Review Questions 1. What are the basic elements of music? The basic elements of music include Rhythm, melody, tone color, texture, and form. 2. What is pitch? Pitch is the frequency of a sound 3. What is syncopation? What types of music use syncopation? Syncopation involves placing emphasis on normally unemphasized beats. Some types of music that use syncopation include rap and jazz. 4. What are three examples of forms of music? Describe each form. One form of music is a melody and it is a series of musical notes that are strung together. Another form of music is a harmony and a harmony has more than one pitch within the music at any given time. Lastly a concerto is a form of music and it is a musical piece in which one instrument is accompanied by an orchestra. 5. What is form in music? Form is the framework that the composer uses to create his or her music. Critical Thinking Questions 1. Music has sometimes been referred to as a "universal language." Why has this description been applied to music? Do you agree or disagree with this assessment? Why? I agree with this statement because everyone can relate to a certain piece of music and people in France could be listening to the same music to people in America. 2. Why is musical notation important? What benefits do musicians and others receive from being able to write down and note aspects of a musical piece? Musical notation is important because it lets you know when and how to play a note. It also benefits musicians because it lets them play a piece that someone else wrote. 3. In the first part of the module, we discussed how music is everywhere in society. What are some of the ways that we use music? How do you use music in your own life? We use music to work out, relax, concentrate and to party. I use music to help me fall asleep as well as work out. 4. Music can help influence the mood or feeling in a place by the way in which it is played. What is a specific example of this that you have experienced? Discuss the experience (what was the song? how was it played? how did the mood/feeling change?). For example, you might discuss an experience at a concert, religious service, or another place where music played a part in creating the mood. Very fast music and upbeat music motivates me to lift more in the gym and it gets me very pumped during my workout as well as concentrated.