Quiz 4

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Quiz 4: R, B, & J Chapters 7&8
Student Name:______ __________________________
1. Explain the three types of arguments? (2 pts.)
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
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One-sided argument: the writer’s claim without explanation or any supporting
evidence, opposing views, or answering any questions. Example: Fords are the
safest vehicles.
Multisided argument: the writer’s claim coupled with an explanation, presents
opposing views and rebuttals. Example: After extensive field tests among car
manufacturers, Ford vehicles were the safest.
Dialogic argument: the claim is posed as a query that needs collaboration from
the audience to reach a conclusion. Often using common interests. Example:
Wouldn’t you want the safest vehicle available to transport your loved ones?
2. What should you do when appealing to an undecided audience? (1 pt.)
When appealing to an undecided audience it is best to fairly present the claim, supporting
evidence, and opposing views unambiguously and to respond to questions professionally.
3. How does one effectively refute opposing views? (1 pt.)
To refute an opposing view, simply expose and uncredentialled “expertise,” errors,
outdated evidence, and assumptions.
4. Name the strategies for rebutting evidence. (2 pts.)
a. The writer’s claim- denying the validity of the claim and present recent evidence
by credentialed experts in that field.
b. The writer’s support (warrant and backing)- denying the accuracy of the data.
Provide proof of opposing view, field tests, experiments, etc.
c. Both- call into question a combination of the above stated strategies.
5. What does a delayed-thesis argument allow one to do? (1 pt.)
A delayed thesis argument allows one to explore the subject and present conflicting
views and allows the audience to analyze each position as you reach a conclusion. In
short, it allows you to explore the matter together in a neutral manner and reach a
decision based on the information without pressure.
6. What does a delayed-thesis argument promote, strive to do? What does it entail and
where may it lead? (2 pt.)
A delayed thesis strives to collaborate with the audience, to participate finding the claim
together. Also, it strives to inform and invoke contemplation and questions about the
issue.
7. What does a rhetorical analysis identify? (1 pt.)
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A rhetorical analysis identifies the “whys” and “what fors” of the writer’s
argument. Specifically, why the argument is presented now. Is the argument
responding to a current issue?
What does the writer hope to do with this argument? For whom is this claim
targeted?
Ultimately rhetoric analysis allows the person to gather the details behind the
who, what, why, and where of the argument.
8. What are the10 things you need to focus on for a rhetorical analysis? For three of them,
list the questions to ask and how they are applied. (10 pts.)
a. Timing- kairotic moment
i. Is this in response to --?
ii. why is the writer presenting this now?
iii. Is this political, cultural, economic, legal, etc.?
b. The purpose and intended audience
i. What is the purpose?
ii. For whom is this intended?
iii. Is the language suited to the audience/purpose?
c. Writer’s position on claim
i. Who is the writer?
ii. How does the writer’s background influence his/her position?
iii. Is all information presented?
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.
Genre
Argument logic
Argument credibility
Emotional appeal of argument
Writing style (grammar, language, tone of voice, narrative perspective)
Design layout (how does font, color, pictures, graphs, etc. affect the audience?)
Generalized persuasiveness
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