# Lecture (3) Theory of Architecture (2)

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Theory of Architecture (2)
AR 232
Lecture (3)
Activities
(First/ Second) Semester, Academic year 20
/ 20
Student Name:
Registration No.:
Date:
Prof. Mohamed Atef Elhamy
DEFINING of SPACES
Vertical
Elements
Perpendicular edges of the volume
Vertical Linear Elements
Volume of space
Single Vertical Plane
L -Shaped Plane
Field of space
What are these elements that define spaces?
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DEFINING of SPACES
Vertical
Elements
Parallel Planes
Orientation
Volume of space
U-Shaped Planes
Orientation
Volume of space
4 Planes (Closure)
Introverted space
What are these elements that define spaces?
Vertical Linear Elements
1- Definition
Field
A vertical linear element establishes a POINT
on the ground.
It is DIRECTIONLESS except for the PATH THAT LEAD US TO IT
Complete the definition
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2- Position
What are the different positions of columns within a space?
Centered
Equivalent zones
Shifted
Hierarchical zones
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3- Two/ more vertical linear elements
Transparent plane
Visual tension
Corners of a volume
4- Reinforcement of the volume of space
Defined by vertical elements
beams
Articulating of base
plane
Repetition of column elements
How can the volume of space defined by vertical elements be reinforced?
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Piazza San Pietro
Analyze the vertical elements in this famous building.
Example of an excellent answer
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Taj Mahal
Analyze the vertical elements in this famous building.
The five points of the new architecture, which Le Corbusier finally formulated in
1926 included :
“pilotis, a free floor plan, a free fa&ccedil;ade ,ribbon windows, and a roof garden”
(1) the pilotis : elevating the mass off the ground,
(2) the free plan, achieved through the separation of the load-bearing columns
from the walls subdividing the space,
(3) the free fa&ccedil;ade, the effect of the free plan in the vertical plane
(4) the long horizontal sliding window
(5) the roof garden, restoring, supposedly, the area of ground covered by the
house.
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Le Corbusier
NEW
OLD
the roof garden
the pilotis
the free plan
horizontal sliding windows
Name each principle.
Villa Savoye
Illustrate the five principles of Le Corbusier in this villa.
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The free plan
Analyze Single vertical plane that defines a space.
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Analyze L shaped planes that define a space.
Analyze parallel planes that define a space.
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