle.
11.
The steps that involve journalizing are: (1) journalize the transactions, (2) journalize the adjusting
entries, and (3) journalize the closing entries.
12.
The three trial balances are the: (1) trial balance, (2) adjusted trial balance, and (3) post-closing
trial balance.
13.
Correcting entries differ from adjusting entries because they: (1) are not a required part of the
accounting cycle, (2) may be made at any time, and (3) may affect any combination of accounts.
4-6
(Dr) Individual revenue accounts and (Cr) Income Summary.
(Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Individual expense accounts.
(Dr) Income Summary and (Cr) Retained Earnings (for net income).
(Dr) Retained Earnings and (Cr) Dividends.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
Questions Chapter 4 (Continued)
*14. The standard classifications in a balance sheet are:
Assets
Current Assets
Long-term Investments
Property, Plant, and Equipment
Intangible Assets
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current Liabilities
Long-term Liabilities
Stockholders’ Equity
*15. The operating cycle of a company is the average time that it takes to purchase inventory, sell it on
account, and then collect cash from customers.
*16. Current assets are assets that a company expects to convert to cash or use up in one year. Some
companies use a period longer than one year to classify assets and liabilities as current because they
have an operating cycle longer than one year. Companies usually list current assets in the order
in which they expect to convert them into cash.
*17. Long-term investments are generally investments in stocks and bonds of other companies that
are normally held for many years. Property, plant, and equipment are assets with relatively long
useful lives that a company is currently using in operating the business.
*18. (a) The owner’s equity section for a corporation is called stockholders’ equity.
(b) The two accounts and the purpose of each are: (1) Common stock is used to record investments of assets in the business by the owners (stockholders). (2) Retained earnings is used
to record net income retained in the business.
*19.. Apple’s current liabilities at September 24, 2011 and September 25, 2010 were $27,970 million
and $20,722 million respectively. Apple’s current liabilities were significantly lower than its current
assets in both years.
*20. After reversing entries have been made, the balances will be Interest Payable, zero balance;
Interest Expense, a credit balance.
*21. (a) Jan. 10 Salaries and Wages Expense ....................................................
Cash..................................................................................
8,000
8,000
Because of the January 1 reversing entry that credited Salaries and Wages Expense for
$3,500, Salaries and Wages Expense will have a debit balance of $4,500 which equals the
expense for the current period.
(b) Jan. 10 Salaries and Wages Payable .....................................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ....................................................
Cash..................................................................................
3,500
4,500
8,000
Note that Salaries and Wages Expense will again have a debit balance of $4,500.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-7
SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-1
The steps in using a worksheet are performed in the following sequence:
(1) prepare a trial balance on the worksheet, (2) enter adjustment data,
(3) enter adjusted balances, (4) extend adjusted balances to appropriate
statement columns and (5) total the statement columns, compute net
income (loss), and complete the worksheet. Filling in the blanks, the
answers are 1, 3, 4, 5, 2.
The solution to BRIEF EXERCISE 4-2 is on page 4-9.
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-3
Account
Accumulated Depr.–Equipment
Depreciation Expense
Common Stock
Dividends
Service Revenue
Supplies
Accounts Payable
Income Statement
Dr.
Cr.
Balance Sheet
Dr.
Cr.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-4
Dec. 31
31
31
31
4-8
Service Revenue ..............................................
Income Summary......................................
50,000
Income Summary .............................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ..................
Supplies Expense.....................................
34,000
Income Summary .............................................
Retained Earnings ....................................
16,000
Retained Earnings............................................
Dividends ..................................................
2,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
50,000
27,000
7,000
16,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
2,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Prepaid Insurance
Service Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Accounts Receivable
Salaries and Wages
Payable
Insurance Expense
Account Titles
25,000
3,000
Dr.
58,000
Cr.
Trial Balance
(a) 1,800
(c) 800
(b) 1,100
Dr.
(c)
800
(a) 1,800
(b) 1,100
Cr.
Adjustments
1,800
25,800
1,100
1,200
Dr.
800
59,100
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
CLAYTON COMPANY
Worksheet
1,800
25,800
Dr.
59,100
Cr.
Income
Statement
1,100
1,200
Dr.
800
Cr.
Balance
Sheet
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-2
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-9
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-5
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Bal. 27,000 (2) 27,000
Supplies Expense
Bal. 7,000 (2) 7,000
Income Summary
(2) 34,000 (1) 50,000
(3) 16,000
50,000
50,000
Service Revenue
(1) 50,000 Bal. 50,000
Retained Earnings
(4)
2,000 Bal. 30,000
(3) 16,000
Bal. 44,000
Dividends
Bal. 2,000 (4) 2,000
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-6
July 31
31
Date
7/31
7/31
Date
7/31
7/31
4-10
Service Revenue ...............................................
Income Summary.......................................
16,400
Income Summary ..............................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ...................
Maintenance and Repairs Expense .........
10,700
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
16,400
8,200
2,500
Credit
16,400
Balance
16,400
0
Credit
Balance
8,200
0
16,400
Salaries and Wages Expense
Ref.
Debit
8,200
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
8,200
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-6 (Continued)
Date
7/31
7/31
Maintenance and Repairs Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Credit
Balance
2,500
Closing entry
2,500
Balance
2,500
0
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-7
The accounts that will appear in the post-closing trial balance are:
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Common Stock
Supplies
Accounts Payable
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-8
The proper sequencing of the required steps in the accounting cycle is as
follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Analyze business transactions.
Journalize the transactions.
Post to ledger accounts.
Prepare a trial balance.
Journalize and post adjusting entries.
Prepare an adjusted trial balance.
Prepare financial statements.
Journalize and post closing entries.
Prepare a post-closing trial balance.
Filling in the blanks, the answers are 4, 2, 8, 7, 5, 3, 9, 6, 1.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-11
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-9
1.
2.
Service Revenue..................................................................
Accounts Receivable...................................................
870
Accounts Payable ($1,750 – $1,570) ..................................
Supplies ........................................................................
180
870
180
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-10
HAMIDI COMPANY
Partial Balance Sheet
Current assets
Cash..........................................................................................
Debt investments.....................................................................
Accounts receivable................................................................
Supplies....................................................................................
Prepaid insurance ...................................................................
Total current assets.........................................................
$ 4,100
6,700
12,500
5,200
3,600
$32,100
BRIEF EXERCISE 4-11
CL
CA
PPE
PPE
CA
IA
Accounts payable
Accounts receivable
Accum. depreciation—buildings
Buildings
Cash
Copyrights
CL
LTI
PPE
CA
IA
CA
Income taxes payable
Debt investments (long-term)
Land
Inventory
Patents
Supplies
*BRIEF EXERCISE 4-12
Nov. 1
Salaries and Wages Payable......................................
Salaries and Wages Expense .............................
2,100
2,100
The balances after posting the reversing entry are Salaries and Wages
Expense (Cr.) $2,100 and Salaries and Wages Payable $0.
4-12
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
SOLUTIONS FOR DO IT! REVIEW EXERCISES
DO IT! 4-1
Income statement debit column—Utilities Expense
Income statement credit column—Service Revenue
Balance sheet debit column—Accounts Receivable
Balance sheet credit column—Notes Payable; Accumulated Depreciation;
Common Stock
DO IT! 4-2
Dec. 31
Dec. 31
Income Summary..........................................
Retained Earnings..................................
41,000
Retained Earnings ........................................
Dividends ................................................
22,000
41,000
22,000
DO IT! 4-3
RYAN COMPANY
Partial Balance Sheet
Current assets
Cash ........................................................................
Debt investments...................................................
Accounts receivable..............................................
Inventory.................................................................
Total current assets ........................................
Long-term investments
Stock investments ................................................
Property, plant and equipment
Equipment ..............................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation ........................
Total assets ...................................................................
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Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$4,300
1,200
4,300
2,900
$12,700
6,500
21,700
5,700
16,000
$35,200
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-13
DO IT! 4-4
NA
CL
CL
CA
LTL
IA
Interest revenue
Utilities payable
Accounts payable
Supplies
Bonds payable
Goodwill
4-14
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
SE
PPE
PPE
NA
LTI
CL
Common stock
Accumulated depreciation—equipment
Equipment
Salaries and wages expense
Debt investments (long-term)
Unearned rent revenue
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
SOLUTIONS TO EXERCISES
EXERCISE 4-1
NANDURI COMPANY
Worksheet
For the Month Ended June 30, 2015
Account Titles
Cash
Trial Balance
Adjustments
Dr.
Dr.
Cr.
Cr.
Adj. Trial Balance
Dr.
Cr.
Income Statement
Dr.
Cr.
Balance Sheet
Dr.
2,320
2,320
2,320
2,440
2,440
2,440
Cr.
Accounts
Receivable
Supplies
1,880
Accounts Payable
(a) 1,380
500
1,120
500
1,120
1,120
100
100
Unearned Service
Revenue
240 (b)
Common Stock
3,600
Service Revenue
2,400
140
3,600
(b)
140
3,600
2,540
2,540
Salaries and
Wages Expense
560
(c)
210
770
770
160
160
1,380
1,380
Miscellaneous
Expense
Totals
160
7,360
7,360
Supplies Expense
(a) 1,380
Salaries and
Wages Payable
Totals
(c)
1,730
210
1,730
210
7,570
7,570
210
2,310
Net Income
Totals
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
2,540
5,260
230
2,540
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
5,030
230
2,540
5,260
(For Instructor Use Only)
5,260
4-15
EXERCISE 4-2
DESOUSA COMPANY
(Partial) Worksheet
For the Month Ended April 30, 2015
Adjusted
Trial Balance
Account Titles
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Prepaid Rent
Equipment
Accum. Depreciation
Equipment
Notes Payable
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Dividends
Service Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Rent Expense
Depreciation Expense
Interest Expense
Interest Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
4-16
Dr.
10,000
7,840
2,280
23,050
Cr.
Income
Statement
Dr.
Cr.
Balance Sheet
Dr.
10,000
7,840
2,280
23,050
4,921
5,700
4,920
20,000
7,960
4,921
5,700
4,920
20,000
7,960
3,650
3,650
15,590
10,840
760
671
57
59,148
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Cr.
15,590
10,840
760
671
57
57
59,148
12,328
3,262
15,590
15,590
46,820
15,590
46,820
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
57
43,558
3,262
46,820
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-3
DESOUSA COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Month Ended April 30, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue ........................................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ...................................
Rent expense ............................................................
Depreciation expense...............................................
Interest expense .......................................................
Total expenses ..................................................
Net income ........................................................................
$15,590
$10,840
760
671
57
12,328
$ 3,262
DESOUSA COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended April 30, 2015
Retained Earnings, April 1........................................................
Add: Net income ......................................................................
Less: Dividends ........................................................................
Retained Earnings, April 30......................................................
$7,960
3,262
11,222
3,650
$7,572
DESOUSA COMPANY
Balance Sheet
April 30, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ...........................................................................
Accounts receivable.................................................
Prepaid rent...............................................................
Total current assets ..........................................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment .................................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—equipment......
Total assets .......................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$10,000
7,840
2,280
$20,120
23,050
4,921
18,129
$38,249
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-17
EXERCISE 4-3 (Continued)
DESOUSA COMPANY
Balance Sheet (Continued)
April 30, 2015
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable ...........................................................
Accounts payable.....................................................
Interest payable ........................................................
Total current liabilities......................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock..........................................................
Retained earnings ....................................................
Total liabilities and Stockholders’ equity .......
$5,700
4,920
57
$10,677
20,000
7,572
27,572
$38,249
EXERCISE 4-4
(a) Apr. 30
30
30
30
Service Revenue .......................................
Income Summary ..............................
15,590
Income Summary ......................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ...........
Rent Expense.....................................
Depreciation Expense .......................
Interest Expense................................
12,328
Income Summary ......................................
Retained Earnings .............................
3,262
Retained Earnings.....................................
Dividends ...........................................
