Naming Compounds Practice

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Naming Compounds – Review
Name: ________________________
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Ionic Compounds = 1) Metal Cation + Non-Metal Anion, 2) Net Charge =0, 3) No Prefixes
--4) Metals with more than one stable charge need roman numerals (never 1A, 2A)
--5) –ide refers to a monoatomic anion, -ate & -ite are polyatomic ion
Formula Unit
Cation
Anion
+
1) KF
Name of Compound
-
1 K
1 F
Potassium Fluoride
2) MgO
3)
Aluminum Nitride
Sodium Sulfide
4)
5) CaI2
6)
Calcium Nitride
7) NaNO2
8)
Ammonium Chlorate
9) K2 SO4
10) (NH4)2CO3
2 NH41+
1 CO32-
Ammonium Carbonate (note 2 ammoniums)
11) Al2 (CO3)3
12)
Magnesium Phosphate
13)
Barium Hydroxide
14) Fe (SO4)2
1 Fe 4+
2 SO4 2-
Iron (IV) Sulfate
15)
Iron (II) Sulfide
16)
Lead (II) Phosphide
17) Sn(SiO3)2
Covalent Compounds = 1) Two Non-Metals (some metalloids) 2) Prefixes (mono-, di-, tri-)
--3) All compound names end in –ide (only the second element)
--4) the prefix mono can be dropped from the first element ONLY
You may find these prefixes
helpful for the questions below
Name
mono-
di-
tri-
tetra-
penta
hexa-
hepta
octa-
nona-
deca-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Formula
Name
Formula
27) diboron tetrahydride
B2H4
19) Sulfur hexafloride
28)
H2O
20) diboron hexahydride
29)
ICl
21) Carbon tetrachloride
30)
C4H10
22) Nitrogen tribromide
31)
P2O5
23) dinitrogen trioxide
32)
24) Oxygen dichloride
25) Silicon Tetrachloride
33)
34)
SO3
C3H6
26) Dicarbon hexahydride
35)
18) Carbon monoxide
CO
NO
PF5
Identify each as either ionic or covalent compounds and provide either the name or formula
Covalent Compounds = 1) Two Non-Metals (some metalloids) 2) Prefixes (mono-, di-, tri-)
Ionic Compounds = 1) Metal Cation + Non-Metal Anion, 2) Net Charge =0, 3) No Prefixes
Name or Formula
36) nitrogen trihydride
37) NH4F
Ionic or
Covalent
Covalent
Ionic
Cation & Anion
Name or Formula
N/A - Covalent
NH3
1 NH41+
1 F1-
= (Ammonia)
Ammonium Fluoride
38) aluminum hydroxide
39) SnF2
40) carbon tetrahydride
41) iron (III) Nitrate
42) CuS
43) SiO2
44) sulfur dioxide
45) (NH4)2 SO2
46) S2Cl2
47) sulfur dioxide
48) calcium chlorite
49) cobalt(II) hydroxide
50) carbon monoxide
51) CoBr2
52) boron trifluoride
53) Fe2(SO3)3
54) C3H8
55) chlorine monofluoride
56) magnesium nitrate
-Flash Cards – Naming compounds (Ionic, Acidic, and Molecular)
http://www.quia.com/jfc/656925.html
http://www.quia.com/jg/696905.html
http://www.quia.com/jfc/397006.html
-Quiz about compounds
http://www.quia.com/jq/19617.html
-Challenge Board (need to discuss polar molecules and like dissolves like)
http://www.quia.com/cb/139633.html
http://www.quia.com/cb/453451.html - electronegativity
-Rags to Riches
http://www.quia.com/rr/131189.html - Chemical bonding (all forms)
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