3,650
15,590
10,840
760
671
57
3,262
3,650
(b)
(2)
(3)
4-18
Income Summary
12,328 (1)
15,590
3,262
15,590
15,590
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
(4)
Retained Earnings
3,650 Bal.
7,960
(3)
3,262
Bal.
7,572
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-4 (Continued)
(c)
DESOUSA COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
April 30, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Prepaid Rent........................................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
Notes Payable .....................................................
Accounts Payable...............................................
Interest Payable ..................................................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Debit
$10,000
7,840
2,280
23,050
$43,170
Credit
$ 4,921
5,700
4,920
57
20,000
7,572
$43,170
EXERCISE 4-5
(a) Accounts Receivable..........................................
Service Revenue .........................................
1,100
Insurance Expense .............................................
Prepaid Insurance .......................................
300
Depreciation Expense ........................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment...
900
Salaries and Wages Expense ............................
Salaries and Wages Payable......................
500
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
1,100
300
900
500
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-19
EXERCISE 4-5 (Continued)
(b)
Income Statement
Dr.
Cr.
Accounts Receivable
Prepaid Insurance
Accum. Depreciation—Equip.
Salaries and Wages Payable
Service Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Insurance Expense
Depreciation Expense
Balance Sheet
Dr.
Cr.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
EXERCISE 4-6
(a) Accounts Receivable—$25,000 ($34,000 – $9,000).
Supplies—$2,500 ($7,000 – $4,500).
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment—$22,000 ($12,000 + $10,000).
Salaries and Wages Payable—$0 No liability recorded until adjustments
are made.
Insurance Expense—$6,000 ($26,000 – $20,000).
Salaries and Wages Expense—$43,400 ($49,000 – $5,600).
(b) Accounts Receivable .................................................
Service Revenue .................................................
9,000
Insurance Expense.....................................................
Prepaid Insurance...............................................
6,000
Supplies Expense.......................................................
Supplies ...............................................................
4,500
Depreciation Expense ................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
10,000
Salaries and Wages Expense ....................................
Salaries and Wages Payable..............................
5,600
4-20
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
9,000
6,000
4,500
10,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
5,600
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-7
(a) Service Revenue .....................................................
Income Summary..............................................
4,300
Income Summary....................................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ..........................
Miscellaneous Expense ...................................
Supplies Expense .............................................
3,500
Income Summary....................................................
Retained Earnings ............................................
800
Retained Earnings ..................................................
Dividends ..........................................................
628
(b)
4,300
1,344
256
1,900
800
628
KAY MAGILL COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
June 30, 2015
Account Titles
Cash .........................................................................
Accounts Receivable..............................................
Supplies...................................................................
Accounts Payable...................................................
Salaries and Wages Payable .................................
Unearned Service Revenue ...................................
Common Stock .......................................................
Retained Earnings ..................................................
Debit
$3,712
3,904
480
$8,096
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
$1,556
448
160
4,000
1,932
$8,096
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-21
EXERCISE 4-8
(a)
General Journal
Date
Account Titles
July 31 Service Revenue ..................................
Rent Revenue .......................................
Income Summary........................
Ref.
400
429
350
Debit
64,000
6,500
31 Income Summary .................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ....
Utilities Expense .........................
Depreciation Expense ................
350
726
732
711
78,600
31 Retained Earnings ...............................
Income Summary........................
320
350
8,100
31 Retained Earnings ...............................
Dividends ....................................
320
332
16,000
J15
Credit
70,500
55,700
14,900
8,000
8,100
16,000
(b)
Retained Earnings
Date
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
July 31 Balance
31 Close net loss
J15
8,100
31 Close dividends
J15
16,000
Income Summary
Date
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
July 31 Close revenue
J15
31 Close expenses
J15
78,600
31 Close net loss
J15
4-22
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
Credit
70,500
8,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 320
Balance
25,200
17,100
1,100
No. 350
Balance
70,500
(8,100)
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-8 (Continued)
(c)
PLEVIN COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
July 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
Accounts Payable...............................................
Unearned Rent Revenue ....................................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Debit
$9,840
8,780
15,900
$34,520
Credit
$ 7,400
4,220
1,800
20,000
1,100
$34,520
EXERCISE 4-9
(a)
PLEVIN COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended July 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue...........................................
Rent revenue ...............................................
Total revenues .....................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense......................
Utilities expense..........................................
Depreciation expense .................................
Total expenses ....................................
Net loss................................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$64,000
6,500
$70,500
55,700
14,900
8,000
78,600
($ 8,100)
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-23
EXERCISE 4-9 (Continued)
PLEVIN COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended July 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, August 1, 2014...................
Less: Net loss ....................................................
Dividends .................................................
Retained Earnings, July 31, 2015 ......................
(b)
$25,200
$ 8,100
16,000
24,100
$ 1,100
PLEVIN COMPANY
Balance Sheet
July 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ................................................................
Accounts receivable ......................................
Total current assets ...............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ......................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation.................
Total assets ............................................
$9,840
8,780
$18,620
15,900
7,400
8,500
$27,120
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable ..........................................
Unearned rent revenue..................................
Total current liabilities ...........................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ...............................................
Retained Earnings .........................................
Total liabilities and Stockholders’
equity....................................................
4-24
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$4,220
1,800
$ 6,020
20,000
1,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
21,100
$27,120
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-10
1.
False “Analyze business transactions” is the first step in the accounting
cycle.
2.
False. Reversing entries are an optional step in the accounting cycle.
3.
True.
4.
True.
5.
True.
6.
False. Steps 1–3 may occur daily in the accounting cycle. Steps 4–7 are
performed on a periodic basis. Steps 8 and 9 are usually prepared only
at the end of a company’s annual accounting period.
7.
False. The step of “journalize the transactions” occurs before the step
of “post to the ledger accounts.”
8.
False. Closing entries are prepared after financial statements are prepared.
EXERCISE 4-11
(a) June 30
30
30
30
Service Revenue ....................................
Income Summary ...........................
18,100
Income Summary ...................................
Salaries and Wages Expense........
Supplies Expense...........................
Rent Expense..................................
13,100
Income Summary ...................................
Retained Earnings..........................
5,000
Retained Earnings .................................
Dividends ........................................
2,500
18,100
8,800
1,300
3,000
5,000
2,500
(b)
Income Summary
June 30 13,100 June 30
June 30
5,000
18,100
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
18,100
18,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-25
EXERCISE 4-12
(a) 1.
2.
3.
(b) 1.
2.
3.
4-26
Cash...................................................................
Equipment.................................................
700
Salaries and Wages Expense ..........................
Cash ..........................................................
700
Service Revenue...............................................
Cash ..........................................................
100
Cash...................................................................
Accounts Receivable ...............................
1,000
Accounts Payable............................................
Equipment................................................
670
Equipment ........................................................
Accounts Payable ...................................
760
Salaries and Wages Expense ..........................
Equipment ................................................
700
Service Revenue...............................................
Cash...................................................................
Accounts Receivable ...............................
100
900
Equipment .........................................................
Accounts Payable ....................................
90
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
700
700
100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
1,000
670
760
700
1,000
90
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-13
1.
2.
3.
Accounts Payable ($840 – $480) .............................
Cash ...................................................................
360
Supplies.....................................................................
Equipment..........................................................
Accounts Payable .............................................
560
Dividends...................................................................
Salaries and Wages Expense...........................
500
360
56
504
500
EXERCISE 4-14
(a)
MARTELL BOWLING ALLEY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash .............................................
Accounts receivable ...................
Prepaid insurance .......................
Total current assets ............
Property, plant, and equipment
Land .............................................
Buildings......................................
Less: Acc. depr.—buildings......
Equipment....................................
Less: Acc. depr.—equipment....
Total assets..........................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$18,040
14,520
4,680
$ 37,240
67,000
$128,800
42,600
62,400
18,720
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
86,200
43,680
196,880
$234,120
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-27
EXERCISE 4-14 (Continued)
MARTELL BOWLING ALLEY
Balance Sheet (Continued)
December 31, 2015
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable(due 2015)..................................
Accounts payable .............................................
Interest payable.................................................
Total current liabilities ..............................
Long-term liabilities
Notes payable....................................................
Total liabilities ...........................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ..................................................
Retained earnings ($25,000 + $6,440*) ............
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$22,000
12,300
2,600
$ 36,900
75,780
112,680
90,000
31,440
121,440
$234,120
*Net income = $17,180 – $780 – $7,360 – $2,600 = $6,440
(b) Current assets exceed current liabilities by only $340 ($37,240 –
$36,900). However, approximately 50% of current assets are in the form
of cash. The company’s liquidity appears to be reasonably good, but
some caution is needed.
EXERCISE 4-15
CL Accounts payable
CA
CA
SE
IA
CL
CA
CA
4-28
Accounts receivable
Cash
Common stock
Patents
Salaries and wages payable
Inventory
Stock investments
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
PPE Accumulated depreciation–
equipment
PPE Buildings
PPE Land
LTL Notes payable (due in 2 years)
CA Supplies
PPE Equipment
CA Prepaid expenses
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-16
D. GYGI COMPANY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
(in thousands)
Assets
Current assets
Cash .............................................................
Short-term investments..............................
Accounts receivable ...................................
Inventory ......................................................
Prepaid insurance .......................................
Total current assets ............................
Long-term investments ......................................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment....................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment .........................................
Total assets..........................................
$ 2,668
3,690
1,696
1,256
880
$10,190
264
11,500
(5,655)
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable (due in 2016).......................
$ 500
Accounts payable .......................................
1,444
Total current liabilities ........................
Long-term liabilities
Long-term debt............................................
1,000
Notes payable..............................................
400
Total long-term liabilities .....................
Total liabilities.....................................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ............................................
10,000
Retained earnings .......................................
2,955
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity.................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
5,845
$16,299
$ 1,944
1,400
3,344
12,955
$16,299
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-29
EXERCISE 4-17
(a)
NORSTED COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended July 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue .......................................
Rent revenue ............................................
Total revenues..................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ..................
Utilities expense.......................................
Depreciation expense..............................
Total expense ...................................
Net loss.............................................................
$62,000
8,500
$70,500
51,700
22,600
4,000
78,300
$ (7,800)
NORSTED COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended July 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, August 1, 2014................
Less: Net loss .................................................
Dividends ..............................................
Retained Earnings, July 31, 2015 ...................
4-30
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$21,200
$7,800
3,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
10,800
$10,400
(For Instructor Use Only)
EXERCISE 4-17 (Continued)
(b)
NORSTED COMPANY
Balance Sheet
July 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash .................................................................
Accounts receivable .......................................
Total current assets ................................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment........................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment .............................................
Total assets .............................................
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable ...........................................
Salaries and wages payable...........................
Total current liabilities ............................
Long-term liabilities
Notes payable..................................................
Total liabilities .........................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ................................................
Retained earnings ...........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity.....................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$14,200
9,780
$23,980
30,400
6,000
24,400
$48,380
$4,100
2,080
$ 6,180
1,800
7,980
30,000
10,400
40,400
$48,380
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-31
*EXERCISE 4-18
(a) Dec. 31
Jan. 6
(b) Dec. 31
Jan. 1
Jan. 6
Salaries and Wages Expense
($12,000 X 2/5) ......................................
Salaries and Wages Payable ..........
4,800
4,800
Salaries and Wages Payable..................
Salaries and Wages Expense
($12,000 X 3/5) ......................................
Cash .................................................
4,800
Salaries and Wages Expense ................
Salaries and Wages Payable ..........
4,800
Salaries and Wages Payable..................
Salaries and Wages Expense.........
4,800
Salaries and Wages Expense ...............
Cash .................................................
12,000
7,200
12,000
4,800
4,800
12,000
*EXERCISE 4-19
(a) Dec. 31
31
(b) Jan. 1
1
4-32
Service Revenue .....................................
Income Summary ............................
92,500
Income Summary ....................................
Interest Expense .............................
8,300
Service Revenue .....................................
Accounts Receivable ......................
5,000
Interest Payable ......................................
Interest Expense .............................
2,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
92,500
8,300
5,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
2,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
*EXERCISE 4-19 (Continued)
(c) & (e)
Accounts Receivable
Dec. 31 Balance
*19,500
31 Adjusting
5,000
24,500
Jan. 1 Reversing
5,000
*($24,500 – $5,000)
Dec. 31 Closing
Jan. 1
Reversing
Service Revenue
92,500 Dec. 31 Balance
31 Adjusting
92,500
5,000 Jan. 10
87,500*
5,000
92,500
5,000
*($92,500 – $5,000)
Jan. 1
Reversing
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Adjusting
Jan. 15
Interest Payable
Dec. 31 Adjusting
2,000
2,000
Interest Expense
*6,300 Dec. 31 Closing
2,000
8,300
3,000 Jan. 1 Reversing
8,300
.
8,300
2,000
*($8,300 – $2,000)
(d)
Jan. 10
15
(1)
Cash ...............................................................
Service Revenue....................................
5,000
(2)
Interest Expense ...........................................
Cash........................................................
3,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
5,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
3,000
4-33
4-34
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Account Titles
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
1,300
400
23,500
1,100
4,500
3,200
2,000
11,000
Dr.
23,500
6,300
1,250
2,500
550
10,000
2,900
Cr.
Trial Balance
700
340
2,740
(a) 1,450
(b)
250
(d)
(c)
Dr.
(d)
(c)
(b)
700
2,740
340
250
(a) 1,450
Cr.
Adjustments
24,450
1,450
250
2,000
400
1,100
4,500
3,200
550
11,000
Dr.
700
24,450
6,640
1,500
2,500
210
10,000
2,900
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
LAMPERT ROOFING
Worksheet
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
4,100
2,540
6,640
1,450
250
2,000
400
Dr.
20,350
20,350
6,640
1,100
4,500
3,200
550
11,000
Dr.
700
17,810
2,540
20,350
1,500
2,500
210
10,000
2,900
Cr.
Balance Sheet
6,640
6,640
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Service Revenue Recognized; (d) Salaries Accrued.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Equipment
Accumulated
Depreciation—Equipment
Accounts Payable
Unearned Service Revenue
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Dividends
Service Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Miscellaneous Expense
Totals
Supplies Expense
Depreciation Expense
Salaries and Wages
Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
(a)
PROBLEM 4-1A
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-1A (Continued)
(b)
LAMPERT ROOFING
Income Statement
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue..................................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense.............................
Supplies expense...............................................
Miscellaneous expense .....................................
Depreciation expense ........................................
Total expenses ...........................................
Net income .................................................................
$6,640
$2,000
1,450
400
250
4,100
$2,540
LAMPERT ROOFING
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, March 1.......................................................
Add: Net income .......................................................................
Less: Dividends .........................................................................
Retained Earnings, March 31.....................................................
$2,900
2,540
5,440
1,100
$4,340
LAMPERT ROOFING
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ....................................................................
Accounts receivable ..........................................
Supplies ..............................................................
Total current assets ...................................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment...........................................................
Less: Accum. depreciation—equipment.........
Total assets.................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$4,500
3,200
550
$ 8,250
11,000
1,500
9,500
$17,750
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-35
PROBLEM 4-1A (Continued)
LAMPERT ROOFING
Balance Sheet (Continued)
March 31, 2015
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable.................................................
Salaries and wages payable ................................
Unearned service revenue...................................
Total current liabilities..................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock......................................................
Retained earnings ................................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity....
(c) Mar. 31
31
31
31
(d) Mar. 31
31
31
31
4-36
$2,500
700
210
$ 3,410
10,000
4,340
Supplies Expense .......................................
Supplies ...............................................
1,450
Depreciation Expense ................................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment.........................................
250
Unearned Service Revenue .......................
Service Revenue .................................
340
Salaries and Wages Expense ....................
Salaries and Wages Payable..............
700
Service Revenue .........................................
Income Summary ................................
6,640
Income Summary........................................
Salaries and Wages Expense.............
Supplies Expense ...............................
Depreciation Expense.........................
Miscellaneous Expense......................
4,100
Income Summary........................................
Retained Earnings...............................
2,540
Retained Earnings ......................................
Dividends .............................................
1,100
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
14,340
$17,750
1,450
250
340
700
6,640
2,000
1,450
250
400
2,540
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
1,100
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2A
(a)
ALSHWER COMPANY
Partial Worksheet
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Adjusted
Trial Balance
Account
No.
101
112
126
130
157
158
200
201
212
230
311
320
332
400
610
631
711
722
726
905
Titles
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Acc. Depr.—Equip.
Notes Payable
Accounts Payable
Salaries and Wages
Payable
Interest Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Dividends
Service Revenue
Advertising Expense
Supplies Expense
Depreciation Expense
Insurance Expense
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Interest Expense
Totals
Net Income
Totals
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Dr.
5,300
10,800
1,500
2,000
27,000
Cr.
Income
Statement
Dr.
Cr.
Balance
Sheet
Dr.
5,300
10,800
1,500
2,000
27,000
Cr.
5,600
15,000
6,100
5,600
15,000
6,100
2,400
600
10,000
3,000
2,400
600
10,000
3,000
7,000
7,000
61,000
61,000
8,400
4,000
5,600
3,500
8,400
4,000
5,600
3,500
28,000
600
103,700
28,000
600
50,100
10,900
61,000
103,700
61,000
53,600
61,000
53,600
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
42,700
10,900
53,600
4-37
PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued)
(b)
ALSHWER COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue .............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ........................
Advertising expense .....................................
Depreciation expense ...................................
Supplies expense ..........................................
Insurance expense ........................................
Interest expense ............................................
Total expenses .......................................
Net income .............................................................
$61,000
$28,000
8,400
5,600
4,000
3,500
600
50,100
$10,900
ALSHWER COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, January 1 .................................................
Add: Net income.....................................................................
Less: Dividends.......................................................................
Retained Earnings, December 31 ...........................................
4-38
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$ 3,000
10,900
13,900
7,000
$ 6,900
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued)
ALSHWER COMPANY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ................................................................
Accounts receivable ......................................
Supplies ..........................................................
Prepaid insurance ..........................................
Total current assets ...............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment.......................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment ...........................................
Total assets.............................................
$ 5,300
10,800
1,500
2,000
$19,600
27,000
5,600
21,400
$41,000
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable.................................................
Accounts payable ..........................................
Salaries and wages payable..........................
Interest payable..............................................
Total current liabilities ...........................
Long-term liabilities
Notes payable.................................................
Total liabilities ........................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common Stock...............................................
Retained Earnings..........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity....................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$5,000
6,100
2,400
600
$14,100
10,000
24,100
10,000
6,900
16,900
$41,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-39
PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued)
(c)
General Journal
Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Dec. 31 Service Revenue..................................
Income Summary .......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
61,000
31 Income Summary.................................
Advertising Expense..................
Supplies Expense.......................
Depreciation Expense................
Insurance Expense.....................
Salaries and Wages Expense....
Interest Expense.........................
350
610
631
711
722
726
905
50,100
31 Income Summary.................................
Retained Earnings......................
350
320
10,900
31 Retained Earnings ...............................
Dividends ....................................
320
332
7,000
J14
Credit
61,000
8,400
4,000
5,600
3,500
28,000
600
10,900
7,000
(d)
Date
Jan. 1
Dec. 31
31
Date
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
Closing entry
Retained Earnings
Ref.
Debit
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
4-40
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
J14
J14
Dividends
Ref.
7,000
No. 320
Balance
3,000
13,900
6,900
Debit
Credit
No. 332
Balance
7,000
7,000
0
Credit
3,000
10,900
7,000
J14
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued)
Date
Dec. 31
31
31
Explanation
Closing entry
Closing entry
Closing entry
Income Summary
Ref.
Debit
J14
J14
50,100
J14
10,900
Credit
61,000
Credit
Date
Dec. 31
31
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
61,000
No. 400
Balance
61,000
0
Date
Dec. 31
31
Advertising Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Balance
8,400
Closing entry
J14
No. 610
Balance
8,400
0
Date
Dec. 31
31
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
Supplies Expense
Ref.
Debit
4,000
J14
Date
Dec. 31
31
Depreciation Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Balance
5,600
Closing entry
J14
Date
Dec. 31
31
Insurance Expense
Ref.
Debit
3,500
J14
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
Credit
61,000
No. 350
Balance
61,000
10,900
0
J14
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
8,400
Credit
4,000
Credit
5,600
Credit
3,500
No. 631
Balance
4,000
0
No. 711
Balance
5,600
0
No. 722
Balance
3,500
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-41
PROBLEM 4-2A (Continued)
Date
Dec. 31
31
Salaries and Wages Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Balance
28,000
Closing entry
J14
Date
Dec. 31
31
Interest Expense
Ref.
Debit
600
J14
(e)
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
28,000
Credit
600
No. 905
Balance
600
0
ALSHWER COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable ..........................................
Supplies ...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance ...............................................
Equipment............................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment........................................................
Notes Payable......................................................
Accounts Payable ...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable ..............................
Interest Payable...................................................
Common Stock ....................................................
Retained Earnings...............................................
Totals ............................................................
4-42
Credit
No. 726
Balance
28,000
0
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Debit
$ 5,300
10,800
1,500
2,000
27,000
$46,600
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
$ 5,600
15,000
6,100
2,400
600
10,000
6,900
$46,600
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-3A
(a)
FLEMING COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue..............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense.........................
Depreciation expense ....................................
Insurance expense.........................................
Maintenance and repairs expense................
Utilities expense.............................................
Total expenses .......................................
Net income .............................................................
$60,000
$30,000
3,100
1,800
1,600
1,400
37,900
$22,100
FLEMING COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, January 1 ..........................................
Add: Net income ..............................................................
Less: Dividends ................................................................
Retained Earnings, December 31 .....................................
$ 7,500
22,100
29,600
11,000
$18,600
FLEMING COMPANY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ................................................................
Accounts receivable ......................................
Prepaid insurance ..........................................
Total current assets ...............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment.......................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment ...........................................
Total assets.............................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$8,900
10,800
2,800
$22,500
24,000
4,500
19,500
$42,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-43
PROBLEM 4-3A (Continued)
FLEMING COMPANY
Balance Sheet (Continued)
December 31, 2015
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable...........................................
Salaries and wages payable ..........................
Total current liabilities............................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock................................................
Retained earnings ..........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity ...................................................
$9,000
2,400
$11,400
12,000
18,600
30,600
$42,000
(b)
Date
Dec. 31
31
31
31
4-44
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Service Revenue ..................................
Income Summary........................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
60,000
350
37,900
60,000
Income Summary.................................
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense....................................
Depreciation Expense ................
Insurance Expense.....................
Salaries and Wages Expense ....
Utilities Expense.........................
622
711
722
726
732
Income Summary.................................
Retained Earnings ......................
350
320
22,100
Retained Earnings ...............................
Dividends ....................................
320
332
11,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
1,600
3,100
1,800
30,000
1,400
22,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
11,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-3A (Continued)
(c)
12/31
Retained Earnings
No. 320
11,000 1/1 Bal.
7,500
12/31
22,100
12/31 Bal.
18,600
12/31 Bal.
12/31
12/31
12/31
Dividends
11,000 12/31
No. 332
11,000
Income Summary
37,900 12/31
22,100
60,000
No. 350
60,000
60,000
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense
No. 622
12/31 Bal.
1,600 12/31
1,600
Depreciation Expense No. 711
12/31 Bal.
3,100 12/31
3,100
Insurance Expense
12/31 Bal.
1,800 12/31
No. 722
1,800
Salaries and Wages
Expense
12/31 Bal. 30,000 12/31
No. 726
30,000
Utilities Expense
12/31 Bal.
1,400 12/31
No. 732
1,400
Service Revenue
No. 400
60,000 12/31 Bal. 60,000
(d)
FLEMING COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Prepaid Insurance...............................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
Accounts Payable...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable .............................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Totals ...........................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Debit
$8,900
10,800
2,800
24,000
$46,500
Credit
$ 4,500
9,000
2,400
12,000
18,600
$46,500
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-45
4-46
Account Titles
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
42,000
20,500
19,000
402,200
22,000
13,800
28,300
3,600
67,000
127,000
59,000
Dr.
402,200
90,700
29,000
12,500
6,000
120,000
90,000
54,000
Cr.
Trial Balance
1,200
6,600
4,500
22,300
(d) 10,000
(a)
(b)
(c)
Dr.
(d) 10,000
22,300
(b) 3,000
(b) 3,600
(c) 4,500
(a) 1,200
Cr.
Adjustments
418,800
10,000
1,200
6,600
42,000
20,500
19,000
22,000
13,800
28,300
2,400
67,000
127,000
59,000
Dr.
10,000
418,800
3,000
3,600
90,700
33,500
12,500
1,500
120,000
90,000
54,000
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
JARMUZ MANAGEMENT SERVICES
Worksheet
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
99,300
24,900
124,200
10,000
1,200
6,600
42,000
20,500
19,000
Dr.
319,500
319,500
124,200
22,000
13,800
28,300
2,400
67,000
127,000
59,000
10,000
294,600
24,900
319,500
3,000
3,600
12,500
1,500
120,000
90,000
54,000
Cr.
Balance Sheet
Dr.
124,200
90,700
33,500
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Expired Insurance; (b) Depreciation Expense—Building and Equipment; (c) Rent Revenue Recognized; (d) Accrued Interest Payable.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Prepaid Insurance
Land
Buildings
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Unearned Rent Revenue
Mortgage Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Dividends
Service Revenue
Rent Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Advertising Expense
Utilities Expense
Totals
Insurance Expense
Depr. Expense
Accum. Depr.—Buildings
Accum. Depr.—Equipment
Interest Expense
Interest Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
(a)
PROBLEM 4-4A
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued)
(b)
JARMUZ MANAGEMENT SERVICES
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash ............................................
Accounts receivable ..................
Prepaid insurance ......................
Total current assets ...........
Property, plant, and equipment
Land ............................................
Buildings.....................................
Less: Accumulated
depreciation—buildings ........
Equipment...................................
Less: Accumulated
depreciation—equipment ......
Total assets.........................
$13,800
28,300
2,400
$ 44,500
67,000
$127,000
3,000
59,000
124,000
3,600
55,400
246,400
$290,900
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Mortgage payable (due in 2016)...................
Accounts payable .........................................
Interest payable.............................................
Unearned rent revenue .................................
Total current liabilities ..........................
Long-term liabilities
Mortgage payable..........................................
Total liabilities .......................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ..............................................
Retained earnings
($54,000 + $24,900 – $22,000) ......................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity...................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$30,000
12,500
10,000
1,500
$ 54,000
90,000
144,000
90,000
56,900
146,900
$290,900
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-47
PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued)
(c) Dec. 31
31
31
31
(d) Dec. 31
31
31
31
4-48
Insurance Expense................................
Prepaid Insurance..........................
1,200
Depreciation Expense ...........................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Buildings ....................................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment ..................................
6,600
Unearned Rent Revenue .......................
Rent Revenue .................................
4,500
Interest Expense....................................
Interest Payable .............................
10,000
Service Revenue....................................
Rent Revenue.........................................
Income Summary ...........................
90,700
33,500
Income Summary...................................
Salaries and Wages Expense .......
Advertising Expense .....................
Interest Expense ............................
Utilities Expense ............................
Depreciation Expense ...................
Insurance Expense ........................
99,300
Income Summary...................................
Retained Earnings .........................
24,900
Retained Earnings .................................
Dividends........................................
22,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
1,200
3,000
3,600
4,500
10,000
124,200
42,000
20,500
10,000
19,000
6,600
1,200
24,900
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
22,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-4A (Continued)
(e)
JARMUZ MANAGEMENT SERVICES
Post-Closing Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Cash ..................................................................
Accounts Receivable.......................................
Prepaid Insurance............................................
Land ..................................................................
Buildings ..........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Buildings..........
Equipment ........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment .......
Accounts Payable............................................
Interest Payable ...............................................
Unearned Rent Revenue .................................
Mortgage Payable ............................................
Common Stock ................................................
Retained Earnings ...........................................
Debit
$ 13,800
28,300
2,400
67,000
127,000
$
3,000
59,000
$297,500
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
3,600
12,500
10,000
1,500
120,000
90,000
56,900
$297,500
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-49
PROBLEM 4-5A
(a)
Date
July 1
1
3
5
12
18
20
21
25
31
31
4-50
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Cash ....................................................
Common Stock ..........................
Ref.
101
311
Debit
20,000
Equipment...........................................
Cash ...........................................
Accounts Payable .....................
157
101
201
9,000
Supplies ..............................................
Accounts Payable .....................
126
201
2,100
Prepaid Insurance ..............................
Cash ...........................................
130
101
1,800
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue........................
112
400
4,500
Accounts Payable ..............................
Cash ...........................................
201
101
2,900
Salaries and Wages Expense............
Cash ...........................................
726
101
2,500
Cash ....................................................
Accounts Receivable ................
101
112
3,400
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue........................
112
400
6,000
Gasoline Expense ..............................
Cash ...........................................
633
101
350
Dividends ............................................
Cash ...........................................
332
101
5,600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
J1
Credit
20,000
4,000
5,000
2,100
1,800
4,500
2,900
2,500
3,400
6,000
350
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
5,600
(For Instructor Use Only)
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
350
2,500
34,700
5,600
6,250
7,100
2,100
1,800
9,000
Dr.
34,700
10,500
4,200
20,000
Cr.
Trial Balance
500
5,850
(c)
150
(d) 1,500
(b)
(e) 1,000
(a) 2,700
Dr.
500
(e) 1,000
5,850
(b)
(a) 2,700
(d) 1,500
(c)
150
Cr.
Adjustments
38,900
150
1,500
500
350
3,500
5,600
6,250
9,800
600
1,650
9,000
Dr.
1,000
38,900
500
13,200
4,200
20,000
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Worksheet
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
6,000
7,200
13,200
150
1,500
500
350
3,500
Dr.
32,900
32,900
13,200
5,600
6,250
9,800
600
1,650
9,000
Dr.
1,000
25,700
7,200
32,900
500
4,200
20,000
Cr.
Balance Sheet
13,200
13,200
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Service Revenue Accrued; (b) Depreciation Expense; (c) Insurance Expired; (d) Cleaning Supplies Used; (e) Unpaid Salaries.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Dividends
Service Revenue
Gasoline Expense
Salaries and Wages Expense
Totals
Depreciation Expense
Accum. Depr.—Equipment
Insurance Expense
Supplies Expense
Salaries and Wages Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
Account Titles
(b) & (c)
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-51
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
(a), (e) & (f)
Cash
Ref.
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
Date
Explanation
July 1
1
5
18
20
21
31
31
Date
Explanation
July 12
21
25
31 Adjusting
Date
July 3
31
Date
July 1
4-52
Supplies
Ref.
J1
J2
Adjusting
3,400
350
5,600
Debit
2,100
Explanation
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
3,400
Credit
1,500
Prepaid Insurance
Ref.
Debit
J1
1,800
J2
Equipment
Ref.
J1
Credit
4,000
1,800
2,900
2,500
Accounts Receivable
Ref.
Debit
J1
4,500
J1
J1
6,000
J2
2,700
Explanation
Date
Explanation
July 5
31 Adjusting
Debit
20,000
Debit
9,000
Credit
150
Credit
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 101
Balance
20,000
16,000
14,200
11,300
8,800
12,200
11,850
6,250
No. 112
Balance
4,500
1,100
7,100
9,800
No. 126
Balance
2,100
600
No. 130
Balance
1,800
1,650
No. 157
Balance
9,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
Date
July 31
Date
July 1
3
18
Date
July 31
Date
July 1
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
31
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Credit
Adjusting
J2
500
Explanation
Accounts Payable
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J1
2,900
Salaries and Wages Payable
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Adjusting
J2
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Explanation
Closing
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Closing
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Common Stock
Ref.
Debit
J1
Retained Earnings
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
5,600
Dividends
Ref.
J1
J3
Debit
5,600
Income Summary
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
6,000
J3
7,200
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
5,000
2,100
No. 158
Balance
500
No. 201
Balance
5,000
7,100
4,200
Credit
1,000
No. 212
Balance
1,000
Credit
20,000
No. 311
Balance
20,000
Credit
7,200
No. 320
Balance
7,200
1,600
Credit
No. 332
Balance
5,600
0
5,600
Credit
13,200
No. 350
Balance
13,200
7,200
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-53
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
Date
July 12
25
31
31
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
Adjusting
Closing
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J2
J3
13,200
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Supplies Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
1,500
J3
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Gasoline Expense
Ref.
Debit
J1
350
J3
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Depreciation Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
500
J3
Date
July 31
31
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Insurance Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
150
J3
Date
July 20
31
31
Salaries and Wages Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
J1
2,500
Adjusting
J2
1,000
Closing
J3
Date
July 31
31
4-54
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
4,500
6,000
2,700
No. 400
Balance
4,500
10,500
13,200
0
Credit
No. 631
Balance
1,500
0
1,500
Credit
350
Credit
500
Credit
150
Credit
3,500
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 633
Balance
350
0
No. 711
Balance
500
0
No. 722
Balance
150
0
No. 726
Balance
2,500
3,500
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
(d)
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Income Statement
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue...............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense..........................
Supplies expense............................................
Depreciation expense .....................................
Gasoline expense............................................
Insurance expense..........................................
Total expenses ........................................
Net income ..............................................................
$13,200
$3,500
1,500
500
350
150
6,000
$ 7,200
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, July 1 ......................................
Add: Net income ...................................................
$
0
7,200
7,200
5,600
$1,600
Less: Dividends .....................................................
Retained Earnings, July 31 ....................................
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Balance Sheet
July 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash .................................................................
Accounts receivable .......................................
Supplies ...........................................................
Prepaid insurance ...........................................
Total current assets ................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$6,250
9,800
600
1,650
$18,300
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-55
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Balance Sheet (Continued)
July 31, 2015
Assets (Continued)
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ........................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment ............................................
Total assets ..............................................
$9,000
500
8,500
$26,800
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable...........................................
Salaries and wages payable ..........................
Total current liabilities............................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock................................................
Retained earnings ..........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity ....................................................
$4,200
1,000
$ 5,200
20,000
1,600
21,600
$26,800
(e)
Date
July 31
31
31
31
31
4-56
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue........................
Ref.
112
400
Debit
2,700
Depreciation Expense........................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment..............................
711
500
Insurance Expense.............................
Prepaid Insurance .....................
722
130
150
Supplies Expense...............................
Supplies .....................................
631
126
1,500
Salaries and Wages Expense............
Salaries and Wages Payable ....
726
212
1,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
J2
Credit
2,700
158
500
150
1,500
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
1,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5A (Continued)
(f)
General Journal
Date
July 31
31
31
31
Account Titles and Explanation
Service Revenue..................................
Income Summary .......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
13,200
Income Summary ................................
Salaries and Wages Expense....
Depreciation Expense................
Insurance Expense ....................
Supplies Expense ......................
Gasoline Expense ......................
350
726
711
722
631
633
6,000
Income Summary ................................
Retained Earnings......................
350
320
7,200
Retained Earnings...............................
Dividends ....................................
320
332
5,600
(g)
J3
Credit
13,200
3,500
500
150
1,500
350
7,200
5,600
JARA’S CLEANING SERVICE
Post-Closing Trial Balance
July 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Supplies...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance...............................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
Accounts Payable...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable .............................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Debit
$ 6,250
9,800
600
1,650
9,000
$
$27,300
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
500
4,200
1,000
20,000
1,600
$27,300
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-57
4-58
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Misc. Expense ...................
Cash..............................
Salaries and Wages
Expense ..........................
Cash..............................
Supplies.............................
Accounts Payable .......
Equipment .........................
Cash..............................
3.
4.
5.
Cash ...................................
Accts. Receivable ........
(1) INCORRECT ENTRY
2.
1.
(a)
69
310
1,900
75
950
69
310
1,900
75
950
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense ..........................
Cash..............................
Equipment .........................
Accounts Payable........
Salaries and Wages
Expense ..........................
Salaries and Wages
Payable ...........................
Cash..............................
Advertising Expense ........
Cash..............................
Cash ...................................
Accts. Receivable ........
(2) CORRECT ENTRY
96
310
700
1,200
75
590
96
310
1,900
75
590
75
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense ...........................
Cash ...............................
Equipment .....................
96
Equipment .......................... 310
Supplies.........................
Salaries and Wages
Payable ............................ 700
Salaries and Wages
Expense ......................
Advertising Expense .........
Misc. Expense ...............
Accounts Receivable......... 360
Cash ...............................
(3) CORRECTING ENTRY
27
69
310
700
75
360
PROBLEM 4-6A
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-6A (Continued)
(b)
UNIVERSAL CABLE
Trial Balance
April 30, 2015
Cash ($4,100 – $360 – $27)...................................
Accounts Receivable ($3,200 + $360) .................
Supplies ($800 – $310) .........................................
Equipment ($10,600 + $310 – $69).......................
Accumulated Depreciation ..................................
Accounts Payable.................................................
Salaries and Wages Payable ($700 – $700) ........
Unearned Service Revenue .................................
Common Stock .....................................................
Retained Earnings ................................................
Service Revenue ...................................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ($3,300 – $700) ....
Advertising Expense ($600 + $75).......................
Miscellaneous Expense ($290 – $75) ..................
Depreciation Expense ..........................................
Maintenance and Repairs Expense.....................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Debit
$ 3,713
3,560
490
10,841
Credit
$ 1,350
2,100
0
890
10,000
2,900
5,450
2,600
675
215
500
96
$22,690
$22,690
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-59
4-60
Account Titles
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
2,200
1,300
1,200
200
55,970
600
11,400
5,620
1,050
2,400
30,000
55,970
13,620
10,000
12,350
20,000
770
800
300
600
4,500
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e) 2,030
770
600
(c)
(b)
4,500
300
800
(e) 2,030
(a)
(d)
Cr.
Dr.
Dr.
Cr.
Adjustments
Trial Balance
600
59,100
300
770
800
2,200
1,300
1,200
200
600
11,400
7,650
280
1,800
30,000
Dr.
59,100
300
800
15,650
10,000
12,350
20,000
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
PEVNICK INC.
Worksheet
For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
600
7,370
8,280
15,650
300
770
800
2,200
1,300
1,200
200
Dr.
51,730
51,730
15,650
600
11,400
7,650
280
1,800
30,000
Dr.
43,450
8,280
51,730
300
800
10,000
12,350
20,000
Cr.
Balance Sheet
15,650
15,650
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Accrued Interest on note; (d) Insurance Expired; (e) Service Revenue
Accrued.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Notes Payable
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Dividends
Service Revenue
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Travel Expense
Rent Expense
Miscellaneous Expense
Totals
Supplies Expense
Depreciation Expense
Accumulated
Depreciation—Equipment
Interest Expense
Interest Payable
Insurance Expense
Totals
Net Income
Totals
(a)
SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS
PROBLEM 4-1B
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-1B (Continued)
(b)
PEVNICK INC.
Income Statement
For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue...............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense..........................
Travel expense ................................................
Rent expense...................................................
Depreciation expense .....................................
Supplies expense............................................
Insurance expense..........................................
Interest expense..............................................
Miscellaneous expense ..................................
Total expenses ........................................
Net income ..............................................................
$15,650
$2,200
1,300
1,200
800
770
600
300
200
7,370
$ 8,280
PEVNICK INC.
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Quarter Ended March 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, January 1 ................................
Add: Net income ....................................................
Less: Dividends ......................................................
Retained Earnings, March 31..................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$
0
8,280
8,280
600
$7,680
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-61
PROBLEM 4-1B (Continued)
PEVNICK INC.
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash................................................................
Accounts receivable......................................
Supplies..........................................................
Prepaid insurance .........................................
Total current assets...............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ......................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment...........................................
Total assets ............................................
$11,400
7,650
280
1,800
$21,130
30,000
800
29,200
$50,330
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable ................................................
Accounts payable..........................................
Interest payable .............................................
Total current liabilities...........................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock...............................................
Retained earnings .........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity ..................................................
(c) Mar. 31
31
31
31
4-62
$10,000
12,350
300
$22,650
20,000
7,680
$50,330
Supplies Expense .................................
Supplies .........................................
770
Depreciation Expense ..........................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment...................................
800
Interest Expense ...................................
Interest Payable.............................
300
Insurance Expense ...............................
Prepaid Insurance .........................
600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
27,680
770
800
300
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
600
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-1B (Continued)
Mar. 31
(d) Mar. 31
31
31
31
Accounts Receivable ................................
Service Revenue ................................
2,030
Service Revenue.......................................
Income Summary..............................
15,650
Income Summary .....................................
Travel Expense .................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ..........
Rent Expense ....................................
Insurance Expense ...........................
Depreciation Expense ......................
Supplies Expense .............................
Interest Expense ...............................
Miscellaneous Expense ...................
7,370
Income Summary .....................................
Retained Earnings ............................
8,280
Retained Earnings....................................
Dividends ..........................................
600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
2,030
15,650
1,300
2,200
1,200
600
800
770
300
200
8,280
600
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-63
PROBLEM 4-2B
(a)
GREENWOOD COMPANY
Partial Worksheet
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Adjusted
Trial Balance
Dr.
Cr.
Account
No. Titles
101
112
126
130
157
158
200
201
212
230
311
320
332
400
610
631
711
722
726
905
4-64
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Acc. Depr.—Equip.
Notes Payable
Accounts Payable
Salaries and Wages
Payable
Interest Payable
Common Stock
Retained earnings
Dividends
Service Revenue
Advertising Expense
Supplies Expense
Depreciation Expense
Insurance Expense
Salaries and Wages
Expense
Interest Expense
Totals
Net Income
Totals
Income
Statement
Dr.
Cr.
18,800
16,200
2,300
4,400
46,000
18,800
16,200
2,300
4,400
46,000
20,000
20,000
8,000
20,000
20,000
8,000
2,600
1,000
15,000
11,000
2,600
1,000
15,000
11,000
12,000
12,000
87,800
10,000
3,700
8,000
4,000
39,000
1,000
165,400 165,400
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Balance
Sheet
Dr.
Cr.
87,800
10,000
3,700
8,000
4,000
39,000
1,000
65,700
22,100
87,800
87,800
99,700
87,800
99,700
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
77,600
22,100
99,700
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued)
(b)
GREENWOOD COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue..............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense.........................
Advertising expense ......................................
Depreciation expense ....................................
Insurance expense.........................................
Supplies expense...........................................
Interest expense.............................................
Total expenses .......................................
Net income .............................................................
$87,800
$39,000
10,000
8,000
4,000
3,700
1,000
65,700
$22,100
GREENWOOD COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, January 1 ................................................
Add: Net income ....................................................................
Less: Dividends ......................................................................
Retained Earnings, December 31 ...........................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$11,000
22,100
33,100
12,000
$21,100
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-65
PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued)
GREENWOOD COMPANY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash................................................................
Accounts receivable......................................
Supplies..........................................................
Prepaid insurance .........................................
Total current assets...............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ......................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment...........................................
Total assets ............................................
$18,800
16,200
2,300
4,400
$41,700
46,000
20,000
26,000
$67,700
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable ................................................
Accounts payable..........................................
Salaries and wages payable .........................
Interest payable .............................................
Total current liabilities...........................
Long-term liabilities
Notes payable ................................................
Total liabilities ........................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock...............................................
Retained earnings .........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity ...................................................
4-66
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$5,000
8,000
2,600
1,000
$16,600
15,000
31,600
15,000
21,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
36,100
$67,700
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued)
(c)
General Journal
Date
Account Titles and Explanation
Dec. 31 Service Revenue .................................
Income Summary.......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
87,800
31 Income Summary ................................
Advertising Expense .................
Supplies Expense ......................
Depreciation Expense ...............
Insurance Expense ....................
Salaries and Wages Expense ...
Interest Expense ........................
350
610
631
711
722
726
905
65,700
31 Income Summary ................................
Retained Earnings .....................
350
320
22,100
31 Retained Earnings ..............................
Dividends....................................
320
332
12,000
J14
Credit
87,800
10,000
3,700
8,000
4,000
39,000
1,000
22,100
12,000
(d)
Date
Explanation
Jan. 31 Balance
Dec. 31 Closing entry
31 Closing entry
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Retained Earnings
Ref.
Debit
J14
J14
Dividends
Ref.
Credit
11,000
22,100
12,000
Debit
12,000
J14
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
12,000
No. 320
Balance
11,000
33,100
21,100
No. 332
Balance
12,000
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-67
PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued)
Credit
87,800
No. 350
Balance
87,800
22,100
0
Credit
87,800
87,800
No. 400
Balance
87,800
0
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
Advertising Expense
Ref.
Debit
10,000
J14
Credit
No. 610
Balance
10,000
0
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
Supplies Expense
Ref.
Debit
3,700
J14
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
Depreciation Expense
Ref.
Debit
8,000
J14
Date
Dec. 31
31
31
Explanation
Closing entry
Closing entry
Closing entry
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
Date
Dec. 31
31
4-68
Explanation
Balance
Closing entry
Income Summary
Ref.
Debit
J14
J14
65,700
J14
22,100
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
J14
Insurance Expense
Ref.
Debit
4,000
J14
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
10,000
Credit
3,700
Credit
8,000
Credit
4,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 631
Balance
3,700
0
No. 711
Balance
8,000
0
No. 722
Balance
4,000
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-2B (Continued)
Salaries and Wages Expense
Date
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Dec. 31 Balance
39,000
31 Closing entry
J14
Date
Explanation
Dec. 31 Balance
31 Closing entry
(e)
Interest Expense
Ref.
Debit
1,000
J14
Credit
39,000
Credit
1,000
No. 726
Balance
39,000
0
No. 905
Balance
1,000
0
GREENWOOD COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Supplies...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance...............................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment .......................................................
Notes Payable .....................................................
Accounts Payable...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable .............................
Interest Payable ..................................................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Debit
$18,800
16,200
2,300
4,400
46,000
$87,700
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
$20,000
20,000
8,000
2,600
1,000
15,000
21,100
$87,700
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-69
PROBLEM 4-3B
(a)
NIHO COMPANY
Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue ...........................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ......................
Maintenance and repairs expense .............
Utilities expense ..........................................
Depreciation expense .................................
Insurance expense ......................................
Total expenses .....................................
Net loss ................................................................
$45,000
$35,200
4,400
4,000
2,800
1,200
47,600
$ (2,600)
NIHO COMPANY
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, January 1 ............................
Less: Net loss.....................................................
Dividends..................................................
Retained Earnings, December 31 ......................
$14,000
$2,600
7,200
9,800
$4,200
NIHO COMPANY
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash..............................................................
Accounts receivable....................................
Prepaid insurance .......................................
Total current assets.............................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ....................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment.........................................
Total assets ..........................................
4-70
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$5,200
7,500
1,800
$14,500
33,000
8,600
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
24,400
$38,900
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-3B (Continued)
NIHO COMPANY
Balance Sheet (Continued)
December 31, 2015
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable .......................................
Salaries and wages payable.......................
Total current liabilities ........................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ............................................
Retained earnings .......................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity................................................
$11,700
3,000
$14,700
20,000
4,200
24,200
$38,900
(b)
General Journal
Date
Account Titles
Dec. 31 Service Revenue .................................
Income Summary .......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
45,000
Income Summary ................................
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense ...................................
Depreciation Expense................
Insurance Expense ....................
Salaries and Wages Expense....
Utilities Expense ........................
350
47,600
Retained Earnings...............................
Income Summary .......................
320
350
2,600
Retained Earnings...............................
Dividends ....................................
320
332
7,200
31
31
31
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
45,000
622
711
722
726
732
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
4,400
2,800
1,200
35,200
4,000
2,600
7,200
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-71
PROBLEM 4-3B (Continued)
(c)
Retained Earnings No. 320
2,600 12/31 Bal. 14,000
7,200
12/31 Bal.
4,200
12/31
12/31
12/31 Bal.
12/31
12/31
(d)
Dividends
7,200 12/31
Income Summary
47,600 12/31
12/31
47,600
No. 332
7,200
No. 350
45,000
2,600
47,600
Service Revenue
No. 400
45,000 12/31 Bal. 45,000
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense
12/31 Bal.
4,400 12/31
Depreciation Expense No. 711
12/31 Bal.
2,800 12/31
2,800
Insurance Expense
12/31 Bal.
1,200 12/31
No. 722
1,200
Salaries and Wages Expense
12/31 Bal. 35,200 12/31
No. 726
35,200
Utilities Expense
12/31 Bal.
4,000 12/31
No. 732
4,000
NIHO COMPANY
Post-Closing Trial Balance
December 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable ..........................................
Prepaid Insurance ...............................................
Equipment............................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment...........
Accounts Payable ...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable ..............................
Common Stock ....................................................
Retained Earnings...............................................
Totals ............................................................
4-72
No. 622
4,400
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Debit
$ 5,200
7,500
1,800
33,000
$47,500
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
$ 8,600
11,700
3,000
20,000
4,200
$47,500
(For Instructor Use Only)
Account Titles
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
277,500
36,200
14,600
3,700
50,000
60,000
49,700
30,500
9,400
16,900
18,000
6,000
491,700 491,700
105,000
14,000
41,400
18,600
31,900
80,000
120,000
(c)
53,100
6,000
(e)
(f)
3,000
53,100
4,000
4,000
3,000
504,700 504,700
6,000
280,200
Cr.
236,200 280,200
44,000
280,200 280,200
6,000
21,000
16,400
21,000
16,400
(b) 21,000
(a) 16,400
280,200
3,000
4,000
14,000
30,500
9,400
16,900
21,000
10,000
2,700
Dr.
30,500
9,400
16,900
21,000
10,000
(d)
42,200
14,600
1,000
50,000
60,000
49,700
Cr.
Income
Statement
105,000
2,700
6,000
41,400
2,200
10,900
80,000
120,000
Dr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
105,000
(e)
(f)
(d)
(c)
(a) 16,400
(b) 21,000
Cr.
Dr.
Dr.
Cr.
Adjustments
Trial Balance
AVALON AMUSEMENT PARK
Worksheet
For the Year Ended September 30, 2015
268,500
268,500
14,000
41,400
2,200
10,900
80,000
120,000
Dr.
3,000
224,500
44,000
268,500
4,000
42,200
14,600
1,000
50,000
60,000
49,700
Cr.
Balance Sheet
Key: (a) Supplies Used; (b) Expired Insurance; (c) Depreciation Expensed; (d) Ticket Revenue Recognized; (e) Accrued Property Taxes;
(f) Accrued Interest Payable.
Cash
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Land
Equipment
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Unearned Ticket Revenue
Mortgage Payable
Common Stock
Retained Earnings
Dividends
Ticket Revenue
Salaries and Wages Expense
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense
Advertising Expense
Utilities Expense
Property Tax Expense
Interest Expense
Totals
Insurance Expense
Supplies Expense
Interest Payable
Depreciation Expense
Property Taxes Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
(a)
PROBLEM 4-4B
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-73
PROBLEM 4-4B (Continued)
(b)
AVALON AMUSEMENT PARK
Balance Sheet
September 30, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash..............................................
Supplies........................................
Prepaid insurance .......................
Total current assets.............
Property, plant, and equipment
Land ..............................................
Equipment ....................................
Less: Accum. depreciation—
equipment.........................
Total assets ..........................
$41,400
2,200
10,900
$ 54,500
80,000
$120,000
42,200
77,800
157,800
$212,300
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Mortgage
payable (due in 2016) ..............
Accounts payable........................
Interest payable ...........................
Property taxes payable ...............
Unearned ticket
revenue.....................................
Total current liabilities.........
Long-term liabilities
Mortgage payable ........................
Total liabilities ......................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock.............................
Retained Earnings
($49,700 + $44,000 – $14,000) ........
Total liabilities and
stockholders’ equity ........
4-74
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$15,000
14,600
4,000
3,000
1,000
$ 37,600
35,000
72,600
60,000
79,700
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
139,700
$212,300
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-4B (Continued)
(c) Sept. 30
30
30
30
30
30
(d) Sept. 30
30
30
30
Supplies Expense ................................
Supplies ........................................
16,400
Insurance Expense ..............................
Prepaid Insurance ........................
21,000
Depreciation Expense .........................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment..................................
6,000
Unearned Ticket Revenue ...................
Ticket Revenue.............................
2,700
Property Tax Expense .........................
Property Taxes Payable...............
3,000
Interest Expense ..................................
Interest Payable............................
4,000
Ticket Revenue ....................................
Income Summary .........................
280,200
Income Summary.................................
Salaries and Wages Expense......
Maintenance and Repairs
Expense .....................................
Insurance Expense ......................
Property Tax Expense .................
Supplies Expense ........................
Utilities Expense ..........................
Interest Expense ..........................
Advertising Expense....................
Depreciation Expense..................
236,200
Income Summary.................................
Retained Earnings........................
44,000
Retained Earnings ...............................
Dividends ......................................
14,000
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
16,400
21,000
6,000
2,700
3,000
4,000
280,200
105,000
30,500
21,000
21,000
16,400
16,900
10,000
9,400
6,000
44,000
14,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-75
PROBLEM 4-4B (Continued)
(e)
AVALON AMUSEMENT PARK
Post-Closing Trial Balance
September 30, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Supplies ...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance ...............................................
Land......................................................................
Equipment............................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment...........
Accounts Payable ...............................................
Interest Payable...................................................
Property Taxes Payable......................................
Unearned Ticket Revenue ..................................
Mortgage Payable ...............................................
Common Stock ....................................................
Retained Earnings...............................................
Debit
$ 41,400
2,200
10,900
80,000
120,000
$254,500
4-76
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
$ 42,200
14,600
4,000
3,000
1,000
50,000
60,000
79,700
$254,500
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5B
(a)
Date
Mar. 1
1
3
5
14
18
20
21
28
31
31
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Cash ....................................................
Common Stock..........................
Ref.
101
311
Debit
10,000
Equipment...........................................
Cash ...........................................
Accounts Payable .....................
157
101
201
6,000
Supplies ..............................................
Accounts Payable .....................
126
201
1,200
Prepaid Insurance ..............................
Cash ...........................................
130
101
1,200
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue .......................
112
400
4,800
Accounts Payable ..............................
Cash ...........................................
201
101
2,000
Salaries and Wages Expense............
Cash ...........................................
726
101
1,800
Cash ....................................................
Accounts Receivable ................
101
112
1,400
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue .......................
112
400
4,500
Gasoline Expense ..............................
Cash ...........................................
633
101
500
Dividends ............................................
Cash ...........................................
332
101
700
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
J1
Credit
10,000
3,000
3,000
1,200
1,200
4,800
2,000
1,800
1,400
4,500
500
700
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-77
4-78
Account Titles
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
500
1,800
21,500
700
2,200
7,900
1,200
1,200
6,000
21,500
9,300
2,200
10,000
100
950
(c)
(d)
2,400
300
550
500
(b)
(e)
(a)
(e)
(b)
(a)
(d)
(c)
550
2,400
300
500
950
100
Cr.
Dr.
Dr.
Cr.
Adjustments
Trial Balance
22,850
100
950
300
500
2,350
700
2,200
8,400
250
1,100
6,000
Dr.
550
22,850
300
9,800
2,200
10,000
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Worksheet
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
4,200
5,600
9,800
100
950
300
500
2,350
Dr.
18,650
18,650
9,800
700
2,200
8,400
250
1,100
6,000
Dr.
550
13,050
5,600
18,650
300
2,200
10,000
Cr.
Balance Sheet
9,800
9,800
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Service Revenue Earned; (b) Depreciation Expensed; (c) Insurance Expired; (d) Cleaning Supplies Used; (e) Unpaid Salaries.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Dividends
Service Revenue
Gasoline Expense
Salaries and Wages Expense
Totals
Depreciation Expense
Accum. Depr.—Equipment
Insurance Expense
Supplies Expense
Salaries and Wages Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
(b)&(c)
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
(a), (e) & (f)
Date
Mar. 1
1
5
18
20
21
31
31
Date
Mar. 14
21
28
31
Date
Mar. 3
31
Date
Mar. 5
31
Date
Mar. 1
Explanation
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Cash
Ref.
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
Debit
10,000
3,000
1,200
2,000
1,800
1,400
500
700
Accounts Receivable
Ref.
Debit
J1
4,800
J1
J1
4,500
J2
500
Supplies
Ref.
J1
J2
Debit
1,200
Credit
1,400
Credit
950
Prepaid Insurance
Ref.
Debit
J1
1,200
J2
Equipment
Ref.
J1
Credit
Debit
6,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
100
Credit
No. 101
Balance
10,000
7,000
5,800
3,800
2,000
3,400
2,900
2,200
No. 112
Balance
4,800
3,400
7,900
8,400
No. 126
Balance
1,200
250
No. 130
Balance
1,200
1,100
No. 157
Balance
6,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-79
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
Date
Mar. 31
Date
Mar. 1
3
18
Date
Mar. 31
Date
Mar. 1
Date
Mar. 31
31
Date
Mar. 31
31
Date
Mar. 31
31
31
4-80
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Credit
Adjusting
J2
300
Explanation
Accounts Payable
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J1
2,000
Salaries and Wages Payable
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Adjusting
J2
Common Stock
Ref.
Debit
J1
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Retained Earnings
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
700
Dividends
Ref.
J1
J3
Explanation
Closing
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Closing
Debit
700
Income Summary
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
4,200
J3
5,600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
3,000
1,200
No. 158
Balance
300
No. 201
Balance
3,000
4,200
2,200
Credit
550
No. 212
Balance
550
Credit
10,000
No. 311
Balance
10,000
Credit
5,600
No. 320
Balance
5,600
4,900
Credit
No. 332
Balance
700
0
700
Credit
9,800
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 350
Balance
9,800
5,600
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
Date
Mar. 14
28
31
31
Date
Mar. 31
31
Date
Mar. 31
31
Adjusting
Closing
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J2
J3
9,800
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Supplies Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
950
J3
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Gasoline Expense
Ref.
Debit
J1
500
J3
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Depreciation Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
300
J3
Date
Mar. 31
31
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Insurance Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
100
J3
Date
Mar. 20
31
31
Salaries and Wages Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
J1
1,800
Adjusting
J2
550
Closing
J3
Date
Mar. 31
31
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
4,800
4,500
500
No. 400
Balance
4,800
9,300
9,800
0
Credit
No. 631
Balance
950
0
950
Credit
500
Credit
300
Credit
100
Credit
2,350
No. 633
Balance
500
0
No. 711
Balance
300
0
No. 722
Balance
100
0
No. 726
Balance
1,800
2,350
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-81
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
(d)
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Income Statement
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue .............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ........................
Supplies expense ..........................................
Gasoline expense ..........................................
Depreciation expense ...................................
Insurance expense ........................................
Total expenses .......................................
Net income .............................................................
$9,800
$2,350
950
500
300
100
4,200
$5,600
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended March 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, March 1 .................................
Add: Net income..................................................
$
0
5,600
5,600
700
$4,900
Less: Dividends....................................................
Retained Earnings, March 31 ...............................
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Balance Sheet
March 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash................................................................
Accounts receivable......................................
Supplies..........................................................
Prepaid insurance .........................................
Total current assets...............................
4-82
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
$2,200
8,400
250
1,100
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
$11,950
(For Instructor Use Only)
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Balance Sheet (Continued)
March 31, 2015
Assets (Continued)
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment........................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment ............................................
Total assets..............................................
$6,000
300
5,700
$17,650
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable ...........................................
Salaries and wages payable...........................
Total current liabilities ............................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ................................................
Retained earnings ...........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity.....................................................
$2,200
550
$ 2,750
10,000
4,900
14,900
$17,650
(e)
Date
Mar. 31
31
31
31
31
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Accounts Receivable.........................
Service Revenue .......................
Ref.
112
400
Debit
500
Depreciation Expense .......................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment .............................
711
300
Insurance Expense ............................
Prepaid Insurance.....................
722
130
100
Supplies Expense ..............................
Supplies.....................................
631
126
950
Salaries and Wages Expense ...........
Salaries and Wages Payable ...
726
212
550
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
J2
Credit
500
158
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
300
100
950
550
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-83
PROBLEM 4-5B (Continued)
(f)
Date
Mar. 31
31
31
31
(g)
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Service Revenue .................................
Income Summary.......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
9,800
Income Summary................................
Salaries and Wages Expense ...
Depreciation Expense ...............
Insurance Expense ....................
Supplies Expense ......................
Gasoline Expense......................
350
726
711
722
631
633
4,200
Income Summary................................
Retained Earnings .....................
350
320
5,600
Retained Earnings ..............................
Dividends....................................
320
332
700
9,800
2,350
300
100
950
500
5,600
700
SHAW’S CARPET CLEANERS
Post-Closing Trial Balance
March 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable ..........................................
Supplies ...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance ...............................................
Equipment............................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment...........
Accounts Payable ...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable ..............................
Common Stock ....................................................
Retained Earnings...............................................
000,000
4-84
J3
Credit
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Debit
$ 2,200
8,400
250
1,100
6,000
Credit
$
$17,950
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
300
2,200
550
10,000
4,900
$17,950
(For Instructor Use Only)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM: CHAPTERS 2 TO 4
(a)
Date
July 1
1
3
5
12
18
20
21
25
31
31
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Cash .....................................................
Common Stock .........................
Ref.
101
311
Debit
14,000
Equipment ...........................................
Cash ...........................................
Accounts Payable.....................
157
101
201
10,000
Supplies...............................................
Accounts Payable.....................
126
201
800
Prepaid Insurance...............................
Cash ...........................................
130
101
1,800
Accounts Receivable..........................
Service Revenue .......................
112
400
3,800
Accounts Payable...............................
Cash ...........................................
201
101
1,400
Salaries and Wages Expense ............
Cash ...........................................
726
101
1,600
Cash .....................................................
Accounts Receivable................
101
112
1,400
Accounts Receivable..........................
Service Revenue .......................
112
400
1,500
Gasoline Expense...............................
Cash ...........................................
633
101
400
Dividends.............................................
Cash ...........................................
332
101
600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
J1
Credit
14,000
3,000
7,000
800
1,800
3,800
1,400
1,600
1,400
1,500
400
600
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-85
4-86
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
400
1,600
25,700
600
6,600
3,900
800
1,800
10,000
Dr.
25,700
5,300
6,400
14,000
Cr.
Trial Balance
150
700
(c)
(d)
2,850
200
500
(b)
(e)
(a) 1,300
Dr.
700
150
(e)
(b)
500
2,850
200
(a) 1,300
(d)
(c)
Cr.
Adjustments
27,700
150
700
200
400
2,100
600
6,600
5,200
100
1,650
10,000
Dr.
500
27,700
200
6,600
6,400
14,000
Cr.
Adjusted
Trial Balance
KRISTIN’S MAIDS CLEANING SERVICE
Worksheet
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
3,550
3,050
6,600
150
700
200
400
2,100
Dr.
24,150
24,150
6,600
600
6,600
5,200
100
1,650
10,000
Dr.
500
21,100
3,050
24,150
200
6,400
14,000
Cr.
Balance Sheet
6,600
6,600
Cr.
Income
Statement
Key: (a) Service Revenue; (b) Depreciation Expense; (c) Insurance Expired; (d) Supplies Used; (e) Unpaid Salaries.
Cash
Accounts Receivable
Supplies
Prepaid Insurance
Equipment
Accounts Payable
Common Stock
Dividends
Service Revenue
Gasoline Expense
Salaries and Wages Expense
Total
Depreciation Expense
Accum. Depr.—Equipment
Insurance Expense
Supplies Expense
Salaries and Wages Payable
Totals
Net Income
Totals
Account Titles
(b) & (c)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
(For Instructor Use Only)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
(a), (e) & (f)
Date
July 1
1
5
18
20
21
31
31
Date
July 12
21
25
31
Date
July 3
31
Date
July 5
31
Date
July 1
Explanation
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Adjusting
Explanation
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Cash
Ref.
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
J1
Debit
14,000
3,000
1,800
1,400
1,600
1,400
400
600
Accounts Receivable
Ref.
Debit
J1
3,800
J1
J1
1,500
J2
1,300
Supplies
Ref.
J1
J2
Credit
Debit
800
Prepaid Insurance
Ref.
Debit
J1
1,800
J2
Equipment
Ref.
Debit
J1
10,000
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
1,400
Credit
700
Credit
150
Credit
No. 101
Balance
14,000
11,000
9,200
7,800
6,200
7,600
7,200
6,600
No. 112
Balance
3,800
2,400
3,900
5,200
No. 126
Balance
800
100
No. 130
Balance
1,800
1,650
No. 157
Balance
10,000
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-87
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
Date
July 31
Date
July 1
3
18
Date
July 31
Date
July 1
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
31
4-88
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Credit
Adjusting
J2
200
Explanation
Accounts Payable
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J1
1,400
Salaries and Wages Payable
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
Adjusting
J2
Common Stock
Ref.
Debit
J1
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Retained Earnings
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
600
Dividends
Ref.
J1
J3
Explanation
Closing
Explanation
Closing
Closing
Closing
Debit
600
Income Summary
Ref.
Debit
J3
J3
3,550
J3
3,050
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Credit
7,000
800
No. 158
Balance
200
No. 201
Balance
7,000
7,800
6,400
Credit
500
No. 212
Balance
500
Credit
14,000
No. 311
Balance
14,000
Credit
3,050
No. 320
Balance
3,050
2,450
Credit
No. 332
Balance
600
0
600
Credit
6,600
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
No. 350
Balance
6,600
3,050
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
Date
July 12
25
31
31
Date
July 31
31
Date
July 31
31
Adjusting
Closing
Service Revenue
Ref.
Debit
J1
J1
J2
J3
6,600
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Supplies Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
700
J3
Explanation
Explanation
Closing
Gasoline Expense
Ref.
Debit
J1
400
J3
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Depreciation Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
200
J3
Date
July 31
31
Explanation
Adjusting
Closing
Insurance Expense
Ref.
Debit
J2
150
J3
Date
July 20
31
31
Salaries and Wages Expense
Explanation
Ref.
Debit
J1
1,600
Adjusting
J2
500
Closing
J3
Date
July 31
31
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
3,800
1,500
1,300
No. 400
Balance
3,800
5,300
6,600
0
Credit
No. 631
Balance
700
0
700
Credit
400
Credit
200
Credit
150
Credit
2,100
No. 633
Balance
400
0
No. 711
Balance
200
0
No. 722
Balance
150
0
No. 726
Balance
1,600
2,100
0
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-89
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
(d)
KRISTIN’S MAIDS CLEANING SERVICE
Income Statement
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
Revenues
Service revenue ...............................................
Expenses
Salaries and wages expense ..........................
Supplies expense ............................................
Gasoline expense ............................................
Depreciation expense .....................................
Insurance expense ..........................................
Total expenses .........................................
Net income ...............................................................
$6,600
$2,100
700
400
200
150
3,550
$3,050
KRISTIN’S MAIDS CLEANING SERVICE
Retained Earnings Statement
For the Month Ended July 31, 2015
Retained Earnings, July 1.......................................
Add: Net income....................................................
Less: Dividends......................................................
Retained Earnings, July 31.....................................
4-90
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$
0
3,050
3,050
600
$2,450
(For Instructor Use Only)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
KRISTIN’S MAIDS CLEANING SERVICE
Balance Sheet
July 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash .................................................................
Accounts receivable .......................................
Supplies ...........................................................
Prepaid insurance ...........................................
Total current assets ................................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment........................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equipment ............................................
Total assets..............................................
$6,600
5,200
100
1,650
$13,550
10,000
200
9,800
$23,350
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Accounts payable ...........................................
Salaries and wages payable...........................
Total current liabilities ............................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock ................................................
Retained earnings ...........................................
Total liabilities and stockholders’
equity.....................................................
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$6,400
500
$ 6,900
14,000
2,450
16,450
$23,350
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-91
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
(e)
Date
July 31
31
31
31
31
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Accounts Receivable .........................
Service Revenue........................
Ref.
112
400
Debit
1,300
Depreciation Expense........................
Accumulated Depreciation—
Equipment..............................
711
200
Insurance Expense.............................
Prepaid Insurance .....................
722
130
150
Supplies Expense...............................
Supplies .....................................
631
126
700
Salaries and Wages Expense............
Salaries and Wages Payable ....
726
212
500
J2
Credit
1,300
158
200
150
700
500
(f)
Date
July 31
31
31
31
4-92
General Journal
Account Titles and Explanation
Service Revenue.................................
Income Summary ......................
Ref.
400
350
Debit
6,600
Income Summary ...............................
Salaries and Wages Expense...
Depreciation Expense...............
Insurance Expense....................
Supplies Expense......................
Gasoline Expense .....................
350
726
711
722
631
633
3,550
Income Summary ...............................
Retained Earnings.....................
350
320
3,050
Retained Earnings..............................
Dividends ...................................
320
332
600
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
J3
Credit
6,600
2,100
200
150
700
400
3,050
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
600
(For Instructor Use Only)
COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM (Continued)
(g)
KRISTIN’S MAIDS CLEANING SERVICE
Post-Closing Trial Balance
July 31, 2015
Cash .....................................................................
Accounts Receivable..........................................
Supplies...............................................................
Prepaid Insurance...............................................
Equipment ...........................................................
Accumulated Depreciation—Equipment ..........
Accounts Payable...............................................
Salaries and Wages Payable .............................
Common Stock ...................................................
Retained Earnings ..............................................
Debit
$ 6,600
5,200
100
1,650
10,000
$
$23,550
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
Credit
200
6,400
500
14,000
2,450
$23,550
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-93
BYP 4-1
FINANCIAL REPORTING PROBLEM
(a)
Total current assets were $44,988 million at September 24, 2011, and
$41,678 million at September 25, 2010.
(b)
Current assets are properly listed in the order of liquidity. As you will
learn in the next chapter, inventory is considered to be less liquid
than accounts receivable. Thus, it is listed below accounts receivable
and before prepaid expenses and other current assets.
(c)
The asset classifications are similar to the text: (1) current assets,
(2) investments, (3) property, plant, and equipment, and (4) intangible assets.
(d)
Apple reported $9,815 of cash and cash equivalents at September 24,
2011.
(e)
Total current liabilities were $27,970 million at September 24, 2011,
and $20,722 million at September 25, 2010.
4-94
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(For Instructor Use Only)
BYP 4-2
(a)
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS PROBLEM
(in millions)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Total current assets
Net property, plant & equipment
Total current liabilities
Total equity
PepsiCo
Coca-Cola
17,441
19,698
18,154
20,899
25,497
14,939
24,283
31,921
(b) PepsiCo’s current assets were 4% less than its current liabilities, while
Coca-Cola’s current assets were 5% greater than its current liabilities.
From this information, it appears that Coca-Cola is in a better liquidity
position than PepsiCo.
Coca-Cola’s equity represents a significantly larger percentage of total
⎛
⎞
⎛
⎞
assets 39.9% ⎜⎜ $31,921 ⎟⎟ than PepsiCo’s 28.7% ⎜⎜ $20,899 ⎟⎟ . As a result,
⎝ $79,974 ⎠
⎝ $72,882 ⎠
Coca-Cola has less debt relative to its total assets than PepsiCo. It
therefore appears that Coca-Cola is less likely to default on a debt
obligation.
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(For Instructor Use Only)
4-95
BYP 4-3
(a)
1.
2.
3.
4.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS PROBLEM
(in millions)
Amazon
Wal-Mart
Total current assets
Net property, plant & equipment
Total current liabilities
Total stockholders’ (shareholders’) equity
17,490
4,417
14,896
7,757
54,975
109,603
62,300
71,315
(b) Current assets are cash and other resources that are reasonably expected to be realized in cash or sold or consumed within one year or
the company’s operating cycle, whichever is longer. Current liabilities
are obligations that are reasonably expected to be paid from existing
current assets or through the creation of other current liabilities.
Amazon’s current assets were 17% greater than its current liabilities,
while Wal-Mart’s current assets were 12% less than its current liabilities.
From this information, it appears that Amazon is in a better liquidity
position than Wal-Mart.
Wal-Mart’s stockholders’ equity represents a 20% larger percentage of
⎛
⎞
⎛
⎞
total assets 36.9% ⎜⎜ $71,315 ⎟⎟ than Amazon’s 30.7% ⎜⎜ $7,757 ⎟⎟ . As a
⎝ $193,406 ⎠
⎝ $25,278 ⎠
result, Wal-Mart has less debt relative to its total assets than Amazon. It
therefore appears that Wal-Mart is less likely to default on a debt
obligation.
4-96
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
BYP 4-4
REAL-WORLD FOCUS
The solution is dependent upon the companies chosen by the student.
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(For Instructor Use Only)
4-97
BYP 4-5
(a)
DECISION MAKING ACROSS THE ORGANIZATION
WHITEGLOVES JANITORIAL SERVICE
Balance Sheet
December 31, 2015
Assets
Current assets
Cash.................................................
Accounts receivable
($9,000 + $3,700) .........................
Supplies ($5,200 – $2,700) .............
Prepaid insurance ($4,800 X 2/3).......
Total current assets................
Property, plant, and equipment
Equipment ($22,000 + $4,000).......
Less: Accum. depreciation—
equipment
($4,000 + $2,000)..................
Delivery trucks
($34,000 + $5,000) .......................
Less: Accum. depreciation—
delivery trucks
($5,000 + $5,000)..................
Total assets .............................
$ 6,500
12,700
2,500
3,200
$24,900
$26,000
6,000
$20,000
39,000
10,000
29,000
49,000
$73,900
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
Current liabilities
Notes payable due within one year.................. $10,000
Accounts payable ($2,500 + $500) ...................
3,000
Interest payable ($25,000 X 10% X 6/12)..........
1,250
Total current liabilities...............................
Long-term liabilities
Notes payable, due July 1, 2017.......................
Total liabilities............................................
Stockholders’ equity
Common stock................................................... 30,000
Retained Earnings ............................................. 14,650*
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity.
4-98
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$14,250
15,000
29,250
44,650
$73,900
(For Instructor Use Only)
BYP 4-5 (Continued)
WHITEGLOVES JANITORIAL SERVICE
Balance Sheet (Continued)
December 31, 2015
*Retained earnings as reported.............................
Add: Earned but unbilled fees............................
Less: Janitorial supplies used ............................
Insurance expired ($4,800 X 1/3)...............
Depreciation ($2,000 + $5,000)..................
Expenses incurred but unpaid..................
Interest accrued .........................................
Total.....................................................
Retained earnings as adjusted.............................
$24,000
3,700
27,700
$2,700
1,600
7,000
500
1,250
13,050
$14,650
(b) Whitegloves Janitorial Service met the terms of the bank loan because
current assets exceed current liabilities by $10,650 ($24,900 – $14,250)
at December 31, 2015.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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(For Instructor Use Only)
4-99
BYP 4-6
COMMUNICATION ACTIVITY
MEMO
To:
Accounting Instructor
From:
Student
Re:
Accounting Cycle
The required steps in the accounting cycle, in the order in which they
should be completed, are:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Analyze business transactions.
Journalize the transactions.
Post to ledger accounts.
Prepare a trial balance.
Journalize and post adjusting entries.
Prepare an adjusted trial balance.
Prepare financial statements.
Journalize and post closing entries.
Prepare a post-closing trial balance.
The optional steps in the accounting cycle include preparing a worksheet
and preparing reversing entries. If a worksheet is prepared, it is done after
step 3 above, and it includes steps 4 and 6. The worksheet is a form used
to make it easier to prepare adjusting entries and financial statements. If reversing entries are prepared, they are journalized and posted after step 9,
at the beginning of the next accounting period. A reversing entry is the
exact opposite of a previously recorded adjusting entry and simplifies the
recording of subsequent transactions.
4-100
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Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
(For Instructor Use Only)
BYP 4-7
ETHICS CASE
(a) The stakeholders in this case are:
f You, as controller.
f Jeb Wilde, president.
f Users of the company’s financial statements.
(b) The ethical issue is the continued circulation of significantly misstated
financial statements. As controller, you have just issued misleading
financial statements. You have acted ethically by telling the company’s
president. The president has reacted unethically by allowing the misleading financial statements to continue to circulate.
(c) As controller, you should impress upon the president the consequences
of having those misleading financial statements be detected by some
user or the SEC (if you are a public company). Also stress upon him
that you have a professional obligation to correct the statements or
to resign.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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(For Instructor Use Only)
4-101
BYP 4-8
ALL ABOUT YOU
The following is a personal balance sheet using the classified presentation.
Note that the earnings from the part-time job as well as the tuition costs are
not listed since neither of those items is an asset, liability, or equity item.
Assets
Current assets
Cash...................................................................
Money market account.....................................
Certificate of deposit........................................
Accounts receivable from brother ..................
Total current assets..................................
$1,200
1,800
3,000
300
Property, plant, and equipment
Automobile........................................................
Video and stereo equipment ...........................
Home computer ................................................
Total assets ...............................................
7,000
1,250
800
$ 6,300
9,050
$15,350
Liabilities and Owner’s Equity
Current liabilities
Current portion of automobile loan ................
Current portion of credit card payable ...........
Total current liabilities..............................
Long-term liabilities
Automobile loan ...............................................
Student loan......................................................
Credit card payable ..........................................
Total long-term liabilities .........................
Total liabilities.....................................
$1,500
150
$ 1,650
4,000
5,000
1,650
Owner’s equity
Owner’s equity ($15,350 – $12,300) ................
Total liabilities and owner’s equity......
4-102
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10,650
12,300
3,050
$15,350
(For Instructor Use Only)
BYP 4-9
(1)
(b)
FASB CODIFICATION ACTIVITY
1.
Current assets is used to designate cash and other assets or
resources commonly identified as those that are reasonably expected to be realized in cash or sold or consumed during the normal
operating cycle of the business.
2.
Current liabilities is used principally to designate obligations whose
liquidities is reasonably expected is require the use of existing
resource properly classified as current assets, or the creation of
other current liabilities.
Access FASB Codification 210-20-45
A right of setoff exists when all of the following conditions are met:
1.
Each of two parties owes the other determinable amounts.
2.
The reporting party has the right to set off the amount owed with
the amount owed by the other party.
3.
The reporting party intends to set off.
4.
The right of setoff is enforceable at law. As a result, a company may
not offset accounts payable against cash on its balance sheet.
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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(For Instructor Use Only)
4-103
IFRS EXERCISES
IFRS 4-1 The statement of financial position required under IFRS and the
balance sheet prepared under GAAP usually present the same information
regarding a company’s assets, liabilities, and stockholders’ equity at a point
in time. IFRS does not dictate a specific order but most companies list
noncurrent items before current. Differences in ordering are
IFRS
GAAP
Statement of Financial
Position presentation
Noncurrent assets
Current assets
Equity
Noncurrent liabilities
Current liabilities
Balance Sheet
presentation
Current assets
Noncurrent assets
Current liabilities
Noncurrent liabilities
Stockholders’ equity
Under IFRS, current assets are usually listed in the reverse order of liquidity.
IFRS 4-2 IFRS uses the term statement of financial position rather than
balance sheet.
IFRS 4-3
SUNDELL COMPANY
Partial Statement of Financial Position
Current assets
Prepaid insurance ....................................................................
Supplies ....................................................................................
Accounts receivable ................................................................
Debt investments .....................................................................
Cash ..........................................................................................
Total ...................................................................................
4-104
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
£ 3,600
5,200
12,500
6,700
15,400
£43,400
(For Instructor Use Only)
IFRS 4-4
GLARUS COMPANY
Partial Statement of Financial Position
December 31, 2015
Property, plant and equipment
Equipment ...................................................
Less: Accumulated depreciation—
equip.................................................
Long-term investments
Share Investments......................................
Current assets
Inventory......................................................
Accounts receivable...................................
Debt investments........................................
Cash .............................................................
Total assets ........................................................
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
CHF21,700
5,700
CHF16,000
6,500
2,900
4,300
120
13,400
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
20,720
CHF43,220
(For Instructor Use Only)
4-105
IFRS 4-5
(a)
LESSILA BOWLING ALLEY
Statement of Financial Position
December 31, 2015
Assets
Property, plant, and equipment
Land................................................
Buildings........................................
Less: Acc. depr.—buildings .........
Equipment......................................
Less: Acc. depr.—equipment.......
Current assets
Prepaid insurance .........................
Accounts receivable .....................
Cash ...............................................
Total assets ...........................................
$64,000
$128,800
42,600
62,400
18,720
86,200
43,680
4,680
14,520
18,040
$193,880
37,240
$231,120
Equity and Liabilities
Equity
Share capital ($115,000 + $3,440*) .............
Non-current liabilities
Notes payable..............................................
Current liabilities
Current portion of notes payable...............
Accounts payable .......................................
Interest payable...........................................
Total equity and liabilities..................................
$118,440
83,880
13,900
12,300
2,600
28,800
$231,120
*Net income = $14,180 – $780 – $7,360 – $2,600 = $3,440
IFRS 4-6 It is possible to compare liquidity and solvency for companies
using different currencies. The ratios that are used to do so, such as the
current ratio and debt to assets ratio, indicate relative amounts of assets
and liabilities rather than absolute monetary values.
4-106
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(For Instructor Use Only)
IFRS 4-7 INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS PROBLEM
Differences in the format of the statement of financial position (balance
sheet) used by Zetar and Apple include the following
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
Zetar
Apple
Non-current assets listed first
Goodwill listed before property,
plant and equipment
Current assets are shown in
reverse order of liquidity with
cash being last
Current liabilities are subtracted
from current assets to show net
current liabilities/assets
Total liabilities are subtracted
from total assets to show net
assets
The equity section uses Share
capital and Share premium
Reporting currency is £ (pounds)
Current assets listed first
Property, plant, and equipment
listed before goodwill
Current assets are shown in
order of liquidity with cash being
first
No similar amount appears
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
No similar amount appears
The equity section uses Common
stock
Reporting currency is $ (dollars)
Weygandt, Financial Accounting, 9/e, Solutions Manual
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